Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1992

Engineering

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Interaction Of Profiled Light With Contrapropagating Acoustic Waves: Fourier Transform Approach, Partha P. Banerjee, Chen-Wen Tarn, Jaw-Jueh Liu Oct 1992

Interaction Of Profiled Light With Contrapropagating Acoustic Waves: Fourier Transform Approach, Partha P. Banerjee, Chen-Wen Tarn, Jaw-Jueh Liu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

A straightforward Fourier-transform approach is employed to investigate acousto-optic interaction between an input optical beam with arbitrary profile and contrapropagating cw sound in the Bragg regime. The process can be analyzed in terms of the simultaneous scattering of light by the two sound waves in the interaction region. Analytic expressions for the equivalent transfer functions are obtained and the scattered light profiles are plotted.


34th Rocky Mountain Conference On Applied Spectroscopy Aug 1992

34th Rocky Mountain Conference On Applied Spectroscopy

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Program and registration information for the 34th annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Applied Spectroscopy, co-sponsored by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Rocky Mountain Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Denver, Colorado, August 2-6, 1992.


Review: 'Theory Of Dielectric Optical Waveguides,' 2nd Edition, By Dietrich Marcuse, Bradley D. Duncan Aug 1992

Review: 'Theory Of Dielectric Optical Waveguides,' 2nd Edition, By Dietrich Marcuse, Bradley D. Duncan

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

I suppose I ought to say up front that while preparing this review I often found myself feeling very much like a student evaluating his teacher. After all, it was, in part, the first edition of Dietrich Marcuse's Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (among a handful of other similar texts) from which I first studied the principles of optical waveguide theory under the demanding, yet patient and graceful guidance of Dr. Ahmad Safaai-Jazi. Thus with the utmost respect for a teacher whom I have never met, I shall try to faithfully share my thoughts and feelings regarding the second ...


Work-Function Anisotropies As An Origin Of Long-Range Surface Forces, Nancy Burnham, R Colton, H Pollock Jul 1992

Work-Function Anisotropies As An Origin Of Long-Range Surface Forces, Nancy Burnham, R Colton, H Pollock

Nancy A. Burnham

Unusual effects noticed in previous force microscopy data are explained by a model based on work-function anisotropies and their associated patch charges. Measurable forces between macroscopic bodies can be due to the interaction of patch charges, with important consequences in the fields of surface forces, contact mechanics, adhesion, Schottky barriers, and the surface properties of insulators.


Analysis Of Multifrequency Dispersive Optical Bistability And Switching In Nonlinear Ring Cavities With Large Medium-Response Times, Pawel Pliszka, Partha P. Banerjee Jul 1992

Analysis Of Multifrequency Dispersive Optical Bistability And Switching In Nonlinear Ring Cavities With Large Medium-Response Times, Pawel Pliszka, Partha P. Banerjee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Using a simple model of a ring cavity comprising a cubically nonlinear medium, we analyze dispersive optical bistability in the presence of more than one spectral component. We show the phenomenon of so-called competition for resonance. In addition to presenting cavity characteristics for the cases of two and three different frequencies, we also discuss the general method for finding steady-state solutions and checking their stability. A simple and efficient algorithm, based on a relaxation method, is devised to find steady-state solutions satisfying appropriate boundary conditions. The relaxation dynamics is physically related to a finite response time of the medium.


Twinned One-Dimensional Quasicrystals In Bridgman-Grown Al-Si-Cu-Co Alloys, L. X. He, Thomas A. Lograsso, Alan I. Goldman Jul 1992

Twinned One-Dimensional Quasicrystals In Bridgman-Grown Al-Si-Cu-Co Alloys, L. X. He, Thomas A. Lograsso, Alan I. Goldman

Ames Laboratory Publications

Single grains of Al60Si2Cu18Co20 with a decaprismatic morphology were grown by the Bridgman method and studied by transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. Although the diffraction patterns of these grains superficially resemble that of a decagonal quasicrystal, a closer inspection reveals that they are composed of tenfold twins of a one-dimensional quasicrystal along with small domains of three crystalline approximant phases.


Relaxation And Fluctuations In Glassy Fast-Ion Conductors: Wide-Frequency-Range Nmr And Conductivity Measurements, Ferdinando Borsa, D. R. Torgeson, Steve W. Martin, Hitendra K. Patel Jul 1992

Relaxation And Fluctuations In Glassy Fast-Ion Conductors: Wide-Frequency-Range Nmr And Conductivity Measurements, Ferdinando Borsa, D. R. Torgeson, Steve W. Martin, Hitendra K. Patel

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Li7 nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rates (R1) versus the temperature at several resonance frequencies (4 to 40 MHz) are reported together with the conductivity measurements, σ(ω), in the range 1 Hz to 3.76 MHz on 0.56Li2S+0.44Si2S, a glassy fast-ionic conductor. Both R1 and σ(ω) are fitted consistently over the whole temperature and frequency range by using a stretched-exponential, i.e., exp(-t/τ*c)β for the corresponding correlation functions (CF). Formulas that relate R1(ω) and σ(ω) and that give the asymptotic behavior as functions of T and ω of both quantities are ...


Limaçon Of Pascal Locus Of The Complex Refractive Indices Of Interfaces With Maximally Flat Reflectance-Versus-Angle Curves For Incident Unpolarized Light, R. M.A. Azzam Jun 1992

Limaçon Of Pascal Locus Of The Complex Refractive Indices Of Interfaces With Maximally Flat Reflectance-Versus-Angle Curves For Incident Unpolarized Light, R. M.A. Azzam

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications

For an interface between two isotropic media the power reflectance Rv (ø) is an even function, Rv (ø) = Rv (--), of the angle of incidence ø; hence all the odd derivatives, Rv(n) = dn Rv /døn (n odd), are identically 0 at ø = 0, independent of the incident polarization v. When the incident light is unpolarized (v = u), the second derivative, Ru(2), is also 0 at ø = 0, so that the flatness of the Ru -versus-ø curve over an initial range of ø starting from ø = 0 is determined by ...


Prediction Of Paper Color: A Process Simulation Approach, Chaturvedi Jun 1992

Prediction Of Paper Color: A Process Simulation Approach, Chaturvedi

Master's Theses

A simulation model was developed for a dye mixing process and for the prediction of the optical properties of the paper. The model was integrated with the MAPPS (Modular Analysis of Pulp and Paper Systems) simulation software package. The model was validated using dyed handsheets made in a laboratory and dyed paper made on a pilot papermachine. Validation comprised of prediction of the optical properties of the handsheets and the machine-made paper which contained various combinations of three non-fluorescent dyes. Sheet reflectances were predicted at 20 nanometer intervals for discrete light wavelength range of 400 to 700 nanometers and verified ...


Review: 'Optical Fiber Communications' (2nd Edition), By Gerd Keiser, Bradley D. Duncan May 1992

Review: 'Optical Fiber Communications' (2nd Edition), By Gerd Keiser, Bradley D. Duncan

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

If first impressions are worth anything (and they usually are), I would have to admit that my first impression of the second edition of Gerd Keiser's now popular text Optical Fiber Communications was quite good. My compliments are hereby extended to the publisher for choosing a rather handsome cover and dust jacket. It stands in strong contrast to the text's first edition, which still ranks as probably the ugliest book I own, with color choices ranging from dull cream and "baby" blue to pale pink! I am now happy to say that this older version has been discretely ...


Fast Ionic Conduction In Na2s+B2s3 Glasses: Compositional Contributions To Nonexponentiality In Conductivity Relaxation In The Extreme Low-Alkali-Metal Limit, Hitendra K. Patel, Steve W. Martin May 1992

Fast Ionic Conduction In Na2s+B2s3 Glasses: Compositional Contributions To Nonexponentiality In Conductivity Relaxation In The Extreme Low-Alkali-Metal Limit, Hitendra K. Patel, Steve W. Martin

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The conductivity relaxation phenomenon in glassy and crystalline ionic conductors has been known for many years to be a highly nonexponential process. The stretched exponential function exp-(t/τ)β has been used with varying levels of success to describe this relaxation. Whether the nonexponentiality is due to parallel conducting processes acting independently of each other and having a distribution of relaxation times or to serial processes strongly coupling the ionically conducting species and constraining each other’s relaxation, the exact nature of this process is still unknown. If coupling is the active mechanism responsible for the nonexponentiality, then there ...


Bend Elastic-Modulus Of A Bent And Straight Dimeric Liquid-Crystal, Gregory A. Dilisi Apr 1992

Bend Elastic-Modulus Of A Bent And Straight Dimeric Liquid-Crystal, Gregory A. Dilisi

Gregory A. DiLisi

Light scattering measurements in the nematic phase are reported for two dimers based upon the monomer 4,4'-dipentyloxyphenylbenzoate. One dimer has an even number of methylene units in the spacer and, in consequence, is approximately straight in the all-trans conformation. The other dimer has one less methylene unit in the spacer and is, therefore, bent at the spacer group. We find that the ratio of the twist to splay elastic modulus is nearly the same for both species, but that the ratio of the bend to splay modulus is considerably smaller in the bent dimer.


Spatial Variation Of A Short-Lived Intermediate Chemical Species In A Couette Reactor, R. Dennis Vigil, Q. Ouyang, Harry L. Swinney Apr 1992

Spatial Variation Of A Short-Lived Intermediate Chemical Species In A Couette Reactor, R. Dennis Vigil, Q. Ouyang, Harry L. Swinney

R. Dennis Vigil

We have conducted experiments and simulations of the spatial variation of a short-lived intermediate species (triiodide) in the autocatalytic oxidation of arsenite by iodate in a reactor that is essentially one dimensional-the Couette reactor. (This reactor consists of two concentric cylinders with the inner one rotating and the outer one at rest; reagents are continuously fed and removed at each end in such a way that there is no net axial flux and there are opposing arsenite and iodate gradients.) The predictions ?f a one-dim~ns~onal . reaction-diffusion model which has no adjustable parameters, are In good qualItative (and, In ...


Viscoelastic Properties Of A Liquid-Crystalline Monomer And Its Dimer, Gregory A. Dilisi, Charles Rosenblatt, Anselm C. Griffin, Uma Hari Mar 1992

Viscoelastic Properties Of A Liquid-Crystalline Monomer And Its Dimer, Gregory A. Dilisi, Charles Rosenblatt, Anselm C. Griffin, Uma Hari

Gregory A. DiLisi

Quasielastic-light-scattering measurements are reported for a dialkoxyphenylbenzoate monomer and its dimer in their respective nematic phases. The splay and twist elastic moduli of the dimer are found to be nearly independent of molecular length. The dimer's bend modulus, however, shows an anomalous increase with decreasing temperature well below the nematic-isotropic phase transition. Monomer viscosities are consistent with typical literature values, although y, /g, pf y and gb,„d seem to be larger than expected for the dimer, where y& is the twist viscosity. The results are discussed in terms of viscoelastic properties of semiflexible rods. The elastic properties in ...


Pinski Et Al. Reply, F. J. Pinski, B. Ginatempo, Duane D. Johnson, J. B. Staunton, G. M. Stocks, B. L. Gyorffy Mar 1992

Pinski Et Al. Reply, F. J. Pinski, B. Ginatempo, Duane D. Johnson, J. B. Staunton, G. M. Stocks, B. L. Gyorffy

Duane D. Johnson

With our calculations [I], we uncovered the electronic mechanism responsible for inducing atomic short-range order (SRO) in the disordered solid solution of NiPt as it is cooled. Usually, but not always, SRO, whether derived theoretically or measured experimentally, indicates the nature of the long-rangeordered (LRO) state that will stabilize at low temperature. Our calculation of the atomic SRO, while agreeing with experiments [2], neglected the relativistic effects in the electronic structure. Lu, Wei, and Zunger (LWZ) [3,4], on the other hand, have calculated the L lo-ordered alloy formation energy and find that only when relativistic effects are included is ...


Tem Observations Of The Mechanism Of Delamination Of Chromium Films From Silicon Substrates, D. Goyal, Alexander H. King Feb 1992

Tem Observations Of The Mechanism Of Delamination Of Chromium Films From Silicon Substrates, D. Goyal, Alexander H. King

Alexander H. King

We have observed the complete delamination of polycrystalline chromium films from single crystal silicon substrates during deposition due to the formation of high internal stresses. These intrinsic stresses can give rise to interfacial defects which assist in the separation of the film from the substrate. Stresses in the film are balanced by stresses in the substrate, which cause mechanical failure in the substrate near the interface. Extensive arrays of dislocations and cracking of the substrate have been observed. We find that the delamination of the films from the substrate is initiated by the formation of damage in the substrate, rather ...


Principal Linear Polarization States Of An Optical System, R. M.A. Azzam Jan 1992

Principal Linear Polarization States Of An Optical System, R. M.A. Azzam

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications

The constraint on the Jones matrix of an optical system such that there exist two linear polarization states at its input that are mapped onto two corresponding linear states at its output is derived. These principal linear polarization (PLP) states, which characterize a broad range of systems, are also found in terms of the Jones matrix elements. Special cases when the PLP states are orthogonal, collapse onto one state, or become infinite in number are indicated. For a deterministic or nondeterministic optical system described by a Mueller matrix, the existence of two PLP states places a constraint on only 3 ...


Structure And Stability Of Al-Cu-Ru Face-Centered Icosahedral Alloys , Jeffrey E. Shield Jan 1992

Structure And Stability Of Al-Cu-Ru Face-Centered Icosahedral Alloys , Jeffrey E. Shield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The phases and microstructures in rapidly solidified Al-Cu-Ru alloys were investigated in this study. A chemically and topologically disordered icosahedral (i) phase grows dendritically from the liquid as the primary solidification product over the entire compositional region studied. The as-solidified i-phase is metastable and transforms to crystalline products at ≈500°C. The i-phase was not found as a product of the exothermic transformation for any composition, indicating that it is not the low temperature stable phase in the Al-Cu-Ru system;A chemically and topologically ordered i-phase was found to be an equilibrium phase at temperatures above ≈670°C and exists ...


Translation Of 'Kamalakanta: A Collection Of Satirical Essays And Reflections', Monish Ranjan Chatterjee Jan 1992

Translation Of 'Kamalakanta: A Collection Of Satirical Essays And Reflections', Monish Ranjan Chatterjee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This venture was born initially out of the desire to make those works of Bengali literature which have moved me profoundly, and which I consider first-rate by any yardstick, available to friends and fellow enthusiasts who cannot read the original. In attempting to channel literary and philosophical masterpieces into a different medium, I Have experienced firsthand the formidable challenge that a translator must face because not only of the barrier imposed by the languages involved, but perhaps more so because .of his or her own severely inadequate faculty being called upon to match both the genius and the inspiration of ...


Analytic Calculations And Numerical Simulations Of Box-Car Thermal Wave Images Of Planar Subsurface Scatterers, D. J. Crowther, L. D. Favro, P. K. Kuo, R. L. Thomas Jan 1992

Analytic Calculations And Numerical Simulations Of Box-Car Thermal Wave Images Of Planar Subsurface Scatterers, D. J. Crowther, L. D. Favro, P. K. Kuo, R. L. Thomas

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The purpose of this study is to improve the quality of thermal wave infrared (IR) images in terms of the real shape of the defect. Due to heat diffusion into the sample, thermal wave images are usually blurred, especially for deep defects or long times. Because of this feature the use of traditional image post-processing (gradient image, threshold…) to assess the size and the shape of the defect quite often leads to false results. In order to increase the accuracy in the shape recovery, we need to “unblur” the thermal wave image, i.e. to reverse or invert the blurring ...


Time-Resolved Infrared Radiometry (Trir) For Characterization Of Impact Damage In Composite Materials, J. W. Maclachlan Spicer, W. D. Kerns, L. C. Aamodt, J. C. Murphy Jan 1992

Time-Resolved Infrared Radiometry (Trir) For Characterization Of Impact Damage In Composite Materials, J. W. Maclachlan Spicer, W. D. Kerns, L. C. Aamodt, J. C. Murphy

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

A quantitative thermographie NDE technique for the characterization of impact damage in composite materials is under development along with supporting theoretical analysis. We have previously shown that the technique of time-resolved infrared radiometry (TRIR) is an effective method for quantitatively detecting coating thickness variations and for characterizing the degree of coating disbonding in terms of equivalent air gaps [1,2]. Here we extend the TRIR technique to the study of composite systems by applying the results of a multilayer analytical model [3]. Experimental results in both simple and hybrid composite systems are discussed. The depth and lateral extent of interlaminar ...


Computed Speckle Decorrelation (Csd) And Its Application For Fatigue Damage Monitoring, J. Scott Steckenrider, James W. Wagner Jan 1992

Computed Speckle Decorrelation (Csd) And Its Application For Fatigue Damage Monitoring, J. Scott Steckenrider, James W. Wagner

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

A video-based laser speckle technique has been developed for non-contact surface deformation analysis and mapping at speeds approaching video frame rates. This technique, Computed Speckle Decorrelation (CSD), makes use of the speckle decorrelation associated with surface deformation. In its current application, CSD is a method of full field inspection which has been used both to locate fatigue damage sites and to measure damage severity during fatigue deformation in reverse bending fatigue of a cylindrically notched aluminum specimen. With the development of the CSD method it will now be possible to examine in greater detail the progression of fatigue damage in ...


Dynamic Thermal Tomography: New Nde Technique To Reconstruct Inner Solids Structure Using Multiple Ir Image Processing, V. Vavilov, X. Maldague, J. Picard, R. L. Thomas, L. D. Favro Jan 1992

Dynamic Thermal Tomography: New Nde Technique To Reconstruct Inner Solids Structure Using Multiple Ir Image Processing, V. Vavilov, X. Maldague, J. Picard, R. L. Thomas, L. D. Favro

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique appeared as the natural consequence of materials analysis by using a variety of physical fields and particles which being propagated through the specimen are able to produce the image of its inner structure. Disadvantage of traditional “shadow” or “backscattered” images is that the “weak” details are scarcely seen on the background of “stronger” ones. This is why the introduction of the tomographic principles, allowing to “slice” the solid into individual layers, was viewed as a revolution in vision techniques (especially in X-ray imaging). Ultrasonic, ultra-high frequency and nuclear magnetic resonance tomography are under quick development now.


Fast Photothermal Inspection Of Plasma-Sprayed Coatings Of Primary Circulation Seal Rings Of A Nuclear Reactor, R. Lehtiniemi, J. Hartikainen, J. Rantala, J. Varis, M. Luukkala Jan 1992

Fast Photothermal Inspection Of Plasma-Sprayed Coatings Of Primary Circulation Seal Rings Of A Nuclear Reactor, R. Lehtiniemi, J. Hartikainen, J. Rantala, J. Varis, M. Luukkala

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

A need for NDE of plasma-sprayed coatings has been a serious problem in the industry for a long time. Traditional methods like ultrasonics or x-ray absorption usually cannot be used because of the high attenuation and the heterogeneity of the coating. On the other hand, sub-surface flaws cannot be detected with liquid penetration technique and electromagnetic methods are not suitable for dielectric coating. However, photothermal techniques have been successfully applied [1,2], but first the introduction of fast infrared scanning systems has lead to reasonable speed of inspection from the practical point of view.


Ir Thermal Wave Tomographic Studies Of Structural Composites, L. D. Favro, H. J. Jin, Y. X. Wang, T. Ahmed, X. Wang, P. K. Kuo, R. L. Thomas Jan 1992

Ir Thermal Wave Tomographic Studies Of Structural Composites, L. D. Favro, H. J. Jin, Y. X. Wang, T. Ahmed, X. Wang, P. K. Kuo, R. L. Thomas

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Vavilov et al [1] have recently described a technique for making tomographic thermal wave images. Their method involves recording a succession of thermal wave images after a flash-heating pulse, followed by a numerical pixel-by-pixel search of the images for the time at which the reflected thermal waves from subsurface features have their peak amplitudes. Since the peak time is related to the depth of the scatterer, this information enables one to separate the image into time (or depth) slices. The result is a thermal wave tomogram. Since their process involves post-processing and a search through a large number of stored ...


Flying Laser Spot Thermal Wave Ir Imaging, Y. Q. Wang, P. Chen, P. K. Kuo, L. D. Favro, R. L. Thomas Jan 1992

Flying Laser Spot Thermal Wave Ir Imaging, Y. Q. Wang, P. Chen, P. K. Kuo, L. D. Favro, R. L. Thomas

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

In a previous report, some of the authors have described the basic experimental technique for flying laser spot thermal wave IR imaging, and demonstrated its potential usefulness for the detection of closed vertical cracks [11. The objective of the present work is to provide a theoretical description of the temperature distribution from a Gaussian-shaped surface heat spot, scanned at constant speed, and to compare the predictions of that theoretical description with temperature distributions measured experimentally with our thermal wave flying spot imaging system.


Numerical Solutions For Heat Flow In Adhesive Lap Joints, P. A. Howell, William P. Winfree Jan 1992

Numerical Solutions For Heat Flow In Adhesive Lap Joints, P. A. Howell, William P. Winfree

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The detection of disbonds in riveted lap joints is of increasing interest to the aerospace community. Adhesively bonded and riveted lap joints are used to bond the thin overlapped sheets of aluminum which comprise the outer skin of an aircraft. Through time, the integrity of the bond can become compromised by disbanding, leading to corrosion and stress concentrations at the rivets and subsequent cracking leading to joint failure. A thermal technique for determining bond integrity in these structures has been investigated by Winfree, et al [1]. This technique involves active heating of the aircraft fuselage with a measurement of the ...


Comparison Of Heating Protocols For Detection Of Disbonds In Lap Joints, William P. Winfree, B. Scott Crews, P. A. Howell Jan 1992

Comparison Of Heating Protocols For Detection Of Disbonds In Lap Joints, William P. Winfree, B. Scott Crews, P. A. Howell

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

With the increased concern for the safety and reliability of aging aircraft, new nondestructive techniques are being sought for detecting and characterizing defects in these structures. These techniques must be both reliable and economical to impact the current safety of the fleet. To meet both of these requirements, more focus is being placed on large area inspection techniques. These offer the possibility for greatly reduced inspection times as compared to current point measurement techniques.


Bonds Nde Using Stimulated Infrared Thermography, P. M. Delpech, D. M. Boscher, F. Lepoutre, A. A. Deom, D. L. Balageas Jan 1992

Bonds Nde Using Stimulated Infrared Thermography, P. M. Delpech, D. M. Boscher, F. Lepoutre, A. A. Deom, D. L. Balageas

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Among all the photothermal techniques that have appeared since some years, the photothermal radiometry is very attractive because of its noncontact and rapid-scanning ability [1,2]. In our laboratory, we developed pulsed stimulated infrared (IR) thermography [3]. Due to the relatively low refreshment frequency of the currently used IR cameras, the application of the method was restricted to low thermal conductors. In particular, we applied it to carbon/epoxy composites [4,5]. Some new developments of the data reduction procedure were presented last year [6] to use this technique with good heat conductors. Satisfactory results were obtained in the case ...


Nondestructive Evaluation Using Shearing Interferometry, Thomas C. Chatters, Sridhar Krishnaswamy Jan 1992

Nondestructive Evaluation Using Shearing Interferometry, Thomas C. Chatters, Sridhar Krishnaswamy

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Coherent shearing interferometry involves the interference of a coherent optical wavefront with a spatially shifted version of itself. The resulting interference pattern carries information which for small shears (spatial shifts) can be related to the gradients of the phase of the wavefront. The primary advantage of this optical technique is that it is relatively insensitive to rigid body motion. A coherent wavefront that is transmitted through a body or is reflected from the surface of a body will carry information about the resulting stress state or deformation of the body. This information can be used for nondestructive evaluation applications using ...