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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Spectral Observations Of The 2019 South American Total Solar Eclipse, Sarah Auriemma May 2020

Spectral Observations Of The 2019 South American Total Solar Eclipse, Sarah Auriemma

Honors Program Theses and Projects

On July 2, 2019, a total solar eclipse was visible in parts of Chile and Ar-gentina. I joined the Solar Wind Sherpas, an international group of scientists,engineers, students, and eclipse enthusiasts, to South America to make obser-vations of the solar corona (the Sun’s upper atmosphere) during the eclipse.The Sherpas were split into three teams along the path of totality and my groupwas stationed at Mamalluca Observatory in Vicuna, Chile. One of the instru-ments we used at this side was a three-channel (red, green, and blue) spectrom-eter designed by A. Ding, of Hawai’i’s Institute for Astronomy ...


Plasma Spectroscopy Of Titanium Monoxide For Characterization Of Laser Ablation, Todd A. Van Woerkom, Glen P. Perram, Christian G. Parigger, Brian D. Dolasinski, Charles D. Phelps, Patrick A. Berry Aug 2019

Plasma Spectroscopy Of Titanium Monoxide For Characterization Of Laser Ablation, Todd A. Van Woerkom, Glen P. Perram, Christian G. Parigger, Brian D. Dolasinski, Charles D. Phelps, Patrick A. Berry

Faculty Publications

Ablation of titanium wafers in air is accomplished with 60 µs pulsed, 2.94 µm laser radiation. Titanium monoxide spectra are measured in the wavelength range of 500 nm to 750 nm, and molecular signatures include bands of the C3 Δ → X3 Δ α, B3 Π → X3 Δ γ', and A3 Φ → X3 Δ γ transitions. The spatially and temporally averaged spectra appear to be in qualitative agreement with previous temporally resolved studies that employed shorter wavelengths and shorter pulse durations than utilized in this work. The background signals in the current study are possibly due to particulate content in ...


The Population Densities Of Argon Metastable Levels, Nada Khogeer, Chelsy Gonzalez, Milka Nikolic Apr 2019

The Population Densities Of Argon Metastable Levels, Nada Khogeer, Chelsy Gonzalez, Milka Nikolic

Physics and Astronomy

In this experiment, we used the optical emission spectroscopy (OES) method to obtain the main properties of low temperature Argon plasma. The experiment was sustained in powers and pressures that ranges from 30-100 W and 15-100 mTorr. We used numerical methods for the Argon kinetic model to calculate metastable levels and resonant states for the first excited states in low temperature Argon plasma. By finding the ratio of two spectral lines and finding another ratio from a different upper energy level that goes down to the same two lower energy levels, we can construct a system of two nonlinear equations ...


Studying The Interface Between Croconic Acid Thin Films And Substrates Using A Slow Positron Beam, Dean Peterson, Jiandang Liu, Jonas Etzweiler, Gabriel Sontoyo, Sara J. Callori, Kimberley R. Cousins, Timothy Usher, Renwu Zhang Jan 2019

Studying The Interface Between Croconic Acid Thin Films And Substrates Using A Slow Positron Beam, Dean Peterson, Jiandang Liu, Jonas Etzweiler, Gabriel Sontoyo, Sara J. Callori, Kimberley R. Cousins, Timothy Usher, Renwu Zhang

Physics Faculty Publications

Croconic acid (CA) is the first organic ferroelectric with a spontaneous polarity in bulk samples comparable to its inorganic counterparts. As a natural extension of study, ultrathin CA films (∼nm scale) were investigated to reveal ferroelectric effects in films on different substrates for their fundamental and industrial significance. However, the void defect at the interface between the film and substrate is presumed to interfere with surface effects. In this work, a non-invasive technique, a slow positron beam, coupled with Doppler broadening energy spectroscopy (DBES), is applied to study the void defects within the interfacial layer between CA films and Si ...


Spectroscopy Of Neon For The Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory, H. C. Busch, M. B. Cooper, C. I. Sukenik Jan 2019

Spectroscopy Of Neon For The Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory, H. C. Busch, M. B. Cooper, C. I. Sukenik

Physics Faculty Publications

We describe a spectroscopy experiment, suitable for upper-division laboratory courses, that investigates saturated absorption spectroscopy and polarization spectroscopy in a neon discharge. Both experiments use nearly identical components, allowing students to explore both techniques in a single apparatus. Furthermore, because the wavelength of the laser is in the visible part of the spectrum (640 nm), the experiment is well-suited for students with limited experience in optical alignment. The labs nicely complement a course in atomic or plasma physics, provide students with the opportunity to gain important technical skills in the area of optics and lasers, and can provide an introduction ...


Argon Metastable And Resonant Level Densities In Ar And Ar/Cl² Discharges Used For The Processing Of Bulk Niobium, Jeremy Peshl, Roderick Mcneill, Charles I. Sukenik, Milka Nikolić, Svetozar Popović, Leposava Vŭsković Jan 2019

Argon Metastable And Resonant Level Densities In Ar And Ar/Cl² Discharges Used For The Processing Of Bulk Niobium, Jeremy Peshl, Roderick Mcneill, Charles I. Sukenik, Milka Nikolić, Svetozar Popović, Leposava Vŭsković

Physics Faculty Publications

A comparative analysis of two popular spectroscopy techniques is conducted in a coaxial cylindrical capacitively coupled discharge designed for the plasma processing of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. The density of the metastable and resonant levels in Ar is measured in both Ar and Ar/Cl2 discharges to properly characterize the unique discharge system and aid in the development of a cavity etching routine. The first method, deemed the “branching fraction method,” utilizes the sensitivity of photon reabsorption of radiative decay to measure the lower state (metastable and resonant) densities by taking ratios of spectral lines with a common ...


Mass-Analyzed Threshold Ionization Of Lanthanide Imide Lnnh (Ln = La And Ce) Radicals From N–H Bond Activation Of Ammonia, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, Dong-Sheng Yang Dec 2018

Mass-Analyzed Threshold Ionization Of Lanthanide Imide Lnnh (Ln = La And Ce) Radicals From N–H Bond Activation Of Ammonia, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Ln (Ln = La and Ce) atom reactions with ammonia are carried out in a pulsed laser vaporization supersonic molecular beam source. Lanthanide-containing species are observed with time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and LnNH molecules are characterized by mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. The theoretical calculations include density functional theory for both Ln species and a scalar relativity correction, electron correlation, and spin-orbit coupling for the Ce species. The MATI spectrum of LaNH exhibits a single vibronic band system with a strong origin band and two weak vibronic progressions, whereas the spectrum of CeNH displays two band systems separated ...


Estimating And Correcting Interference Fringes In Infrared Spectra In Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging, Ghazal Azarfar, Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Nicholas Walter,, Simona Ratti, Camilla Olivieri, Alessandra Alessandra, Michael Nasse, Achim Kohler, Mario Giordano, Carol Hirschmugl Sep 2018

Estimating And Correcting Interference Fringes In Infrared Spectra In Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging, Ghazal Azarfar, Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Nicholas Walter,, Simona Ratti, Camilla Olivieri, Alessandra Alessandra, Michael Nasse, Achim Kohler, Mario Giordano, Carol Hirschmugl

Physics Faculty Articles

Short-term acclimation response of individual cells of Thalassiosira weissflogii was monitored by Synchrotron FTIR imaging over the span of 75 minutes. The cells, collected from batch cultures, were maintained in a constant flow of medium, at an irradiance of 120 μmol m−2 s−1 and at 20 °C. Multiple internal reflections due to the micro fluidic channel were modeled, and showed that fringes are additive sinusoids to the pure absorption of the other components of the system. Preprocessing of the hyperspectral cube (x, y, Abs(λ)) included removing spectral fringe using an EMSC approach. Principal component analysis of the ...


Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By C—H And C—C Bond Activation Of 1-Pentene And 2-Pentene, Wenjin Cao, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, Dong-Sheng Yang Jul 2018

Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By C—H And C—C Bond Activation Of 1-Pentene And 2-Pentene, Wenjin Cao, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La atom reactions with 1-pentene and 2-pentene are carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. The two reactions yield the same metal-hydrocarbon products from the dehydrogenation and carbon–carbon bond cleavage of the pentene molecules. The dehydrogenated species La(C5H8) is the major product, whereas the carbon–carbon bond cleaved species La(C2H2) and La(C3H4) are the minor ones. La(C10H18) is also observed and is presumably formed by La(C5H8) addition to a second pentene molecule. La(C5H8) and ...


Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By Association And Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage Of Isoprene, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang May 2018

Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By Association And Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage Of Isoprene, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La atom reaction with isoprene is carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. The reaction yields an adduct as the major product and C—C cleaved and dehydrogenated species as the minor ones. La(C5H8), La(C2H2), and La(C3H4) are characterized with mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical computations. The MATI spectra of all three species exhibit a strong origin band and several weak vibronic bands corresponding to La-ligand stretch and ligand-based bend excitations. La(C5H8) is a five-membered metallacycle, whereas La(C2 ...


Tip-Enhanced Raman Scattering Of Dna Aptamers For Listeria Monocytogenes, Siyu He, Hongyuan Li, Carmen L. Gomes, Dmitri V. Voronine May 2018

Tip-Enhanced Raman Scattering Of Dna Aptamers For Listeria Monocytogenes, Siyu He, Hongyuan Li, Carmen L. Gomes, Dmitri V. Voronine

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Optical detection and conformational mapping of aptamers are important for improving medical and biosensing technologies and for better understanding of biological processes at the molecular level. The authors investigate the vibrational signals of deoxyribonucleic acid aptamers specific to Listeria monocytogenes immobilized on gold substrates using tip-enhanced Raman scattering (TERS) spectroscopy and nanoscale imaging. The authors compare topographic and nano-optical signals and investigate the fluctuations of the position-dependent TERS spectra. They perform spatial TERS mapping with 3 nm step size and discuss the limitation of the resulting spatial resolution under the ambient conditions. TERS mapping provides information about the chemical composition ...


Lanthanum-Mediated Dehydrogenation Of Butenes: Spectroscopy And Formation Of La(C4H6) Isomers, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang Jan 2018

Lanthanum-Mediated Dehydrogenation Of Butenes: Spectroscopy And Formation Of La(C4H6) Isomers, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La atom reactions with 1-butene, 2-butene, and isobutene are carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. The three reactions yield the same La-hydrocarbon products from the dehydrogenation and carbon-carbon bond cleavage and coupling of the butenes. The dehydrogenated species La(C4H6) is the major product, which is characterized with mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical computations. The MATI spectrum of La(C4H6) produced from the La+1-butene reaction exhibits two band systems, whereas the MATI spectra produced from the La+2-butene and isobutene reactions display only a single band system. Each ...


Detection And Characterization Of The Tin Dihydride (Snh2 And Snd2) Molecule In The Gas Phase, Tony C. Smith, Dennis J. Clouthier Jan 2018

Detection And Characterization Of The Tin Dihydride (Snh2 And Snd2) Molecule In The Gas Phase, Tony C. Smith, Dennis J. Clouthier

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The SnH2 and SnD2 molecules have been detected for the first time in the gas phase by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and emission spectroscopic techniques through the Ã1B1–X̃1A1 electronic transition. These reactive species were prepared in a pulsed electric discharge jet using (CH3)4Sn or SnH4/SnD4 precursors diluted in high pressure argon. Transitions to the electronic excited state of the jet-cooled molecules were probed with LIF, and the ground state energy levels were measured from single rovibronic level emission spectra. The LIF spectrum of SnD2 afforded ...


Valence And Charge-Transfer Optical Properties For Some SiNCM (M, N ≤ 12) Clusters: Comparing Td-Dft, Complete-Basis-Limit Eomcc, And Benchmarks From Spectroscopy, Jesse J. Lutz, Xiaofeng F. Duan, Duminda S. Ranasinghe, Yifan Jin, Johannes T. Margraf, Ajith Perera, Larry W. Burggraf, Rodney J. Bartlett Jan 2018

Valence And Charge-Transfer Optical Properties For Some SiNCM (M, N ≤ 12) Clusters: Comparing Td-Dft, Complete-Basis-Limit Eomcc, And Benchmarks From Spectroscopy, Jesse J. Lutz, Xiaofeng F. Duan, Duminda S. Ranasinghe, Yifan Jin, Johannes T. Margraf, Ajith Perera, Larry W. Burggraf, Rodney J. Bartlett

Faculty Publications

Accurate optical characterization of the closo-Si12C12 molecule is important to guide experimental efforts toward the synthesis of nano-wires, cyclic nano-arrays, and related array structures, which are anticipated to be robust and efficient exciton materials for opto-electronic devices. Working toward calibrated methods for the description of closo-Si12C12 oligomers, various electronic structure approaches are evaluated for their ability to reproduce measured optical transitions of the SiC2, Si2Cn (n = 1–3), and Si3Cn (n = 1, 2) clusters reported earlier by Steglich and Maier [Astrophys. J. 801, 119 (2015 ...


Temperature And Lifetime Measurements In The Ssx Wind Tunnel, M. Kaur, Kaitlin D. Gelber , '20, A. D. Light, Michael R. Brown Jan 2018

Temperature And Lifetime Measurements In The Ssx Wind Tunnel, M. Kaur, Kaitlin D. Gelber , '20, A. D. Light, Michael R. Brown

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We describe ion and electron temperature measurements in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) MHD wind tunnel with the goal of understanding limitations on the lifetime of our Taylor-state plasma. A simple model based on the equilibrium eigenvalue and Spitzer resistivity predicted the lifetime satisfactorily during the first phase of the plasma evolution. We measured an average Tₑ along a chord by taking the ratio of the CIII97.7 nm to CIV155 nm line intensities using a vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) monochromator. We also recorded local measurements of Tₑ and nₑ using a double Langmuir probe in order to inform our interpretation ...


Lanthanum-Mediated Dehydrogenation Of 1- And 2-Butynes: Spectroscopy And Formation Of La(C4H4) Isomers, Wenjin Cao, Dilrukshi C. Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang Aug 2017

Lanthanum-Mediated Dehydrogenation Of 1- And 2-Butynes: Spectroscopy And Formation Of La(C4H4) Isomers, Wenjin Cao, Dilrukshi C. Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La atom reactions with 1-butyne and 2-butyne are carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. Both reactions yield the same La-hydrocarbon products from the dehydrogenation and carbon-carbon bond cleavage and coupling of the butynes. The dehydrogenated species La(C4H4) is characterized with mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical computations. The MATI spectra of La(C4H4) produced from the two reactions exhibit two identical transitions, each consisting of a strong origin band and several vibrational intervals. The two transitions are assigned to the ionization of two isomers: La(η4–CH2 ...


Enhanced Coupling Of Light Into A Turbid Medium Through Microscopic Interface Engineering, Jonathan V. Thompson, Brett H. Hokr, Wihan Kim, Charles W. Ballmann, Brian E. Applegate, Javier Jo, Alexey Yamilov, Hui Cao, Marlan O. Scully, Vladislav V. Yakovlev Jul 2017

Enhanced Coupling Of Light Into A Turbid Medium Through Microscopic Interface Engineering, Jonathan V. Thompson, Brett H. Hokr, Wihan Kim, Charles W. Ballmann, Brian E. Applegate, Javier Jo, Alexey Yamilov, Hui Cao, Marlan O. Scully, Vladislav V. Yakovlev

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

There are many optical detection and sensing methods used today that provide powerful ways to diagnose, characterize, and study materials. For example, the measurement of spontaneous Raman scattering allows for remote detection and identification of chemicals. Many other optical techniques provide unique solutions to learn about biological, chemical, and even structural systems. However, when these systems exist in a highly scattering or turbid medium, the optical scattering effects reduce the effectiveness of these methods. In this article, we demonstrate a method to engineer the geometry of the optical interface of a turbid medium, thereby drastically enhancing the coupling efficiency of ...


Quantifying Biochemical Alterations In Brown And Subcutaneous White Adipose Tissues Of Mice Using Fourier Transform Infrared Widefield Imaging, Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Owen T. Carmichael, Ping He, Diana C. Albarado, Christopher D. Morrison, Carol J. Hirschmugl May 2017

Quantifying Biochemical Alterations In Brown And Subcutaneous White Adipose Tissues Of Mice Using Fourier Transform Infrared Widefield Imaging, Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Owen T. Carmichael, Ping He, Diana C. Albarado, Christopher D. Morrison, Carol J. Hirschmugl

Physics Faculty Articles

Stimulating increased thermogenic activity in adipose tissue is an important biological target for obesity treatment, and label-free imaging techniques with the potential to quantify stimulation-associated biochemical changes to the adipose tissue are highly sought after. In this study, we used spatially resolved Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging to quantify biochemical changes caused by cold exposure in the brown and subcutaneous white adipose tissues (BAT and s-WAT) of 6 week-old C57BL6 mice exposed to 30°C (N = 5), 24°C (N = 5), and 10°C (N = 5) conditions for 10 days. Fat exposed to colder temperatures demonstrated greater thermogenic activity as ...


Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By C—C Bond Cleavage And Coupling Of Propene, Dilrukshi C. Hewage, Wenjin Cao, Sudesh Kumari, Ruchira Silva, Tao Hong Li, Dong-Sheng Yang May 2017

Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By C—C Bond Cleavage And Coupling Of Propene, Dilrukshi C. Hewage, Wenjin Cao, Sudesh Kumari, Ruchira Silva, Tao Hong Li, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La reaction with propene is carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. Three La-hydrocarbon radicals are characterized by mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy. One of these radicals is methylenelanthanum [La(CH2)] (Cs), a Schrock-type metal carbene. The other two are a five-membered 1-lanthanacyclopent-3-en [La(CH2CHCHCH2)] (Cs) and a tetrahedron-like trimethylenemethanelanthanum [La(C(CH2)3)] (C3v). Adiabatic ionization energies and metal-ligand stretching and hydrocarbon-based bending frequencies of these species are measured from the MATI spectra, preferred structures and electronic states are identified by comparing the experimental measurements and spectral simulations, and reaction ...


Ultracold Trimer Ion Formation Of Rb And K, Michael Cantara Apr 2016

Ultracold Trimer Ion Formation Of Rb And K, Michael Cantara

University Scholar Projects

The cooling of molecules into the ultracold regime allows for high resolution laser spectroscopy that reveals their complex rotational and vibrational structure. As the temperature is lowered towards absolute zero, the kinetic energy of the particles approaches zero, and therefore the Doppler shift approaches zero. With the Doppler shift negligibly small, spectral resolution is now primarily limited by the natural linewidth of the molecular peaks. Further, ultracold temperatures make possible the production of atoms or molecules that will reside in the lowest few states of the system. The high population in a few select states provides stronger and less congested ...


Observations Of The High Vibrational Levels Of The B′′B̄ 1Σu+ State Of H2, Alexander M. Chartrand, W. Duan, R. C. Ekey, Elizabeth Mccormack Jan 2016

Observations Of The High Vibrational Levels Of The B′′B̄ 1Σu+ State Of H2, Alexander M. Chartrand, W. Duan, R. C. Ekey, Elizabeth Mccormack

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

Double-resonance laser spectroscopy via the E F 1Σg+, v'=6, J'=0-2 state was used to probe the high vibrational levels of the B"B-bar 1Σu+ state of molecular hydrogen. Resonantly-enhanced multiphoton ionization spectra were recorded by detecting ion production as a function of energy using a time of flight mass spectrometer. New measurements of energies for the v=51-66 levels for the B"B-bar state of H2 are reported, which, taken with previous results, span the v=46-69 vibrational levels. Results for energy levels are compared to theoretical close-coupled calculations [L. Wolniewicz, T. Orlikowski ...


Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow Jan 2016

Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Optical injection and detection of charge currents is an alternative to conventional transport and photoemission measurements, avoiding the necessity of invasive contact that may disturb the system being examined. This is a particular concern for analyzing the surface states of topological insulators. In this work one- and two-color sources of photocurrents are isolated and examined in epitaxial thin films of Bi2Se3. We demonstrate that optical excitation and terahertz detection simultaneously captures one- and two-color photocurrent contributions, which has not been required for other material systems. A method is devised to extract the two components, and in doing so each can ...


Improved Terahertz Modulation Using Germanium Telluride (Gete) Chalcogenide Thin Films, Alexander H. Gwin, Christopher H. Kodama, Tod V. Laurvick, Ronald Coutu Jr., Philip F. Taday Jul 2015

Improved Terahertz Modulation Using Germanium Telluride (Gete) Chalcogenide Thin Films, Alexander H. Gwin, Christopher H. Kodama, Tod V. Laurvick, Ronald Coutu Jr., Philip F. Taday

Faculty Publications

We demonstrate improved terahertz (THz) modulation using thermally crystallized germanium telluride (GeTe) thin films. GeTe is a chalcogenide material that exhibits a nonvolatile, amorphous to crystalline phase change at approximately 200 °C, as well as six orders of magnitude decreased electrical resistivity. In this study, amorphous GeTe thin films were sputtered on sapphire substrates and then tested using THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). The test samples, heated in-situ while collecting THz-TDS measurements, exhibited a gradual absorbance increase, an abrupt nonvolatile reduction at the transition temperature, followed by another gradual increase in absorbance. The transition temperature was verified by conducting similar thermal ...


Wavelength Dependent Specific Plasmon Resonance Coupling Of Single Silver Nanoparticles With Egfp, Kerry J. Lee, Tao Huang, Prakash D. Nallathamby Jan 2015

Wavelength Dependent Specific Plasmon Resonance Coupling Of Single Silver Nanoparticles With Egfp, Kerry J. Lee, Tao Huang, Prakash D. Nallathamby

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) possess unique plasmonic properties, enabling them to serve as sub-diffraction light sources and nano-antennae for a wide range of applications. Here we report the specific interaction of single Ag NPs with single EGFP molecules and a high dependence of their interaction upon localized-surface-plasmon-resonance (LSPR) spectra of single Ag NPs and EGFP. The LSPR spectra of single red Ag NPs show a stunning 60 nm blue-shift during their incubation with EGFP, whereas they remain unchanged during their incubation with bovine serum albumin (BSA). Interestingly, the peak wavelengths of the LSPR spectra of green and blue Ag NPs ...


First Measurement Of The Polarization Observable E In The P→ (Ɣ→, Π+) In Reaction Up To 2.25 Gev, S. Strauch, W. J. Briscoe, M. Döring, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, E. Pasyuk, D. Rönchen, A.V. Sarantsev, I. Strakovsky, R. Workman, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, L. El Fassi Jan 2015

First Measurement Of The Polarization Observable E In The P→ (Ɣ→, Π+) In Reaction Up To 2.25 Gev, S. Strauch, W. J. Briscoe, M. Döring, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, E. Pasyuk, D. Rönchen, A.V. Sarantsev, I. Strakovsky, R. Workman, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, L. El Fassi

Physics Faculty Publications

First results from the longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target (FROST) program are reported. The double-polarization observable E, for the reaction ɣp→π+n, has been measured using a circularly polarized tagged-photon beam, with energies from 0.35 to 2.37 GeV. The final-state pions were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. These polarization data agree fairly well with previous partial-wave analyses at low photon energies. Over much of the covered energy range, however, significant deviations are observed, particularly in the high-energy region where high-L multipoles contribute. The data have ...


In-Package Atmospheric Pressure Cold Plasma Treatment Of Cherry Tomatoes, N. Misra, Kevin Keener, Paula Bourke, J Mosnier, Patrick Cullen Mar 2014

In-Package Atmospheric Pressure Cold Plasma Treatment Of Cherry Tomatoes, N. Misra, Kevin Keener, Paula Bourke, J Mosnier, Patrick Cullen

Articles

Cold plasma is increasingly under research for decontamination of foods, especially fresh fruits and vegetables. The effect of cold plasma on food quality, however, remains under researched. This study investigates the effects of cold plasma generated within a sealed package from a dielectric barrier discharge on the physical quality parameters and respiration rates of cherry tomatoes. Respiration rates and weight loss were monitored continuously, while other parameters are reported at the end of storage period. Differences among weight loss, pH and firmness for control and treated cherry tomatoes were insignificant towards the end of storage life. Changes in respiration rates ...


Sensitive And Specific Discrimination Of Pathogenic And Nonpathogenic Escherichia Coli Using Raman Spectroscopy - A Comparison Of Two Multivariate Analysis Techniques, Steven Rehse, Khozima Hamasha, Qassem I. Mohaidat, Russell A. Putnam, Ryan C. Woodman, Sunil Palchaudhuri Jan 2013

Sensitive And Specific Discrimination Of Pathogenic And Nonpathogenic Escherichia Coli Using Raman Spectroscopy - A Comparison Of Two Multivariate Analysis Techniques, Steven Rehse, Khozima Hamasha, Qassem I. Mohaidat, Russell A. Putnam, Ryan C. Woodman, Sunil Palchaudhuri

Physics Publications

The determination of bacterial identity at the strain level is still a complex and time-consuming endeavor. In this study, visible wavelength spontaneous Raman spectroscopy has been used for the discrimination of four closely related Escherichia coli strains: pathogenic enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 and non-pathogenic E. coli C, E. coli Hfr K-12, and E. coli HF4714. Raman spectra from 600 to 2000 cm-1 were analyzed with two multivariate chemometric techniques, principal component-discriminant function analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis, to determine optimal parameters for the discrimination of pathogenic E. coli from the non-pathogenic strains. Spectral preprocessing techniques such as smoothing ...


Broadband Terahertz Pulse Emission From Zngep2, J. D. Rowley, J. K. Pierce, A. T. Brant, Larry E. Halliburton, Nancy C. Giles, Peter G. Schunemann, A. D. Bristow Feb 2012

Broadband Terahertz Pulse Emission From Zngep2, J. D. Rowley, J. K. Pierce, A. T. Brant, Larry E. Halliburton, Nancy C. Giles, Peter G. Schunemann, A. D. Bristow

Faculty Publications

Optical rectification is demonstrated in (110)-cut ZnGeP2 (ZGP) providing broadband terahertz (THz) generation. The source is compared to both GaP and GaAs over a wavelength range of 1150 nm to 1600 nm and peak intensity range of 0.5 GW/cm2 to 40 GW/cm2. ZGP peak-to-peak field amplitude is larger than in the other materials due to either lower nonlinear absorption or larger second order nonlinearity. This material is well suited for broadband THz generation across a wide range of infrared excitation wavelengths.


The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown Aug 2011

The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

The Fusion and Astrophysics (FAST) Calibration and Diagnostic Facility uses the original Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT-I) to profile x-ray filters that are used in the Dante Soft X-Ray Diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). FAST has an advantage over any other facility not only for its high accuracy, but also for its proximity to NIF in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This makes for highly accurate and near-instantaneous filter calibration turnover.

EBIT-I was first constructed to create, trap, and observe static highly charged ions (HCIs) and conduct experimental astrophysics (creating an x-ray spectroscopy catalogue of ions). To ...


Laboratory Astrophysics: Using Ebit Measurements To Interpret High Resolution Spectra From Celestial Sources, Carey Scott, Joshua Thompson, N. Hell, Greg V. Brown Aug 2011

Laboratory Astrophysics: Using Ebit Measurements To Interpret High Resolution Spectra From Celestial Sources, Carey Scott, Joshua Thompson, N. Hell, Greg V. Brown

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Astrophysicists use radiation to investigate the physics controlling a variety of celestial sources, including stellar atmospheres, black holes, and binary systems. By measuring the spectrum of the emitted radiation, astrophysicists can determine a source’s temperature and composition. Accurate atomic data are needed for reliably interpreting these spectra. Here we present an overview of how LLNL’s EBIT facility is used to put the atomic data on sound footing for use by the high energy astrophysics community.