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Full-Text Articles in Physics

X-Ray Reflectivity Study Of Interface Roughness, Structure, And Morphology Of Alignment Layers And Thin Liquid-Crystal Films, Brian Cull, Yushan Shi, Satyendra Kumar Jan 1995

X-Ray Reflectivity Study Of Interface Roughness, Structure, And Morphology Of Alignment Layers And Thin Liquid-Crystal Films, Brian Cull, Yushan Shi, Satyendra Kumar

Physics Publications

We report results of x-ray reQectivity studies of thin conducting films, organic alignment layers, and liquid crystal films on Bat glass substrates. An understanding of these films is important for liquid crystal science and technology. Specular reflectivities of conducting layers of indium tin oxide, organic overlayers of lecithin, 12-8(poly)diacetylene polymerized with linearly polarized uv light, and spin-coated diheptylazoxy benzene films were measured. The evolution of surface roughness of soda-lime glass substrates as a function of chemical etching time was also studied. Using theoretical models based on the Fourier transform of electron density gradients and the matrix formalism of ...


Discotic Micellar Nematic And Lamellar Phases Under Shear-Flow, J. T. Mang, Satyendra Kumar, B. Hammouda Dec 1994

Discotic Micellar Nematic And Lamellar Phases Under Shear-Flow, J. T. Mang, Satyendra Kumar, B. Hammouda

Physics Publications

Small-angle neutron scattering was employed to study the effect of shear flow on the nematic (N) and lamellar (L(alpha)) phases in aqueous solutions of cesium perfluoro-octanoate. Shear rates as high as similar to 4000 s(-1) were used. The N phase was found to align with the director in the direction of the gradient velocity. The L, phase oriented with lamellae parallel to the shear plane. This change in equilibrium orientation is attributed, primarily, to changes in the value of the Ericksen viscosity parameter at. Subtle shear-rate-dependent director reorientations were also observed in the proximity of the N-to-L(alpha ...


Intervalley Scattering In Gaas And Inp Probed By Pulsed Far‐Infrared Transmission Spectroscopy, Peter N. Saeta, John F. Federici, Benjamin I. Greene, Douglas R. Dykaar Mar 1992

Intervalley Scattering In Gaas And Inp Probed By Pulsed Far‐Infrared Transmission Spectroscopy, Peter N. Saeta, John F. Federici, Benjamin I. Greene, Douglas R. Dykaar

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

The dynamics of photoexcited electrons in GaAs and InP were studied using the transmission of 200‐fs pulses of far‐infrared radiation in the spectral range 15–100 cm−1. Kinetic traces of the infrared transmission as a function of delay between optical excitation and infrared probe show a probe‐limited decrease in transmission followed by a more gradual (0.7–2 ps) drop to a steady value, consistent with the slow return of electrons from high‐mass satellite valleys. Infrared transmission spectra, analyzed in the context of a Drude model, reveal density‐dependent electron mobilities 3–4 times below ...


The Effect Of Diamagnetic Dilution On The Spin-Phonon Interaction And Scattering Cross Section In Fe1-Xznxf2, Christian Binek Jan 1992

The Effect Of Diamagnetic Dilution On The Spin-Phonon Interaction And Scattering Cross Section In Fe1-Xznxf2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The temperature dependences of the first moments of phonon Raman scattering lines are studied for Fe1-xZnxF2. The diamagnetic dilution diminishes the spin-phonon coupling strength of phonons with both A1g and Eg symmetry in proportion to the decrease in the ordering temperature TN. Moreover, the Eg mode shows an asymmetrical lineshape for Zn concentrations x>0.3. It is explained by an unresolved superposition of two modes, one of which is ascribed to perturbed ZnF2 with broken translational symmetry.


Effect Of Magnetic And Density Fluctuations On The Propagation Of Lower Hybrid Waves In Tokamaks, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Paul T. Bonoli Jan 1992

Effect Of Magnetic And Density Fluctuations On The Propagation Of Lower Hybrid Waves In Tokamaks, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Paul T. Bonoli

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Lower hybrid waves have been used extensively for plasma heating, current drive, and ramp-up as well as sawteeth stabilization, The wave kinetic equation for lower hybrid wave propagation is extended to include the effects of both magnetic and density fluctuations. This integral equation is then solved by Monte Carlo procedures for a toroidal plasma. It is shown that even for magnetic/density fluctuation levels on the order of 10-4, there are significant magnetic fluctuation effects on the wave power deposition into the plasma. This effect is quite pronounced if the magnetic fluctuation spectrum is peaked within the plasma. For ...


Optical Pulse Compression In A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, D. N. Ghosh Roy, D.V.G.L.N. Rao, H. Bronk Sep 1981

Optical Pulse Compression In A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, D. N. Ghosh Roy, D.V.G.L.N. Rao, H. Bronk

Physics Faculty Publications

A 20‐ns laser pulse is compressed to nearly 2.5 ns in a 10‐cm‐long sample of liquid‐crystal cholesteryl oleate in the isotropic phase. Pulse compression in a length as short as only 5 cm has been observed. A semiquantitative explanation is given in terms of stimulated Brillouin scattering.