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Full-Text Articles in Physics

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Sep 2019

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson Jul 2019

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson

Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows

Current theory regarding the collective behavior of exotic nuclei systematically over-predicts the probabilities of exciting those collective states. The theory lacks any adjustable parameters, however, the model inputs are characteristics of single particle states which we are attempting to verify through neutron transfer into a 50Ti target.


Arduino Lab Assignments For Principles Of Physics Ii, William Baird, Jeffery Secrest Jul 2019

Arduino Lab Assignments For Principles Of Physics Ii, William Baird, Jeffery Secrest

Physics and Astronomy Ancillary Materials

This set of two Arduino assignments for Principles of Physics II includes an introductory assignment in exploring the Arduino's capabilities, followed by a lab assignment on data collection using the Arduino. These assignments were created as part of a Round Twelve Textbook Transformation Grant for Principles of Physics II.


Physics 4900, David Maughan Apr 2019

Physics 4900, David Maughan

Physics Capstone Project

More than a century has passed since Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity. The theory has been tested many times experimentally, primarily in the relatively weak gravitational fields of the solar system [1,2]. More recently the first experimental results from the strong gravitational fields of two black holes have been measured in the form of gravitational waves, which are another prediction of general relativity. The 2017 Nobel prize in physics was awarded to Kip Thorne, Rainer Weiss, and Barry Barish for their role in the detection of gravitational waves. This year we have seen the first image ...


Specification-Based Grading Resources For Openstax College Physics (Ggc), Edward Forringer Apr 2019

Specification-Based Grading Resources For Openstax College Physics (Ggc), Edward Forringer

Physics and Astronomy Ancillary Materials

This collection of ancillary materials for Introductory Biology was created under a Round Eleven Mini-Grant for Ancillary Materials Creation and Revision. Included are the following resources to assist a faculty member in implementing specification grading in an introductory physics course using OpenStax College Physics:

  • Specification Grading Guide
  • Specification Documents
  • Quizzes
  • Practice Final Exam

Author's Description:

"Rather than grading each assignment with partial credit and then taking a weighted average of your assignments to find a grade, this course uses a set of course expectations called “specifications” (spec for short). Each spec has an associated quiz. Some specifications are designated ...


Ordered Growth Of Ferroelectric Diisopropylammonium-Bromide Microcrystals Through Slotted-Jar Growth And Lithographically Controlled Wetting, Andrew J. Fanning Mar 2019

Ordered Growth Of Ferroelectric Diisopropylammonium-Bromide Microcrystals Through Slotted-Jar Growth And Lithographically Controlled Wetting, Andrew J. Fanning

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Organic molecular ferroelectrics show promise for industry applications because of their switchable high spontaneous polarization value, mechanical flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. Since these materials, namely diisopropylammonium bromide, exhibit ferroelectricity only in tandem with a high level of crystallinity, novel methods must be explored in order to ensure that high levels of crystallinity are achieved. This project seeked to perfect the methods of Slotted Jar Growth and Lithographically Controlled Wetting (LCW). Slotted Jar Growth uses temperature driven solution saturation to grow crystals on a desired substrate. LCW drives the growth of microscopic diisopropylammonium bromide crystals, in their ferroelectric phase, through the use ...


Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji Jan 2019

Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tungsten oxide is a versatile material with different applications. It has many polymorphs with varying performance in energy storage application. We report simple and facile way to synthesize four phases of tungsten oxide from same precursor materials only by changing the pH and temperature values. Monoclinic, hexagonal, orthorhombic and tetragonal phase obtained, were analyzed and tested for supercapacitor application. The electrochemical analysis of four phases indicates that the hexagonal phase is best-suited electrode material for supercapacitor. The hexagonal phase exhibits higher specific capacitance (377.5 Fg-1 at 2 mVs-1), higher surface capacitive contribution (75%), better stability and rate ...


Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering Beyond Lowest Order, B. Wang, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato Jan 2019

Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering Beyond Lowest Order, B. Wang, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato

Physics Faculty Publications

Motivated by recently observed tension between O(α2s) calculations of very large transverse momentum dependence in both semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering and Drell-Yan scattering, we repeat the details of the calculation through an O(α2s) transversely differential cross section. The results confirm earlier calculations, and provide further support to the observation that tension exists with current parton distribution and fragmentation functions.


Instability Of Flux Flow And Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs By Current-Driven Josephson Vortices In Layered Superconductors, Ahmad Sheikhzada, Alex Gurevich Jan 2019

Instability Of Flux Flow And Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs By Current-Driven Josephson Vortices In Layered Superconductors, Ahmad Sheikhzada, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We report numerical simulations of the nonlinear dynamics of Josephson vortices driven by strong dc currents in layered superconductors. Dynamic equations for interlayer phase differences in a stack of coupled superconducting layers were solved to calculate a drag coefficient η(J) of the vortex as a function of the perpendicular dc current density J. It is shown that Cherenkov radiation produced by a moving vortex causes significant radiation drag increasing η(v) at high vortex velocities v and striking instabilities of driven Josephson vortices moving faster than a terminal vc. The steady-state flux flow breaks down at ν > v ...


Form Factors Of Two-Hadron States From A Covariant Finite-Volume Formalism, Alessandro Baroni, Raúl Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Felipe G. Ortega-Gama Jan 2019

Form Factors Of Two-Hadron States From A Covariant Finite-Volume Formalism, Alessandro Baroni, Raúl Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Felipe G. Ortega-Gama

Physics Faculty Publications

In this work we develop a Lorentz-covariant version of the previously derived formalism for relating finite-volume matrix elements to 2 + J → 2 transition amplitudes. We also give various details relevant for the implementation of this formalism in a realistic numerical lattice QCD calculation. Particular focus is given to the role of single-particle form factors in disentangling finite-volume effects from the triangle diagram that arise when J couples to one of the two hadrons. This also leads to a new finite-volume function, denoted G, the numerical evaluation of which is described in detail. As an example we discuss the determination of ...


Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett Dec 2018

Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett

Publications and Research

Scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory can be described as the probability of a scattering process to happen within a high energy particle interaction, as well as a bridge between experimental measurements and the prediction of the theory.

In this research project, we explore the Standard Model of Particle Theory, it’s representation in terms of Feynman diagrams and the algebraic formulas associated with each combination.

Using the FeynArts program as a tool for generating Feynman diagrams, we evaluate the expressions of a set of physical processes, and explain why these techniques become necessary to achieve this goal.


Polarization Observables For Γp −> K+Λ At Photon Energies Up To 5.45 Gev, Shankar Dayal Adhikari Nov 2018

Polarization Observables For Γp −> K+Λ At Photon Energies Up To 5.45 Gev, Shankar Dayal Adhikari

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Excited nucleon states are established as an important milestone to understand quantum chromodynamics in the non-perturbative region. Even after decades of study, not all of the excited states predicted by different theoretical approaches have been verified. The disparity between the predicted states and the verified states is known as the “missing baryon problem". The verified states were mostly established using pion beam data or through Nπ decay channels, but are not sufficient to address the missing baryon problem. In recent years, new experiments were conducted worldwide at CLAS in Jefferson Lab, ELSA in Bonn, MAMI in Mainz, and so on ...


Measurement Of Unpolarized And Polarized Cross Sections For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton At Jefferson Laboratory With Clas, N. Saylor, B. Hirlinger, B. Guegan, V. D. Burkert, L. Elouadrhiri, M. Garcon, F. X. Girod, M. Guidal, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Oct 2018

Measurement Of Unpolarized And Polarized Cross Sections For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton At Jefferson Laboratory With Clas, N. Saylor, B. Hirlinger, B. Guegan, V. D. Burkert, L. Elouadrhiri, M. Garcon, F. X. Girod, M. Guidal, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

This paper reports the measurement of polarized and unpolarized cross sections for the ep→e′p′γ reaction, which is composed of deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) and Bethe-Heitler (BH) processes, at an electron beam energy of 5.88 GeV at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility using the Large Acceptance Spectrometer CLAS. The unpolarized cross sections and polarized cross section differences have been measured over broad kinematics, 0.10 < xB < 0.58, 1.0 < Q2 <4.8 GeV2 and 0.09<−t <2.00 GeV2. The results are found to be consistent with previous CLAS data, and these new data are discussed in the framework of the generalized ...


Measurements Of The Gamma(Upsilon)P -> P ’Pi(+)Pi(- )Cross Section With The Clas Detector For 0.4 Gev2 < Q(2) < 1.0 Gev2 And 1.3 Gev < W < 1.825 Gev, G. Fedotov, Iu A. Skorodumina, V. D. Burkert, R. W. Gothe, K. Hicks, V. Mokeev, S. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Aug 2018

Measurements Of The Gamma(Upsilon)P -> P ’Pi(+)Pi(- )Cross Section With The Clas Detector For 0.4 Gev2 < Q(2) < 1.0 Gev2 And 1.3 Gev < W < 1.825 Gev, G. Fedotov, Iu A. Skorodumina, V. D. Burkert, R. W. Gothe, K. Hicks, V. Mokeev, S. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

New results on the single-differential and fully integrated cross sections for the process γvp -> p'π+π- are presented. The experimental data were collected with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Laboratory. Measurements were carried out in the kinematic region of the reaction invariant mass W from 1.3 to 1.825 GeV and the photon virtuality Q2 from 0.4 to 1.0 GeV2. The cross sections were obtained in narrow Q2 bins (0.05 GeV2) with the smallest statistical uncertainties achieved in double-pion electroproduction experiments to date. The results were found to be ...


Exclusive Photoproduction Of Pi Degrees Up To Large Values Of Mandelstam Variables S, T, And U With Clas, M. C. Kunkel, M. J. Amaryan, I. I. Strakovsky, J. Ritman, G. R. Goldstein, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Jul 2018

Exclusive Photoproduction Of Pi Degrees Up To Large Values Of Mandelstam Variables S, T, And U With Clas, M. C. Kunkel, M. J. Amaryan, I. I. Strakovsky, J. Ritman, G. R. Goldstein, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

Exclusive photoproduction cross sections have been measured for the process γp ->0 [e+ e- (γ)] with the Dalitz decay final state using tagged photon energies in the range of = 1.275 – 5.425 GeV. The complete angular distribution of the final state π0, for the entire photon energy range up to large values of t and u, has been measured for the first time. The data obtained show that the cross section dσ / dt, at mid to large angles, decreases with energy as s-6.89 +/- 0.26. This is in agreement with the perturbative QCD quark ...


Semi-Inclusive Pi(0) Target And Beam-Target Asymmetries From 6 Gev Electron Scattering With Clas, S. Jawalkar, S. Koirala, H. Avakian, P. Bosted, K. A. Griffioen, C. Keith, S. E. Kuhn, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Jul 2018

Semi-Inclusive Pi(0) Target And Beam-Target Asymmetries From 6 Gev Electron Scattering With Clas, S. Jawalkar, S. Koirala, H. Avakian, P. Bosted, K. A. Griffioen, C. Keith, S. E. Kuhn, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We present precision measurements of the target and beam-target spin asymmetries from neutral pion electroproduction in deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab. We scattered 6-GeV, longitudinally polarized electrons off longitudinally polarized protons in a cryogenic 14NH3 target, and extracted double and single target spin asymmetries for ep→e′ π0 X in multidimensional bins in four-momentum transfer (1.0 2 < 3.2 GeV2), Bjorken -x (0.12 < x < 0.48), hadron energy fraction (0.4 < z 0.7), tranverse pion meomentum (0 < PT < 1.0 GeV), and azimuthal angle ϕh between the lepton scattering and hadron production planes. We extracted asymmetries as a function of both ...


Collaborative Research: Fundamental Mechanisms Of Microfluidic Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis, Boyd F. Edwards May 2018

Collaborative Research: Fundamental Mechanisms Of Microfluidic Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis, Boyd F. Edwards

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Hard Exclusive Pion Electroproduction At Backward Angles With Clas, K. M. Park, R. W. Gothe, B. Pire, K. Semenov-Tian-Shansky, J. -M. Laget, K. P. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. May 2018

Hard Exclusive Pion Electroproduction At Backward Angles With Clas, K. M. Park, R. W. Gothe, B. Pire, K. Semenov-Tian-Shansky, J. -M. Laget, K. P. Adhikari, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the first measurement of cross sections for exclusive deeply virtual pion electroproduction off the proton, ep→e′nπ+, above the resonance region at backward pion center-of-mass angles. The φπ⁎-dependent cross sections were measured, from which we extracted three combinations of structure functions of the proton. Our results are compatible with calculations based on nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes (TDAs). These non-perturbative objects are defined as matrix elements of three-quark-light-cone-operators and characterize partonic correlations with a particular emphasis on baryon charge distribution inside a nucleon. Keywords: TDA, Exclusive single pion, Eletroproduction, CLAS


Measurement Of The Beam Asymmetry Sigma And The Target Asymmetry T In The Photoproduction Of Omega Mesons Off The Proton Using Clas At Jefferson Laboratory, P. Roy, Z. Akbar, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, Gerard P. Gilfoyle May 2018

Measurement Of The Beam Asymmetry Sigma And The Target Asymmetry T In The Photoproduction Of Omega Mesons Off The Proton Using Clas At Jefferson Laboratory, P. Roy, Z. Akbar, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, Gerard P. Gilfoyle

Physics Faculty Publications

The photoproduction of omega mesons off the proton has been studied in the reaction γp -> pω using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and the frozen-spin target in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. For the first time, the target asymmetry T has been measured in photoproduction from the decay ω -> π+π-π0, using a transversely polarized target with energies ranging from just above the reaction threshold up to 2.8 GeV. Significant nonzero values are observed for these asymmetries, reaching about 30-40% in the third-resonance region. New measurements for the photon-beam asymmetry Σ are ...


Thorium And Molten Salt Reactors: Essential Questions For Classroom Discussions, Gregory A. Dilisi, Allison Hirsch*, Meredith Murray*, Richard Rarick Apr 2018

Thorium And Molten Salt Reactors: Essential Questions For Classroom Discussions, Gregory A. Dilisi, Allison Hirsch*, Meredith Murray*, Richard Rarick

2018 Faculty Bibliography

No abstract provided.


Nv Center Detection Of Electric Fields And Low-Intensity Light, Nicholas Harmon, Michael Flatte Mar 2018

Nv Center Detection Of Electric Fields And Low-Intensity Light, Nicholas Harmon, Michael Flatte

Faculty Works

Nitrogen vacancy (NV) center spins in diamond are attractive candidates for quantum information processing and sensitive, nanoscale magnetometers due to their long spin coherence times under ambient conditions [1]. The ground state of the NV spin is also sensitive to electric fields [2]. We present a theory of quantum detection using positive operator valued measurements (POVMs) wherein the presence of an electric field is determined by spin-dependent fluorescence of an NV center. The predicted sensitivity to small electric fields can also be used for photon detection. Photons incident upon a chromophore near the diamond interface may induce a charge polarization ...


Double K-S(0) Photoproduction Off The Proton At Clas, S. Chandavar, J. T. Goetz, K. Hicks, D. Keller, M. C. Kunkel, M. Paolone, D. P. Weygand, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Feb 2018

Double K-S(0) Photoproduction Off The Proton At Clas, S. Chandavar, J. T. Goetz, K. Hicks, D. Keller, M. C. Kunkel, M. Paolone, D. P. Weygand, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The f0 (1500) meson resonance is one of several contenders to have significant mixing with the lightest glueball. This resonance is well established from several previous experiments. Here we present the first photoproduction data for the f0 (1500) via decay into the K-S(0) K-S(0) channel using the CLAS detector. The reaction γp -> fJp -> K-S(0) K-S(0) p, where J = 0,2, was measured with photon energies from 2.7-5.1 GeV. A clear peak is seen at 1500 MeV in the background subtracted invariant mass spectra of the two kaons. This is enhanced ...


Hill Functions For Stochastic Gene Regulatory Networks From Master Equations With Split Nodes And Time-Scale Separation, Ovidiu Lipan, Cameron Ferwerda Feb 2018

Hill Functions For Stochastic Gene Regulatory Networks From Master Equations With Split Nodes And Time-Scale Separation, Ovidiu Lipan, Cameron Ferwerda

Physics Faculty Publications

The deterministic Hill function depends only on the average values of molecule numbers. To account for the fluctuations in the molecule numbers, the argument of the Hill function needs to contain the means, the standard deviations, and the correlations. Here we present a method that allows for stochastic Hill functions to be constructed from the dynamical evolution of stochastic biocircuits with specific topologies. These stochastic Hill functions are presented in a closed analytical form so that they can be easily incorporated in models for large genetic regulatory networks. Using a repressive biocircuit as an example, we show by Monte Carlo ...


Measurement Of The Q(2) Dependence Of The Deuteron Spin Structure Function G(1) And Its Moments At Low Q(2) With Clas, K. P. Adhikari, A. Deur, L. El Fassi, H. Kang, S. E. Kuhn, M. Ripani, K. Slifer, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Feb 2018

Measurement Of The Q(2) Dependence Of The Deuteron Spin Structure Function G(1) And Its Moments At Low Q(2) With Clas, K. P. Adhikari, A. Deur, L. El Fassi, H. Kang, S. E. Kuhn, M. Ripani, K. Slifer, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We measured the g1 spin structure function of the deuteron at low Q2, where QCD can be approximated with chiral perturbation theory (χPT). The data cover the resonance region, up to an invariant mass of W ≈ 1.9  GeV. The generalized Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, the moment Γd1 and the spin polarizability γ0d are precisely determined down to a minimum Q2 of 0.02  GeV2 for the first time, about 2.5 times lower than that of previous data. We compare them to several χPT calculations and models. These results are the first ...


Efficacy Of Multimedia Learning Modules As Preparation For Lecture-Based Tutorials In Electromagnetism, James Christopher Moore Feb 2018

Efficacy Of Multimedia Learning Modules As Preparation For Lecture-Based Tutorials In Electromagnetism, James Christopher Moore

Physics Faculty Publications

We have investigated the efficacy of on-line, multimedia learning modules (MLMs) as preparation for in-class, lecture-based tutorials in electromagnetism in a physics course for natural science majors (biology and marine science). Specifically, we report the results of a multiple-group pre/post-test research design comparing two groups receiving different treatments with respect to activities preceding participation in Tutorials in Introductory Physics. The different pre-tutorial activities were as follows: (1) students were assigned reading from a traditional textbook, followed by a traditional lecture; and (2) students completed on-line MLMs developed by the Physics Education Research Group at the University of Illinois at ...


General Relativity, 4, David Peak Jan 2018

General Relativity, 4, David Peak

General Relativity

Orbital motion of small test masses

The starting point for analyzing free fall trajectories in the (2-space, 1-time) Schwarzschild spacetime is Equation (3) from GR 3:


Rudiments Of Quantum Mechanics (Qm), David Peak Jan 2018

Rudiments Of Quantum Mechanics (Qm), David Peak

Structure of Matter

Rudiments of Quantum Mechanics (QM)


Structure Of Matter, 1, David Peak Jan 2018

Structure Of Matter, 1, David Peak

Structure of Matter

In the hot early universe, prior to the epoch of nucleosynthesis, even the most primitive nuclear material—i.e., protons and neutrons—could not have existed. Earlier than 10–5 s or so after t = 0 , the universe would have been a hot soup consisting of the most elementary of particles—photons, electrons, positrons, neutrinos, quarks, and gluons. We now turn to the,” “Standard Model of Particle Physics,” our current understanding of these elementary building blocks and their interactions. The Standard Model of Particle Physics (SMPP), developed in fits and starts over the past 50 years, is a quantitatively predictive ...


Special Relativity, 5, David Peak Jan 2018

Special Relativity, 5, David Peak

Special Relativity

No abstract provided.


Structure Of Matter, 3, David Peak Jan 2018

Structure Of Matter, 3, David Peak

Structure of Matter

The particle zoo

Prior to the 1930s the fundamental structure of matter was believed to be extremely simple: there were electrons (each with mass about 0.5 MeV), e− , photons (no mass), γ , and protons (mass about 938 MeV), p+ . Starting in 1932 the world began to get a lot more complicated. First came Dirac’s positron ( e+ , with same mass as the electron), postulated in 1928 but mostly ignored until Anderson’s accidental discovery (see SM 1). Soon after, the neutron ( n ) was identified (mass about 940 MeV). In beta decay, the neutron transforms into a proton and an ...