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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Gasb Thermophotovoltaic Cells Grown On Gaas By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Using Interfacial Misfit Arrays, Bor-Chau Juang, Ramesh B. Laghumavarapu, Brandon J. Foggo, Paul J. Simmonds, Andrew Lin, Baolai Liang, Diana L. Huffaker Mar 2015

Gasb Thermophotovoltaic Cells Grown On Gaas By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Using Interfacial Misfit Arrays, Bor-Chau Juang, Ramesh B. Laghumavarapu, Brandon J. Foggo, Paul J. Simmonds, Andrew Lin, Baolai Liang, Diana L. Huffaker

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

There exists a long-term need for foreign substrates on which to grow GaSb-based optoelectronic devices. We address this need by using interfacial misfit arrays to grow GaSb-based thermophotovoltaic cells directly on GaAs (001) substrates and demonstrate promising performance. We compare these cells to control devices grown on GaSb substrates to assess device properties and material quality. The room temperature dark current densities show similar characteristics for both cells on GaAs and on GaSb. Under solar simulation the cells on GaAs exhibit an open-circuit voltage of 0.121 V and a short-circuit current density of 15.5 mA/cm2. In ...


Cosmic Background Radiation, Sree Ram Valluri, B G. Sidharth Feb 2015

Cosmic Background Radiation, Sree Ram Valluri, B G. Sidharth

Physics and Astronomy Publications

It is shown that a collection of photons with nearly the same frequency exhibits a “condensation” type of phenomenon corresponding to a peak intensity. The observed cosmic background radiation can be explained from this standpoint.We have obtained analogous results by extremization of the occupation number for photons with the use of the Lambert W function. Some of the interesting applications of this function are briefly discussed in the context of graphene which exhibits an interesting two dimensional structure with several characteristic properties and diverse practical applications.


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura Feb 2015

Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the gravitational correction to (electronic) vacuum polarization in the presence of a gravitational background field. The Dirac propagators for the virtual fermions are modified to include the leading gravitational correction (potential term) which corresponds to a coordinate-dependent fermion mass. The mass term is assumed to be uniform over a length scale commensurate with the virtual electron-positron pair. The on-mass shell renormalization condition ensures that the gravitational correction vanishes on the mass shell of the photon, i.e., the speed of light is unaffected by the quantum field theoretical loop correction, in full agreement with the equivalence principle. Nontrivial ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


Towards A Resolution Of The Proton Form Factor Problem: New Electron And Positron Scattering Data, Clas Collaboration, D. Adikaram, L. B. Weinstein, R. P. Bennett, K. P, Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Careccia, L. El Fassi, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Z. W. Zhao Jan 2015

Towards A Resolution Of The Proton Form Factor Problem: New Electron And Positron Scattering Data, Clas Collaboration, D. Adikaram, L. B. Weinstein, R. P. Bennett, K. P, Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Careccia, L. El Fassi, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

There is a significant discrepancy between the values of the proton electric form factor, GpE, extracted using unpolarized and polarized electron scattering. Calculations predict that small two-photon exchange (TPE) contributions can significantly affect the extraction of GpEfrom the unpolarized electron-proton cross sections. We determined the TPE contribution by measuring the ratio of positron-proton to electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections using a simultaneous, tertiary electron-positron beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target and detecting the scattered particles in the Jefferson Lab CLAS detector. This novel technique allowed us to cover a wide range in virtual photon ...


Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, E. Seder, A. Biselli, S. Bültmann, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, Clas Collaboration Jan 2015

Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, E. Seder, A. Biselli, S. Bültmann, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

A measurement of the electroproduction of photons off protons in the deeply inelastic regime was performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly 6 GeV electron beam, a longitudinally polarized proton target, and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Target-spin asymmetries for e p → e'p'ɣ events, which arise from the interference of the deeply virtual Compton scattering and the Bethe-Heitler processes, were extracted over the widest kinematics in Q2, xB, t, and ɸ, for 166 four-dimensional bins. In the framework of generalized parton distributions, at leading twist the t dependence of these asymmetries provides insight into the spatial ...