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Photons

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

First Exclusive Measurement Of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off He-4: Toward The 3d Tomography Of Nuclei, M. Hattawy, N. A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, K. Hafidi, S. Stepanyan, S. Bültmann, R. De Vita, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, H. Egiyan, B. Torayev, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Y. Prok, L. B. Weinstein, Z. W. Zhao Nov 2017

First Exclusive Measurement Of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off He-4: Toward The 3d Tomography Of Nuclei, M. Hattawy, N. A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, K. Hafidi, S. Stepanyan, S. Bültmann, R. De Vita, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, H. Egiyan, B. Torayev, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Y. Prok, L. B. Weinstein, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the first measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry in the exclusive process of coherent deeply virtual Compton scattering off a nucleus. The experiment uses the 6 GeV electron beam from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) accelerator at Jefferson Lab incident on a pressurized 4He gaseous target placed in front of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The scattered electron is detected by CLAS and the photon by a dedicated electromagnetic calorimeter at forward angles. To ensure the exclusivity of the process, a specially designed radial time projection chamber is used to detect the recoiling 4 ...


Many-Particle Systems, 5, David Peak Aug 2017

Many-Particle Systems, 5, David Peak

Many Particles

Photons as T → 0 K

Photons are massless bosons. Because they are massless, any number of them can be added or subtracted without changing the photon system energy. (For example, a 1 eV photon can be exchanged for one hundred 0.01 eV photons, without changing system energy.) As a result, the chemical potential for photons is zero.


Foundations, 2, David Peak Aug 2017

Foundations, 2, David Peak

Foundations

The double slit experiment in dim light – photons!

Let’s imagine doing the double slit experiment again, but now in very dim light. To do so requires putting the laser, plate, and collector in a sealed, light-tight box. Inserting neutral density filters in the beam between the laser and the double slit plate decreases the intensity of the beam striking the plate. In fact, the experiment can be done at such a low intensity that a human eye will not see any light on the CCD collector; but the CCD can. Under these conditions, the number of pixels that “light ...


Particle Production In A Gravitational Wave Background, Preston Jones, Patrick Mcdougall, Douglas Singleton Mar 2017

Particle Production In A Gravitational Wave Background, Preston Jones, Patrick Mcdougall, Douglas Singleton

Publications

In this article, the authors study the possibility that massless particles, such as photons, are produced by a gravitational wave. That such a process should occur is implied by tree-level Feynman diagrams such as two gravitons turning into two photons, i.e., g + g → γ + γ. Here we calculate the rate at which a gravitational wave creates a massless scalar field. This is done by placing the scalar field in the background of a plane gravitational wave and calculating the 4-current of the scalar field. Even in the vacuum limit of the scalar field it has a nonzero vacuum expectation ...


Nonresonant Two-Photon Transitions In Length And Velocity Gauges, Ulrich D. Jentschura Aug 2016

Nonresonant Two-Photon Transitions In Length And Velocity Gauges, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We reexamine the invariance of two-photon transition matrix elements and corresponding two-photon Rabi frequencies under the "gauge" transformation from the length to the velocity gauge. It is shown that gauge invariance, in the most general sense, only holds at exact resonance, for both one-color as well as two-color absorption. The arguments leading to this conclusion are supported by analytic calculations which express the matrix elements in terms of hypergeometric functions, and ramified by a "master identity" which is fulfilled by off-diagonal matrix elements of the Schrödinger propagator under the transformation from the velocity to the length gauge. The study of ...


The Singing Cymbal: Is It Really Photon Momentum?, Thomas R. Moore, Samantha Collin, Nikki Etchenique Apr 2016

The Singing Cymbal: Is It Really Photon Momentum?, Thomas R. Moore, Samantha Collin, Nikki Etchenique

Student-Faculty Collaborative Research Publications

A simple demonstration that is occasionally used in the classroom to show that light carries momentum involves making an orchestral cymbal audibly ring using light from a common photoflash. A metal plate or a piece of foil can also be used, however, it appears that many people use a cymbal because the sound is easily heard at a reasonable distance. It is such an impressive example of the effects attributable to photon momentum that it is posted on the CERN website for educational under the name “singing cymbal.” Although it is an impressive demonstration, a series of simple classroom experiments ...


Gasb Thermophotovoltaic Cells Grown On Gaas By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Using Interfacial Misfit Arrays, Bor-Chau Juang, Ramesh B. Laghumavarapu, Brandon J. Foggo, Paul J. Simmonds, Andrew Lin, Baolai Liang, Diana L. Huffaker Mar 2015

Gasb Thermophotovoltaic Cells Grown On Gaas By Molecular Beam Epitaxy Using Interfacial Misfit Arrays, Bor-Chau Juang, Ramesh B. Laghumavarapu, Brandon J. Foggo, Paul J. Simmonds, Andrew Lin, Baolai Liang, Diana L. Huffaker

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

There exists a long-term need for foreign substrates on which to grow GaSb-based optoelectronic devices. We address this need by using interfacial misfit arrays to grow GaSb-based thermophotovoltaic cells directly on GaAs (001) substrates and demonstrate promising performance. We compare these cells to control devices grown on GaSb substrates to assess device properties and material quality. The room temperature dark current densities show similar characteristics for both cells on GaAs and on GaSb. Under solar simulation the cells on GaAs exhibit an open-circuit voltage of 0.121 V and a short-circuit current density of 15.5 mA/cm2. In ...


Cosmic Background Radiation, Sree Ram Valluri, B G. Sidharth Feb 2015

Cosmic Background Radiation, Sree Ram Valluri, B G. Sidharth

Physics and Astronomy Publications

It is shown that a collection of photons with nearly the same frequency exhibits a “condensation” type of phenomenon corresponding to a peak intensity. The observed cosmic background radiation can be explained from this standpoint.We have obtained analogous results by extremization of the occupation number for photons with the use of the Lambert W function. Some of the interesting applications of this function are briefly discussed in the context of graphene which exhibits an interesting two dimensional structure with several characteristic properties and diverse practical applications.


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura Feb 2015

Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the gravitational correction to (electronic) vacuum polarization in the presence of a gravitational background field. The Dirac propagators for the virtual fermions are modified to include the leading gravitational correction (potential term) which corresponds to a coordinate-dependent fermion mass. The mass term is assumed to be uniform over a length scale commensurate with the virtual electron-positron pair. The on-mass shell renormalization condition ensures that the gravitational correction vanishes on the mass shell of the photon, i.e., the speed of light is unaffected by the quantum field theoretical loop correction, in full agreement with the equivalence principle. Nontrivial ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, E. Seder, A. Biselli, S. Bültmann, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, Clas Collaboration Jan 2015

Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, E. Seder, A. Biselli, S. Bültmann, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

A measurement of the electroproduction of photons off protons in the deeply inelastic regime was performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly 6 GeV electron beam, a longitudinally polarized proton target, and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Target-spin asymmetries for e p → e'p'ɣ events, which arise from the interference of the deeply virtual Compton scattering and the Bethe-Heitler processes, were extracted over the widest kinematics in Q2, xB, t, and ɸ, for 166 four-dimensional bins. In the framework of generalized parton distributions, at leading twist the t dependence of these asymmetries provides insight into the spatial ...


Towards A Resolution Of The Proton Form Factor Problem: New Electron And Positron Scattering Data, Clas Collaboration, D. Adikaram, L. B. Weinstein, R. P. Bennett, K. P, Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Careccia, L. El Fassi, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Z. W. Zhao Jan 2015

Towards A Resolution Of The Proton Form Factor Problem: New Electron And Positron Scattering Data, Clas Collaboration, D. Adikaram, L. B. Weinstein, R. P. Bennett, K. P, Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Careccia, L. El Fassi, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

There is a significant discrepancy between the values of the proton electric form factor, GpE, extracted using unpolarized and polarized electron scattering. Calculations predict that small two-photon exchange (TPE) contributions can significantly affect the extraction of GpEfrom the unpolarized electron-proton cross sections. We determined the TPE contribution by measuring the ratio of positron-proton to electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections using a simultaneous, tertiary electron-positron beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target and detecting the scattered particles in the Jefferson Lab CLAS detector. This novel technique allowed us to cover a wide range in virtual photon ...


Measurement Of Isolated Photon Production In Pp And Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow Jan 2012

Measurement Of Isolated Photon Production In Pp And Pbpb Collisions At √Snn = 2.76 Tev, Cms Collaboration, Ekaterina Avdeeva, Kenneth A. Bloom, S. Bose, Jamila Butt, Daniel R. Claes, Aaron Dominguez, Michael Eads, P. Jindal, J. Keller, Ilya Kravchenko, Jose Lazo-Flores, Helena Malbouisson, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow

Kenneth Bloom Publications

Isolated photon production is measured in proton–proton and lead–lead collisions at nucleon–nucleon centre-of-mass energies of 2.76 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η| < 1.44 and transverse energies ET between 20 and 80 GeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measured ET spectra are found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD predictions. The ratio of PbPb to pp isolated photon ET -differential yields, scaled by the number of incoherent nucleon–nucleon collisions, is consistent with unity for all PbPb reaction centralities.


Modeling Free-Carrier Absorption And Avalanching By Ultrashort Laser Pulses, Jeremy R. Gulley Nov 2011

Modeling Free-Carrier Absorption And Avalanching By Ultrashort Laser Pulses, Jeremy R. Gulley

Faculty Publications

In the past decade it was demonstrated experimentally that negatively-chirped laser pulses can lower the surface LIDT for wide band-gap materials by decreasing the number of photons required for photoionization on the leading edge of the pulse. Similarly, simulations have shown that positively-chirped pulses resulting from selffocusing and self-phase modulation in bulk dielectrics can alter the onset of laser-induced material modifications by increasing the number of photons required for photoionization on the leading edge of the pulse. However, the role of multi-chromatic effects in free-carrier absorption and avalanching has yet to be addressed. In this work a frequency-selective model of ...


Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Sep 2010

Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study high-energy angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of molecules in strong fields. In an oscillating laser electric field, electrons released earlier in the pulse may return to recollide with the target ion, in a process similar to scattering by laboratory prepared electrons. If midinfrared lasers are used, we show that the images generated by the returning electrons are similar to images observed in typical gas-phase electron diffraction (GED). These spectra can be used to retrieve the positions of atoms in a molecule as in GED. Since infrared laser pulses of durations of a few femtoseconds are already available today, the study ...


Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich May 2010

Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We used a split-mirror setup attached to a reaction microscope at the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) to perform an XUV-pump-XUV-probe experiment by tracing the ultrafast nuclear wave-packet motion in the D2 +(1sσg) with <10 fs time resolution. Comparison with time-dependent calculations shows excellent agreement with the measured vibrational period of 22±4 fs in D2+, points to the importance of accurately knowing the internuclear distance-dependent ionization probability, and paves the way to control sequential and nonsequential two-photon double-ionization contributions.


Theoretical Study Of Photoelectron Angular Distributions In Single-Photon Ionization Of Aligned N₂ And Co₂, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, Song-Feng Zhao, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin Mar 2010

Theoretical Study Of Photoelectron Angular Distributions In Single-Photon Ionization Of Aligned N₂ And Co₂, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, Song-Feng Zhao, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We calculate photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) resulting from single-photon (43 eV) ionization of molecules that have been transiently aligned with a short laser pulse. The total ionization cross sections of N₂ and CO₂ vs the time delay between the aligning laser pulse and the soft x-ray photon are calculated and compared to experimental results reported by I. Thomann et al. [J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9382 (2008)]. We present the PADs from these aligned molecules in the laboratory frame which can be compared directly with future experiments from aligned N₂ and CO₂. The alignment dependence of single-photon ionization, multiphoton ionization ...


Correlated Two-Photon Emission By Transitions Of Dirac-Volkov States In Intense Laser Fields: Qed Predictions, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura Nov 2009

Correlated Two-Photon Emission By Transitions Of Dirac-Volkov States In Intense Laser Fields: Qed Predictions, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In an intense laser field, an electron may decay by emitting a pair of photons. The two photons emitted during the process, which can be interpreted as a laser-dressed double Compton scattering, remain entangled in a quantifiable way: namely, the so-called concurrence of the photon polarizations gives a gauge-invariant measure of the correlation of the hard gamma rays. We calculate the differential rate and concurrence for a backscattering setup of the electron and photon beam, employing Volkov states and propagators for the electron lines, thus accounting nonperturbatively for the electron-laser interaction. The nonperturbative results are shown to differ significantly compared ...


Relativistic (Zα)2 Corrections And Leading Quantum Electrodynamic Corrections To The Two-Photon Decay Rate Of Ionic States, Benedikt J. Wundt, Ulrich D. Jentschura Aug 2009

Relativistic (Zα)2 Corrections And Leading Quantum Electrodynamic Corrections To The Two-Photon Decay Rate Of Ionic States, Benedikt J. Wundt, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We calculate the relativistic corrections of relative order (Zα) 2 to the two-photon decay rate of higher excited S and D states in ionic atomic systems, and we also evaluate the leading radiative corrections of relative order α (Zα) 2 ln [(Zα) -2]. We thus complete the theory of the two-photon decay rates up to relative order α3 ln (α). An approach inspired by nonrelativistic quantum electrodynamics is used. We find that the corrections of relative order (Zα) 2 to the two-photon decay are given by the Zitterbewegung, by the spin-orbit coupling and by relativistic corrections to the electron mass ...


Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Laser-Induced High-Energy Plateau Photoelectron Spectra, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin Mar 2009

Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Laser-Induced High-Energy Plateau Photoelectron Spectra, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A comprehensive quantitative rescattering (QRS) theory for describing the production of high-energy photoelectrons generated by intense laser pulses is presented. According to the QRS, the momentum distributions of these electrons can be expressed as the product of a returning electron wave packet with the elastic differential cross sections (DCS) between free electrons with the target ion. We show that the returning electron wave packets are determined mostly by the lasers only and can be obtained from the strong field approximation. The validity of the QRS model is carefully examined by checking against accurate results from the solution of the time-dependent ...


Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin Feb 2009

Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We illustrate a new method of analyzing three-dimensional momentum images of high-energy photoelectrons generated by intense phase-stabilized few-cycle laser pulses. Using photoelectron momentum spectra that were obtained by velocity-map imaging of above-threshold ionization of xenon and argon targets, we show that the absolute carrier-envelope phase, the laser peak intensity, and pulse duration can be accurately determined simultaneously (with an error of a few percent). We also show that the target structure, in the form of electron-target ion elastic differential cross sections, can be retrieved over a range of energies. The latter offers the promise of using laser-generated electron spectra for ...


Coulomb-Field-Induced Conversion Of A High-Energy Photon Into A Pair Assisted By A Counterpropagating Laser Beam, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel Jan 2009

Coulomb-Field-Induced Conversion Of A High-Energy Photon Into A Pair Assisted By A Counterpropagating Laser Beam, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The laser-induced modification of a fundamental process of quantum electrodynamics, the conversion of a high-energy gamma photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus into an electron-positron pair, is studied theoretically. Although the employed formalism allows for the general case where the gamma photon and laser photons cross at an arbitrary angle, we here focus on a theoretically interesting and numerically challenging setup, where the laser beam and gamma photon counterpropagate and impinge on a nucleus at rest. For a peak laser field smaller than the critical Schwinger field and gamma photon energy larger than the field-free threshold, the total ...


Laser Channeling Of Bethe-Heitler Pairs, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel Nov 2008

Laser Channeling Of Bethe-Heitler Pairs, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron-positron pair creation is analyzed for an arrangement involving three external fields: a high-frequency gamma photon, the Coulomb field of a nucleus, and a strong laser wave. The frequency of the incoming gamma photon is assumed to be larger than the threshold for pair production in the absence of a laser, and the peak electric field of the laser is assumed to be much weaker than Schwinger's critical field. The total number of pairs produced is found to be essentially unchanged by the laser field, while the differential cross section is drastically modified. We show that the laser can ...


Measurement Of The Invariant-Mass Spectrum For The Two Photons From The Η→Π0Γγ Decay, S. N. Prakhov, B. M.K. Nefkens, C. E. Allgower, V. Bekrenev, W. J. Briscoe, J. Comfort, K. Craig, D. Grosnick, D. Isenhower, N. Knecht, D. Koetke, A. Koulbardis, N. Kozlenko, S. Kruglov, G. Lolos, I. Lopatin, D. Mark Manley, R. Manweiler, A. Marus˘Ić, S. Mcdonald, J. Olmsted, Z. Papandreou, D. Peaslee, N. Phaisangittisakul, J. W. Price, A. F. Ramirez, M. Sadler, A. Shafi, H. Spinka, T. D.S. Stanislaus, A. Starostin, H. M. Staudenmaier, I. Supek Jul 2008

Measurement Of The Invariant-Mass Spectrum For The Two Photons From The Η→Π0Γγ Decay, S. N. Prakhov, B. M.K. Nefkens, C. E. Allgower, V. Bekrenev, W. J. Briscoe, J. Comfort, K. Craig, D. Grosnick, D. Isenhower, N. Knecht, D. Koetke, A. Koulbardis, N. Kozlenko, S. Kruglov, G. Lolos, I. Lopatin, D. Mark Manley, R. Manweiler, A. Marus˘Ić, S. Mcdonald, J. Olmsted, Z. Papandreou, D. Peaslee, N. Phaisangittisakul, J. W. Price, A. F. Ramirez, M. Sadler, A. Shafi, H. Spinka, T. D.S. Stanislaus, A. Starostin, H. M. Staudenmaier, I. Supek

Physics Publications

New results on the rare, doubly radiative decay η→π0γγ have been obtained from a revised analysis of the Crystal Ball experiment performed at the AGS. The analysis yields the first information on the dependence of the decay width, Γ(η→π0γγ), on the two-photon invariant mass squared, m2(γγ). A re-evaluation of the branching ratio is also made, BR(η→π0γγ)=(2.21±0.24stat±0.47syst)×10−4; it implies that the decay width is Γ(η→π0γγ)=0.285±0.031stat±0.061syst eV ...


Potential For Ultrafast Dynamic Chemical Imaging With Few-Cycle Infrared Lasers, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, Zhangjin Chen, C. D. Lin Feb 2008

Potential For Ultrafast Dynamic Chemical Imaging With Few-Cycle Infrared Lasers, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, Zhangjin Chen, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied the photoelectron spectra generated by an intense few cycle infrared laser pulse. By focusing on the angular distributions of the back rescattered high energy photoelectrons, we show that accurate differential elastic scattering cross-sections of the target ion by free electrons can be extracted. Since the incident direction and the energy of the free electrons can be easily changed by manipulating the laser's polarization, intensity and wavelength, these extracted elastic scattering cross-sections, in combination with more advanced inversion algorithms, may be used to reconstruct the effective single-scattering potential of the molecule, thus opening up the possibility of using ...


Bremsstrahlung In Α Decay Reexamined, H. Boie, Heiko Scheit, Ulrich D. Jentschura, F. Kock, M. Lauer, A. I. Milstein, Ivan S. Terekhov, Dirk Schwalm Jul 2007

Bremsstrahlung In Α Decay Reexamined, H. Boie, Heiko Scheit, Ulrich D. Jentschura, F. Kock, M. Lauer, A. I. Milstein, Ivan S. Terekhov, Dirk Schwalm

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A high-statistics measurement of bremsstrahlung emitted in the α decay of 210Po has been performed, which allows us to follow the photon spectra up to energies of ~500keV. The measured differential emission probability is in good agreement with our theoretical results obtained within the quasiclassical approximation as well as with the exact quantum mechanical calculation. It is shown that, due to the small effective electric dipole charge of the radiating system, a significant interference between the electric dipole and quadrupole contributions occurs, which is altering substantially the angular correlation between the α particle and the emitted photon.


Vacuum Self-Focusing Of Very Intense Laser Beams, Dmitri Kharzeev, Kirill Tuchin Jan 2007

Vacuum Self-Focusing Of Very Intense Laser Beams, Dmitri Kharzeev, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We argue that long-range photon-photon attraction induced by the dipole interaction of two electron-positron loops can lead to "vacuum self-focusing" of very intense laser beams. The focusing angle θF is found to increase with the beam intensity I as θF ∼ I4/3; for the laser beams available at present or in the near future, θF 10-10 - 10-7.


Photon Angular Distribution And Nuclear-State Alignment In Nuclear Excitation By Electron Capture, Adriana Palffy, Zoltan Harman, Andrey S. Surzhykov, Ulrich D. Jentschura Jan 2007

Photon Angular Distribution And Nuclear-State Alignment In Nuclear Excitation By Electron Capture, Adriana Palffy, Zoltan Harman, Andrey S. Surzhykov, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The alignment of nuclear states resonantly formed in nuclear excitation by electron capture (NEEC) is studied by means of a density matrix technique. The vibrational excitations of the nucleus are described by a collective model and the electrons are treated in a relativistic framework. Formulas for the angular distribution of photons emitted in the nuclear relaxation are derived. We present numerical results for alignment parameters and photon angular distributions for a number of heavy elements in the case of E2 nuclear transitions. Our results are intended to help future experimental attempts to discern NEEC from radiative recombination, which is the ...


Analysis Of Two-Dimensional Photoelectron Momentum Spectra And The Effect Of The Long-Range Coulomb Potential In Single Ionization Of Atoms By Intense Lasers, Zhangjin Chen, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, M. Wickenhauser, X. M. Tong, C. D. Lin Nov 2006

Analysis Of Two-Dimensional Photoelectron Momentum Spectra And The Effect Of The Long-Range Coulomb Potential In Single Ionization Of Atoms By Intense Lasers, Zhangjin Chen, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, M. Wickenhauser, X. M. Tong, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-dimensional (2D) electron momentum distributions and energy spectra for multiphoton ionization of atoms by intense laser pulses, calculated by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) for different wavelengths and intensities, are compared to those predicted by the strong-field approximation (SFA). It is shown that the momentum spectra at low energies between the TDSE and SFA are quite different and the differences arise largely from the absence of a long-range Coulomb interaction in the SFA. We further found that the low-energy 2D momentum spectra from the TDSE exhibit ubiquitous fanlike features where the number of stripes is due to a single ...