Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani May 2018

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Gadolinium silicide (Gd5Si4) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit different properties compared to their parent bulk materials due to finite size, shape, and surface effects. NPs were prepared by high energy ball-milling of the as-cast Gd5Si4ingot and size separated into eight fractions using time sensitive sedimentation in an applied dc magnetic field with average particle sizes ranging from 700 nm to 82 nm. The largest Gd5Si4 NPs order ferromagnetically at 316 K. A second anomaly observed at 110 K can be ascribed to a Gd5Si3 impurity. As the particle sizes decrease, the volume fraction of Gd5Si3 phase increases at the expense of the ...


Quantum Griffiths Phase Inside The Ferromagnetic Phase Of Ni1-XVX, Ruize Wang, Adane Gebretsadik, Sara Ubaid-Kassis, Almut Schroeder, Thomas Vojta, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jun 2017

Quantum Griffiths Phase Inside The Ferromagnetic Phase Of Ni1-XVX, Ruize Wang, Adane Gebretsadik, Sara Ubaid-Kassis, Almut Schroeder, Thomas Vojta, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study by means of bulk and local probes the d-metal alloy Ni1-xVx close to the quantum critical concentration, xc ≈ 11.6%, where the ferromagnetic transition temperature vanishes. The magnetization-field curve in the ferromagnetic phase takes an anomalous power-law form with a nonuniversal exponent that is strongly x dependent and mirrors the behavior in the paramagnetic phase. Muon spin rotation experiments demonstrate inhomogeneous magnetic order and indicate the presence of dynamic fluctuating magnetic clusters. These results provide strong evidence for a quantum Griffiths phase on the ferromagnetic side of the quantum phase transition.


Simultaneous Stress And Field Control Of Sustainable Switching Of Ferroelectric Phases, P. Finkel, M. Staruch, A. Amin, M. Ahart, Samuel E. Lofland Sep 2015

Simultaneous Stress And Field Control Of Sustainable Switching Of Ferroelectric Phases, P. Finkel, M. Staruch, A. Amin, M. Ahart, Samuel E. Lofland

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

In ferroelectrics, manifestation of a strong electromechanical coupling is attributed to both engineered domain morphology and phase transformations. However, realization of large sustainable and reversible strains and polarization rotation has been limited by fatigue, nonlinearity and hysteresis losses. Here, we demonstrate that large strain and polarization rotation can be generated for over 40 × 106 cycles with little fatigue by realization of a reversible ferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in [011] cut Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) relaxor ferroelectric single crystal. Direct tuning of this effect through combination of stress and applied electric field, confirmed both macroscopically and ...


Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

We investigated the effect of magnetic doping on magnetic and transport properties of Bi2Te3thin films. CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films with x = 0.03, 0.14, and 0.29 were grown epitaxially on mica substrate with low surface roughness (∼0.4 nm). It is found that Cr is an electron acceptor in Bi2Te3 and increases the magnetization of CrxBi2−xTe3. When x = 0.14 and 0.29,ferromagnetism appears in CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films, where anomalous Hall effect and weak localization of magnetoconductance were observed. The Curie temperature, coercivity, and remnant Hall resistance of thin films increase with increasing Cr concentration ...


Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Multiferroic materials exhibit magnetoelectric (ME) coupling and promise new device applications including magnetic sensors, generators, and filters. An effective method for developing ME materials with enhanced ME effect is achieved by the coupling through the interfacial strain between piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials. In this study, the electrical and magnetic properties of Ga doped magnetoelectric CoGaxFe2−xO4/BaTiO3composite are studied systematically. It is found that Ga doping improves the sensitivity of magnetoelastic response and stabilizes the magnetic phase of the composites. More importantly, Ga doping reduces the electrical conductivity of composite, as well as the dielectric loss. An enhancement of the ...


Phenomenological Modelling Of First Order Phase Transitions In Magnetic Systems, Yevgen Melikhov, Ravi L. Hadimani, Arun Raghunathan Jan 2014

Phenomenological Modelling Of First Order Phase Transitions In Magnetic Systems, Yevgen Melikhov, Ravi L. Hadimani, Arun Raghunathan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

First order phase transitions may occur in several magnetic systems, with two structural phases having different magnetic properties each and a structural transition between them. Here, a novel physics based phenomenological model of such systems is proposed, in which magnetization is represented by the volumetric amounts of ferromagnetism (described by extended Jiles-Atherton theory) and paramagnetism (described by the Curie-Weiss law) in respective phases. An identification procedure to extract material parameters from experimental data is proposed. The proposed phenomenological approach was successfully applied to magnetocaloric Gd5(Six Ge 1−x)4 system and also has the potential to describe the behavior ...


Structural And Magnetic Properties Of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-XNiXO3 (X ≤ 0.4), Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Mehmet Kahveci, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Jul 2013

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-XNiXO3 (X ≤ 0.4), Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Mehmet Kahveci, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied the structural and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xNixO3 (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40) perovskites using x-ray and neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements. Our data consist of neutron (γ = 1.479Å) and x-ray (γ = 1.5481Å; Cu Kα) powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. We previously suggested these systems transition from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic ordering with the intermediate concentrations containing coexisting domains of ferromagnetically and antiferromagnetically ordered states. Upon further detailed examination, we find that the samples are homogeneous and that neutron ...


Texture And Grain Morphology Dependencies Of Saturation Magnetostriction In Rolled Polycrystalline Fe83ga17, R. A. Kellogg, A. B. Flatau, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso May 2013

Texture And Grain Morphology Dependencies Of Saturation Magnetostriction In Rolled Polycrystalline Fe83ga17, R. A. Kellogg, A. B. Flatau, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Textured polycrystalline Fe-Ga alloys exhibit magnetostrictive strains of 100 ppm or greater and may function as a mechanically robust actuator/sensing material. Current efforts seek to combine the 300+ ppm magnetostrictive strain performance of [100] oriented single crystals with the mechanical properties of polycrystalline forms. One approach to combining these properties is to control the crystallographic texture through deformation processing such as rolling. To determine the relationship between saturation magnetostriction, degree of texturing, and grain morphology we compare the results of three-dimensional finite element simulations with the analytical solution for a random polycrystal and the experimental responses of rolled polycrystalline ...


Magnetic Properties Of Fe Doped, Co Doped, And Fe+Co Co-Doped Zno, J. J. Beltrán, J. A. Osorio, C. A. Barrero, Charles B. Hanna, A. Punnoose May 2013

Magnetic Properties Of Fe Doped, Co Doped, And Fe+Co Co-Doped Zno, J. J. Beltrán, J. A. Osorio, C. A. Barrero, Charles B. Hanna, A. Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Zn0.95Co0.05O, Zn0.95Fe0.05O, and Zn0.90Fe0.05Co0.05O nanoparticles prepared by a sol-gel method are presented and discussed. X-ray diffraction and optical analysis indicated that high spin Co2+ ions substitute for the Zn2+ ions in tetrahedral sites. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy showed the presence of isolated paramagnetic Fe3+ ions in both Fe doped and Fe+Co co-doped ZnO, however, no evidence of ferromagnetically ordered Fe3+ ions is observed. In the Zn0 ...


Effects Of Sn Doping On The Morphology And Properties Of Fe-Doped In2o3 Epitaxial Films, Tie Zhou, Lin Wei, Yanru Xie, Qinghao Li, Guoxiang Hu, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Guolei Liu, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao Nov 2012

Effects Of Sn Doping On The Morphology And Properties Of Fe-Doped In2o3 Epitaxial Films, Tie Zhou, Lin Wei, Yanru Xie, Qinghao Li, Guoxiang Hu, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Guolei Liu, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

(Sn, Fe)-codoped In₂O₃ epitaxial films were deposited on (111)-oriented Y-stabilized ZrO₂ substrates by pulsed laser deposition with constant Fe concentration and different Sn concentrations. The influence of Sn concentration on the crystal structure and properties of Fe-doped In₂O₃ ferromagnetic semiconductor films has been investigated systematically. Experimental results indicate that Sn doping can effectively reduce the surface roughness and suppresses breakup of the films into separated islands. At the same time, the optical band gap increases and the electrical properties improve correspondingly. However, although the carrier density increases dramatically with the Sn doping, no obvious change of the ferromagnetism ...


Disorder Promotes Ferromagnetism: Rounding Of The Quantum Phase Transition In Sr1-XCaXRuo3, Laszlo Demko, Sandor Bordacs, Thomas Vojta, David Nozadze, Fawaz Hrahsheh, Christopher Svoboda, Balazs Dora, Hiroyuki Yamada, Masashi Kawasaki, Yoshinori Tokura, Istvan Kezsmarki May 2012

Disorder Promotes Ferromagnetism: Rounding Of The Quantum Phase Transition In Sr1-XCaXRuo3, Laszlo Demko, Sandor Bordacs, Thomas Vojta, David Nozadze, Fawaz Hrahsheh, Christopher Svoboda, Balazs Dora, Hiroyuki Yamada, Masashi Kawasaki, Yoshinori Tokura, Istvan Kezsmarki

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The subtle interplay of randomness and quantum fluctuations at low temperatures gives rise to a plethora of unconventional phenomena in systems ranging from quantum magnets and correlated electron materials to ultracold atomic gases. Particularly strong disorder effects have been predicted to occur at zero-temperature quantum phase transitions. Here, we demonstrate that the composition-driven ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic quantum phase transition in Sr1-xCaxRuO3 is completely destroyed by the disorder introduced via the different ionic radii of the randomly distributed Sr and Ca ions. Using a magneto-optical technique, we map the magnetic phase diagram in the composition-temperature space. We find ...


Modulation On Ni2mnga(001) Surface, S. W. D'Souza, Abhishek Rai, J. Nayak, M. Maniraj, R. S. Dhaka, S. R. Barman, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso Dec 2010

Modulation On Ni2mnga(001) Surface, S. W. D'Souza, Abhishek Rai, J. Nayak, M. Maniraj, R. S. Dhaka, S. R. Barman, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

We report periodic modulation on (001) surface of Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy. For the stoichiometric surface, analysis of the low energy electron diffraction (LEED) spot profiles shows that the modulation is incommensurate. The modulation appears at 200 K, concomitant with the first order structural transition to the martensitic phase.


The Effect Of Partial Substitution Of Ge For Ga On The Elastic And Magnetoelastic Properties Of Fe–Ga Alloys, G. Petculescu, A. O. Mandru, William M. Yuhasz, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, A. E. Clark, K. B. Hathaway Apr 2010

The Effect Of Partial Substitution Of Ge For Ga On The Elastic And Magnetoelastic Properties Of Fe–Ga Alloys, G. Petculescu, A. O. Mandru, William M. Yuhasz, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, A. E. Clark, K. B. Hathaway

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Both components of the tetragonal magnetoelastic constant b1: the saturation magnetostriction, λγ,2 = (3/2)λ100, and the magnetic-field saturated shear elasticity, c′ = (c11c12)/2, were investigated over a wide temperature range for the magnetostrictiveFe1−xyGaxGey alloys, (x+y ≅ 0.125, 0.185, and 0.245; x/y ≅ 1 and 3). The magnetostriction was measured from 77 to 425 K using standard strain gage techniques. Both shear elastic constants (c′ and c44) were measured from 5 to 300 K using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Six alloy compositions were ...


Magnetostrictive And Elastic Properties Of Fe100−Xmox (2, Mianliang Huang, A. O. Mandru, G. Petculescu, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso Apr 2010

Magnetostrictive And Elastic Properties Of Fe100−Xmox (2, Mianliang Huang, A. O. Mandru, G. Petculescu, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

In this paper we investigate the magnetostrictive [(3/2)λ100 and (3/2)λ111] and elastic (c′and c44) behavior of single crystalline alloys Fe100−xMox for 21 and −b2) are computed from the measurements. Similar to other Fe–X (X = Al, Ga, and Ge) alloys, the tetragonal magnetostriction (3/2)λ100 increases monotonically from ∼ 70×10−6 at ∼ 2.5 at. % Mo to a maximum of either ∼ 100×10−6 at ∼ 8 at. % Mo for the slow cooled crystals or ∼ 125×10−6 at ∼ 11 at. % Mo for quenched crystals. A ...


Quantum Griffiths Phase In The Weak Itinerant Ferromagnetic Alloy Ni1-XVX, Sara Ubaid-Kassis, Thomas Vojta, Almut Schroeder Feb 2010

Quantum Griffiths Phase In The Weak Itinerant Ferromagnetic Alloy Ni1-XVX, Sara Ubaid-Kassis, Thomas Vojta, Almut Schroeder

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present magnetization (M) data of the d-metal alloy Ni1-xVx at vanadium concentrations close to xx ~ 11.4% where the onset of long-range ferromagnetic (FM) order is suppressed to zero temperature. Above xc, the temperature (T) and magnetic field (H) dependencies of the magnetization are best described by simple nonuniversal power laws. the exponents of M/H ~ T γ and M ~ Hα are related by 1-γ=α for wide temperature (10c to γ<0.1 for x=15%. This behavior is not compatible with either classical or quantum critical behavior in a clean 3D FM. Instead it closely follows the predictions for a quantum Griffiths phase associated with a quantum phase transition in a disordered metal. Deviations at the lowest temperatures hint at a freezing of large clusters and the onset of a cluster glass phase.


Magnetoelectric Effect At The Srruo3/Batio3 (001) Interface: An Ab Initio Study, Manish K. Niranjan, John D. Burton, Julian P. Velev, Sitaram Jaswal, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Aug 2009

Magnetoelectric Effect At The Srruo3/Batio3 (001) Interface: An Ab Initio Study, Manish K. Niranjan, John D. Burton, Julian P. Velev, Sitaram Jaswal, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Ferromagnet/ferroelectric interface materials have emerged as structures with strong magnetoelectric coupling that may exist due to unconventional physical mechanisms. Here we present a first-principles study of the magnetoelectric effect at the ferromagnet/ferroelectric SrRuO3 /BaTiO3 (001) interface. We find that the exchange splitting of the spin-polarized band structure, and therefore the magnetization, at the interface can be altered substantially by reversal of the ferroelectric polarization in the BaTiO3. These magnetoelectric effects originate from the screening of polarization charges at the SrRuO3 /BaTiO3 interface and are consistent with the Stoner model for itinerant magnetism.


Influence Of Annealing And Phase Decomposition On The Magnetostructural Transitions In Ni50mn39sn11, William M. Yuhasz, Deborah L. Schlagel, Qingfeng Xing, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso Feb 2009

Influence Of Annealing And Phase Decomposition On The Magnetostructural Transitions In Ni50mn39sn11, William M. Yuhasz, Deborah L. Schlagel, Qingfeng Xing, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Magnetic and structural transitions in the Ni50Mn50−xSnx (x = 10–25) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys are currently of interest. As in Ni–Mn–Ga, these alloys feature high-temperature austenite and low-temperature martensite phases, where the magnetic state is strongly composition dependent. To study the role of chemical ordering in fine-tuning their magnetostructural properties, they were first annealed for 4 weeks/1223 K to achieve structural and compositional homogeneity, and were then further annealed for 1 week ( ∼ 150 K below the reported B2 to L21 transition) at 773 K to increase the degree ...


Structural, Magnetic, And Electronic Transport Properties Of (Sr0.9ca0.1)3ru2o7 Single Crystal, Bin Qian, Zhe Qu, Jin Peng, Tijang Liu, Xiaoshan Wu, L Spinu, Z Q. Mao Jan 2009

Structural, Magnetic, And Electronic Transport Properties Of (Sr0.9ca0.1)3ru2o7 Single Crystal, Bin Qian, Zhe Qu, Jin Peng, Tijang Liu, Xiaoshan Wu, L Spinu, Z Q. Mao

Physics Faculty Publications

We have studied the structural, magnetic, and electronic transport properties of (Sr0.9Ca0.1)3Ru2O7 using single crystals grown by a floating-zone technique. The structure analysis by Rietveld refinements reveals that the Ca substitution for Sr intensifies the structure distortion; the rotation angle of the RuO6 octahedron increases. This structure change tunes magnetic and transport properties dramatically. The magnetic ground state switches from an itinerant metamagnetic state for Sr3Ru2O7 to a nearly ferromagnetic state for (Sr0.9Ca0.1)3Ru2O7. The ...


Irreversible Field Induced Magnetostriction At Temperatures Above And Below The Order-Disorder Transition In Single Crystal Tb5si2.2ge1.8, A. P. Ring, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, J. E. Snyder, David C. Jiles May 2007

Irreversible Field Induced Magnetostriction At Temperatures Above And Below The Order-Disorder Transition In Single Crystal Tb5si2.2ge1.8, A. P. Ring, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, J. E. Snyder, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

This paper reports on the behavior of single crystal Tb5Si2.2Ge1.8 in the vicinity of its order-disorder and order-order phase transition from a higher temperature paramagnetic∕monoclinic state to a lower temperature ferromagnetic∕orthorhombic state. Measurements have been made of thermal and field induced changes in strain along the crystallographic a axis. The material exhibits large strains of up to 1500 ppm when a magnetic field is applied to it in its paramagnetic state but much smaller strains when a field is applied to it in its ferromagnetic state. These field induced strains are ...


Size Dependence Of Static And Dynamic Magnetic Properties In Nanoscale Square Permalloy Antidot Arrays, Minghui Yu, Leszek Malkinski, Leonard Spinu, Weillie Zhou, Scott Whittenburg Jan 2007

Size Dependence Of Static And Dynamic Magnetic Properties In Nanoscale Square Permalloy Antidot Arrays, Minghui Yu, Leszek Malkinski, Leonard Spinu, Weillie Zhou, Scott Whittenburg

Physics Faculty Publications

Permalloy antidot arrays with different square hole sizes (1200×1200, 800×800, and 400×400 nm2) have been fabricated by means of electron-beam lithography and lift-off techniques. The smaller square hole size results in enhanced remanence and reduced coercivity in the antidot array. Multiple resonance modes were clearly observed for the magnetic field applied normal to the array plane, and double uniform resonance modes occurred when the field deviated more than 30° from the normal to the plane. Two distinct dipolar field patterns with different orientations and magnitudes split the uniform resonance into double resonance modes. The double resonance ...


Magnetism Of (Dy0.5er0.5)Al2 Single Crystal In Ac And Dc Magnetic Fields, Evgenii M. Levin, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel Aug 2006

Magnetism Of (Dy0.5er0.5)Al2 Single Crystal In Ac And Dc Magnetic Fields, Evgenii M. Levin, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel

Ames Laboratory Publications

The temperature (4.2–90 K), ac magnetic field (1.25–50 Oe), frequency (5–125 Hz), and bias dc magnetic field (0–10 kOe) dependencies of the real and imaginary components of the ac magnetic susceptibility, and the temperature (4.2–250 K) and dc magnetic field(0.1–50 kOe) dependencies of the dc magnetic susceptibility and magnetization of a(Dy0.5Er0.5)Al2 single crystal have been studied. Isothermal magnetization measurement in a dc magnetic field indicates that (Dy0.5Er0.5)Al2 orders ferromagnetically at 37 K. The ac ...


Lattice And Spin Dynamics In Bcc Fe, 10 At. % Be, P. Zhao, J. Cullen, M. Wuttig, H. J. Kang, J. W. Lynn, Thomas A. Lograsso, O. Moze Apr 2006

Lattice And Spin Dynamics In Bcc Fe, 10 At. % Be, P. Zhao, J. Cullen, M. Wuttig, H. J. Kang, J. W. Lynn, Thomas A. Lograsso, O. Moze

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Body centered cubic Fe1−xBex alloys are known to display an enhanced tetragonal magnetostriction compared to Fe. In order to characterize the enhanced magnetoelasticity observed in this alloy system, we present detailed inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the phonon dispersion relations of a single crystal of bcc Fe, 10 at. %Be along the high symmetry directions [100], [110], and [111] at room temperature. We observe in particular that the frequency of transverse phonons propagating along the [110] direction with a [10] polarization at the zone boundary is reduced by 10% with respect to bcc Fe (the corresponding ...


Fe–Ga/Pb(Mg1/3nb2/3)O3–Pbtio3 Magnetoelectric Laminate Composites, Shuxiang Dong, Junyi Zhai, Naigang Wang, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, Thomas A. Lograsso Nov 2005

Fe–Ga/Pb(Mg1/3nb2/3)O3–Pbtio3 Magnetoelectric Laminate Composites, Shuxiang Dong, Junyi Zhai, Naigang Wang, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

We have found large magnetoelectric (ME) effects in long-type laminate composites of Fe–20%Ga magnetostrictive alloys and piezoelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–PbTiO3 single crystals. At lower frequencies, the ME voltage coefficient of a laminate with longitudinally magnetized and longitudinally polarized (i.e., L-L mode) layers was 1.41 V/Oe (or1.01 V/cm Oe). Near the natural resonant frequency ( ∼ 91 kHz) of the laminate, the ME voltage coefficients were found to be dramatically increased to 50.7 V/Oe (36.2 V/cm Oe)for the L-L mode. In ...


Magnetic Force Microscopy Investigation Of Domain Structures In Fe–X At. % Ga Single Crystals (12, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, D. Wu, Thomas A. Lograsso Jul 2005

Magnetic Force Microscopy Investigation Of Domain Structures In Fe–X At. % Ga Single Crystals (12, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, D. Wu, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

The domain structure of furnace-cooled (FC) and post-annealed (PA) Fe–x at. % Ga (x = 12, 20, and 25) crystals has been investigated by magnetic force microscopy. For both FC and PA Fe–12 at. % Ga, the domains were found to be well-aligned and oriented along the [100] direction. For Fe–20 at. % Ga, although a preferred [100] orientation remained, a difference in morphology was found between FC and PA conditions—in the PA condition, clear dendritic domains were observed. For both FC and PA Fe–25 at. % Ga, a much reduced [100] preferred domain orientation was found, the domain size ...


Magnetic Field Dependence Of Galfenol Elastic Properties, G. Petculescu, K. B. Hathaway, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. Wun-Fogle, A. E. Clark May 2005

Magnetic Field Dependence Of Galfenol Elastic Properties, G. Petculescu, K. B. Hathaway, Thomas A. Lograsso, M. Wun-Fogle, A. E. Clark

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Elastic shear moduli measurements on Fe100−xGax (x = 12–33) single crystals (via resonant ultrasound spectroscopy) with and without a magnetic field and within 4–300 K are reported. The pronounced softening of the tetragonal shear modulus c′ is concluded to be, based on magnetoelastic coupling, the cause of the second peak in the tetragonal magnetostriction constant λ100 near x = 28. Exceedingly high ΔE effects ( ∼ 25%), combined with the extreme softness in c′ (c′<10 GPa), suggest structural changes take place, yet, gradual in nature, as the moduli show a smooth dependence on Ga concentration, temperature, and magnetic field. Shear anisotropy (c44/c′) as high as 14.7 was observed for Fe71.2Ga28.8.


Temperature Dependence Of The Magnetic Anisotropy And Magnetostriction Of Fe100−Xgax (X = 8.6, 16.6, 28.5), A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum May 2005

Temperature Dependence Of The Magnetic Anisotropy And Magnetostriction Of Fe100−Xgax (X = 8.6, 16.6, 28.5), A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The temperature dependence of the lowest order magnetic anisotropy constant K1 and the lowest order saturation magnetostriction constant, (3/2)λ100, were measured from 4 K to 300 K for Fe91.4Ga8.6,Fe83.4Ga16.6, and Fe71.5Ga28.5 and were compared to the normalized magnetization power law, ml(l+1)/2. Fe91.4Ga8.6 maintains the magnetostriction anomaly of Fe (dλ100/dT>0) and K1 is a reasonable fit to the ml(l+1)/2power law with ...


Magnetic Anisotropy And Phase Transitions In Single-Crystal Tb5(Si2.2ge1.8), M. Han, J. E. Snyder, W. Tang, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, David C. Jiles May 2005

Magnetic Anisotropy And Phase Transitions In Single-Crystal Tb5(Si2.2ge1.8), M. Han, J. E. Snyder, W. Tang, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The Tb5(SixGe4−x) alloy system has many features in common with the Gd5(SixGe4−x)system although it has a more complex magnetic and structural phase diagram. This paper reports on the magnetic anisotropy and magnetic phase transition of single-crystalTb5(Si2.2Ge1.8) which has been investigated by the measurements of M-H and M-T along the a, b, and c axes. The variation of 1/χ vs T indicates that there is a transition from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic at Tc = 110 K. Below this ...


Thermal Expansion And Gruneisen Parameters In Some Pr–Ni–Si Compounds, S. H. Song, David C. Jiles, J. E. Snyder, A. O. Pecharsky, D. Wu, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum May 2005

Thermal Expansion And Gruneisen Parameters In Some Pr–Ni–Si Compounds, S. H. Song, David C. Jiles, J. E. Snyder, A. O. Pecharsky, D. Wu, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

In this study, the thermal expansion and Gruneisen parameter of polycrystalline “Pr5Ni2Si3” and “Pr15Ni7Si10” were investigated over the temperature range of 5–300 K. Calculations of the phonon contribution to thermal expansion were made, which allowed the magnetic contribution to thermal expansion to be calculated from the difference between the total thermal expansion and the phonon contribution. This resulted in a temperature-dependent magnetic contribution to thermal expansion that varied with the magnetic ordering of the material. The results show two magnetic transitions in each compound, the higher temperature transition corresponding ...


Magnetostrictive And Magnetoelectric Behavior Of Fe–20 At. % Ga/Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Laminates, Shuxiang Dong, Junyi Zhai, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, Thomas A. Lograsso Apr 2005

Magnetostrictive And Magnetoelectric Behavior Of Fe–20 At. % Ga/Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Laminates, Shuxiang Dong, Junyi Zhai, Feiming Bai, Jiefang Li, D. Viehland, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

The magnetostrictive and magnetoelectric (ME) properties of laminate composites of Fe–20 at. % Ga and Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) have been studied for laminates of different geometries. The results show that (i) a long-type magnetostrictive Fe–20 at. % Ga crystal plate oriented along 〈001〉c and magnetized in its longitudinal (or length) direction has higher magnetostriction than a disk-type one; and consequently (ii) a long-type Fe–20 at. % Ga/PZT laminate has a giant ME effect, and is sensitive to low-level magnetic fields.


Half-Metallicity And Efficient Spin Injection In Aln/Gan:Cr (0001) Heterostructure, Julia E. Medvedeva, X. Y. Cui, C. Stampfl, N. Newman, Arthur J. Freeman Jan 2005

Half-Metallicity And Efficient Spin Injection In Aln/Gan:Cr (0001) Heterostructure, Julia E. Medvedeva, X. Y. Cui, C. Stampfl, N. Newman, Arthur J. Freeman

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

First-principles investigations of the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Cr-doped AlN/GaN (0001) heterostructures reveal the possibility of efficient spin injection from a ferromagnetic GaN:Cr electrode through an AlN tunnel barrier. We demonstrate that Cr atoms segregate into the GaN region and that these interfaces retain their half-metallic behavior leading to a complete, i.e., 100%, spin polarization of the conduction electrons. This property makes the wide band-gap nitrides doped with Cr to be excellent candidates for high-efficiency magnetoelectronic devices.