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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Sdss-Iv Manga: Spatially Resolved Star Formation Main Sequence And Li(N)Er Sequence, B. C. Hsieh, Lihwai Lin, J. H. Lin, H. A. Pan, C. H. Hsu, S. F. Sánchez, M. Cano-Díaz, Kai Zhang, Renbin Yan, J. K. Barrera-Ballesteros, M. Boquien, R. Riffel, J. Brownstein, I. Cruz-González, A. Hagen, H. Ibarra, K. Pan, D. Bizyaev, D. Oravetz, A. Simmons Dec 2017

Sdss-Iv Manga: Spatially Resolved Star Formation Main Sequence And Li(N)Er Sequence, B. C. Hsieh, Lihwai Lin, J. H. Lin, H. A. Pan, C. H. Hsu, S. F. Sánchez, M. Cano-Díaz, Kai Zhang, Renbin Yan, J. K. Barrera-Ballesteros, M. Boquien, R. Riffel, J. Brownstein, I. Cruz-González, A. Hagen, H. Ibarra, K. Pan, D. Bizyaev, D. Oravetz, A. Simmons

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present our study on the spatially resolved Hα and M* relation for 536 star-forming and 424 quiescent galaxies taken from the MaNGA survey. We show that the star formation rate surface density (ΣSFR), derived based on the Hα emissions, is strongly correlated with the M* surface density (Σ*) on kiloparsec scales for star-forming galaxies and can be directly connected to the global star-forming sequence. This suggests that the global main sequence may be a consequence of a more fundamental relation on small scales. On the other hand, our result suggests that ~20% of quiescent galaxies in ...


Spatially Offset Active Galactic Nuclei. Ii. Triggering In Galaxy Mergers, R Scott Barrows, Julia M. Comerford, Jenny E. Greene, David Pooley Apr 2017

Spatially Offset Active Galactic Nuclei. Ii. Triggering In Galaxy Mergers, R Scott Barrows, Julia M. Comerford, Jenny E. Greene, David Pooley

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

Galaxy mergers are likely to play a role in triggering active galactic nuclei (AGNs), but the conditions under which this process occurs are poorly understood. In Paper I, we constructed a sample of spatially offset X-ray AGNs that represent galaxy mergers hosting a single AGN. In this paper, we use our offset AGN sample to constrain the parameters that affect AGN observability in galaxy mergers. We also construct dual-AGN samples with similar selection properties for comparison. We find that the offset AGN fraction shows no evidence for a dependence on AGN luminosity, while the dual-AGN fractions show stronger evidence for ...


Reconciling Ag-Star Formation, The Soltan Argument, And Meier's Paradox, David Garofalo, Matthew I. Kim, Damian J. Christian, Emily Hollingworth Jan 2016

Reconciling Ag-Star Formation, The Soltan Argument, And Meier's Paradox, David Garofalo, Matthew I. Kim, Damian J. Christian, Emily Hollingworth

Faculty Publications

We provide a theoretical context for understanding the recent work of Kalfountzou et al. showing that star formation is enhanced at lower optical luminosity in radio-loud quasars. Our proposal for coupling the assumption of collimated FRII quasar-jet-induced star formation with lower accretion optical luminosity also explains the observed jet power peak in active galaxies at higher redshift compared to the peak in accretion power, doing so in a way that predicts the existence of a family of radio-quiet active galactic nuclei associated with rapidly spinning supermassive black holes at low redshift, as mounting observations suggest. The relevance of this work ...


The Inferred Evolution Of The Cold Gas Properties Of Candels Galaxies At 0.5 < Z < 3.0, G. Popping, K. Caputi, S. C. Trager, Rachel S. Somerville, Avishai Dekel, Susan A. Kassin, Dale D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, Sandra M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, A. Galametz, Norman A. Grogin, Yicheng Guo, Y. Lu, Arjen Van Der Wel, Benjamin J. Weiner Dec 2015

The Inferred Evolution Of The Cold Gas Properties Of Candels Galaxies At 0.5 Z < 3.0, G. Popping, K. Caputi, S. C. Trager, Rachel S. Somerville, Avishai Dekel, Susan A. Kassin, Dale D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, Sandra M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, A. Galametz, Norman A. Grogin, Yicheng Guo, Y. Lu, Arjen Van Der Wel, Benjamin J. Weiner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We derive the total cold gas, atomic hydrogen, and molecular gas masses of approximately 24 000 galaxies covering four decades in stellar mass at redshifts 0.5 < z < 3.0, taken from the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey survey. Our inferences are based on the inversion of a molecular hydrogen based star formation law, coupled with a prescription to separate atomic and molecular gas. We find that: (1) there is an increasing trend between the inferred cold gas (H i and H2), H i, and H2 mass and the stellar mass of galaxies down to stellar masses of 108 M already in place at z = 3; (2) the molecular fractions of cold gas increase with increasing stellar mass and look-back time; (3) there is hardly any evolution in the mean H i content of galaxies at fixed stellar mass; (4) the cold gas fraction and relative amount of molecular hydrogen in ...


Structure Symmetry Determination And Magnetic Evolution In Sr2Ir1−XRhXO4, Feng Ye, Xiaoping Wang, Christina Hoffmann, Jinchen Wang, Songxue Chi, Masaaki Matsuda, Bryan C. Chakoumakos, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Gang Cao Nov 2015

Structure Symmetry Determination And Magnetic Evolution In Sr2Ir1−XRhXO4, Feng Ye, Xiaoping Wang, Christina Hoffmann, Jinchen Wang, Songxue Chi, Masaaki Matsuda, Bryan C. Chakoumakos, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Gang Cao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use single-crystal neutron diffraction to determine the crystal structure symmetry and the magnetic evolution in the rhodium-doped iridates Sr2Ir1−xRhxO4 (0≤ x ≤ 0.16). Throughout this doping range, the crystal structure retains a tetragonal symmetry (space group I41/a) with two distinct magnetic Ir sites in the unit cell forming staggered IrO6 rotation. Upon Rh doping, the magnetic order is suppressed and the magnetic moment of Ir4+ is reduced from 0.21μB/Ir for x=0 to 0.18μB/Ir for x=0.12 ...


Stellar Metallicity Gradients In Sdss Galaxies, Benjamin Roig, Michael R. Blanton, Renbin Yan Jul 2015

Stellar Metallicity Gradients In Sdss Galaxies, Benjamin Roig, Michael R. Blanton, Renbin Yan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We infer stellar metallicity and abundance ratio gradients for a sample of red galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Main galaxy sample. Because this sample does not have multiple spectra at various radii in a single galaxy, we measure these gradients statistically. We separate galaxies into stellar mass bins, stack their spectra in redshift bins, and calculate the measured absorption-line indices in projected annuli by differencing spectra in neighboring redshift bins. After determining the line indices, we use stellar population modeling from the EZ_Ages software to calculate ages, metallicities, and abundance ratios within each annulus. Our data cover ...


Evolution Of Magnetism In Single-Crystal Ca2Ru1−XIrXO4(0≤X≤0.65), Shujuan Yuan, Jsaminka Terzic, J. C. Wang, L. Li, Saicharan Aswartham, W. H. Song, F. Ye, Gang Cao Jul 2015

Evolution Of Magnetism In Single-Crystal Ca2Ru1−XIrXO4(0≤X≤0.65), Shujuan Yuan, Jsaminka Terzic, J. C. Wang, L. Li, Saicharan Aswartham, W. H. Song, F. Ye, Gang Cao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report structural, magnetic, transport, and thermal properties of single-crystal Ca2Ru1−xIrxO4(0≤x≤0.65). Ca2RuO4 is a structurally driven Mott insulator with a metal-insulator transition at TMI=357K, which is well separated from antiferromagnetic order at TN=110K. Substitution of a 5d element, Ir, for Ru enhances spin-orbit coupling and locking between the structural distortions and magnetic moment canting. Ir doping intensifies the distortion or rotation of Ru/IrO6 octahedra and induces weak ferromagnetic behavior along the c axis. In particular, Ir doping suppresses ...


Star Formation And Quenching Among The Most Massive Galaxies At Z ∼ 1.7, C. Mancini, A. Renzini, E. Daddi, G. Rodighiero, S. Berta, N. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer Jun 2015

Star Formation And Quenching Among The Most Massive Galaxies At Z ∼ 1.7, C. Mancini, A. Renzini, E. Daddi, G. Rodighiero, S. Berta, N. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have conducted a detailed object-by-object study of a mass-complete (M* ≥ 1011 M) sample of 56 galaxies at 1.4 ≤ z ≤ 2 in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-South field, showing that an accurate deblending in 24 μm images is essential to properly assign to each galaxy its own star formation rate (SFR), whereas an automatic procedure often fails. This applies especially to galaxies with SFRs below the main sequence (MS) value, which may be in their quenching phase. After that, the sample splits evenly between galaxies forming stars within a factor of 4 of the MS rate (∼45 ...


Metal-Poor, Strongly Star-Forming Galaxies In The Deep2 Survey: The Relationship Between Stellar Mass, Temperature-Based Metallicity, And Star Formation Rate, Chun Ly, Jane R. Rigby, Michael Cooper, Renbin Yan May 2015

Metal-Poor, Strongly Star-Forming Galaxies In The Deep2 Survey: The Relationship Between Stellar Mass, Temperature-Based Metallicity, And Star Formation Rate, Chun Ly, Jane R. Rigby, Michael Cooper, Renbin Yan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report on the discovery of 28 z ≈ 0.8 metal-poor galaxies in DEEP2.

For the remainder of the abstract, please download this article or visit https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/45.


P-Manga: Gradients In Recent Star Formation Histories As Diagnostics For Galaxy Growth And Death, Cheng Li, Enci Wang, Lin Lin, Matthew A. Bershady, Kevin Bundy, Christy A. Tremonti, Ting Xiao, Renbin Yan, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael Blanton, Sabrina Cales, Brian Cherinka, Edmond Cheung, Niv Drory, Eric Emsellem, Hai Fu, Joseph Gelfand, David R. Law, Lahwai Lin, Nick Macdonald, Claudia Maraston, Karen L. Masters, Michael R. Merrifield, Kaike Pan, S. F. Sánchez, Donald P. Schneider, Daniel Thomas, David Wake, Lixin Wang, Anne-Marie Weijmans, David Wilkinson, Peter Yoachim, Kai Zhang, Tiantian Zheng May 2015

P-Manga: Gradients In Recent Star Formation Histories As Diagnostics For Galaxy Growth And Death, Cheng Li, Enci Wang, Lin Lin, Matthew A. Bershady, Kevin Bundy, Christy A. Tremonti, Ting Xiao, Renbin Yan, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael Blanton, Sabrina Cales, Brian Cherinka, Edmond Cheung, Niv Drory, Eric Emsellem, Hai Fu, Joseph Gelfand, David R. Law, Lahwai Lin, Nick Macdonald, Claudia Maraston, Karen L. Masters, Michael R. Merrifield, Kaike Pan, S. F. Sánchez, Donald P. Schneider, Daniel Thomas, David Wake, Lixin Wang, Anne-Marie Weijmans, David Wilkinson, Peter Yoachim, Kai Zhang, Tiantian Zheng

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present an analysis of the data produced by the MaNGA prototype run (P-MaNGA), aiming to test how the radial gradients in recent star formation histories, as indicated by the 4000 Å break (Dn(4000)), Hδ absorption (EW(HδA)), and Hα emission (EW(Hα)) indices, can be useful for understanding disk growth and star formation cessation in local galaxies. We classify 12 galaxies observed on two P-MaNGA plates as either centrally quiescent (CQ) or centrally star-forming (CSF), according to whether Dn(4000) measured in the central spaxel of each datacube exceeds 1.6 ...


P-Manga Galaxies: Emission-Lines Properties – Gas Ionization And Chemical Abundances From Prototype Observations, F. Belfiore, R. Maiolino, K. Bundy, D. Thomas, C. Maraston, D. Wilkinson, S. F. Sánchez, M. Bershady, G. A. Blanc, M. Bothwell, S. L. Cales, L. Coccato, N. Drory, E. Emsellem, H. Fu, J. Gelfand, D. Law, K. Masters, J. Parejko, C. Tremonti, D. Wake, A. Weijmans, Renbin Yan, T. Xiao, K. Zhang, T. Zheng, K. Bizyaev, K. Kinemuchi, D. Oravetz, A. Simmons May 2015

P-Manga Galaxies: Emission-Lines Properties – Gas Ionization And Chemical Abundances From Prototype Observations, F. Belfiore, R. Maiolino, K. Bundy, D. Thomas, C. Maraston, D. Wilkinson, S. F. Sánchez, M. Bershady, G. A. Blanc, M. Bothwell, S. L. Cales, L. Coccato, N. Drory, E. Emsellem, H. Fu, J. Gelfand, D. Law, K. Masters, J. Parejko, C. Tremonti, D. Wake, A. Weijmans, Renbin Yan, T. Xiao, K. Zhang, T. Zheng, K. Bizyaev, K. Kinemuchi, D. Oravetz, A. Simmons

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) is a 6-yr Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV) survey that will obtain spatially resolved spectroscopy from 3600 to 10 300 Å for a representative sample of over 10 000 nearby galaxies. In this paper, we present the analysis of nebular emission-line properties using observations of 14 galaxies obtained with P-MaNGA, a prototype of the MaNGA instrument. By using spatially resolved diagnostic diagrams, we find extended star formation in galaxies that are centrally dominated by Seyfert/LINER-like emission, which illustrates that galaxy characterizations based on single fibre spectra are necessarily incomplete. We observe ...


P-Manga: Full Spectral Fitting And Stellar Population Maps From Prototype Observations, David M. Wilkinson, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Thomas, Lodovico Coccato, Rita Tojeiro, Michele Cappellari, Francesco Belfiore, Matthew Bershady, Mike Blanton, Kevin Bundy, Sabrina Cales, Brian Cherinka, Niv Drory, Eric Emsellem, Hai Fu, David Law, Cheng Li, Roberto Maiolino, Karen Masters, Christy Tremonti, David Wake, Enci Wang, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Ting Xiao, Renbin Yan, Kai Zhang, Dmitry Bizyaev, Jonathan Brinkmann, Karen Kinemuchi, Daniel Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Audrey Simmons May 2015

P-Manga: Full Spectral Fitting And Stellar Population Maps From Prototype Observations, David M. Wilkinson, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Thomas, Lodovico Coccato, Rita Tojeiro, Michele Cappellari, Francesco Belfiore, Matthew Bershady, Mike Blanton, Kevin Bundy, Sabrina Cales, Brian Cherinka, Niv Drory, Eric Emsellem, Hai Fu, David Law, Cheng Li, Roberto Maiolino, Karen Masters, Christy Tremonti, David Wake, Enci Wang, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Ting Xiao, Renbin Yan, Kai Zhang, Dmitry Bizyaev, Jonathan Brinkmann, Karen Kinemuchi, Daniel Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Audrey Simmons

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) is a 6-yr SDSS-IV (Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV) survey that will obtain resolved spectroscopy from 3600 to 10 300 Å for a representative sample of over 10 000 nearby galaxies. In this paper, we derive spatially resolved stellar population properties and radial gradients by performing full spectral fitting of observed galaxy spectra from P-MaNGA, a prototype of the MaNGA instrument. These data include spectra for 18 galaxies, covering a large range of morphological type. We derive age, metallicity, dust, and stellar mass maps, and their radial gradients, using high spectral-resolution stellar ...


The Role Of Bulge Formation In The Homogenization Of Stellar Populations At Z ~ 2 As Revealed By Internal Color Dispersion In Candels, Steven Boada, V. Tilvi, R. F. Quadri, M. Hilton, S. Finkelstein, Yicheng Guo, N. Bond, C. Conselice, A. Dekel, H. Ferguson, M. Giavalisco, N. A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo Apr 2015

The Role Of Bulge Formation In The Homogenization Of Stellar Populations At Z ~ 2 As Revealed By Internal Color Dispersion In Candels, Steven Boada, V. Tilvi, R. F. Quadri, M. Hilton, S. Finkelstein, Yicheng Guo, N. Bond, C. Conselice, A. Dekel, H. Ferguson, M. Giavalisco, N. A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use data from the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey to study how the spatial variation in the stellar populations of galaxies relates to the formation of galaxies at 1.5 < z < 3.5. We use the internal color dispersion (ICD), measured between the rest-frame UV and optical bands, which is sensitive to age (and dust attenuation) variations in stellar populations. The ICD shows a relation with the stellar masses and morphologies of the galaxies. Galaxies with the largest variation in their stellar populations as evidenced by high ICD have disk-dominated morphologies (with Sérsic indexes M/M) < 11. There is a marked decrease in the ICD as the stellar mass and/or the Sérsic index increases. By studying the relations between the ICD and other galaxy properties including size, total color, star formation rate, and dust attenuation, we conclude that the largest variations in stellar populations occur in galaxies where the light from newly, high star-forming clumps contrasts older stellar disk populations. This phase reaches a peak for galaxies only with a specific stellar mass range, 10 < log(M/M) < 11, and prior to the formation of a substantial bulge/spheroid. In contrast, galaxies at higher or lower stellar masses and/or higher Sérsic index (n > 2) show reduced ICD values, implying a greater homogeneity of their stellar populations. This indicates that if a galaxy is to have a quiescent bulge along with a star-forming disk, typical of Hubble sequence galaxies, this is most common for stellar masses 10 < log(M/M) < 11 and when the bulge component remains relatively small (n > 2).


Zfourge/Candels: On The Evolution Of M* Galaxy Progenitors From Z=3 To 0.5*, C. Papovich, I. Labbé, R. Quadri, V. Tilvi, P. Behroozi, E. F. Bell, K. Glazebrook, L. Spitler, C. M.S. Straatman, K.-V. Tran, M. Cowley, R. Davé, A. Dekel, M. Dickinson, H. C. Ferguson, S. L. Finkelstein, E. Gawiser, H. Inami, S. M. Faber, G. G. Kacprzak, L. Kawinwanichakij, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, P. Kurczynski, J. M. Lotz, Y. Lu, R. A. Lucas, D. Mcintosh, N. Mehrtens, B. Mobasher, A. Monson, G. Morrison, T. Nanayakkara, S. E. Persson, B. Salmon, R. Simons, A. Tomczak, P. Van Dokkum, B. Weiner, S. P. Willner Apr 2015

Zfourge/Candels: On The Evolution Of M* Galaxy Progenitors From Z=3 To 0.5*, C. Papovich, I. Labbé, R. Quadri, V. Tilvi, P. Behroozi, E. F. Bell, K. Glazebrook, L. Spitler, C. M.S. Straatman, K.-V. Tran, M. Cowley, R. Davé, A. Dekel, M. Dickinson, H. C. Ferguson, S. L. Finkelstein, E. Gawiser, H. Inami, S. M. Faber, G. G. Kacprzak, L. Kawinwanichakij, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, P. Kurczynski, J. M. Lotz, Y. Lu, R. A. Lucas, D. Mcintosh, N. Mehrtens, B. Mobasher, A. Monson, G. Morrison, T. Nanayakkara, S. E. Persson, B. Salmon, R. Simons, A. Tomczak, P. Van Dokkum, B. Weiner, S. P. Willner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Galaxies with stellar masses near M* contain the majority of stellar mass in the universe, and are therefore of special interest in the study of galaxy evolution. The Milky Way (MW) and Andromeda (M31) have present-day stellar masses near M*, at 5 × 1010 M (defined here to be MW-mass) and 1011 M (defined to be M31-mass). We study the typical progenitors of these galaxies using the FOURSTAR Galaxy Evolution Survey (ZFOURGE). ZFOURGE is a deep medium-band near-IR imaging survey, which is sensitive to the progenitors of these galaxies out to z ~ 3. We use abundance-matching techniques to identify ...


The Galaxy Stellar Mass Function At 3.5 ≤ Z ≤ 7.5 In The Candels/Uds, Goods-South, And Hudf Fields, A. Grazian, A. Fontana, P. Santini, J. S. Dunlop, H. C. Ferguson, M. Castellano, R. Amorin, M. L. N. Ashby, G. Barro, P. Behroozi, K. Boutsia, K. I. Caputi, R. R. Chary, A. Dekel, M. E. Dickenson, S. M. Faber, G. G. Fazio, S. L. Finkelstein, A. Galametz, E. Giallongo, M. Giavalisco, N. A. Grogin, Y. Guo, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, K.-S. Lee, Y. Lu, E. Merlin, B. Mobasher, M. Nonino, C. Paovich, D. Paris, L. Pentericci, N. Reddy, A. Renzini, B. Salmon, M. Salvato, V. Sommariva, M. Song, E. Vanzella Mar 2015

The Galaxy Stellar Mass Function At 3.5 ≤ Z ≤ 7.5 In The Candels/Uds, Goods-South, And Hudf Fields, A. Grazian, A. Fontana, P. Santini, J. S. Dunlop, H. C. Ferguson, M. Castellano, R. Amorin, M. L. N. Ashby, G. Barro, P. Behroozi, K. Boutsia, K. I. Caputi, R. R. Chary, A. Dekel, M. E. Dickenson, S. M. Faber, G. G. Fazio, S. L. Finkelstein, A. Galametz, E. Giallongo, M. Giavalisco, N. A. Grogin, Y. Guo, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, K.-S. Lee, Y. Lu, E. Merlin, B. Mobasher, M. Nonino, C. Paovich, D. Paris, L. Pentericci, N. Reddy, A. Renzini, B. Salmon, M. Salvato, V. Sommariva, M. Song, E. Vanzella

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Context. The form and evolution of the galaxy stellar mass function (GSMF) at high redshifts provide crucial information on star formation history and mass assembly in the young Universe, close or even prior to the epoch of reionization.

Aims. We used the unique combination of deep optical/near-infrared/mid-infrared imaging provided by HST, Spitzer, and the VLT in the CANDELS-UDS, GOODS-South, and HUDF fields to determine the GSMF over the redshift range 3.5 ≤ z ≤ 7.5.

Methods. We used the HST WFC3/IR near-infrared imaging from CANDELS and HUDF09, reaching H ≃ 27 − 28.5 over a total area of ...


Galaxy Zoo: Are Bars Responsible For The Feeding Of Active Galactic Nuclei At 0.2 < Z < 1.0?, Edmond Cheung, Jonathan R. Trump, E. Athanassoula, Steven P. Bamford, Eric F. Bell, A. Bosma, Carolin N. Cardamone, Kevin R. V. Casteels, S. M. Faber, Jerome J. Fang, Lucy F. Fortson, Dale D. Kocevski, David C. Koo, Seppo Laine, Chris Lintott, Karen L. Masters, Thomas Melvin, Robert C. Nichol, Kevin Schawinski, Brooke Simmons, Rebecca Smethurst, Kyle W. Willett Feb 2015

Galaxy Zoo: Are Bars Responsible For The Feeding Of Active Galactic Nuclei At 0.2 Z < 1.0?, Edmond Cheung, Jonathan R. Trump, E. Athanassoula, Steven P. Bamford, Eric F. Bell, A. Bosma, Carolin N. Cardamone, Kevin R. V. Casteels, S. M. Faber, Jerome J. Fang, Lucy F. Fortson, Dale D. Kocevski, David C. Koo, Seppo Laine, Chris Lintott, Karen L. Masters, Thomas Melvin, Robert C. Nichol, Kevin Schawinski, Brooke Simmons, Rebecca Smethurst, Kyle W. Willett

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present a new study investigating whether active galactic nuclei (AGN) beyond the local universe are preferentially fed via large-scale bars. Our investigation combines data from Chandra and Galaxy Zoo: Hubble (GZH) in the AEGIS (All-wavelength Extended Groth strip International Survey), COSMOS (Cosmological Evolution Survey), and (Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-South) GOODS-S surveys to create samples of face-on, disc galaxies at 0.2 < z < 1.0. We use a novel method to robustly compare a sample of 120 AGN host galaxies, defined to have 1042 erg s−1 < LX < 1044 erg s−1, with inactive control galaxies matched in stellar mass, rest-frame colour, size, Sérsic index, and redshift. Using the GZH bar classifications of each sample, we demonstrate that ...


Deconstructing The Galaxy Stellar Mass Function With Ukidss And Candels: The Impact Of Colour, Structure And Environment, Alice Mortlock, Christopher J. Conselice, William G. Hartley, Ken Duncan, Caterina Lani, Jamie R. Owensworth, Omar Almaini, Arjen Van Der Wel, Kuang-Han Huang, Matthew L.N. Ashby, S. P. Willner, Adriano Fontana, Avishai Dekel, Anton M. Koekemoer, Harry C. Ferguson, Sandra M. Faber, Norman A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski Feb 2015

Deconstructing The Galaxy Stellar Mass Function With Ukidss And Candels: The Impact Of Colour, Structure And Environment, Alice Mortlock, Christopher J. Conselice, William G. Hartley, Ken Duncan, Caterina Lani, Jamie R. Owensworth, Omar Almaini, Arjen Van Der Wel, Kuang-Han Huang, Matthew L.N. Ashby, S. P. Willner, Adriano Fontana, Avishai Dekel, Anton M. Koekemoer, Harry C. Ferguson, Sandra M. Faber, Norman A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We combine photometry from the Ultra Deep Survey (UDS), Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) UDS and CANDELS the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-South (GOODS-S) surveys to construct the galaxy stellar mass function probing both the low- and high-mass end accurately in the redshift range 0.3 < z < 3. The advantages of using a homogeneous concatenation of these data sets include meaningful measures of environment in the UDS, due to its large area (0.88 deg2), and the high-resolution deep imaging in CANDELS (H160 > 26.0), affording us robust measures of structural parameters. We construct stellar mass functions for the entire sample as parametrized by the Schechter function, and find that there is a decline in the values of ϕ and of α with ...


Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn Jan 2015

Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the recently published data from the BONuS(Barely Off-shell Nucleon Structure) experiment at Jefferson Lab, which utilized a spectator tagging technique to extract the inclusive electron-free neutron scattering cross section, we obtain the first direct observation of quark-hadron duality in the neutron F-2 structure function. The data are used to reconstruct the lowest few (N = 2, 4, and 6) moments of F-2 in the three prominent nucleon resonance regions, as well as the moments integrated over the entire resonance region. Comparison with moments computed from global parametrizations of parton distribution functions suggest that quark-hadron duality holds locally for the ...


Galaxy Zoo: Candels Barred Discs And Bar Fractions, B. D. Simmons, Thomas Melvin, Chris Lintott, Karen L. Masters, Kyle W. Willett, William C. Keel, R. J. Smethurst, Edmond Cheung, Robert C. Nichol, Kevin Schawinski, Michael Rutkowski, Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe, Eric F. Bell, Kevin R. V. Casteels, Christopher J. Conselice, Omar Almaini, Henry C. Ferguson, Lucy Fortson, William Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, Daniel H. Mcintosh, Alice Mortlock, Jeffrey A. Newman, Jamie Owensworth, Steven Bamford, Tomas Dahlen, Sandra M. Faber, Steven L. Finkelstein, Adriano Fontana, Audrey Galametz, N. A. Grogin, Ruth Grützbauch, Yicheng Guo, Boris Häußler, Kian J. Jek, Sugata Kaviraj, Ray A. Lucas, Michael Peth, Mara Salvato, Tommy Wiklind, Stijn Wuyts Dec 2014

Galaxy Zoo: Candels Barred Discs And Bar Fractions, B. D. Simmons, Thomas Melvin, Chris Lintott, Karen L. Masters, Kyle W. Willett, William C. Keel, R. J. Smethurst, Edmond Cheung, Robert C. Nichol, Kevin Schawinski, Michael Rutkowski, Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe, Eric F. Bell, Kevin R. V. Casteels, Christopher J. Conselice, Omar Almaini, Henry C. Ferguson, Lucy Fortson, William Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, Daniel H. Mcintosh, Alice Mortlock, Jeffrey A. Newman, Jamie Owensworth, Steven Bamford, Tomas Dahlen, Sandra M. Faber, Steven L. Finkelstein, Adriano Fontana, Audrey Galametz, N. A. Grogin, Ruth Grützbauch, Yicheng Guo, Boris Häußler, Kian J. Jek, Sugata Kaviraj, Ray A. Lucas, Michael Peth, Mara Salvato, Tommy Wiklind, Stijn Wuyts

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The formation of bars in disc galaxies is a tracer of the dynamical maturity of the population.

The remainder of the abstract is available at:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu1817


Vimos Ultra-Deep Survey (Vuds): Witnessing The Assembly Of A Massive Cluster At Z ~ 3.3, B. C. Lemaux, O. Cucciati, L. A. M. Tasca, O. Le Fèvre, G. Zamorani, P. Cassata, B. Garilli, V. Le Brun, D. Maccagni, L. Pentericci, R. Thomas, E. Vanzella, R. Amorín, S. Bardelli, P. Capak, L. P. Cassarà, M. Castellano, A. Cimatti, J. G. Cuby, S. De La Torre, A. Durkalec, A. Fontana, M. Giavalisco, A. Grazian, N. P. Hathi, O. Ilbert, C. Moreau, S. Paltani, B. Ribeiro, M. Salvato, D. Schaerer, M. Scodeggio, V. Sommariva, M. Talia, Y. Taniguchi, L. Tresse, D. Vergani, P. W. Wang, S. Charlot, T. Contini, S. Fotopoulou, R. R. Gal, Dale D. Kocevski, C. López-Sanjuan, L. M. Lubin, Y. Mellier, T. Sadibekova, N. Scoville Dec 2014

Vimos Ultra-Deep Survey (Vuds): Witnessing The Assembly Of A Massive Cluster At Z ~ 3.3, B. C. Lemaux, O. Cucciati, L. A. M. Tasca, O. Le Fèvre, G. Zamorani, P. Cassata, B. Garilli, V. Le Brun, D. Maccagni, L. Pentericci, R. Thomas, E. Vanzella, R. Amorín, S. Bardelli, P. Capak, L. P. Cassarà, M. Castellano, A. Cimatti, J. G. Cuby, S. De La Torre, A. Durkalec, A. Fontana, M. Giavalisco, A. Grazian, N. P. Hathi, O. Ilbert, C. Moreau, S. Paltani, B. Ribeiro, M. Salvato, D. Schaerer, M. Scodeggio, V. Sommariva, M. Talia, Y. Taniguchi, L. Tresse, D. Vergani, P. W. Wang, S. Charlot, T. Contini, S. Fotopoulou, R. R. Gal, Dale D. Kocevski, C. López-Sanjuan, L. M. Lubin, Y. Mellier, T. Sadibekova, N. Scoville

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Using new spectroscopic observations obtained as part of the VIMOS Ultra-Deep Survey (VUDS), we performed a systematic search for overdense environments in the early universe (z> 2) and report here on the discovery of Cl J0227-0421, a massive protocluster at z = 3.29. This protocluster is characterized by both the large overdensity of spectroscopically confirmed members, δgal = 10.5 ± 2.8, and a significant overdensity in photometric redshift members. The halo mass of this protocluster is estimated by a variety of methods to be ~3 × 1014 at z ~ 3.3, which, evolved to z = 0 results in ...


Hidden Starbursts And Active Galactic Nuclei At 0 < Z < 4 From The Herschel-Vvds-Cfhtls-D1 Field: Inferences On Coevolution And Feedback, B. C. Lemaux, E. Le Foc'h, O. Le Fèvre, O. Ilbert, L. Tresse, L. M. Lubin, G. Zamorani, R. R. Gal, P. Ciliegi, P. Cassata, Dale D. Kocevski, E. J. Mcgrath, S. Bardelli, E. Zucca, G. K. Squires Dec 2014

Hidden Starbursts And Active Galactic Nuclei At 0 Z Herschel-Vvds-Cfhtls-D1 Field: Inferences On Coevolution And Feedback, B. C. Lemaux, E. Le Foc'h, O. Le Fèvre, O. Ilbert, L. Tresse, L. M. Lubin, G. Zamorani, R. R. Gal, P. Ciliegi, P. Cassata, Dale D. Kocevski, E. J. Mcgrath, S. Bardelli, E. Zucca, G. K. Squires

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We investigate of the properties of ~2000 Herschel/SPIRE far-infrared-selected galaxies from 0 < z < 4 in the CFHTLS-D1 field. Using a combination of extensive spectroscopy from the VVDS and ORELSE surveys, deep multiwavelength imaging from CFHT, VLA, Spitzer, XMM-Newton, and Herschel, and well-calibrated spectral energy distribution fitting, Herschel-bright galaxies are compared to optically-selected galaxies at a variety of redshifts. Herschel-selected galaxies are observed to span a range of stellar masses, colors, and absolute magnitudes equivalent to galaxies undetected in SPIRE. Though many Herschel galaxies appear to be in transition, such galaxies are largely consistent with normal star-forming galaxies when rest-frame colors are utilized. The nature of the star-forming “main sequence” is studied and we warn against adopting this framework unless the ...


The Mass Evolution Of The First Galaxies: Stellar Mass Functions And Star Formation Rates At 4 < Z < 7 In The Candels Goods-South Field, K. Duncan, C. J. Conselice, A. Mortlock, W. G. Hartley, Y. Guo, H. C. Ferguson, R. Davé, Y. Lu, J. Owensworth, M. L. N. Ashby, A. Dekel, M. Dickinson, S. Faber, M. Giavalisco, N. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer, R. S. Somerville, C. E. White Nov 2014

The Mass Evolution Of The First Galaxies: Stellar Mass Functions And Star Formation Rates At 4 Z < 7 In The Candels Goods-South Field, K. Duncan, C. J. Conselice, A. Mortlock, W. G. Hartley, Y. Guo, H. C. Ferguson, R. Davé, Y. Lu, J. Owensworth, M. L. N. Ashby, A. Dekel, M. Dickinson, S. Faber, M. Giavalisco, N. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, A. Koekemoer, R. S. Somerville, C. E. White

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We measure new estimates for the galaxy stellar mass function and star formation rates for samples of galaxies at z ∼ 4, 5, 6 and 7 using data in the CANDELS GOODS South field. The deep near-infrared observations allow us to construct the stellar mass function at z ≥ 6 directly for the first time. We estimate stellar masses for our sample by fitting the observed spectral energy distributions with synthetic stellar populations, including nebular line and continuum emission. The observed UV luminosity functions for the samples are consistent with previous observations; however, we find that the observed MUV - M* relation ...


The Decomposed Bulge And Disc Size–Mass Relations Of Massive Galaxies At 1 < Z < 3 In Candels, V. A. Bruce, J. S. Dunlop, R. J. Mclure, M. Cirasuolo, F. Buitrago, R. A. A. Bowler, T. A. Targett, E. F. Bell, D. H. Mcintosh, A. Dekel, S. M. Faber, H. C. Ferguson, N. A. Grogin, W. Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, E. J. Mcgrath Oct 2014

The Decomposed Bulge And Disc Size–Mass Relations Of Massive Galaxies At 1 Z < 3 In Candels, V. A. Bruce, J. S. Dunlop, R. J. Mclure, M. Cirasuolo, F. Buitrago, R. A. A. Bowler, T. A. Targett, E. F. Bell, D. H. Mcintosh, A. Dekel, S. M. Faber, H. C. Ferguson, N. A. Grogin, W. Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Koo, E. J. Mcgrath

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have constructed a mass-selected sample of M* > 1011 M galaxies at 1 < z < 3 in the CANDELS UKIDSS UDS and COSMOS fields and have decomposed these systems into their separate bulge and disc components according to their H160-band morphologies. By extending this analysis to multiple bands, we have been able to conduct individual bulge and disc component SED fitting which has provided us with stellar-mass and star formation rate estimates for the separate bulge and disc components. Having utilized the new decomposed stellar-mass estimates, we confirm that the bulge components display a stronger size evolution than the discs. The median sizes of the bulge components is 3.09 ± 0.20 times smaller than similarly massive local galaxies over the full ...


The Bulge–Disc Decomposed Evolution Of Massive Galaxies At 1 < Z < 3 In Candels, V. A. Bruce, J. S. Dunlop, R. J. Mclure, M. Cirasuolo, F. Buitrago, R. A. A. Bowler, T. A. Targett, E. F. Bell, D. H. Mcintosh, A. Dekel, S. M. Faber, H. C. Ferguson, N. A. Grogin, W. Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Zoo, E. J. Mcgrath Oct 2014

The Bulge–Disc Decomposed Evolution Of Massive Galaxies At 1 Z < 3 In Candels, V. A. Bruce, J. S. Dunlop, R. J. Mclure, M. Cirasuolo, F. Buitrago, R. A. A. Bowler, T. A. Targett, E. F. Bell, D. H. Mcintosh, A. Dekel, S. M. Faber, H. C. Ferguson, N. A. Grogin, W. Hartley, Dale D. Kocevski, A. M. Koekemoer, D. C. Zoo, E. J. Mcgrath

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present the results of a new and improved study of the morphological and spectral evolution of massive galaxies over the redshift range 1 < z < 3. Our analysis is based on a bulge–disc decomposition of 396 galaxies with M* > 1011 M uncovered from the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3)/IR imaging within the Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS) and UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) UDS survey fields. We find that, by modelling the H160 image of each galaxy with a combination of a de Vaucouleurs bulge (Sérsic index n = 4) and an exponential disc (n = 1), we can then lock all derived morphological ...


Star Formation Quenching In High-Redshift Large-Scale Structure: Post-Starburst Galaxies In The Ci 1604 Supercluster At Z ~ 0.9, Po-Feng Wu, Roy R. Gal, Brian C. Lemaux, Dale D. Kocevski, Lori M. Lubin, Nicholas Rumbaugh, Gordon K. Squires Aug 2014

Star Formation Quenching In High-Redshift Large-Scale Structure: Post-Starburst Galaxies In The Ci 1604 Supercluster At Z ~ 0.9, Po-Feng Wu, Roy R. Gal, Brian C. Lemaux, Dale D. Kocevski, Lori M. Lubin, Nicholas Rumbaugh, Gordon K. Squires

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The Cl 1604 supercluster at z ~ 0.9 is one of the most extensively studied high-redshift large-scale structures, with more than 500 spectroscopically confirmed members. It consists of eight clusters and groups, with members numbering from a dozen to nearly a hundred, providing a broad range of environments for investigating the large-scale environmental effects on galaxy evolution. Here we examine the properties of 48 post-starburst galaxies in Cl 1604, comparing them to other galaxy populations in the same supercluster. Incorporating photometry from ground-based optical and near-infrared imaging, along with Spitzer mid-infrared observations, we derive stellar masses for all Cl 1604 ...


The Violent Youth Of Bright And Massive Cluster Galaxies And Their Maturation Over 7 Billion Years, B. Ascaso, B. C. Lemaux, L. M. Lubin, R. R. Gal, Dale D. Kocevski, N. Rumbaugh, G. Squires Jul 2014

The Violent Youth Of Bright And Massive Cluster Galaxies And Their Maturation Over 7 Billion Years, B. Ascaso, B. C. Lemaux, L. M. Lubin, R. R. Gal, Dale D. Kocevski, N. Rumbaugh, G. Squires

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

In this study, we investigate the formation and evolution mechanisms of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) over cosmic time. At high redshift (z ∼ 0.9), we selected BCGs and most massive cluster galaxies (MMCGs) from the Cl1604 supercluster and compared them to low-redshift (z ∼ 0.1) counterparts drawn from the MCXC meta-catalogue, supplemented by Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging and spectroscopy. We observed striking differences in the morphological, colour, spectral, and stellar mass properties of the BCGs/MMCGs in the two samples. High-redshift BCGs/MMCGs were, in many cases, star-forming, late-type galaxies, with blue broad-band colours, properties largely absent amongst ...


The Progenitors Of The Compact Early-Type Galaxies At High Redshift, Christina C. Williams, Mauro Giavalisco, Paolo Cassata, Elena Tundo, Tommy Wiklind, Yicheng Guo, Bomee Lee, Guillermo Barro, Stijn Wuyts, Eric F. Bell, Christopher J. Conselice, Avishai Dekel, Sandra M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, Norman A. Grogin, Nimish Hathi, Kuang-Han Huang, Dalibor D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, David C. Koo, Swara Ravindranath, Sarah Salimbeni Dec 2013

The Progenitors Of The Compact Early-Type Galaxies At High Redshift, Christina C. Williams, Mauro Giavalisco, Paolo Cassata, Elena Tundo, Tommy Wiklind, Yicheng Guo, Bomee Lee, Guillermo Barro, Stijn Wuyts, Eric F. Bell, Christopher J. Conselice, Avishai Dekel, Sandra M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, Norman A. Grogin, Nimish Hathi, Kuang-Han Huang, Dalibor D. Kocevski, Anton M. Koekemoer, David C. Koo, Swara Ravindranath, Sarah Salimbeni

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use GOODS and CANDELS images to identify progenitors of massive (M > 1010 M ) compact early-type galaxies (ETGs) at z ~ 1.6. Because merging and accretion increase the size of the stellar component of galaxies, if the progenitors are among known star-forming galaxies, these must be compact themselves. We select candidate progenitors among compact Lyman-break galaxies at z ~ 3 on the basis of their mass, star-formation rate (SFR), and central stellar density, and we find that these account for a large fraction of, and possibly all, compact ETGs at z ~ 1.6. We find that the average far-UV spectral ...


The Properties Of Post-Starburst Quasars Based On Optical Spectroscopy, Sabrina L. Cales, Michael S. Brotherton, Zhaohui Shang, Jessie C. Runnoe, Michael A. Dipompeo, Vardha Nicola Bennert, Gabriela Canalizo, Kyle D. Hiner, R. Stoll, Rajib Ganguly, Aleksandar Diamond-Stanic Jan 2013

The Properties Of Post-Starburst Quasars Based On Optical Spectroscopy, Sabrina L. Cales, Michael S. Brotherton, Zhaohui Shang, Jessie C. Runnoe, Michael A. Dipompeo, Vardha Nicola Bennert, Gabriela Canalizo, Kyle D. Hiner, R. Stoll, Rajib Ganguly, Aleksandar Diamond-Stanic

Physics

We present optical spectroscopy of a sample of 38 post-starburst quasars (PSQs) at z ~ 0.3, 29 of which have morphological classifications based on Hubble Space Telescope imaging. These broad-lined active galactic nuclei (AGNs) possess the spectral signatures of massive intermediate-aged stellar populations, making them potentially useful for studying connections between nuclear activity and host galaxy evolution. We model the spectra in order to determine the ages and masses of the host stellar populations, and the black hole masses and Eddington fractions of the AGNs. Our model components include an instantaneous starburst, a power law, and emission lines. We find ...


A Local Baseline Of The Black Hole Mass Scaling Relations For Active Galaxies. Ii. Measuring Stellar Velocity Dispersion In Active Galaxies, Chelsea E. Harris, Vardha N. Bennert, Matthew W. Auger, Tommaso Treu, Jong-Hak Woo, Matthew A. Malkan Aug 2012

A Local Baseline Of The Black Hole Mass Scaling Relations For Active Galaxies. Ii. Measuring Stellar Velocity Dispersion In Active Galaxies, Chelsea E. Harris, Vardha N. Bennert, Matthew W. Auger, Tommaso Treu, Jong-Hak Woo, Matthew A. Malkan

Physics

We derive spatially resolved stellar kinematics for a sample of 84 out of 104 observed local (0.02 < z < 0.09) galaxies hosting type-1 active galactic nuclei (AGNs), based on long-slit spectra obtained at the 10 m W. M. Keck-1 Telescope. In addition to providing central stellar velocity dispersions, we measure major axis rotation curves and velocity dispersion profiles using three separate wavelength regions, including the prominent Ca H&K, Mg Ib, and Ca II NIR stellar features. In this paper, we compare kinematic measurements of stellar velocity dispersion obtained for different apertures, wavelength regions, and signal-to-noise ratios, and provide recipes to cross-calibrate the measurements reducing systematic effects to the level of a few percent. We also provide simple recipes based on readily observable quantities such as global colors and Ca H&K equivalent width that will allow observers of high-redshift AGN hosts to increase the probability of obtaining reliable stellar kinematic measurements from unresolved spectra in the region surrounding the Ca H&K lines. In subsequent papers in this series, we will combine this unprecedented spectroscopic data set with surface photometry and black hole mass measurements to study in detail the scaling relations between host galaxy properties and black hole mass.


Transcendental Thermodynamics, Richard E. Morel, George Fleck Jun 2012

Transcendental Thermodynamics, Richard E. Morel, George Fleck

Kahn Institute Projects

Thermodynamics is often viewed as a narrow, introspective discipline, trapped by its origins in the 18th and 19th centuries. By dramatic contrast, we show that the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics provides explanations and interpretations of all natural events, extending across artificial boundaries of tradition- al academic disciplines. The Fourth Law of Thermodynamics states that far-from-equilibrium systems increase entropy at the maximum rate available to them. This broadly inclusive paradigm applies to systems from molecules, to organisms, to the biosphere. The Fourth Law is the Law of Evolution. All systems that communicate with their environment exhibit self-organization and self-optimization, enabling the ...