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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison Jul 2019

Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have previously used the molecular three-body distorted-wave model to examine electron-impact single ionization of molecules. One of the possible weaknesses of this approach lies in the fact that the continuum electron wave functions do not depend on the orientation of the molecule. Here we introduce a model called the multicenter molecular three-body distorted-wave (MCM3DW) approach, for which the continuum electron wave functions depend on the orientation of the molecule at the time of ionization. The MCM3DW results are compared with experimental data taken from work by Dorn and colleagues [Ren, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)10.1103/PhysRevA ...


Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones May 2019

Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The quantum revolution of the last century advanced synergistically with technology, for example, with control of the temporal and spatial coherence, and the polarization state of light. Indeed, experimental confirmation of the quirks of quantum theory, as originally highlighted by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen, through Bohm, and then Bell, have been performed with photons, i.e., electromagnetic wave packets prepared in the same quantum states. Experimental tests of quantum mechanics with matter wave packets have been limited due to challenges in preparing all of the packets with similar quantum states. While great strides have been made for trapped atoms and ...


New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part I, Viraht Sahni Jan 2019

New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part I, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

Schrödinger-Pauli (SP) theory is a description of electrons in the presence of a static electromagnetic field in which the interaction of the magnetic field with both the orbital and spin moments is explicitly considered. The theory is described from the new perspective of the individual electron via its equation of motion or ‘Quantal Newtonian’ first law. The law is in terms of ‘classical’ fields whose sources are quantum mechanical expectation values of Hermitian operators taken with respect to the system wave function. The law states that each electron experiences an external and an internal field, the sum of which vanish ...


New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part Ii: Application To The Triplet State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni Jan 2019

New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part Ii: Application To The Triplet State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

The Schrödinger-Pauli (SP) theory of electrons in the presence of a static electromagnetic field can be described from the perspective of the individual electron via its equation of motion or 'Quantal Newtonian' first law. The law is in terms of 'classical' fields whose sources are quantum-mechanical expectation values of Hermitian operators taken with respect to the wave function. The law states that the sum of the external and internal fields experienced by each electron vanishes. The external field is the sum of the binding electrostatic and Lorentz fields. The internal field is the sum of fields representative of properties of ...


Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein Jan 2018

Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

We present new data probing short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei through the measurement of electron scattering off high-momentum nucleons in nuclei. The inclusive 4He/3He cross section ratio is observed to be both x and Q2 independent for 1.5 < x < 2, confirming the dominance of two-nucleon short-range correlations. For x > 2, our data support the hypothesis that a previous claim of three-nucleon correlation dominance was an artifact caused by the limited resolution of the measurement. While 3N-SRCs appear to have an important contribution, our data show that isolating 3N-SRCs is significantly more complicated than for 2N-SRCs.


Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn Feb 2017

Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the electron-impact ionization of water (H2O) at the relatively low incident energy of E0=81eV in which either the 1b1 or 3a1 orbitals are ionized leading to the stable H2O cation. The experimental data were measured by using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission over a range of ejection energies. We present experimental data for the scattering angles of 6⁰ and 10⁰ for the faster of the two outgoing electrons as a function ...


Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical study of low-energy electron-impact ionization of tetrahydrofuran, which is a molecule of biological interest. The experiments were performed using an advanced reaction microscope specially built for electron-impact ionization studies. The theoretical calculations were performed within the molecular three-body distorted-wave model. Reasonably good agreement is found between experiment and theory.


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat Jun 2016

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

As a further test of advanced theoretical methods to describe electron-impact single-ionization processes in complex atomic targets, we extended our recent work on Ne(2p) ionization [X. Ren, S. Amami, O. Zatsarinny, T. Pflüger, M. Weyland, W. Y. Baek, H. Rabus, K. Bartschat, D. Madison, and A. Dorn, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.032707] to Ar(3p) ionization at the relatively low incident energy of E0 = 66 eV. The experimental data were obtained with a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission. We present experimental ...


Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Sep 2015

Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the low-energy (E0 = 65 eV) electron- impact ionization of neon. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach (DWB2-RM), the distorted-wave Born approximation with inclusion of post-collision interaction (DWBA-PCI), a three-body distorted-wave approach (3DW), and a B-spline R-matrix (BSR) with pseudostates approach. Excellent agreement is found between experiment and the 3DW and BSR theories. The importance of PCI effects is clearly visible in this low-energy electron-impact ionization process.


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H2 And N2 Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H2 And N2 Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Target Electron Ionization In Li2+-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Apr 2015

Target Electron Ionization In Li2+-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2015

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E0 0=65eV) electron-impact single ionization of Ne (2p) has been investigated to thoroughly test state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. The experimental data were measured using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission energies ranging from 2 to 8 eV, and projectile scattering angles ranging from 8.5⁰ to 20.0⁰. The experimental triple-differential cross sections are internormalized across all measured scattering angles and ejected energies. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach, the distorted-wave Born approximation with the inclusion of ...


X-Ray Emission Produced In Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Highly Charged Ions And Argon: Role Of The Multiple Electron Capture, Sebastian Otranto, N. D. Cariatore, Ronald E. Olson Dec 2014

X-Ray Emission Produced In Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Highly Charged Ions And Argon: Role Of The Multiple Electron Capture, Sebastian Otranto, N. D. Cariatore, Ronald E. Olson

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work we use the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method within an eight-electron scheme to theoretically study photonic spectra that follow charge-exchange processes between highly charged ions of charge states 10+, 17+, 18+, and 36+ with neutral argon. The energy range considered is 18 eV/amu to 4 keV/amu, covering typical electron beam ion traps and solar wind energies. The role played by multiple electron capture processes for the different collision systems under consideration is explicitly analyzed and its contribution separated as arising from radiative decay and autoionizing multiple capture. For the present collision systems we find that ...


Universality Of Returning Electron Wave Packet In High-Order Harmonic Generation With Midinfrared Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, Hui Wei, Cheng Jin, Vu Ngoc Tuoc, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin Jul 2014

Universality Of Returning Electron Wave Packet In High-Order Harmonic Generation With Midinfrared Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, Hui Wei, Cheng Jin, Vu Ngoc Tuoc, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We show that a returning electron wave packet in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) with midinfrared laser pulses converges to a universal limit for a laser wavelength above about 3µm. The results are consistent among the different methods: a numerical solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, the strong-field approximation, and the quantum orbits theory. We further analyze how the contribution from different electron "trajectories" survives the macroscopic propagation in the medium. Our result thus provides a new framework for investigating the wavelength scaling law for the HHG yields.


Temperature Dependence Of Defect-Related Photoluminescence In Iii-V And Ii-Vi Semiconductors, Michael A. Reshchikov Jan 2014

Temperature Dependence Of Defect-Related Photoluminescence In Iii-V And Ii-Vi Semiconductors, Michael A. Reshchikov

Physics Publications

Mechanisms of thermal quenching of photoluminescence (PL) related to defects insemiconductors are analyzed. We conclude that the Schön-Klasens (multi-center) mechanism of the thermal quenching of PL is much more common for defects in III–V and II–VI semiconductorsas compared to the Seitz-Mott (one-center) mechanism. The temperature dependencies of PLare simulated with a phenomenological model. In its simplest version, three types of defects are included: a shallow donor, an acceptor responsible for the PL, and a nonradiative center that has the highest recombination efficiency. The case of abrupt and tunable thermal quenching ofPL is considered in more detail. This phenomenon ...


Time-Resolved Photoluminescence From Defects In N-Type Gan, Michael A. Reshchikov Jan 2014

Time-Resolved Photoluminescence From Defects In N-Type Gan, Michael A. Reshchikov

Physics Publications

Point defects in GaN were studied with time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). The effects of temperature and excitation intensity on defect-related PL have been investigated theoretically and experimentally. A phenomenological model, based on rate equations, explains the dependence of the PL intensity on excitation intensity, as well as the PL lifetime and its temperature dependence. We demonstrate that time-resolved PL measurements can be used to find the concentrations of free electrons and acceptors contributing to PL in n-type semiconductors.


Dynamical (E,2e) Studies Of Tetrahydropyran And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, G. Da Silva, L. Chiari, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger Jan 2014

Dynamical (E,2e) Studies Of Tetrahydropyran And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, G. Da Silva, L. Chiari, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present experimental and theoretical results for the electron-impact ionization of the highest occupied molecular orbitals of tetrahydropyran and 1,4-dioxane. Using an (e,2e) technique in asymmetric coplanar kinematics, angular distributions of the slow ejected electron, with an energy of 20 eV, are measured when incident electrons at 250 eV ionize the target and scatter through an angle of either -10° or -15°. The data are compared with calculations performed at the molecular 3-body distorted wave level. Fair agreement between the theoretical model and the experimental measurements was observed. The similar structures for these targets provide key insights for ...


Triply Differential (E,2e) Studies Of Phenol, Silva G. Da, R. F. Neves, L. Chiari, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, Don H. Madison, C. G. Ning, K. L. Nixon, M. C. Lopes, M. J. Brunger Jan 2014

Triply Differential (E,2e) Studies Of Phenol, Silva G. Da, R. F. Neves, L. Chiari, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, Don H. Madison, C. G. Ning, K. L. Nixon, M. C. Lopes, M. J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured (e,2e) triple differential cross sections (TDCS) for the electron-impact ionisation of phenol with coplanar asymmetrical kinematics for an incident electron energy of 250 eV. Experimental measurements of the angular distribution of the slow outgoing electrons at 20 eV are obtained when the incident electron scatters through angles of -5°, -10°, and -15°, respectively. The TDCS data are compared with calculations performed within the molecular 3-body distorted wave model. In this case, a mixed level of agreement, that was dependent on the kinematical condition being probed, was observed between the theoretical and experimental results in the binary ...


Light Sea Fermions In Electron-Proton And Muon-Proton Interactions, Ulrich D. Jentschura Dec 2013

Light Sea Fermions In Electron-Proton And Muon-Proton Interactions, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The proton radius conundrum [Pohl, Nature 466, 213 (2010)NATUAS0028-083610. 1038/nature09250 and Antognini, Science 339, 417 (2013)SCIEAS0036-807510.1126/ science.1230016] highlights the need to revisit any conceivable sources of electron-muon nonuniversality in lepton-proton interactions within the standard model. Superficially, a number of perturbative processes could appear to lead to such a nonuniversality. One of these is a coupling of the scattered electron into an electronic vacuum-polarization loop as opposed to a muonic one in the photon exchange of two valence quarks, which is present only for electron projectiles as opposed to muon projectiles. However, we show that this ...


Electron Penetration Ranges As A Function Of Effective Number Of Valence Electrons, Teancum Quist, Blake Moore, Greg Wilson, Jr Dennison Apr 2013

Electron Penetration Ranges As A Function Of Effective Number Of Valence Electrons, Teancum Quist, Blake Moore, Greg Wilson, Jr Dennison

Posters

The Continuous-Slow-Down Approximation (CSDA) is used to create a simple composite analytical formula to estimate the range or maximum penetration depth of incident electrons into diverse materials including conductors, semiconductors, and insulators. This formula generates an approximation to the range using a single fitting parameter, Nv, described as the effective number of valence electrons. This range of the formulation extends to electrons with energies from <10 eV to >10MeV, with 20% accuracy. A list comprised of 222 materials has been collected that greatly extends the applicability of this model. Several key material constants were compiled for each material, including the atomic number ...


Tracing Multiple Scattering Patterns In Absolute (E, 2e) Cross Sections For H2 And He Over A 4Π Solid Angle, Xueguang Ren, Arne Senftleben, Thomas Pflüger, Alexander Dorn, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Igor Bray, Dmitry V. Fursa, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Sep 2010

Tracing Multiple Scattering Patterns In Absolute (E, 2e) Cross Sections For H2 And He Over A 4Π Solid Angle, Xueguang Ren, Arne Senftleben, Thomas Pflüger, Alexander Dorn, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Igor Bray, Dmitry V. Fursa, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Absolutely normalized (e,2e) measurements for H2 and He covering the full solid angle of one ejected electron are presented for 16 eV sum energy of both final state continuum electrons. For both targets rich cross-section structures in addition to the binary and recoil lobes are identified and studied as a function of the fixed electron's emission angle and the energy sharing among both electrons. For H2 their behavior is consistent with multiple scattering of the projectile as discussed before. For He the binary and recoil lobes are significantly larger than for H2 and partly cover ...


Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Sep 2010

Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study high-energy angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of molecules in strong fields. In an oscillating laser electric field, electrons released earlier in the pulse may return to recollide with the target ion, in a process similar to scattering by laboratory prepared electrons. If midinfrared lasers are used, we show that the images generated by the returning electrons are similar to images observed in typical gas-phase electron diffraction (GED). These spectra can be used to retrieve the positions of atoms in a molecule as in GED. Since infrared laser pulses of durations of a few femtoseconds are already available today, the study ...


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Sep 2010

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of the outer valence orbital of tetrahydrofuran have been measured using the (e, 2e) technique. The measurements have been performed with coplanar asymmetric kinematics, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and at an ejected electron energy of 10 eV, over a range of momentum transfers. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular three-body distorted wave model. The results obtained are important for gaining an understanding of electron driven processes at a molecular level and for modeling energy deposition in living tissue.


Correlated Two-Photon Emission By Transitions Of Dirac-Volkov States In Intense Laser Fields: Qed Predictions, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura Nov 2009

Correlated Two-Photon Emission By Transitions Of Dirac-Volkov States In Intense Laser Fields: Qed Predictions, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In an intense laser field, an electron may decay by emitting a pair of photons. The two photons emitted during the process, which can be interpreted as a laser-dressed double Compton scattering, remain entangled in a quantifiable way: namely, the so-called concurrence of the photon polarizations gives a gauge-invariant measure of the correlation of the hard gamma rays. We calculate the differential rate and concurrence for a backscattering setup of the electron and photon beam, employing Volkov states and propagators for the electron lines, thus accounting nonperturbatively for the electron-laser interaction. The nonperturbative results are shown to differ significantly compared ...


Hydrodynamic Relaxation Of An Electron Plasma To A Near-Maximum Entropy State, D. J. Rodgers, S. Servidio, W. H. Matthaeus, D. C. Montgomery, T. B. Mitchell, T. Aziz Jun 2009

Hydrodynamic Relaxation Of An Electron Plasma To A Near-Maximum Entropy State, D. J. Rodgers, S. Servidio, W. H. Matthaeus, D. C. Montgomery, T. B. Mitchell, T. Aziz

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Dynamical relaxation of a pure electron plasma in a Malmberg-Penning trap is studied, comparing experiments, numerical simulations and statistical theories of weakly dissipative two-dimensional (2D) turbulence. Simulations confirm that the dynamics are approximated well by a 2D hydrodynamic model. Statistical analysis favors a theoretical picture of relaxation to a near-maximum entropy state with constrained energy, circulation, and angular momentum. This provides evidence that 2D electron fluid relaxation in a turbulent regime is governed by principles of maximum entropy.


Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin Feb 2009

Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We illustrate a new method of analyzing three-dimensional momentum images of high-energy photoelectrons generated by intense phase-stabilized few-cycle laser pulses. Using photoelectron momentum spectra that were obtained by velocity-map imaging of above-threshold ionization of xenon and argon targets, we show that the absolute carrier-envelope phase, the laser peak intensity, and pulse duration can be accurately determined simultaneously (with an error of a few percent). We also show that the target structure, in the form of electron-target ion elastic differential cross sections, can be retrieved over a range of energies. The latter offers the promise of using laser-generated electron spectra for ...


Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Nonsequential Double Ionization Of Atoms By Intense Laser Pulses, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Jan 2009

Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Nonsequential Double Ionization Of Atoms By Intense Laser Pulses, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Laser-induced electron recollisions are fundamental to many strong field phenomena in atoms and molecules. Using the recently developed quantitative rescattering theory, we demonstrate that the nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of atoms by lasers can be obtained quantitatively in terms of inelastic collisions of the target ions with the free returning electrons where the latter are explicitly given by a spectrum-characterized wave packet. Using argon atoms as target, we calculated the NSDI yield including contributions from direct (e,2e) electron-impact ionization and electron-impact excitation accompanied by subsequent field ionization. We further investigate the dependence of total NSDI on the carrier-envelope phase ...


Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H2 Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison Dec 2008

Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H2 Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A nonperturbative close-coupling technique is used to calculate differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of H2 at an energy of 35.4 eV. Our approach allows cross sections for any orientation of the molecule with respect to the incident electron beam to be analyzed. New features in the resulting cross sections are found compared with the case where the molecular orientation is averaged, and also with cross sections for He at equivalent electron kinematics. When averaged over all possible molecular orientations, good agreement is found with recent experimental results.


Laser Channeling Of Bethe-Heitler Pairs, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel Nov 2008

Laser Channeling Of Bethe-Heitler Pairs, Erik Lotstedt, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron-positron pair creation is analyzed for an arrangement involving three external fields: a high-frequency gamma photon, the Coulomb field of a nucleus, and a strong laser wave. The frequency of the incoming gamma photon is assumed to be larger than the threshold for pair production in the absence of a laser, and the peak electric field of the laser is assumed to be much weaker than Schwinger's critical field. The total number of pairs produced is found to be essentially unchanged by the laser field, while the differential cross section is drastically modified. We show that the laser can ...


Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich Jun 2008

Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have performed experimental and theoretical studies of double ionization of helium by 6 MeV proton impact using a recently developed tool, four-particle Dalitz plots [Schulz et al., J. Phys. B 22, 3091 (2007)] which enable the representation of multiple differential cross sections as a function of all four fragments in a single spectrum without loss of any part of the total cross section. As a result, the relative importance of the various interactions between the fragments can be studied in great detail. Comparisons of experimental data with theoretical first-order calculations and simulations for the higher-order (TS-2) process show that ...