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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada Feb 2015

Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Magnetotactic bacteria that produce magnetic nanocrystals of uniform size and well-defined morphologies have inspired the use of biomineralization protein Mms6 to promote formation of uniform magnetic nanocrystals in vitro. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies in physiological solutions reveal that Mms6 forms compact globular threedimensional (3D) micelles (approximately 10 nm in diameter) that are, to a large extent, independent of concentration. In the presence of iron ions in the solutions, the general micellar morphology is preserved, however, with associations among micelles that are induced by iron ions. Compared with Mms6, the m2Mms6 mutant (with the sequence of hydroxyl/carboxyl containing ...


Deep Brain Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Variable “Halo Coil” System, Y. Meng, Ravi L. Hadimani, Lawrence J. Crowther, Z. Xu, J. Qu Jan 2015

Deep Brain Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Variable “Halo Coil” System, Y. Meng, Ravi L. Hadimani, Lawrence J. Crowther, Z. Xu, J. Qu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation has the potential to treat various neurological disorders non-invasively and safely. The “Halo coil” configuration can stimulate deeper regions of the brainwith lower surface to deep-brain field ratio compared to other coil configurations. The existing “Halo coil” configuration is fixed and is limited in varying the site of stimulation in the brain. We have developed a new system based on the current “Halo coil” design along with a graphicaluser interface system that enables the larger coil to rotate along the transverse plane. The new system can also enable vertical movement of larger coil. Thus, this adjustable “Halo ...


Second Order Phase Transition Temperature Of Single Crystals Of Gd5si1.3ge2.7 And Gd5si1.4ge2.6, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yevgen Melikhov, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Second Order Phase Transition Temperature Of Single Crystals Of Gd5si1.3ge2.7 And Gd5si1.4ge2.6, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yevgen Melikhov, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Gd5(Six Ge 1−x)4 has mixed phases in the composition range 0.32 < x < 0.41, which have not been widely studied. In this paper, we have synthesized and indexed single crystal samples of Gd5Si1.3 Ge 2.7 and Gd5Si1.4 Ge 2.6. We have investigated the first order and second orderphase transition temperatures of these samples using magnetic moment vs. temperature andmagnetic moment vs. magnetic field at different temperatures. We have used a modified Arrott plot technique that was developed and reported by us previously to determine the “hidden” second order phase transition temperature of the orthorhombic II phase.


Analysis Of Ringing Effects Due To Magnetic Core Materials In Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Circuits, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, N. R. Y. Bouda, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, I. Bulu, K. Ganesan, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Analysis Of Ringing Effects Due To Magnetic Core Materials In Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Circuits, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, N. R. Y. Bouda, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, I. Bulu, K. Ganesan, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

This work presents investigations and detailed analysis of ringing in a non-resonant pulsednuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) circuit. Ringing is a commonly observed phenomenon in high power switching circuits. The oscillations described as ringing impede measurements in pulsed NMR systems. It is therefore desirable that those oscillations decay fast. It is often assumed that one of the causes behind ringing is the role of the magnetic core used in theantenna (acting as an inductive load). We will demonstrate that an LRC subcircuit is also set-up due to the inductive load and needs to be considered due to its parasitic effects. It ...


Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The temperature dependence of the magnetic properties of titanium modified cobalt ferrite is presented. The change of maximum magnetization obtained at H ≈ 2.4 MA/m between any two temperatures increases systematically with composition, which is desirable for applications in devices. Variation in magnetocrystalline anisotropy and coercivity were different from previous studies on cation substituted cobalt ferrite. At lower concentrations, the effect of lower thermal energy dominated the effect of non-magnetic cation substitutions in controlling the anisotropy.The reverse was the case at higher concentrations. The temperature dependence of coercivity is dominated by the contribution of magnetocrystalline anisotropy to coercivity ...


Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Multiferroic materials exhibit magnetoelectric (ME) coupling and promise new device applications including magnetic sensors, generators, and filters. An effective method for developing ME materials with enhanced ME effect is achieved by the coupling through the interfacial strain between piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials. In this study, the electrical and magnetic properties of Ga doped magnetoelectric CoGaxFe2−xO4/BaTiO3composite are studied systematically. It is found that Ga doping improves the sensitivity of magnetoelastic response and stabilizes the magnetic phase of the composites. More importantly, Ga doping reduces the electrical conductivity of composite, as well as the dielectric loss. An enhancement of the ...


Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

We investigated the effect of magnetic doping on magnetic and transport properties of Bi2Te3thin films. CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films with x = 0.03, 0.14, and 0.29 were grown epitaxially on mica substrate with low surface roughness (∼0.4 nm). It is found that Cr is an electron acceptor in Bi2Te3 and increases the magnetization of CrxBi2−xTe3. When x = 0.14 and 0.29,ferromagnetism appears in CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films, where anomalous Hall effect and weak localization of magnetoconductance were observed. The Curie temperature, coercivity, and remnant Hall resistance of thin films increase with increasing Cr concentration ...


Cu2s3 Complex On Cu(111) As A Candidate For Mass Transport Enhancement, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Christine M. Aikens, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Cu2s3 Complex On Cu(111) As A Candidate For Mass Transport Enhancement, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Christine M. Aikens, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Sulfur-metal complexes, containing only a few atoms, can open new, highly efficient pathways for transport of metal atoms on surfaces. For example, they can accelerate changes in the shape and size of morphological features, such as two-dimensional nanoclusters, over time. In this study we perform STM under conditions that are designed to specifically isolate such complexes. We find a new, unexpected S-Cu complex on the Cu(111) surface, which we identify as Cu2S3. We propose that Cu2S3 enhances mass transport in this system, which contradicts a previous proposal based on Cu3S3 ...


Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we observe an adlayer structure that is dominated by short rows of S atoms, on unreconstructed regions of a Au(111) surface. This structure forms upon adsorption of low S coverage (less than 0.1 monolayer) on a fully reconstructed clean surface at 300 K, then cooling to 5 K for observation. The rows adopt one of three orientations that are rotated by 30◦ from the close-packed directions of the Au(111) substrate, and adjacent S atoms in the rows are separated by √ 3 times the surface lattice constant, a. Monte Carlo simulations are performed on ...


Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Arich menagerie of structures is identified at 5Kfollowing adsorption of lowcoverages (≤0.05 monolayers) of S on Cu(111) at room temperature. This paper emphasizes the reconstructions at the steps. The A-type close-packed step has 1 row of S atoms along its lower edge, where S atoms occupy alternating pseudo-fourfold-hollow (p4fh) sites. Additionally, there are 2 rows of S atoms of equal density on the upper edge, bridging a row of extra Cu atoms, together creating an extended chain. The B-type close-packed step exhibits an even more complex reconstruction, in which triangle-shaped groups of Cu atoms shift out of their ...


Preface: Special Topic On Supramolecular Self-Assembly At Surfaces, Ludwig Bartels, Karl-Heinz Ernst, Hong-Jun Gao, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Preface: Special Topic On Supramolecular Self-Assembly At Surfaces, Ludwig Bartels, Karl-Heinz Ernst, Hong-Jun Gao, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Supramolecular self-assembly at surfaces is one of the most exciting and active fields in Surface Science today. Applications can take advantage of two key properties: (i) versatile pattern formation over a broad length scale and (ii) tunability of electronic structure and transport properties, as well as frontier orbital alignment. It provides a new frontier for Chemical Physics as it uniquely combines the versatility of Organic Synthesis and the Physics of Interfaces. The Journal of Chemical Physics is pleased to publish this Special Topic Issue, showcasing recent advances and new directions.