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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Generation Of Vector Partially Coherent Optical Sources Using Phase-Only Spatial Light Modulators, Milo W. Hyde Iv, Santasri Bose-Pillai, David G. Voelz, Xifeng Xiao Dec 2016

Generation Of Vector Partially Coherent Optical Sources Using Phase-Only Spatial Light Modulators, Milo W. Hyde Iv, Santasri Bose-Pillai, David G. Voelz, Xifeng Xiao

Faculty Publications

A simple and flexible optical system for generating electromagnetic or vector partially coherent sources or beams is presented. The alternative design controls field amplitude (beam shape), coherence, and polarization using only spatial light modulators. This improvement makes the apparatus simpler to construct and significantly increases the flexibility of vector partially coherent source generators by allowing many different types of sources to be produced without changing the physical setup. The system’s layout and theoretical foundations are thoroughly discussed. The utility and flexibility of the proposed system are demonstrated by producing a vector Schell-model and non-Schell-model source. The experimental results are ...


Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski Dec 2016

Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Chemistry Publications

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the ...


Measurements Of Double-Helicity Asymmetries In Inclusive J/Psi Production In Longitudinally Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=510 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nicole Apadula, Lei Ding, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, Joshua Perry, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, Arbin Timilsina, Shawn Whitaker, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Dec 2016

Measurements Of Double-Helicity Asymmetries In Inclusive J/Psi Production In Longitudinally Polarized P Plus P Collisions At Root S=510 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nicole Apadula, Lei Ding, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, Joshua Perry, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, Arbin Timilsina, Shawn Whitaker, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We report the double-helicity asymmetry, A(LL)(J/Psi), in inclusive J/Psi production at forward rapidity as a function of transverse momentum p(T) and rapidity |y|. The data analyzed were taken during root s = 510 GeV longitudinally polarized p + p collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in the 2013 run using the PHENIX detector. At this collision energy, J/Psi particles are predominantly produced through gluon-gluon scatterings, thus A(LL)(J/Psi) is sensitive to the gluon polarization inside the proton. We measured A(LL)(J/Psi) by detecting the decay daughter muon pairs mu(+)mu(-) within ...


Mode-Sum Prescription For The Vacuum Polarization In Odd Dimensions, Peter Taylor, Cormac Breen Dec 2016

Mode-Sum Prescription For The Vacuum Polarization In Odd Dimensions, Peter Taylor, Cormac Breen

Articles

We present a new mode-sum regularization prescription for computing the vacuum polarization of a scalar field in static spherically-symmetric black hole spacetimes in odd dimensions. This is the first general and systematic approach to regularized vacuum polarization in higher dimensions. Remarkably, the regularization parameters can be computed in closed form in arbitrary dimensions and for arbitrary metric function $f(r)$. In fact, we show that in spite of the increasing severity and number of the divergences to be regularized, the method presented is mostly agnostic to the number of dimensions. Finally, as an explicit example of our method, we show ...


Probing Quantumness With Joint Continuous Measurements Of Non-Commuting Observables, Luis Pedro García-Pintos, Justin Dressel Dec 2016

Probing Quantumness With Joint Continuous Measurements Of Non-Commuting Observables, Luis Pedro García-Pintos, Justin Dressel

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We analyze the continuous measurement of two noncommuting observables for a qubit, and investigate whether the simultaneously observed noisy signals are consistent with the evolution of an equivalent classical system. Following the approach outlined by Leggett and Garg, we show that the readouts violate macrorealistic inequalities for arbitrarily short temporal correlations. Moreover, the derived inequalities are manifestly violated even in the absence of Hamiltonian evolution, unlike for Leggett-Garg inequalities that use a single continuous measurement. Such a violation should indicate the failure of at least one postulate of macrorealism: either physical quantities do not have well-defined values at all times ...


Quantifying The Dna Binding Properties Of The Binuclear Ruthenium Complex Λλ-P, Nicholas Bryden Dec 2016

Quantifying The Dna Binding Properties Of The Binuclear Ruthenium Complex Λλ-P, Nicholas Bryden

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Threading intercalators are small molecules that bind to DNA by threading their side chains through the DNA bases to intercalate their middle planar section between the DNA base pairs. The high binding affinity and slow dissociation rates of threading intercalators have put them in the class of prospective anti-cancer drugs. In this study we explore the binding of a specific threading intercalator, a binuclear ruthenium complex ΛΛ-P (ΛΛ-[μ-bidppz(phen)4Ru2]4+) using optical tweezers. A single DNA molecule is held at a constant force and the small molecules are introduced to the system in various concentrations until equilibrium is ...


Advanced Dual Beam Optical Tweezers For Undergraduate Biophysics Research, Brian Daudelin Dec 2016

Advanced Dual Beam Optical Tweezers For Undergraduate Biophysics Research, Brian Daudelin

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Optical tweezing is a modern physics technique which allows us to use the radiation pressure provided from laser beams to trap very small microscopic particles. In the last two decades optical tweezers have been used extensively in biophysics and atomic physics to study the building blocks of our world on the cellular and quantum levels. Our goal is to construct a dual beam optical tweezers for future undergraduate biophysical research. In this thesis we discuss how the construction and assembly of the dual beam optical tweezers is done from start to finish. Construction consisted of assembling a polarization maintaining laser ...


Wave Motion Induced By Turbulent Shear Flows Over Growing Stokes Waves, Shahrdad Sajjadi, Serena Robertson, Rebecca Harvey, Mary Brown Dec 2016

Wave Motion Induced By Turbulent Shear Flows Over Growing Stokes Waves, Shahrdad Sajjadi, Serena Robertson, Rebecca Harvey, Mary Brown

Publications

The recent analytical of multi-layer analyses proposed by Sajjadi et al. (J Eng Math 84:73, 2014) (SHD14 therein) is solved numerically for atmospheric turbulent shear flows blowing over growing (or unsteady) Stokes (bimodal) water waves, of low-to-moderate steepness. For unsteady surface waves, the amplitude a(t)∝ekcita(t)∝ekcit, where kcikci is the wave growth factor, k is the wavenumber, and cici is the complex part of the wave phase speed, and thus, the waves begin to grow as more energy is transferred to them by the wind. This will then display the critical height to a point, where ...


Generation Of Flower High-Order Poincaré Sphere Laser Beams From A Spatial Light Modulator, T. H. Lu, T. D. Huang, J. G. Wang, L. W. Wang, Robert R. Alfano Dec 2016

Generation Of Flower High-Order Poincaré Sphere Laser Beams From A Spatial Light Modulator, T. H. Lu, T. D. Huang, J. G. Wang, L. W. Wang, Robert R. Alfano

Publications and Research

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new complex laser beam with inhomogeneous polarization distributions mapping onto high-order Poincaré spheres (HOPSs). The complex laser mode is achieved by superposition of Laguerre-Gaussian modes and manifests exotic flower-like localization on intensity and phase profiles. A simple optical system is used to generate a polarization-variant distribution on the complex laser mode by superposition of orthogonal circular polarizations with opposite topological charges. Numerical analyses of the polarization distribution are consistent with the experimental results. The novel flower HOPS beams can act as a new light source for photonic applications.


Rheology Of Sediment Transported By A Laminar Flow, Morgane Houssais, Carlos P. Ortiz, Douglas J. Durian, Douglas J. Jerolmack Dec 2016

Rheology Of Sediment Transported By A Laminar Flow, Morgane Houssais, Carlos P. Ortiz, Douglas J. Durian, Douglas J. Jerolmack

Department of Physics Papers

Understanding the dynamics of fluid-driven sediment transport remains challenging, as it occurs at the interface between a granular material and a fluid flow. Boyer, Guazzelli, and Pouliquen [Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 188301 (2011)] proposed a local rheology unifying dense dry-granular and viscous-suspension flows, but it has been validated only for neutrally buoyant particles in a confined and homogeneous system. Here we generalize the Boyer, Guazzelli, and Pouliquen model to account for the weight of a particle by addition of a pressure P0 and test the ability of this model to describe sediment transport in an idealized laboratory river. We ...


Effect Of Disorder On The Magnetic And Electronic Structure Of A Prospective Spin-Gapless Semiconductor Mncrval, P. Kharel, J. Herran, Pavel Lukashev, Y. Jin, J. Waybright, S. Gilbert, B, Staten, P. Gray, S. Valloppilly, Y. Huh, D. J. Sellmyer Dec 2016

Effect Of Disorder On The Magnetic And Electronic Structure Of A Prospective Spin-Gapless Semiconductor Mncrval, P. Kharel, J. Herran, Pavel Lukashev, Y. Jin, J. Waybright, S. Gilbert, B, Staten, P. Gray, S. Valloppilly, Y. Huh, D. J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications

Recent discovery of a new class of materials, spin-gapless semiconductors (SGS), has attracted considerable attention in the last few years, primarily due to potential applications in the emerging field of spin-based electronics (spintronics). Here, we investigate structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of one potential SGS compound, MnCrVAl, using various experimental and theoretical techniques. Our calculations show that this material exhibits ≈ 0.5 eV band gap for the majority-spin states, while for the minority-spin it is nearly gapless. The calculated magnetic moment for the completely ordered structure is 2.9 µB/f.u., which is different from our experimentally measured ...


De Haas–Van Alphen Study Of Role Of 4f Electrons In Antiferromagnetic Cezn11 As Compared To Its Nonmagnetic Analog Lazn11, S. F. Blake, H. Hodovanets, A. Mccollam, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, A. I. Coldea Dec 2016

De Haas–Van Alphen Study Of Role Of 4f Electrons In Antiferromagnetic Cezn11 As Compared To Its Nonmagnetic Analog Lazn11, S. F. Blake, H. Hodovanets, A. Mccollam, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, A. I. Coldea

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We present a de Haas–van Alphen study of the Fermi surface of the low-temperature antiferromagnet CeZn11 and its nonmagnetic analog LaZn11, measured by torque magnetometry up to fields of 33T and at temperatures down to 320mK. Both systems possess similar de Haas–van Alphen frequencies, with three clear sets of features—ranging from 50T to 4kT—corresponding to three bands of a complex Fermi surface, with an expected fourth band also seen weakly in CeZn11. The effective masses of the charge carriers are very light (<1me) in LaZn11 but a factor of 2–4 larger in CeZn11, indicative of stronger electronic correlations. We perform detailed density functional theory (DFT) calculations for CeZn11 and find that only DFT+U calculations with U=1.5eV, which localize the 4f states, provide a good match to the measured de Haas–van Alphen frequencies, once the presence of magnetic breakdown orbits is also considered. Our study suggests that the Fermi surface of CeZn11 is very close to that of LaZn11 being dominated by Zn 3d, as the Ce 4f states are localized and have little influence on its electronic structure, however, they are responsible for its magnetic order and contribute to enhance electronic correlations.


Sdss-Iv Manga – The Spatially Resolved Transition From Star Formation To Quiescence, Francesco Belfiore, Roberto Maiolino, Claudia Maraston, Eric Emsellem, Matthew A. Bershady, Karen L. Masters, Dmitry Bizyaev, Médéric Boquien, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, Aleksandar M. Diamond-Stanic, Niv Drory, Timothy M. Heckman, David R. Law, Olena Malanushenko, Audrey Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Alexandre Roman-Lopes, Daniel Thomas, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kyle B. Westfall, Renbin Yan Dec 2016

Sdss-Iv Manga – The Spatially Resolved Transition From Star Formation To Quiescence, Francesco Belfiore, Roberto Maiolino, Claudia Maraston, Eric Emsellem, Matthew A. Bershady, Karen L. Masters, Dmitry Bizyaev, Médéric Boquien, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, Aleksandar M. Diamond-Stanic, Niv Drory, Timothy M. Heckman, David R. Law, Olena Malanushenko, Audrey Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Alexandre Roman-Lopes, Daniel Thomas, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kyle B. Westfall, Renbin Yan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Using spatially resolved spectroscopy from SDSS-IV MaNGA we have demonstrated that low ionization emission-line regions (LIERs) in local galaxies result from photoionization by hot evolved stars, not active galactic nuclei, hence tracing galactic region hosting old stellar population where, despite the presence of ionized gas, star formation is no longer occurring. LIERs are ubiquitous in both quiescent galaxies and in the central regions of galaxies where star formation takes place at larger radii. We refer to these two classes of galaxies as extended LIER (eLIER) and central LIER (cLIER) galaxies, respectively. cLIERs are late-type galaxies primarily spread across the green ...


Adsorption Of Dysprosium On The Graphite (0001) Surface: Nucleation And Growth At 300 K, Emma J. Kwolek, Huaping Lei, Ann Lii-Rosales, Mark Wallingford, Yinghui Zhou, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans Dec 2016

Adsorption Of Dysprosium On The Graphite (0001) Surface: Nucleation And Growth At 300 K, Emma J. Kwolek, Huaping Lei, Ann Lii-Rosales, Mark Wallingford, Yinghui Zhou, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We have studied nucleation and growth of Dy islands on the basal plane of graphite at 300 K using scanning tunneling microscopy, density functional theory (DFT) in a form that includes van der Waals interactions, and analytic theory. The interaction of atomic Dy with graphite is strong, while the diffusion barrier is small. Experiment shows that at 300 K, the density of nucleated islands is close to the value predicted for homogeneous nucleation, using critical nucleus size of 1 and the DFT-derived diffusion barrier. Homogeneous nucleation is also supported by the monomodal shape of the island size distributions. Comparison with ...


Capture Zone Area Distributions For Nucleation And Growth Of Islands During Submonolayer Deposition, Yong Han, Maozhi Li, James W. Evans Dec 2016

Capture Zone Area Distributions For Nucleation And Growth Of Islands During Submonolayer Deposition, Yong Han, Maozhi Li, James W. Evans

Physics and Astronomy Publications

A fundamental evolution equation is developed to describe the distribution of areas of capture zones (CZs) associated with islands formed by homogeneous nucleation and growth during submonolayer deposition on perfect flat surfaces. This equation involves various quantities which characterize subtle spatial aspects of the nucleation process. These quantities in turn depend on the complex stochastic geometry of the CZ tessellation of the surface, and their detailed form determines the CZ area distribution (CZD) including its asymptotic features. For small CZ areas, behavior of the CZD reflects the critical island size, i. For large CZ areas, it may reflect the probability ...


Point Island Models For Nucleation And Growth Of Supported Nanoclusters During Surface Deposition, Yong Han, Émilie Gaudry, Tiago J. Oliveira, James W. Evans Dec 2016

Point Island Models For Nucleation And Growth Of Supported Nanoclusters During Surface Deposition, Yong Han, Émilie Gaudry, Tiago J. Oliveira, James W. Evans

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Point island models (PIMs) are presented for the formation of supported nanoclusters (or islands) during deposition on flat crystalline substrates at lower submonolayer coverages. These models treat islands as occupying a single adsorption site, although carrying a label to track their size (i.e., they suppress island structure). However, they are particularly effective in describing the island size and spatial distributions. In fact, these PIMs provide fundamental insight into the key features for homogeneous nucleation and growth processes on surfaces. PIMs are also versatile being readily adapted to treat both diffusion-limited and attachment-limited growth and also a variety of other ...


Linear Feedback Stabilization For A Continuously Monitored Qubit, Taylor Lee Patti, A. Chantasri, Justin Dressel, A. N. Jordan Dec 2016

Linear Feedback Stabilization For A Continuously Monitored Qubit, Taylor Lee Patti, A. Chantasri, Justin Dressel, A. N. Jordan

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

In quantum mechanics, standard or strong measurement approaches generally result in the collapse of an ensemble of wavefunctions into a stochastic mixture of eigenstates. On the other hand, continuous or weak measurements have the propensity to dynamically control the evolution of quantum states over time, guiding the trajectory of the state into non-trivial superpositions and maintaining state purity. This kind of measurement-induced state steering is of great theoretical and experimental interest for the harnessing of quantum bits or "qubits", which are the fundamental unit of the emerging quantum computer. We explore continuous measurement-based quantum state stabilization through linear feedback control ...


Azimuthally Anisotropic Emission Of Low-Momentum Direct Photons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S-Nn=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nicole Apadula, Sarah C. Campbell, Lei Ding, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Joshua Perry, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, Arbin Timilsina, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Dec 2016

Azimuthally Anisotropic Emission Of Low-Momentum Direct Photons In Au Plus Au Collisions At Root S-Nn=200 Gev, Andrew Adare, Nicole Apadula, Sarah C. Campbell, Lei Ding, John C. Hill, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Joshua Perry, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, Arbin Timilsina, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured second- and third-order Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distributions of direct photons emitted at midrapidity in Au + Au collisions at root S-NN = 200 GeV for various collision centralities. Combining two different analysis techniques, results were obtained in the transverse momentum range of 0.4 < p(T) < 4.0 GeV/c. At low p(T) the second-order coefficients, nu(2), are similar to the ones observed in hadrons. Third-order coefficients, nu(3), are nonzero and almost independent of centrality. These new results on nu(2) and nu(3), combined with previously published results on yields, are compared to model calculations that provide yields and asymmetries in the same framework. Those models are challenged to explain simultaneously the observed large yield and large azimuthal anisotropies.


Use Of Solid N2 Surfaces In Metastable Particle Detection, Wladyslaw Kedzierski, J. W. Mcconkey Dec 2016

Use Of Solid N2 Surfaces In Metastable Particle Detection, Wladyslaw Kedzierski, J. W. Mcconkey

Physics Publications

A novel detector is described in which solid nitrogen at 17 K is used as the most significant element. Metastable particles impinge on this element and immediately transfer their internal energy to the solid nitrogen producing photons, via excimer formation or otherwise, whose wavelength depends on the metastable being detected and the energy transfer process. The performance of the instrument for the detection of atomic oxygen and molecular nitrogen metastables is discussed.


Evolution And Rationale For United States Department Of Defense Electromagnetic Pulse Protection Standard, George H. Baker Iii Dec 2016

Evolution And Rationale For United States Department Of Defense Electromagnetic Pulse Protection Standard, George H. Baker Iii

Department of Integrated Science and Technology - Faculty Scholarship

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DoD) Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) protection standard offers a solid basis for protecting commercial communication, data, and control facilities. Because of the standard’s shielded barrier and test requirements, it is not surprising that there is a strong temptation within industry and government to dismiss the MIL-STD 188-125 approach in favor of less rigorous protection methods. It is important to understand that US DoD EMP protection standard for fixed facilities, MIL-STD-188-125, reflects an evolution by trial and error that spanned a period of decades beginning with the acquisition of the Minuteman Missile System in ...


Transport And Optical Conductivity In The Hubbard Model: A High-Temperature Expansion Perspective, Edward Perepelitsky, Andrew Galatas, Jernej Mravlje, Rok Žitko, Ehsan Khatami, B. Shastry, Antoine Georges Dec 2016

Transport And Optical Conductivity In The Hubbard Model: A High-Temperature Expansion Perspective, Edward Perepelitsky, Andrew Galatas, Jernej Mravlje, Rok Žitko, Ehsan Khatami, B. Shastry, Antoine Georges

Faculty Publications

We derive analytical expressions for the spectral moments of the dynamical response functions of the Hubbard model using the high-temperature series expansion. We consider generic dimension d as well as the infinite-d limit, arbitrary electron density n, and both finite and infinite repulsion U. We use moment-reconstruction methods to obtain the one-electron spectral function, the self-energy, and the optical conductivity. They are all smooth functions at high temperature and, at large U, they are featureless with characteristic widths of the order of the lattice hopping parameter t. In the infinite-d limit, we compare the series expansion results with accurate numerical ...


Observation And Analysis Of Ordered And Disordered Structures On The Zno(0001) Polar Surface, Hu Xu, Lei Dong, Xingqiang Shi, Yang Liu, Michel A. Van Hove, Nian Lin, S. Y. Tong Dec 2016

Observation And Analysis Of Ordered And Disordered Structures On The Zno(0001) Polar Surface, Hu Xu, Lei Dong, Xingqiang Shi, Yang Liu, Michel A. Van Hove, Nian Lin, S. Y. Tong

HKBU Staff Publication

Using low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), we discovered locally ordered patches of O adatoms and single Zn vacancies on the Zn-terminated ZnO(0001) polar surface. Such patches are determined to be metastable ordered structures on the surface. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that Zn atoms bonded to an O adatom encounter a larger reaction barrier for leaving lattice sites, explaining the observed general disordered nature of the Zn-terminated surface that is populated by cavities of different shapes and sizes and disordered distribution of adatoms. The interplay among different driving mechanisms provides valuable insight as to how a polar ...


Spontaneous Topological Transitions Of Electromagnetic Fields In Spatially Inhomogeneous Cp-Odd Domains, Kirill Tuchin Dec 2016

Spontaneous Topological Transitions Of Electromagnetic Fields In Spatially Inhomogeneous Cp-Odd Domains, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Metastable CP-odd domains of the hot QCD matter are coupled to QED via the chiral anomaly. The topology of electromagnetic field in these domains is characterized by magnetic helicity. It is argued, using the Maxwell-Chern-Simons model, that spatial inhomogeneity of the domains induces spontaneous transitions of electromagnetic field between the opposite magnetic helicity states.


Dielectric Analysis Of Aqueous Poly(L-Glutamic Acid) And Poly-L-(Glutamic Acid4, Tyrosine1) Solutions At High Frequencies From Capacitance Measurements, Jorge Monreal, Tatiana Eggers, Manh-Huong Phan Dec 2016

Dielectric Analysis Of Aqueous Poly(L-Glutamic Acid) And Poly-L-(Glutamic Acid4, Tyrosine1) Solutions At High Frequencies From Capacitance Measurements, Jorge Monreal, Tatiana Eggers, Manh-Huong Phan

Physics Faculty Publications

A new parallel-plate capacitor fixture has been designed and successfully used to measure dielectric loss of polyelectrolyte solutions with volumes as low as droplets of 13–26 μL. It is particularly useful when studying polypeptides that are either high-cost or can be synthesized only in limited quantities. The ease with which the fixture can be used to obtain preliminary dielectric loss data yields savings in time and cost. In this study capacitance measurements were performed in a wide range of frequencies between 1 and 800 MHz using an Agilent 4191RF Impedance Analyzer. Accuracy of measurements was carefully examined through a ...


Dual Role Of Sb Ions As Electron Traps And Hole Traps In Photorefractive Sn2P2S6 Crystals, Brant E. Kananen, Eric M. Golden, Sergey A. Basun, D. R. Evans, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, John W. Mcclory, Nancy C. Giles, Larry E. Halliburton Dec 2016

Dual Role Of Sb Ions As Electron Traps And Hole Traps In Photorefractive Sn2P2S6 Crystals, Brant E. Kananen, Eric M. Golden, Sergey A. Basun, D. R. Evans, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, John W. Mcclory, Nancy C. Giles, Larry E. Halliburton

Faculty Publications

Doping photorefractive single crystals of Sn2P2S6 with antimony introduces both electron and hole traps. In as-grown crystals, Sb3+ (5s2) ions replace Sn2+ ions. These Sb3+ ions are either isolated (with no nearby perturbing defects) or they have a charge-compensating Sn2+ vacancy at a nearest-neighbor Sn site. When illuminated with 633 nm laser light, isolated Sb3+ ions trap electrons and become Sb2+ (5s25p1) ions. In contrast, Sb3+ ions with an adjacent Sn vacancy trap holes during illumination. The hole is primarily localized on the (P ...


High Order Harmonic Generation From Sf₆: Deconvolution Of Macroscopic Effects, B. P. Wilson, K. D. Fulfer, S. Mondal, X. Ren, J. Tross, E. D. Poliakoff, J. Jose, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, Carlos A. Trallero-Herrero Dec 2016

High Order Harmonic Generation From Sf₆: Deconvolution Of Macroscopic Effects, B. P. Wilson, K. D. Fulfer, S. Mondal, X. Ren, J. Tross, E. D. Poliakoff, J. Jose, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, Carlos A. Trallero-Herrero

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We measure high order harmonics from the molecule SF₆ over a large range of phase matching conditions and observe several features in the harmonics that are largely independent of such macroscopic conditions. The experimental data are then compared to the quantitative rescattering theory for the generation of harmonics from three orbitals. With this comparison, we are able to assign spectroscopic features in the harmonics to contributions from 1t1g (HOMO) and 5t1u (HOMO-1) orbitals.


Coursenetworking And Community: Linking Online Discussion Networks And Course Success, Adrienne L. Traxler, Andrew Gavrin, Rebecca Lindell Dec 2016

Coursenetworking And Community: Linking Online Discussion Networks And Course Success, Adrienne L. Traxler, Andrew Gavrin, Rebecca Lindell

Physics Faculty Publications

Large introductory science courses are isolating for many students, and reducing this isolation is an important factor for student retention in college. Active learning courses often build community among students as an explicit goal, but many commuter or non-traditional students have limited on-campus time. Online discussion forums provide one tool for engaging students with each other outside of class time. This study uses social network analysis with forum data from an introductory physics course to examine students' positions in the class discussion network and link it to their final course grades. We find that, contrary to expectations, there is no ...


A Laboratory Facility To Study Gas-Aerosol-Cloud Interactions In A Turbulent Environment: The Π Chamber, K. Chang, J. Bench, M. Brege, Will Cantrell, K. Chandrakar, David Ciochetto, Claudio Mazzoleni, Lynn Mazzoleni, Dennis Niedermeier, R. A. Shaw Dec 2016

A Laboratory Facility To Study Gas-Aerosol-Cloud Interactions In A Turbulent Environment: The Π Chamber, K. Chang, J. Bench, M. Brege, Will Cantrell, K. Chandrakar, David Ciochetto, Claudio Mazzoleni, Lynn Mazzoleni, Dennis Niedermeier, R. A. Shaw

Department of Physics Publications

A detailed understanding of interactions of aerosols, cloud droplets/ice crystals, and trace gases within the atmosphere is of prime importance for an accurate understanding of Earth’s weather and climate. One aspect that remains especially vexing is that clouds are ubiquitously turbulent, and therefore thermodynamic and compositional variables, such as water vapor supersaturation, fluctuate in space and time. With these problems in mind, a multiphase, turbulent reaction chamber—called the Π chamber because of the internal volume of 3.14 m3 with the cylindrical insert installed—has been developed. It is capable of pressures ranging from 1,000 ...


Phase Field Simulations Of Plastic Strain-Induced Phase Transformations Under High Pressure And Large Shear, Mahdi Javanbakht, Valery I. Levitas Dec 2016

Phase Field Simulations Of Plastic Strain-Induced Phase Transformations Under High Pressure And Large Shear, Mahdi Javanbakht, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Pressure and shear strain-induced phase transformations (PTs) in a nanograined bicrystal at the evolving dislocations pile-up have been studied utilizing a phase field approach (PFA). The complete system of PFA equations for coupled martensitic PT, dislocation evolution, and mechanics at large strains is presented and solved using the finite element method (FEM). The nucleation pressure for the high-pressure phase (HPP) under hydrostatic conditions near a single dislocation was determined to be 15.9 GPa. Under shear, a dislocation pile-up that appears in the left grain creates strong stress concentration near its tip and significantly increases the local thermodynamic driving force ...


Tests Of Lorentz Symmetry In The Gravitational Sector, Aurélien Hees, Quentin G. Bailey, Adrien Bourgoin, Hélène Pihan-Le Bars, Christine Guerlin, Christophe Le Poncin-Lafitte Dec 2016

Tests Of Lorentz Symmetry In The Gravitational Sector, Aurélien Hees, Quentin G. Bailey, Adrien Bourgoin, Hélène Pihan-Le Bars, Christine Guerlin, Christophe Le Poncin-Lafitte

Publications

Lorentz symmetry is one of the pillars of both General Relativity and the Standard Model of particle physics. Motivated by ideas about quantum gravity, unification theories and violations of CPT symmetry, a significant effort has been put the last decades into testing Lorentz symmetry. This review focuses on Lorentz symmetry tests performed in the gravitational sector. We briefly review the basics of the pure gravitational sector of the Standard-Model Extension (SME) framework, a formalism developed in order to systematically parametrize hypothetical violations of the Lorentz invariance. Furthermore, we discuss the latest constraints obtained within this formalism including analyses of the ...