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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Fabrication And Characterization Of Coupled Metal-Dielectric-Metal Nanoantennas, Bhuwan Joshi, Xuejin Wen, Kai Sun, Wu Lu, Qi-Huo Wei Nov 2010

Fabrication And Characterization Of Coupled Metal-Dielectric-Metal Nanoantennas, Bhuwan Joshi, Xuejin Wen, Kai Sun, Wu Lu, Qi-Huo Wei

Chemical Physics Publications

The authors fabricated two dimensional arrays of metal-dielectric-metal nanoantennas consisting of a thin layer of light-emitting polymers sandwiched between two Ag parallel cuboids and characterized them by measuring the optical transmission through the antenna arrays. The measured transmission spectra show two resonant dips. Numerical simulations reproduce the experimental results and show that the left dip is due to a cavity resonance mode and the right dip is due to the absorption of the polymer. With this vertical antenna design, the dielectric gap can be made much smaller with an extremely small mode volume, making it a potential candidate for single ...


Dislocations And Vacancies In Two-Dimensional Mixed Crystals Of Spheres And Dimers, Sharon J. Gerbode, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen Oct 2010

Dislocations And Vacancies In Two-Dimensional Mixed Crystals Of Spheres And Dimers, Sharon J. Gerbode, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

In colloidal crystals of spheres, dislocation motion is unrestricted. On the other hand, recent studies of relaxation in crystals of colloidal dimer particles have demonstrated that the dislocation dynamics in such crystals are reminiscent of glassy systems. The observed glassy dynamics arise as a result of dislocation cages formed by certain dimer orientations. In the current study, we use experiments and simulations to investigate the transition that arises when a pure sphere crystal is doped with an increasing concentration of dimers. Specifically, we focus on both dislocation caging and vacancy motion. Interestingly, we find that any nonzero fraction of dimers ...


Glassy Dislocation Dynamics In 2d Colloidal Dimer Crystals, Sharon J. Gerbode, Ugmang Agarwal, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Fernando Escobedo, Itai Cohen Aug 2010

Glassy Dislocation Dynamics In 2d Colloidal Dimer Crystals, Sharon J. Gerbode, Ugmang Agarwal, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Fernando Escobedo, Itai Cohen

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Although glassy relaxation is typically associated with disorder, here we report on a new type of glassy dynamics relating to dislocations within 2D crystals of colloidal dimers. Previous studies have demonstrated that dislocation motion in dimer crystals is restricted by certain particle orientations. Here, we drag an optically trapped particle through such dimer crystals, creating dislocations. We find a two-stage relaxation response where initially dislocations glide until encountering particles that cage their motion. Subsequent relaxation occurs logarithmically slowly through a second process where dislocations hop between caged configurations. Finally, in simulations of sheared dimer crystals, the dislocation mean squared displacement ...


Dielectric Properties Of Mixtures Of A Bent-Core And A Calamitic Liquid Crystal, Peter Salamon, Nandor Éber, Agnes Buka, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli Mar 2010

Dielectric Properties Of Mixtures Of A Bent-Core And A Calamitic Liquid Crystal, Peter Salamon, Nandor Éber, Agnes Buka, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli

Chemical Physics Publications

Dielectric spectroscopy measurements have been performed on a bent-core nematic liquid crystal and on its binary mixtures with a calamitic nematic. We have detected more dispersions in the bent-core compound than in the calamitic one, including one at an unusually low frequency of a few kilohertz. The dispersions detected in the mixtures have been identified and the spectra have been split into contributions of the constituents. In order to connect the dielectric increment with the molecular dipole moment we have applied a sophisticated conformational calculation not performed before for a large, flexible mesogen molecule with numerous polar groups.