Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

2006

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 656

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division Dec 2006

Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

Quarterly report highlighting research projects, activities and objectives of the Transmutation Research Program at the Nuclear Science & Technology Division, Harry Reid Research Center.

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas supports the AFCI through research and development of technologies for economic and environmentally sound refinement of spent nuclear fuel. The UNLV program has four components: infrastructure, international collaboration, student-based research, and management and program support.


Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñoz Camacho, Timothy Holmstrom, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration Dec 2006

Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñoz Camacho, Timothy Holmstrom, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Chemistry and Physics Faculty Publications

We present the first measurements of the e⃗p→epγ cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region. The Q2 dependence (from 1.5 to 2.3  GeV2) of the helicity-dependent cross section indicates the twist-2 dominance of DVCS, proving that generalized parton distributions (GPDs) are accessible to experiment at moderate Q2. The helicity-independent cross section is also measured at Q2=2.3  GeV2. We present the first model-independent measurement of linear combinations of GPDs and GPD integrals up to the twist-3 approximation.


Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry And Cross Section For Inclusive Jet Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, B.I. Abelev, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, M. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, F. Benedosso, S. Bhardwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L.C. Bland, S-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, T.P. Burton, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, S. Dash, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, P. Djawotho, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, M.S. Ganti, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, Y.G. Gorbunov, H. Gos, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, K.S.F.F. Guimaraes, N. Gupta, T. D. Gutierrez, B. Haag, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, J.W. Harris, W. He, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, A.M. Hoffman, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, P. Jakl, F. Jia, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, J. Kapitan, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, S.R. Klein, A. Kocoloski, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, V. Kouchpil, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, S. Lapointe, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, X. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, L. Martin, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, J. Millane, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, C. Nattrass, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, M. Pachr, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Poljak, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, J. Reinnarth, D. Relyea, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, T. Sakuma, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, A. Shabetai, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, Z. Sun, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Z. Xu, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, W. Zhan, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo Dec 2006

Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry And Cross Section For Inclusive Jet Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, B.I. Abelev, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, M. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, F. Benedosso, S. Bhardwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L.C. Bland, S-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, T.P. Burton, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, S. Dash, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, P. Djawotho, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, M.S. Ganti, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, Y.G. Gorbunov, H. Gos, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, K.S.F.F. Guimaraes, N. Gupta, T. D. Gutierrez, B. Haag, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, J.W. Harris, W. He, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, A.M. Hoffman, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, P. Jakl, F. Jia, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, J. Kapitan, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, S.R. Klein, A. Kocoloski, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, V. Kouchpil, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, S. Lapointe, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, X. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, L. Martin, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, J. Millane, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, C. Nattrass, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, M. Pachr, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Poljak, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, J. Reinnarth, D. Relyea, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, T. Sakuma, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, A. Shabetai, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, Z. Sun, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Z. Xu, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, W. Zhan, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo

Physics

We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL and the differential cross section for inclusive midrapidity jet production in polarized proton collisions at √s=200  GeV. The cross section data cover transverse momenta 5


The Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi Dec 2006

The Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi

Graduate Student Presentations

As we know, the classical diffusion can not be able to respond the experimental results of the diffusion in the fully ionized and isothermal plasma. In this article, we purpose to extract the empirical coefficients of the Bohm diffusion and its confinement time, theoretically, in the fully ionized plasma, using the single fluid MHD equations.


Thickness Profiles Through Fatigued Bulk Ceramic Lead Zirconate Titanate, Nina Balke, Doru C. Lupascu, Thomas Blair Dec 2006

Thickness Profiles Through Fatigued Bulk Ceramic Lead Zirconate Titanate, Nina Balke, Doru C. Lupascu, Thomas Blair

Alexei Gruverman Publications

Wedge-cut samples of fatigued ferroelectric lead zirconate titanate ceramics were investigated using piezoresponse force microscopy in conjunction with conventional electrical hysteresis measurements. The local clamping of domains is monitored at different depths in the sample. The coercive fields in grains near the electrodes differ for different materials and preparation methods of the electrodes. For silver, fatigue consistently generates a space charge in the depth of the sample. For platinum electrodes, the fatigue behavior scatters strongly. Microscopically, it either occurs directly underneath the electrodes or resembles the behavior of the silver electrodes in other samples.


Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis Dec 2006

Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis

Physics

The charge transport properties of the low-dimensional thermoelectric materials K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 (02Bi8-xSbxSe13 was analyzed on the basis of the classical semiconductor theory and discussed in the context of recent band calculations. The results suggest that the K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 materials possess coexisting domains with semimetallic and semiconducting characters whose ratio is influenced by the value of x and by local defects. The extent and relative distribution of these domains control the charge transport properties. Electron diffraction experiments performed on samples of K2 ...


Measurement Of The BS0 Lifetime Using Semileptonic Decays, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2006

Measurement Of The BS0 Lifetime Using Semileptonic Decays, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report a measurement of the Bs0 lifetime in the semileptonic decay channel Bs0Ds- μ+νX (and its charge conjugate), using approximately 0.4 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector during 2002–2004. Using 5176 reconstructed Ds- μ+ signal events, we have measured the Bs0 lifetime to be τ(Bs0) = 1.398 ± 0.044(stat) -0.025+0.028(syst) ps. This is the most precise measurement of the Bs0 lifetime to date.


Model For Light Scalars In Qcd, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora Dec 2006

Model For Light Scalars In Qcd, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora

Physics

We propose a systematic procedure to study a generalized linear sigma model which can give a physical picture of possible mixing between q{\bar q} and qq{\bar q}{\bar q} low lying spin zero states. In the limit of zero quark masses, we derive the model independent results for the properties of the Nambu Goldstone pseudoscalar particles. For getting information on the scalars it is necessary to make a specific choice of terms. We impose two plausible physical criteria - the modeling of the axial anomaly and the suppression of effective vertices representing too many fermion lines - for limiting the ...


Measurement Of BD Mixing Using Opposite-Side Flavor Tagging, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2006

Measurement Of BD Mixing Using Opposite-Side Flavor Tagging, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory Snow, D0 Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report on a measurement of the Bd0 mixing frequency and the calibration of an opposite-side flavor tagger in the D0 experiment. Various properties associated with the b quark on the opposite side of the reconstructed B meson are combined using a likelihood-ratio method into a single variable with enhanced tagging power. Its performance is tested with data, using a large sample of reconstructed semileptonic B → μD0X and B → μD*X decays, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1 fb-1. The events are divided into groups depending on the value of the ...


Geometry, Electronic Properties, And Thermodynamics Of Pure And Al-Doped Li Clusters, Mal-Soon Lee, Gowtham S, Haiying He, Kah Chun Lau, Lin Pan, D G. Kanhere Dec 2006

Geometry, Electronic Properties, And Thermodynamics Of Pure And Al-Doped Li Clusters, Mal-Soon Lee, Gowtham S, Haiying He, Kah Chun Lau, Lin Pan, D G. Kanhere

Data Science Publications

The first-principles density functional molecular dynamics simulations have been carried out to investigate the geometric, the electronic, and the finite temperature properties of pure Li clusters (Li10, Li12) and Al-doped Li clusters (Li10Al, Li10Al2). We find that the addition of two Al impurities in Li10 results in a substantial structural change, while the addition of one Al impurity causes a rearrangement of atoms. Introduction of Al impurities in Li10 establishes a polar bond between Li and nearby Al atom(s), leading to a multicentered bonding, which weakens the Li-Li metallic bonds ...


Why Should Primordial Perturbations Be In A Vacuum State?, Christian Armendariz-Picon Dec 2006

Why Should Primordial Perturbations Be In A Vacuum State?, Christian Armendariz-Picon

Physics

In order to calculate the power spectrum generated during a stage of inflation, we have to specify the quantum state of the inflaton perturbations, which is conventionally assumed to be the Bunch-Davies vacuum. We argue that this choice is justified only if the interactions of cosmological perturbations are strong enough to drive excited states toward the vacuum. We quantify this efficiency by calculating the decay probabilities of excited states to leading order in the slow-roll expansion in canonical single-field inflationary models. These probabilities are suppressed by a slow-roll parameter and the squared Planck mass, and enhanced by ultraviolet and infrared ...


Proton-Λ Correlations In Central Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, J. Adams, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, S.K. Badyal, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, J. Berger, B.I. Bezverkhny, S. Bharadwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, V.S. Bhatia, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, A. Billmeier, L.C. Bland, C.O. Blyth, S.-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, A. Boucham, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, H.A. Choi, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, A.K. Dubey, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, J. Faivre, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, K. Filimonov, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, K.S.F. Fornazier, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, J. Gans, M.S. Ganti, F. Geurts, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, H. Gos, O. Grachov, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, Y. Guo, A. Gupta, N. Gupta, T.D. Gutierrez, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, D. Hardtke, J.W. Harris, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, A. Ishihara, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, M. Jedynak, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, J. Klay, S.R. Klein, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, R. Kh. Kutuev, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C.-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Q.J. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, M. Lopez-Noriega, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, S. Mahajan, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, C. Markert, L. Martin, J.N. Marx, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, F. Meissner, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, S.K. Nayak, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, V.A. Nikitin, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, V.A. Petrov, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, O. Ravel, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, D. Reichhold, J.G. Reid, J. Reinnarth, G. Renault, F. Retiere, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, I. Savin, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, K. Schweda, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, W. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, K.E. Shestermanov, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z.M. Wang, H. Ward, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Z. Xu, Z.Z. Xu, E. Yamamoto, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, I. Zborovsky, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo Dec 2006

Proton-Λ Correlations In Central Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, J. Adams, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, S.K. Badyal, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, J. Berger, B.I. Bezverkhny, S. Bharadwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, V.S. Bhatia, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, A. Billmeier, L.C. Bland, C.O. Blyth, S.-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, A. Boucham, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, H.A. Choi, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, A.K. Dubey, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, J. Faivre, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, K. Filimonov, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, K.S.F. Fornazier, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, J. Gans, M.S. Ganti, F. Geurts, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, H. Gos, O. Grachov, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, Y. Guo, A. Gupta, N. Gupta, T.D. Gutierrez, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, D. Hardtke, J.W. Harris, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, A. Ishihara, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, M. Jedynak, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, J. Klay, S.R. Klein, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, R. Kh. Kutuev, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C.-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Q.J. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, M. Lopez-Noriega, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, S. Mahajan, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, C. Markert, L. Martin, J.N. Marx, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, F. Meissner, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, S.K. Nayak, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, V.A. Nikitin, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, V.A. Petrov, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, O. Ravel, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, D. Reichhold, J.G. Reid, J. Reinnarth, G. Renault, F. Retiere, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, I. Savin, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, K. Schweda, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, W. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, K.E. Shestermanov, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z.M. Wang, H. Ward, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Z. Xu, Z.Z. Xu, E. Yamamoto, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, I. Zborovsky, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo

Physics

We report on p−Λ,p− ¯Λ¯ ,¯p¯−Λ, and ¯p¯− ¯Λ¯ correlation functions constructed in central Au-Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The proton and lambda source size is inferred from the p−Λ and p− ¯Λ¯; correlation functions. It is found to be smaller than the pion source size also measured by the STAR experiment at smaller transverse masses, in agreement with a scenario of a strong universal collective flow. The ¯p¯− Λ and p− ¯Λ¯ correlation functions, which are measured for the first time, exhibit a large anticorrelation. Annihilation channels ...


Structural Study Of Mn-Doped Zno Fi Lms By Tem, Xingzhong Li, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2006

Structural Study Of Mn-Doped Zno Fi Lms By Tem, Xingzhong Li, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

The structural study of diluted magnetic semiconductors is important for interpreting the ferromagnetic behavior associated with the materials. In the present work, a series of low concentration Mn-doped ZnO thin films synthesized by pulsed laser deposition was studied by electron microscopy. All films show the wurtzite structure with (001) preferred growth orientation on the Si substrate. Electron diffraction experiments indicate the deterioration of the growth orientation in some areas of the films with increasing Mn concentration, and the existence of a secondary phase, of Mn2O3-type, in the films with larger Mn concentrations. High-resolution electron microscopy images ...


Modified Control Software For Imaging Ultracold Atomic Clouds, Dwight L. Whitaker, A. Sharma, J. M. Brown Dec 2006

Modified Control Software For Imaging Ultracold Atomic Clouds, Dwight L. Whitaker, A. Sharma, J. M. Brown

Pomona Faculty Publications and Research

A charge-coupled device (CCD) camera capable of taking high-quality images of ultracold atomic samples can often represent a significant portion of the equipment costs in atom trapping experiment. We have modified the commercial control software of a CCD camera designed for astronomical imaging to take absorption images of ultracold rubidium clouds. This camera is sensitive at 780 nm and has been modified to take three successive 16-bit images at full resolution. The control software can be integrated into a Matlab graphical user interface with fitting routines written as Matlab functions. This camera is capable of recording high-quality images at a ...


Optical And X-Ray Variability Of Agns, C. Martin Gaskell Dec 2006

Optical And X-Ray Variability Of Agns, C. Martin Gaskell

Martin Gaskell Publications

I present new comparisons of AGN optical, UV, and X-ray variations. These reveal complex relationships between the different passbands that can change with time in a given object. While there is evidence from several objects that X-ray and optical activity levels are correlated on long timescales, variations on shorter timescales can occur independently. It is proposed that the combination of correlated and uncorrelated short-timescale variability is a consequence of anisotropic high-energy emission. It is also argued that the correlation between X-ray and optical variability on long timescales must be due to a common underlying factor and not to reprocessing of ...


Upper Bounds On Parity-Violating Gamma-Ray Asymmetries In Compound Nuclei From Polarized Cold Neutron Capture, M. T. Gericke, J. D. Bowman, R. D. Carlini, T. E. Chupp, K. P. Coulter, M. Dabaghyan, M. Dawkins, D. Desai, S. J. Freedman, T. R. Gentile, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, F. W. Hersman, T. Ino, Gordon L. Jones, M. Kandes, B. Lauss, M. Leuschner, W. R. Lozowski, R. Mahurin, M. Mason, Y. Masuda, G. S. Mitchell, S. Muto, H. Nann, S. A. Page, S. I. Penttila, W. D. Ramsay, S. Santra, P.-N. Seo, E. I. Sharapov, T. B. Smith, W. M. Snow, W. S. Wilburn, V. Yuan, H. Zhu Dec 2006

Upper Bounds On Parity-Violating Gamma-Ray Asymmetries In Compound Nuclei From Polarized Cold Neutron Capture, M. T. Gericke, J. D. Bowman, R. D. Carlini, T. E. Chupp, K. P. Coulter, M. Dabaghyan, M. Dawkins, D. Desai, S. J. Freedman, T. R. Gentile, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, F. W. Hersman, T. Ino, Gordon L. Jones, M. Kandes, B. Lauss, M. Leuschner, W. R. Lozowski, R. Mahurin, M. Mason, Y. Masuda, G. S. Mitchell, S. Muto, H. Nann, S. A. Page, S. I. Penttila, W. D. Ramsay, S. Santra, P.-N. Seo, E. I. Sharapov, T. B. Smith, W. M. Snow, W. S. Wilburn, V. Yuan, H. Zhu

Articles

Parity-odd asymmetries in the electromagnetic decays of compound nuclei can sometimes be amplified above values expected from simple dimensional estimates by the complexity of compound nuclear states. Using a statistical approach, we estimate the root-mean-square of the distribution of expected parity-odd correlations (s) over right arrow (n)center dot(k) over right arrow (gamma), where (s) over right arrow (n) is the neutron spin and (k) over right arrow (gamma) is the momentum of the gamma, in the integrated gamma spectrum from the capture of cold polarized neutrons on Al, Cu, and In. We present measurements of the asymmetries in ...


Optical Variability Of The Three Brightest Nearby Quasars, C. Martin Gaskell, Andrew J. Benker, Jeffrey S. Campbell, Thomas A. George, Cecilia H. Hedrick, Mary E. Hiller, Elizabeth S. Klimek, Joseph P. Leonard, Shoji Masatoshi, Bradley W. Peterson, Kelly S. Peterson, Kelly M. Sanders Dec 2006

Optical Variability Of The Three Brightest Nearby Quasars, C. Martin Gaskell, Andrew J. Benker, Jeffrey S. Campbell, Thomas A. George, Cecilia H. Hedrick, Mary E. Hiller, Elizabeth S. Klimek, Joseph P. Leonard, Shoji Masatoshi, Bradley W. Peterson, Kelly S. Peterson, Kelly M. Sanders

Martin Gaskell Publications

We report on the relative optical variability of the three brightest nearby quasars, 3C 273, PDS 456, and PHL 1811. All three have comparable absolute magnitudes, but PDS 456 and PHL 1811 are radio quiet. PDS 456 is a broadline object, but PHL 1811 could be classified as a high-luminosity Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 (NLS1). Both of the radio-quiet quasars show significant variability on a timescale of a few days. The seasonal rms V-band variability amplitudes of 3C 273 and PDS 456 are indistinguishable, and the seasonal rms variability amplitude of PHL 1811 was only exceeded by 3C 273 once in ...


The Origin Of Wavelength-Dependent Continuum Delays In Agns – A New Model, C. Martin Gaskell Dec 2006

The Origin Of Wavelength-Dependent Continuum Delays In Agns – A New Model, C. Martin Gaskell

Martin Gaskell Publications

A model of wavelength-dependent lags in optical continuum variability of AGNs is proposed which avoids the problems of the popular “lamppost” model. Rather than being due to reprocessing of high-energy radiation from a hypothetical source above the accretion disk, the wavelength-dependent delays observed from the B to I bands are instead due to contamination of an intrinsically coherently variable continuum with the Wien tail of the thermal emission from the hot dust in the surrounding torus. The new model correctly gives the size, wavelength dependence, and luminosity dependence of the lags, and quantitatively predicts observed color hysteresis. The model also ...


Physics Department News, December 2006, College Of Arts And Sciences Dec 2006

Physics Department News, December 2006, College Of Arts And Sciences

Physics Newsletter

Contents from Volume 5, Issue 2:

  • Editor’s Note
  • From the Chair
  • What’s New at the University
  • Faculty Highlights
  • Staff Highlights
  • PhysTEC
  • International Week
  • ICPEAC Program Meeting
  • Student News
  • Annual Student Awards
  • Recent Graduates
  • Department Roster
  • Photo Gallery
  • Feedback/Update Reply Form


Spin-Lattice Relaxation Of Heavy Spin-1/2 Nuclei In Diamagnetic Solids: A Raman Process Mediated By Spin-Rotation Interaction, Alexander J. Vega, Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Cecil Dybowski Dec 2006

Spin-Lattice Relaxation Of Heavy Spin-1/2 Nuclei In Diamagnetic Solids: A Raman Process Mediated By Spin-Rotation Interaction, Alexander J. Vega, Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Cecil Dybowski

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

We present a theory for the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation of heavy spin-1/2 nuclei in solids, which explains within an order of magnitude the unexpectedly effective lead and thallium nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rates observed in the ionic solids lead molybdate, lead chloride, lead nitrate, thallium nitrate, thallium nitrite, and thallium perchlorate. The observed rates are proportional to the square of the temperature and are independent of magnetic field. This rules out all known mechanisms usually employed to model nuclear spin relaxation in lighter spin-1/2 nuclei. The relaxation is caused by a Raman process involving the interactions between nuclear spins ...


(207)Pb Spin-Lattice Relaxation In Solid Pbmoo(4) And Pbcl(2), Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Alexander J. Vega, Cecil Dybowski Dec 2006

(207)Pb Spin-Lattice Relaxation In Solid Pbmoo(4) And Pbcl(2), Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Alexander J. Vega, Cecil Dybowski

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

We have measured the (207)Pb nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate R as a function of temperature T at two nuclear magnetic resonance frequencies omega(0) in the ionic solids lead molybdate (PbMoO(4)) and lead chloride (PbCl(2)). R is unexpectedly large, proportional to T(2), and independent of omega(0). Taken together with previous work in lead nitrate [Pb(NO(3))(2)], these results show that the relaxation does not depend on the nature or rotational motion of the counterion, particularly since the counterion in lead chloride is a single chlorine atom. The theory that explains the observed relaxation ...


Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi Dec 2006

Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We consider a semiconductor polymer chain coupled to a single electromagnetic mode in a cavity. The excitations of the chain have a mixed exciton-photon character and are described as polaritons. Polaritons are coupled to the lattice by the deformation potential interaction and can propagate in the chain. We find that the presence of optical excitation in the polymer induces strain on the lattice. We use a BCS variational wave function to calculate the chemical potential of the polaritons as a function of their density. We analyze first the case of a short chain with only two unit cells in order ...


Modulational Instability In A Layered Kerr Medium: Theory And Experiment, Martin Centurion, Mason A. Porter, Ye Pu, P. G. Kevrekidis, D. J. Frantzeskakis, Demetri Psaltis Dec 2006

Modulational Instability In A Layered Kerr Medium: Theory And Experiment, Martin Centurion, Mason A. Porter, Ye Pu, P. G. Kevrekidis, D. J. Frantzeskakis, Demetri Psaltis

Martin Centurion Publications

We present the first experimental investigation of modulational instability in a layered Kerr medium. The particularly interesting and appealing feature of our configuration, consisting of alternating glass-air layers, is the piecewise-constant nature of the material properties, which allows a theoretical linear stability analysis leading to a Kronig-Penney equation whose forbidden bands correspond to the modulationally unstable regimes. We find very good quantitative agreement between theoretical, numerical, and experimental diagnostics of the modulational instability. Because of the periodicity in the evolution variable arising from the layered medium, there are multiple instability regions rather than just one as in a uniform medium.


Single Top Quark Production At The Fermilab Tevatron: Threshold Resummation And Finite-Order Soft Gluon Corrections, Nikolaos Kidonakis Dec 2006

Single Top Quark Production At The Fermilab Tevatron: Threshold Resummation And Finite-Order Soft Gluon Corrections, Nikolaos Kidonakis

Faculty Publications

I present a calculation of threshold soft-gluon corrections to single top-quark production in p(p) collisions via all partonic processes in the t and s channels and via associated top quark and W boson production. The soft-gluon corrections are formally resummed to all orders, and finite-order expansions of the resummed cross section are calculated through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNNLO) at next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. Numerical results for single top-quark production at the Tevatron are presented, including the dependence of the cross sections on the top-quark mass and on the factorization and renormalization scales. The threshold corrections in the t channel are small ...


A Handheld Neutron-Detection Sensor System Utilizing A New Class Of Boron Carbide Diode, Kevin Osberg, Nathan Schemm, M. Susan Hallbeck, Sina Balkir, Peter A. Dowben, Jennifer I. Brand, Michael W. Hoffman Dec 2006

A Handheld Neutron-Detection Sensor System Utilizing A New Class Of Boron Carbide Diode, Kevin Osberg, Nathan Schemm, M. Susan Hallbeck, Sina Balkir, Peter A. Dowben, Jennifer I. Brand, Michael W. Hoffman

Peter Dowben Publications

A handheld neutron-detection sensor application is described in this paper. The sensor system utilizes a new class of boron carbide diode that interacts with incoming neutrons. To interface with the boron carbide diode, an integrated front end is designed in a 1.5-μm standard CMOS technology. With the diode and front-end microchip, a handheld neutron-detection system was realized with an embedded microcontroller for real-time processing. The handheld detector operation was then tested with a plutonium–beryllium neutron source. Test and measurement results confirm the validity of the approach and the functionality of the design.


Near-Field Thermal Radiative Transfer And Thermoacoustic Effects From Vapor Plumes Produced By Pulsed Co/Sub 2 /Laser Ablation Of Bulk Water, S. I. Kudryashov, Kevin Lyon, S. D. Allen Dec 2006

Near-Field Thermal Radiative Transfer And Thermoacoustic Effects From Vapor Plumes Produced By Pulsed Co/Sub 2 /Laser Ablation Of Bulk Water, S. I. Kudryashov, Kevin Lyon, S. D. Allen

Mechanical Engineering - Daytona Beach

Submillimeter deep heating of bulk water by thermal radiation from ablative water plumes produced by a 10.6 μm transversely excited atmospheric C O2 laser and the related acoustic generation has been studied using a contact time-resolved photoacoustic technique. Effective penetration depths of thermal radiation in water were measured as a function of incident laser fluence and the corresponding plume temperatures were estimated. The near-field thermal and thermoacoustic effects of thermal radiation in laser-ablated bulk water and their potential near-field implications are discussed.

c 2006 American Institute of Physics


Mesospheric Gravity Waves Observed Near Equatorial And Low-Middle Latitude Stations: Wave Characteristics And Reverse Ray Tracing Results, C. M. Wrasse, T. Nakamura, H. Takahshi, A. F. Medeiros, Michael J. Taylor, D. Gobi, C. M. Denardini, J. Fechine, R. A. Buriti, A. Salatun, Suratno, E. Achmad, A. G. Admiranto Dec 2006

Mesospheric Gravity Waves Observed Near Equatorial And Low-Middle Latitude Stations: Wave Characteristics And Reverse Ray Tracing Results, C. M. Wrasse, T. Nakamura, H. Takahshi, A. F. Medeiros, Michael J. Taylor, D. Gobi, C. M. Denardini, J. Fechine, R. A. Buriti, A. Salatun, Suratno, E. Achmad, A. G. Admiranto

All Physics Faculty Publications

Gravity wave signatures were extracted from OH airglow observations using all-sky CCD imagers at four different stations: Cachoeira Paulista (CP) (22.7° S, 45° W) and São João do Cariri (7.4° S, 36.5° W), Brazil; Tanjungsari (TJS) (6.9° S, 107.9° E), Indonesia and Shigaraki (34.9° N, 136° E), Japan. The gravity wave parameters are used as an input in a reverse ray tracing model to study the gravity wave vertical propagation trajectory and to estimate the wave source region. Gravity waves observed near the equator showed a shorter period and a larger phase velocity than ...


Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñpz Camacho, A. Camsonne, M. Mazouz, C. Ferdi, G. Gavalian, E. Kuchina, M. Amaryan, K. A. Aniol, M. Beaumel, H. Benaoum, D. Hayes, C. E. Hyde-Wright, H. Ibrahim, P. E. Ulmer, L. B. Weinstein Dec 2006

Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñpz Camacho, A. Camsonne, M. Mazouz, C. Ferdi, G. Gavalian, E. Kuchina, M. Amaryan, K. A. Aniol, M. Beaumel, H. Benaoum, D. Hayes, C. E. Hyde-Wright, H. Ibrahim, P. E. Ulmer, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the first measurements of the ep → epγ cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region. The Q2 dependence (from 1.5 to 2.3 GeV2) of the helicity-dependent cross section indicates the twist-2 dominance of DVCS, proving that generalized parton distributions (GPDs) are accessible to experiment at moderate Q2. The helicity-independent cross section is also measured at Q2=2.3 GeV2. We present the first model-independent measurement of linear combinations of GPDs and GPD integrals up to the twist-3 approximation.


Two-Loop Bethe Logarithms For Non- S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura Dec 2006

Two-Loop Bethe Logarithms For Non- S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-loop Bethe logarithms are calculated for excited P and D states in hydrogenlike systems, and estimates are presented for all states with higher angular momenta. These results complete our knowledge of the P and D energy levels in hydrogen at the order of α8 mec2, where me is the electron mass and c is the speed of light, and scale as Z6, where Z is the nuclear charge number. Our analytic and numerical calculations are consistent with the complete absence of logarithmic terms of order (απ)2 (Zα)6 ln [(Zα)-2] mec ...


New Cuoricino Results And Status Of Cuore, O. Cremonesi, R. Ardito, C. Arnaboldi, D.R. Artusa, F.T. Avignone Iii, M. Balata, I. Bandac, M. Barucci, J.W. Beeman, F. Bellini, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, S. Cebrian, M. Clemenza, C. Cosmelli, R.J. Creswick, I. Dafinei, A. De Waard, M. Dolinski, H.A. Farach, F. Ferroni, C. Gargiulo, E. Guardincerri, A. Giuliani, P. Gorla, Thomas D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, I.G. Irastorza, E. Longo, G. Maier, R. Maruyama, S. Morganti, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E.B. Norman, A. Nucciotti, E. Olivieri, P. Ottonello, M. Pallavicini, E. Palmieri, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, G. Pessina, S. Pirro, E. Previtali, B. Quiter, L. Risegari, C. Rosenfeld, S. Sangiorgio, M. Sisti, A.R. Smith, L. Torres, G. Ventura, N. Xu, L. Zanotti Dec 2006

New Cuoricino Results And Status Of Cuore, O. Cremonesi, R. Ardito, C. Arnaboldi, D.R. Artusa, F.T. Avignone Iii, M. Balata, I. Bandac, M. Barucci, J.W. Beeman, F. Bellini, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, S. Cebrian, M. Clemenza, C. Cosmelli, R.J. Creswick, I. Dafinei, A. De Waard, M. Dolinski, H.A. Farach, F. Ferroni, C. Gargiulo, E. Guardincerri, A. Giuliani, P. Gorla, Thomas D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, I.G. Irastorza, E. Longo, G. Maier, R. Maruyama, S. Morganti, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E.B. Norman, A. Nucciotti, E. Olivieri, P. Ottonello, M. Pallavicini, E. Palmieri, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, G. Pessina, S. Pirro, E. Previtali, B. Quiter, L. Risegari, C. Rosenfeld, S. Sangiorgio, M. Sisti, A.R. Smith, L. Torres, G. Ventura, N. Xu, L. Zanotti

Physics

CUORICINO is an array of 62 TeO2 bolometers with a total mass of 40.7 kg (11.2 kg of 130Te), operated at about 10 mK to search for ββ(0ν) of 130Te. The detectors are organized as a 14-story tower and intended as a slightly modified version of one of the 19 towers of the CUORE project, a proposed tightly packed array of 988 TeO2 bolometers (741 kg of total mass of TeO2) for ultralow-background searches on neutrinoless double-beta decay, cold dark matter, solar axions, and rare nuclear decays. Started in April 2003 ...