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1991

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Articles 1 - 30 of 194

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Magnetic Response Of A Single, Isolated Gold Loop, V. Chandrasekhar, Richard A. Webb, M. J. Brady, M. B. Ketchen, W. J. Gallagher, A. Kleinsasser Dec 1991

Magnetic Response Of A Single, Isolated Gold Loop, V. Chandrasekhar, Richard A. Webb, M. J. Brady, M. B. Ketchen, W. J. Gallagher, A. Kleinsasser

Faculty Publications

Measurements have been made of the low-temperature magnetic response of single, isolated, micron-size Au loops. The magnetic response is found to contain a component which oscillates with the applied magnetic flux with a fundamental period of Φ0=h/e. The amplitude of the oscillatory component corresponds to a persistent current of ≃(0.3–2.0)evF/L, 1 to 2 orders of magnitude larger than predicted by current theories.


Scaling Behavior In Shaving Cream, Douglas J. Durian, D. A. Weitz, D. J. Pine Dec 1991

Scaling Behavior In Shaving Cream, Douglas J. Durian, D. A. Weitz, D. J. Pine

Department of Physics Papers

The coarsening of a three-dimensional foam is studied with multiple light-scattering techniques. Scaling behavior is observed with the average bubble diameter growing in time as tz where z=0.45±0.05. Changes in the packing conditions during coarsening give rise to a dynamical process that also exhibits temporal scaling. Neighboring bubbles undergo sudden structural rearrangement events at a rate per unit volume that decays as t−y where y=2.0±0.2.


Surface Structure Of √3x√3r 30 Cl/Ni(111) Determined Using Low-Temperature Angle-Resolved-Photoemission Extended Fine Structure, Li-Qiong Wang, Z. Hussain, Z. Q. Huang, A. E. Schach Von Wittenau, Dennis W. Lindle, D. A. Shirley Dec 1991

Surface Structure Of √3x√3r 30 Cl/Ni(111) Determined Using Low-Temperature Angle-Resolved-Photoemission Extended Fine Structure, Li-Qiong Wang, Z. Hussain, Z. Q. Huang, A. E. Schach Von Wittenau, Dennis W. Lindle, D. A. Shirley

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A surface structural study of the √3 × √3 R30° Cl/Ni(111) adsorbate system was made using low-temperature angle-resolved photoemission extended fine structure. The experiments were performed along two emission directions, [111] and [110], and at two temperatures, 120 and 300 K. The multiple-scattering spherical-wave analysis determined that the Cl atom adsorbs in the fcc threefold hollow site, 1.837(8) Å above the first nickel layer, with a Cl-Ni bond length of 2.332(6) Å, and an approximate 5% contraction between the first and the second nickel layers (the errors in parentheses are statistical standard deviations only).


Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker Dec 1991

Electron-Energy And –Angular Distributions In The Double Photoionization Of Helium, R. Wehlitz, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Photoelectron spectra of helium have been measured at different angles and at various energies above the double-ionization threshold up to 120 eV to investigate the behavior of the energy and angular distributions, of shake-off electrons. Both energy and angular distributions clearly show a U-shaped profile which turns to a flat curve near threshold pointing to a uniform intensity distribution over the kinetic energy for all angles in this excitation energy regime. Our results for the angular-distribution asymmetry parameter indicate qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions but fail to provide them quantitatively.


The Dilaton Equation In Semirigid String Theory, Jacques Distler, Philip C. Nelson Dec 1991

The Dilaton Equation In Semirigid String Theory, Jacques Distler, Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

We show how to obtain explicit integration measures on ordinary moduli space corresponding to the correlation functions of pure 2-dimensional topological gravity. In particular our prescription tells how to remove the zero modes of the βγ system. We then use our formula to derive the “dilaton equation” introduced by E. Verlinde and H. Verlinde,a relation between the N-point and (N − 1)-point correlations of this theory. Just as incritical string theory we use the fact that certain brst-exact states fail to decouple. Instead they build up ˇ Cech classes, in this instance the Euler class of an N-times punctured ...


Formation Of Positronium In E+ + H- Collisions, Jack C. Straton, Richard J. Drachman Dec 1991

Formation Of Positronium In E+ + H- Collisions, Jack C. Straton, Richard J. Drachman

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Cross sections for positronium formation by capture from the negative hydrogen ion are given. Orthogonalization corrections to the Coulomb (first-order) Born approximation (CBA) differential and total cross sections are calculated using approximate H- wave functions of both Löwdin [Phys. Rev. 90, 123 (1953)] and Chandrasekhar [Astrophys. J. 100, 176 (1944)]. The present calculation of the CBA cross sections using the post interaction for Löwdin’s wave function (LCBAPS) disagrees with the calculation of Choudhury, Mukherjee, and Sural (CMS) [Phys. Rev. A 33, 2358 (1986)], whereas our results using the prior interaction agree. Thus, where CMS found an order of magnitude ...


Photoemission And Electronic Structure Of Tungsten-Based Metallic Glasses And Alloys , M.A. Engelhardt, Sitaram Jaswal, David J. Sellmyer Dec 1991

Photoemission And Electronic Structure Of Tungsten-Based Metallic Glasses And Alloys , M.A. Engelhardt, Sitaram Jaswal, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

The structure and electronic density of states of intertransition-metal glasses of the form TxW1-x have been investigated, where T=Cu, Ni, and Co. The film samples were prepared by cosputtering in a chamber with a rapidly rotating, water-cooled substrate. Experiments included x-ray diffraction and ultraviolet photoemission at photon energies of 21.2 and 40.8 eV, and electronic-structure calculations were performed with a self-consistent linear combination of muffin-tin-orbitals method. For the calculations the structures were simulated by either disordered crystalline or amorphous clusters of 60–64 atoms in a periodically extended supercell. The range of amorphous alloy ...


The Process-Controlled Magnetic Properties Of Nanostructured Co/Ag Composite Films, Sy_Hwang Liou, S. Malhotra, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, C.P. Reed, R.J. Deangelis, G.M. Chow Nov 1991

The Process-Controlled Magnetic Properties Of Nanostructured Co/Ag Composite Films, Sy_Hwang Liou, S. Malhotra, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, C.P. Reed, R.J. Deangelis, G.M. Chow

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

Nanostructured Co/Ag composite films were prepared by magnetron sputtering using a single target. The average crystallite sizes of Co and Ag in the films depend on the deposition conditions. As the substrate temperature increases from 100 °C to 600 °C, the average Ag crystallite size increases from 39 to 452 Å, and the average Co crystallite size increases from Å in the film with 39 vol. % of Co. The films with 39 vol. % of Co and prepared at 400 °C substrate temperature showed a maximum magnetic coercivity of 565 Oe at 6 K. We have studied the correlation between ...


The Heisenberg Antiferromagnet With A Low Concentration Of Static Defects, C. C. Wan, A. Brooks Harris Nov 1991

The Heisenberg Antiferromagnet With A Low Concentration Of Static Defects, C. C. Wan, A. Brooks Harris

Department of Physics Papers

The static and dynamic response associated with a low concentration, x, of static defects in a Heisenberg antiferromagnet at zero temperature is analyzed within linearized spin‐wave theory. We obtain the dispersion relation for long‐wavelength spin waves in the form ω(q )= c ( x ) q + iγ( x ) q τ. Our results for c(x) agree with previous work, and in particular give c(x) = c(0)[1 + αx + O(x 2)] where the coefficient α, which can be related to the helicity modulus and the uniform perpendicular susceptibility, diverges in the limit d→2, where d is ...


Development Of The Gd(0001) Band Structure With Film Thickness, Dongqi Li, W. Hutchings, Peter A. Dowben, Rong-Tzong Wu, C. Hwang, M. Onellion, A.B. Andrews, J.L. Erskine Nov 1991

Development Of The Gd(0001) Band Structure With Film Thickness, Dongqi Li, W. Hutchings, Peter A. Dowben, Rong-Tzong Wu, C. Hwang, M. Onellion, A.B. Andrews, J.L. Erskine

Peter Dowben Publications

By growing gadolinium films on W(110), it has been possible to observe the development of the Gd(0001) band structure with increasing film thickness. The changes in the 5d bands as a result of exposure to oxygen or the development of the valence-band structure with increasing film thickness lead to changes in the 5p multiplet oscillator strengths. These changes are a result of the influence of the band structure upon the final-state effects that give rise to such multiplet structures. This study provides conclusive evidence that there is a 5d contribution to the shallow 5p ...


Fabricating Magnetic Co-Ni-C Thin-Film Alloys By Organometallic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Yoon-Gi Kim, Dongjin Byun, C. Hutchings, Peter A. Dowben, H. Hejase, K. Schröder Nov 1991

Fabricating Magnetic Co-Ni-C Thin-Film Alloys By Organometallic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Yoon-Gi Kim, Dongjin Byun, C. Hutchings, Peter A. Dowben, H. Hejase, K. Schröder

Peter Dowben Publications

We have deposited CoxNiy-C films with a variety of compositions to verify dependence of the saturation magnetization on the composition. These experiments suggest that we can produce CoxNiy-C films with a variety of magnetic properties. The CoxNiy-C films were fabricated by ultraviolet decomposition of cobaltocene and nickelocene. We demonstrated that the photolytic decomposition of these metallocenes produces cyclopentadienyl (C5H5) species, consistent with recent studies of the energetics of the ligand metal bonds.


Studies Of Domain Dynamics In Amorphous Dy/Fe Multilayers, Roger D. Kirby, J.X. Shen, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1991

Studies Of Domain Dynamics In Amorphous Dy/Fe Multilayers, Roger D. Kirby, J.X. Shen, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer

Roger Kirby Publications

Compositionally-modulated Dy/Fe films were prepared by dc magnetron sputtering onto glass substrates. For this series of samples, the Dy thickness was fixed at 5 Å, while the Fe thickness was varied from 4 to 6 Å. To study the magnetization reversal, the samples were first saturated. The magnetic field was then reversed to a value near the coercive field, and the Kerr rotation was measured as a function of time after reversal. We interpret our results in terms of the model of domain reversal first described by Fatuzzo for ferroelectrics. For some Fe thicknesses, we found that the reversal ...


Magnetic And Structural Properties Of Co/Cr Multilayers With In-Plane Anisotropy, D. Wang, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1991

Magnetic And Structural Properties Of Co/Cr Multilayers With In-Plane Anisotropy, D. Wang, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Previously we studied the effect of Cr spacer layer on in-plane coercivity in Co/Cr multilayered films. It was found that the high coercivity is related to the easy axis in-plane orientation and the character of the composition modulation. In this paper, the dependence of the saturation magnetization as a function of Co layer thickness is used to study the interface structure. The layer structure is confirmed by small angle x-ray diffractometry for typical films. The magnetic interaction among the grains is studied by examining deviation from the behavior predicted by the Wohlfarth model for noninteracting single-domain particles. Journal of ...


Temperature And Layer-Thickness Dependencies Of Kerr Rotation In Dy/Co Multilayers, Z.S. Shan, J.X. Shen, Roger D. Kirby, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1991

Temperature And Layer-Thickness Dependencies Of Kerr Rotation In Dy/Co Multilayers, Z.S. Shan, J.X. Shen, Roger D. Kirby, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

Amorphous Dy/Co multilayers with the individual layer thickness between 4 and 10 Å in steps of 0.5 to 1 Å were studied systematically over the temperature range 100–300 K. The Kerr rotation increases as temperature decreases, or as Co content increases and the coercivity increases both in the low temperature region and in the vicinity of the compensation point. These characteristics were analyzed in terms of simple models of the magnetic structure and magnetization reversal.


Sputtering Pressure Effect On Microstructure Of Surface And Interface, And On Coercivity Of Co/Pt Multilayers, Ping He, William A. Mcgahan, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, Sy_Hwang Liou, F. Sequeda, T. Mcdaniel, H. Do Nov 1991

Sputtering Pressure Effect On Microstructure Of Surface And Interface, And On Coercivity Of Co/Pt Multilayers, Ping He, William A. Mcgahan, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, Sy_Hwang Liou, F. Sequeda, T. Mcdaniel, H. Do

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

Thin Co/Pt multilayers were prepared on Si and glass substrates by sputtering with Ar pressures ranging from 2.5 to 15 mTorr. The bilayer structure of the samples was Co(3 Å)/Pt(15 Å)×17, and all samples had the easy axis of magnetization perpendicular to the sample surface as determined with a SQUID magnetometer. All samples retained the layered structure, as revealed by low-angle x-ray diffraction. In addition, diffraction peaks due to the formation of Co-Pt compounds (presumably at the interfaces between Co and Pt) were identified. The coercivity of samples changed from about 400 Oe for ...


Temperature And Thickness Dependence Of Coercivity And Magnetization Of Co/Cu And Co/Si Multilayers, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1991

Temperature And Thickness Dependence Of Coercivity And Magnetization Of Co/Cu And Co/Si Multilayers, S. Nafis, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Co/Cu and Co/Si multilayers of total thickness ~3000 Å were prepared by rf and dc magnetron sputtering. The nominal thicknesses of the individual layers were in the range of 4 to 100 Å. A large coercivity (Hc) at 10 K was observed for very thin layers of Co in Co/Cu samples, and it decreased with increase of the Co layer thickness. For very thin layers of Co in Co/Cu samples, the layer behaved superparamagnetically. Similar behavior was not to be observed in Co/Si samples. With increased substrate temperature (Ts) during deposition, Hc ...


Single-Electron Charging Effects In Insulating Wires, Venkat Chandrasekhar, Zvi Ovadyahu, Richard A. Webb Nov 1991

Single-Electron Charging Effects In Insulating Wires, Venkat Chandrasekhar, Zvi Ovadyahu, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the transport properties of 0.75-μm-long, narrow, insulating indium oxide wires and rings. These devices have no apparent tunnel barriers, yet they exhibit effects similar to those found in series arrays of very small-capacitance tunnel junctions: highly nonlinear I-V characteristics and a zero-bias conductance which is periodic in a voltage applied by means of a lateral gate. These effects are due to the influence of single-electron charging on transport through localized states in the insulating regime.


Stress Tensor Perturbations In Conformal Field Theory, Marc Campbell, Philip C. Nelson, Eugene Wong Nov 1991

Stress Tensor Perturbations In Conformal Field Theory, Marc Campbell, Philip C. Nelson, Eugene Wong

Department of Physics Papers


We reconsider the problem of deforming a conformal field theory to a neighboring theory which is again critical. An invariant formulation of this problem is important for understanding the underlying symmetry of string theory. We give a simple derivation of A. Sen’s recent formula for the change in the stress tensor and show that, when correctly interpreted, it is coordinate-invariant. We give the corresponding superconformal perturbation for superfield backgrounds and explain why it has no direct analog for spin-field backgrounds.


Variation Of Superparamagnetic Properties With Iron Loading In Mammalian Ferritin, Richard B. Frankel, G. C. Papaefthymiou, G. D. Watt Nov 1991

Variation Of Superparamagnetic Properties With Iron Loading In Mammalian Ferritin, Richard B. Frankel, G. C. Papaefthymiou, G. D. Watt

Physics

The average blocking temperatures of ferritin molecules containing differing amounts of iron were determined by Mossbauer spectroscopy. The results imply that the magnetic anisotropy of the ferritin core particles is a function of particle volume. By addition of 57Fe to ferritin core particles it was determined that, at a given temperature within the superpara-magnetic temperature region, the “last-in” ferric ions have average relaxation times that are shorter than those of the bulk ferric ions.


Anyonic Superconductivity In A Modified Large-U Hubbard Model, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Prasanta K. Panigrahi Nov 1991

Anyonic Superconductivity In A Modified Large-U Hubbard Model, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Prasanta K. Panigrahi

Physics: Faculty Publications and Other Works

A modified large-U Hubbard model at half filling is analyzed by a mean-field approach. Preserving a local U(1) symmetry of the action, the fluctuations about half filling are studied in the spirit of the commensurate-flux-phase condition. The fluctuations then contribute a Chern-Simons term to the tree-level Lagrangian with a coefficient appropriate to that of a half fermion. With the Coulomb repulsion term, we study the low-energy excitations of the model and show the existence of superconductivity in the presence of a four-Fermi interaction term.


Change Of Magnetic Properties Of Th2Fe17 Due To Interstitial Solution Of C And N, T. H. Jacobs, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, K. H. Buschow Nov 1991

Change Of Magnetic Properties Of Th2Fe17 Due To Interstitial Solution Of C And N, T. H. Jacobs, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, K. H. Buschow

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

The changes in magnetic and crystallographic properties in the series Th2Fe17Cx and Th2Fe 17Nx have been studied. The changes in the latter series were also studied by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The ultimate enhancements of the saturation moments in these series are 13% and 24%, respectively. This is much larger than observed previously in the corresponding rare-earth compounds, although the Curie temperature enhancements are of comparable magnitude. In the Th-Fe-C system a novel compound of the BaCd 11 type was found, having a Curie temperature around 370 K.


Dmsp F7 Observations Of A Substorm Field‐Aligned Current, R. E. Lopez, Harlan E. Spence, C. Meng Nov 1991

Dmsp F7 Observations Of A Substorm Field‐Aligned Current, R. E. Lopez, Harlan E. Spence, C. Meng

Physics Scholarship

In this paper we present observations of a substorm field-aligned current (FAC) system that DMSP F7 traversed just after 0300 UT on April 25, 1985. Ground magnetometer data show that a major substorm was in progress at that time and that DMSP F7 flew through a region of predominantly upward FAC. The DMSP F7 magnetic field data are consistent with this interpretation. The precipitating particle data suggest that there were three distinct large-scale FAC systems. In ascending latitude these were a downward current, an upward current, and a paired upward/downward current system. We identify the first current, which was ...


Semirigid Construction Of Topological Supergravities, Suresh Govindarajan, Philip C. Nelson, Soo-Jong Rey Nov 1991

Semirigid Construction Of Topological Supergravities, Suresh Govindarajan, Philip C. Nelson, Soo-Jong Rey

Department of Physics Papers

We show how to construct topological N = 1 and 2 supergravity theories from appropriately constrained N = 3 and 4 ghost plus matter systems. In particular N = 4 susy is not needed to obtain the N = 1 topological theory. We give a description of the relevant supermoduli spaces which must be integrated to obtain the amplitudes of these theories, as well as explicit formulas for the ingredients entering the integrands, in particular the various supercurrents with their inhomogeneous terms.


Pyro-Electro-Optic Phase Gratings, Stephen Ducharme Nov 1991

Pyro-Electro-Optic Phase Gratings, Stephen Ducharme

Stephen Ducharme Publications

A new physical mechanism is proposed for generating transient phase gratings in transparent pyroelectric materials. The mechanism combines the pyroelectric and electro-optic effects to convert spatial intensity variations into transient phase gratings. The grating diffraction efficiency increases with a figure of merit that is proportional to the pyroelectric, electro-optic, and absorption coefficients and is inversely proportional to the specific heat. The grating response time is proportional to the specific heat and inversely proportional to the thermal conductivity. Diffraction efficiencies that approach unity are predicted in several readily available electro-optic materials with modest pulse energies from Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers ...


The Behlen Observatory Variable Star Survey: First Results, Edward G. Schmidt Nov 1991

The Behlen Observatory Variable Star Survey: First Results, Edward G. Schmidt

Edward Schmidt Publications

Various light curve parameters are presented for the first 93 objects in a photometric survey of poorly studied variable stars. Stars from the General Catalogue of Variable Stars (GCVS) fainter than tenth magnitude, north of the equator which were classified as pulsating variables (but excluding the long period, semiregular, and irregular variables) were included. It is shown that two parameters, the acuteness and the rise time, are useful for characterizing the light curves. Several criteria are applied to the photometric data to test the classification of the stars. For 26 stars new or improved classifications are suggested. In particular, there ...


The Effect Of A Tilted Magnetic Field On The Equilibrium Of A Pure Electron Plasma, Grant W. Hart Nov 1991

The Effect Of A Tilted Magnetic Field On The Equilibrium Of A Pure Electron Plasma, Grant W. Hart

Faculty Publications

If the magnetic field in a pure electron plasma containment device is not aligned with the axis of the conducting walls, the electrons in the device will accumulate at the ends of the plasma where the magnetic field lines come closest to the walls and the electrons bound to the field lines can be closest to their image charges. If the plasma is also offset radially from the center (as with an l=1 diocotron mode), then more density will accumulate at one end than the other. As the plasma revolves around the center, the electrons will slosh from one ...


Critical-Behavior At The Nematic To Smectic-A Transition In A Nonpolar Liquid-Crystal With Wide Nematic Range, Li Chen, J. D. Brock, J. Huang, Satyendra Kumar Oct 1991

Critical-Behavior At The Nematic To Smectic-A Transition In A Nonpolar Liquid-Crystal With Wide Nematic Range, Li Chen, J. D. Brock, J. Huang, Satyendra Kumar

Physics Publications

High-resolution x-ray scattering experiments to study the critical smectic-A fluctuations in the nematic phase have been performed on a mixture of two nonpolar, two-benzene-ring compounds. The ratio T(NA)/T(NI) (= 0.885) for this mixture is much smaller than for previously studied similar materials. The smectic correlation lengths parallel and perpendicular to the smectic-layer normal are found to diverge anisotropically with characteristic exponents-nu parallel-to = 0.75 +/- 0.03, nu perpendicular-to = 0.65 +/- 0.03, and the susceptibility with gamma = 1.24 +/- 0.05.


Internal Caustic Structure Of Illuminated Liquid Droplets, James A. Lock, Edward A. Hovenac Oct 1991

Internal Caustic Structure Of Illuminated Liquid Droplets, James A. Lock, Edward A. Hovenac

Physics Faculty Publications

The internal electric field of an illuminated liquid droplet is studied in detail with the use of both wave theory and ray theory. The internal field attains its maximum values on the caustics within the droplet. Ray theory is used to determine the equations of these caustics and the density of rays on them. The Debye-series expansion of the interior-field Mie amplitudes is used to calculate the wave-theory version of these caustics. The physical interpretation of the sources of stimulated Raman scattering and fluorescence emission within a liquid droplet is then given.


Solid State Proton Spin Relaxation And T-Butyl And Methyl Group Reorientation In 1-Bromo-2,4,6-Tri-T-Butylbenzene, Anne M. Fry, Peter A. Beckmann, Albert J. Fry, Peter C. Fox, Ari Isenstadt Oct 1991

Solid State Proton Spin Relaxation And T-Butyl And Methyl Group Reorientation In 1-Bromo-2,4,6-Tri-T-Butylbenzene, Anne M. Fry, Peter A. Beckmann, Albert J. Fry, Peter C. Fox, Ari Isenstadt

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

We have used the solid state proton spin relaxation technique to investigate the barriers for methyl and t-butyl group reorientation in polycrystalline 1-bromo-2,4,6-tri-t-butylbenzene. The barriers in the range of 15-19 kJ/mol (3-5 kcal/mol) are compared with those found in related molecules. It is shown that the neighboring ring bromine atom has an effect on the barrier for t-butyl group reorientation similar to that of a neighboring hydrogen atom despite the significantly larger van der Waals' radius of a bromine atom. This most likely occurs because of the relatively long carbon-bromine bond, the distorted ring geometry, and ...


Inorganic Particles Produced By Microorganisms, Richard B. Frankel Oct 1991

Inorganic Particles Produced By Microorganisms, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

The processes by which microorganisms, particularly bacteria, produce inorganic mineral particles are reviewed.