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1990

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Articles 151 - 169 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Influence Of Copper Doping On The Performance Of Optically Controlled Gaas Switches, St. T. Ko, V. K. Lakdawala, K. H. Schoenbach, M. S. Mazzola Jan 1990

Influence Of Copper Doping On The Performance Of Optically Controlled Gaas Switches, St. T. Ko, V. K. Lakdawala, K. H. Schoenbach, M. S. Mazzola

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The influence of the copper concentration in silicon-doped gallium arsenide on the photoionization and photoquenching of charge carriers was studied both experimentally and theoretically. The studies indicate that the compensation ratio (NCu/NSi) is an important parameter for the GaAs:Si:Cu switch systems with regard to the turn-on and turn-off performance. The optimum copper concentration for the use of GaAs:Si:Cu as an optically controlled closing and opening switch is determined.


Methyl Reorientation In Methylphenanthrenes. Ii. Solid-State Proton Spin-Lattice Relaxation In The 1-Ch3, 9-Ch3, And 1-Cd3, 9-Ch3 Systems, F B. Mallory, C. W. Mallory, K. G. Conn, Peter A. Beckmann Jan 1990

Methyl Reorientation In Methylphenanthrenes. Ii. Solid-State Proton Spin-Lattice Relaxation In The 1-Ch3, 9-Ch3, And 1-Cd3, 9-Ch3 Systems, F B. Mallory, C. W. Mallory, K. G. Conn, Peter A. Beckmann

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

We report proton Zeeman relaxation rates R as a function of temperature T at 8.5 and 53 MHz in polycrystalline 1,9-dimethylphenanthrene (1,9-DMP) and l-trideuteriomethyl-9-methylphenanthrene (1, 9-DMP[1-d3]). The data are interpreted using a Davidson-Cole spectral density for intramolecular reorientation and the implications of this are discussed. R vs T−1data for 1,9-DMP[1-d3] are used to determine the parameters that characterize the reorientation of the 9-methyl group. By assuming that the parameters characterizing the dynamics of the 9-methyl group are the same in 1,9-DMP and 1,9-DMP[1-d3], we subtract out the R vs T ...


Transition Probabilities And Franck-Condon Factors For The Second Negative Band System Of O2+, Jane L. Fox, Alexander Dalgarno Jan 1990

Transition Probabilities And Franck-Condon Factors For The Second Negative Band System Of O2+, Jane L. Fox, Alexander Dalgarno

Physics Faculty Publications

Transition probabilities for the second negative band system of O2+ are computed using the dipole transition moment presented by Wetmore et al. [1984]. Vibrational levels υ″ = 0 − 54 of the X²Πg ground state and υ′ = 0 − 33 of the excited A²Πu state are included. Franck-Condon factors for ionization-excitation of O2 (X³Σg; υ = 0 − 25) to O2+(A²Πu;υ′ = 0 − 33) are also presented.


A Signature Of Auroral Precipitation In The Nightside Ionosphere Of Venus, Jane L. Fox, H. A. Taylor Jr. Jan 1990

A Signature Of Auroral Precipitation In The Nightside Ionosphere Of Venus, Jane L. Fox, H. A. Taylor Jr.

Physics Faculty Publications

We show here that the densities of mass-28 ions measured by the Pioneer Venus Orbiter ion mass spectrometer (OIMS) on the nightside of Venus are highly variable and show little correlation with the values of the O+ densities. We have determined the total production rates of mass-28 ions in the chemical equilibrium region and find that this production rate cannot be explained by known chemical production reactions. We propose that the “excess” production is due to precipitation of electrons into the nightside thermosphere.


Theoretical Intensity-Dependent Response Of Nonlinear Periodic Structures, Paul A. Gohman, Gust Bambakidis, Robert J. Spry Jan 1990

Theoretical Intensity-Dependent Response Of Nonlinear Periodic Structures, Paul A. Gohman, Gust Bambakidis, Robert J. Spry

Physics Faculty Publications

We have modeled the response of a nonlinear periodic structure by means of the Abelés 2×2 matrix method. Our structure differs from the usual rejection‐band filter designs, in that we have chosen the filter elements to be index matched in the absence of radiation, providing a rejection band that both grows and shifts as a function of incident intensity. The intensity output function of the model not only directly demonstrates optical bistability, but also limiting, switching, self‐pulsing, and chaos.


In Situ Hall-Effect System For Real-Time Electron-Irradiation Studies, B. S. Ziebro, David C. Look, Joseph W. Hemsky, J. Rice Jan 1990

In Situ Hall-Effect System For Real-Time Electron-Irradiation Studies, B. S. Ziebro, David C. Look, Joseph W. Hemsky, J. Rice

Physics Faculty Publications

A unique system capable of taking in situ Hall‐effect measurements during electron irradiation has been developed. The key element is a small, powerful rare‐earth magnet. Measurements can be taken while the electron beam is on, resulting in a considerable time savings and eliminating problems associated with mounting and demounting the sample. High resolution electron concentration and mobility versus fluence data are quickly and easily obtained, making possible detailed defect production rate studies as functions of energy and flux.


Review Of Hall Effect And Magnetoresistance Measurements In Gaas Materials And Devices, David C. Look Jan 1990

Review Of Hall Effect And Magnetoresistance Measurements In Gaas Materials And Devices, David C. Look

Physics Faculty Publications

The use of magnetic fields in the electrical characterization of semiconductor materials is familiar to everyone in the form of Hall‐effect measurements. However, there is another magnetic‐field‐based phenomenon, magnetoresistance (MR), which is highly useful but not nearly so familiar to the majority of workers. One of the unique features of MR measurements is their applicability to common device structures, in particular, field‐effect transistors (FETs) and contact‐resistance patterns. We will show how channel mobility information can be extracted from the MR data in metal‐semiconductor FETs (MESFETs) and modulation‐doped heterostructure FETs (MODFETs), and also how ...


The Longitude Dependence Of The Dayside F Region Trough: A Detailed Model-Observation Comparison, Jan Josef Sojka, Robert W. Schunk, J. A. Whalen Jan 1990

The Longitude Dependence Of The Dayside F Region Trough: A Detailed Model-Observation Comparison, Jan Josef Sojka, Robert W. Schunk, J. A. Whalen

All Physics Faculty Publications

The nighttime main F region trough extends into the sunlit afternoon sector. This trough feature exhibits both a strong magnetic activity dependence and a longitude (UT) dependence. Whalen (1987), using International Geophysical Year (IGY) ionosonde data, showed that both of these effects are readily extracted from ƒoF2 observations. In this study we show that the longitude effect is the same as that contained in the Utah State University time-dependent ionospheric model. It arises from the offset of the geomagnetic axis from the geographic axis. The magnetic activity dependency is associated with the westward convection in the afternoon ...


Application Of The Results Of Carbon Pellet Modeling To The Problem Of Plasma Penetration, L. L. Vahala, A. G. El Cashlan, G. A. Gerdin, P. B. Parks Jan 1990

Application Of The Results Of Carbon Pellet Modeling To The Problem Of Plasma Penetration, L. L. Vahala, A. G. El Cashlan, G. A. Gerdin, P. B. Parks

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The assumptions of the evaporation model for low-Z pellets interacting with magnetic fusion plasmas developed by Parks are tested. These assumptions are that the vapor density profile in the region adjacent to the pellet surface falls off with radial distance as r, where 5 <α<6, and that the ionization time for the transition between charge states זf (i.e., for r < ~3 sonic radii). The first assumption is tested by solving a two-parameter eigenvalue problem for the evaporation cloud in the region interior to the sonic radius; the results are found to be consistent with the low-Z evaporation model. The second assumption, that זzi «זf, is tested at the sonic radius using the results from atomic physics and the low-Z evaporation model. It is found that indeed זzi «זf for plasmas with parameters close to thermonuclear conditions (e.g. CIT), but not for those of smaller Tokamaks such as ...


Differential, Partial Cross Sections For Electron Excitation Of The Sodium 3p State, Xianming Han, G. W. Schwinn, A. Gallagher Jan 1990

Differential, Partial Cross Sections For Electron Excitation Of The Sodium 3p State, Xianming Han, G. W. Schwinn, A. Gallagher

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Using a powerful laser-based experimental method, the cross section for electron excitation of Na(3S) atoms to the Na(3P) state has been decomposed into partial components with respect to changes in the spin and angular momentum of the atomic electron, and these partial cross sections are further reduced to their differential character with respect to the electron scattering angle. Partial, differential cross sections are reported for electron collision energies from threshold 2.1 to 3.6 eV, and compared to available calculations.


Annealing Behavior Of The Photoluminescence Lines In Cdte And Znx Cd1-X Te Single Crystals, David D. Allred, A. Reyes-Mena, Jesus González-Hernández, Elías López-Cruz, Worth P. Allred Jan 1990

Annealing Behavior Of The Photoluminescence Lines In Cdte And Znx Cd1-X Te Single Crystals, David D. Allred, A. Reyes-Mena, Jesus González-Hernández, Elías López-Cruz, Worth P. Allred

Faculty Publications

The main lines in the photoluminescence spectra of Zn1Cd1-xTe single crystals grown by a modified Bridgman method in the compositional range of 0≤X≤0.25 have been identified. All crystals show only near-band-edge emission. To assist in the identification, various samples with different compositions were annealed under a Cd atmosphere. In the pure crystals, the prominent (A°, X) bound exciton line, as well as the doublet at longer wavelengths, disappear after the annealing. In contrast, the treatments do not change significantly the PL spectra of the mixed crystals.


Characterization Of Metal/Carbon Multilayers By Raman Spectroscopy, David D. Allred, Qi Wang, Jesus González-Hernández Jan 1990

Characterization Of Metal/Carbon Multilayers By Raman Spectroscopy, David D. Allred, Qi Wang, Jesus González-Hernández

Faculty Publications

Laser Raman spectroscopy has been found to be useful for characterizing amorphous semiconductor multilayers, especially the interfaces of multilayers. Recently, we have extended this technique to the characterization of magnetron sputtered multilayers commonly used as reflectors in soft x-ray optics. Unlike the multilayers previously studied which contained only semiconductors and dielectrics, these are generally semiconductor/metal multilayers. We report here on the Raman characterization of the most common class of multilayers used in soft x-ray optics, those that contain a high density metal like tungsten interspersed with layers of carbon. In all of the metal/carbon multilayers the dominate feature ...


Deposition Of Zinc Selenide By Atomic Layer Epitaxy For Multilayer X-Ray Optics, J.K. Shurtleff, David D. Allred, R. T. Perkins, J. M. Thorne Jan 1990

Deposition Of Zinc Selenide By Atomic Layer Epitaxy For Multilayer X-Ray Optics, J.K. Shurtleff, David D. Allred, R. T. Perkins, J. M. Thorne

Faculty Publications

Thin film deposition techniques currently being used to produce multilayer x-ray optics (MXOs) have difficulty producing smooth, uniform multilayers with d-spacings less than about twelve angstroms. We are investigating atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) as an alternative to these techniques. ALE is a chemical vapor deposition technique which deposits an atomic layer of material during each cycle of the deposition process. The thickness of a film deposited by ALE depends only on the number of cycles. Multilayers deposited by ALE should be smooth and uniform with precise d-spacings which makes ALE an excellent technique for producing multilayer x-ray optics. We have ...


Advanced Infrared Optically Black Baffle Materials, David D. Allred, Ronald D. Seals, C. M. Egert Jan 1990

Advanced Infrared Optically Black Baffle Materials, David D. Allred, Ronald D. Seals, C. M. Egert

Faculty Publications

Infrared optically black baffle surfaces are an essential component of many advanced optical systems. All internal surfaces in advanced infrared optical sensors that require stray light management to achieve resolution are of primary concern in baffle design. Current industrial materials need improvements to meet advanced optical sensor systems requirements for optical, survivability, and endurability. Baffles are required to survive and operate in potentially severe environments. Robust diffuse-absorptive black surfaces, which are (1) thermally and mechanically stable to threats of x-ray, launch, and in-flight maneuver conditions, with specific densities to allow an acceptable weight load, (2) handleable during assembly, (3) cleanable ...


Diffuse Absorbing Beryllium Coatings Produced By Magnetron Sputtering, David D. Allred, C. M. Egert Jan 1990

Diffuse Absorbing Beryllium Coatings Produced By Magnetron Sputtering, David D. Allred, C. M. Egert

Faculty Publications

Beryllium coatings with varying thicknesses and columnar grain sizes were deposited by low temperature magnetron sputtering and wet chemically etched to enhance diffuse absorption of light. After etching these coatings exhibited a matte black surface finish and low specular reflectance (below 2%) in the IR up to a critical wavelength dependent upon the original grain size of the coating. Extremely thick coatings (350 µm) with original grain sizes of 10 to 12 µm were produced which exhibited specular reflectances below 0.5% up to 50 µm wavelength and a Lambertian BRDF at 10.6 µm averaging 4.3x10-3 ster-1. Scanning ...


Photoconductive Characterization Of Znxcd1-Xte (0≤X≤0.25) Single Crystal Alloys, David D. Allred, Elías López-Cruz, Jesus González-Hernández, Worth P. Allred Jan 1990

Photoconductive Characterization Of Znxcd1-Xte (0≤X≤0.25) Single Crystal Alloys, David D. Allred, Elías López-Cruz, Jesus González-Hernández, Worth P. Allred

Faculty Publications

Large grain polycrystalline and single crystals of ZnxCd1-xTe grown by a modified Bridgman method were studied using the photoluminescence and photoconductivity techniques. The temperature dependence of the band gap, as determined by photoluminescence, follows the Varshni equation for measuring temperature in the range of 15-290 K. One of the fitted parameters, the Debye temperature, monotonically decreases with the increase of the atomic zinc concentration. A close correlation between the photoluminescence and photoconductivity measurements is also found. Samples in which the photoluminescence spectra exhibit emission bands associated to cadmium vacancies and other structural defects, show a photoresponse curve which includes, in ...


Design Of High Performance Soft X-Ray Windows, Raymond T. Perkins, David D. Allred, Larry V. Knight, James M. Thorne Jan 1990

Design Of High Performance Soft X-Ray Windows, Raymond T. Perkins, David D. Allred, Larry V. Knight, James M. Thorne

Faculty Publications

X-ray windows are used in sources and detectors to separate the neighborhood of the x-ray generation or detection from the use environment. While each use has its own requirements, there are some principles that should be used in designing an optimal x-ray window. Because x-rays are absorbed to some extent by all materials, minimizing absorption is one criterion in preparing windows. Also, for most uses there is a pressure difference across the window so that ensuring pinhole-free structure and sufficient mechanical strength to support the differential is another criterion for window design. Traditionally, absorption is minimized by fabricating the window ...


Winds In The Upper Mesosphere At Mid-Latitude: First Results Using An Imaging Fabry-Perot Interferometer, D Rees, A Aruliah, T J. Fuller-Rowell, Vincent B. Wickwar, R J. Sica Jan 1990

Winds In The Upper Mesosphere At Mid-Latitude: First Results Using An Imaging Fabry-Perot Interferometer, D Rees, A Aruliah, T J. Fuller-Rowell, Vincent B. Wickwar, R J. Sica

All Physics Faculty Publications

The first stage of a new midlatitude facility at the Hardware Ranch Observatory near Bear Lake (41.93°N, 111.42°W, 1970 M elevation), for studies of the aeronomy of the middle and upper atmosphere, was completed during early September 1989. An Imaging Fabry‐Perot interferometer (IFPI) (Rees et al., 1982; Rees et al., 1990), was commissioned with a special Imaging Photon Detector (IPD) (McWhirter et al., 1982), equipped with a Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) photocathode. Wind and temperature structure can be deduced from observations of the Doppler shift and Doppler broadening of airglow and auroral emissions from the mesosphere ...


Perturbations Of Gravitational Instantons, Charles G. Torre Jan 1990

Perturbations Of Gravitational Instantons, Charles G. Torre

All Physics Faculty Publications

Ashtekar's spinorial formulation of general relativity is used to study perturbations of gravitational instantons corresponding to finite-action solutions of the Euclidean Einstein equations (with a nonzero cosmological constant) possessing an anti-self-dual Weyl curvature tensor. It is shown that, with an appropriate "on-shell" form of infinitesimal gauge transformations, the space of solutions to the linearized instanton equation can be described in terms of an elliptic complex; the cohomology of the complex defines gauge-inequivalent perturbations. Using this elliptic complex we prove that there are no nontrivial solutions to the linearized instanton equation on conformally anti-self-dual Einstein spaces with a positive cosmological ...