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Series

1990

Hubbard Model

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Spin-Disordered Ground State For A Nearly Half-Filled Hubbard Model, S. E. Barnes Jan 1990

Spin-Disordered Ground State For A Nearly Half-Filled Hubbard Model, S. E. Barnes

Physics Articles and Papers

Following Nagaoka, the ground state of the large-U nearly half-filled Hubbard model is ‘‘ferromagnetic.’’ However, because of the anisotropic exchange energy JA, the physical Nagaoka ground state is nondegenerate and comprises a totally disordered spin state, i.e., a linear combination of all possible spin arrangements. For this ground state the susceptibility is Pauli-like but of a magnitude associated with a narrow band of width ∼JA while the holons, i.e., the charge excitations, correspond to spinless fermions with a band of width 2zt. Associated with the spinon sector are very poorly defined spin waves, i.e., bosons ...


All-Electronic Peierls Instability In The Infinite-U Mean-Field Theory For The Hubbard Model, S. E. Barnes Jan 1990

All-Electronic Peierls Instability In The Infinite-U Mean-Field Theory For The Hubbard Model, S. E. Barnes

Physics Articles and Papers

It is shown, for a small hole doping relative to half filling, that the large-U limit of the Hubbard model (or J=0 limit of the t-J model) exhibits an all-electron Peierls instability towards a state with a charge-density wave. The resulting gap in the spinon spectrum renders the model an insulator.