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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Many-Body Potentials And Atomic-Scale Relaxations In Noble-Metal Alloys, Graeme J. Ackland, Vaclav Vitek May 1990

Many-Body Potentials And Atomic-Scale Relaxations In Noble-Metal Alloys, Graeme J. Ackland, Vaclav Vitek

Departmental Papers (MSE)

We derive empirical many-body potentials for noble-metal alloy systems in the framework of the Finnis-Sinclair model [Philos. Mag. A 50, 45 (1984)] which is based on a second-moment approximation to the tight-binding density of states for transition metals [F. Cyrot, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29, 1235 (1968)]. The most important extension of the model is a simple incorporation of interspecies interactions which involves fitting the alloying energies. The importance of properly accounting for the local atomic relaxations when constructing the potentials is emphasized. The observed principal features of the phase diagrams of the alloys are all well reproduced by this ...


Interpretation Of The Magnetization Mechanism In Terfenol‐D Using Barkhausen Pulse‐Height Analysis And Irreversible Magnetostriction, David C. Jiles, S. Hariharan May 1990

Interpretation Of The Magnetization Mechanism In Terfenol‐D Using Barkhausen Pulse‐Height Analysis And Irreversible Magnetostriction, David C. Jiles, S. Hariharan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The ternary alloy Dy0.7Tb0.3Fe1.9, known as Terfenol‐D, is a highly magnetostrictive alloy with magnetostriction coefficients along the principal crystallographic directions of λ1 1 1=1640×10−6and λ1 0 0≤100(±30)×10−6. The bulk magnetostriction λ is dependent on the state of magnetization M, on the original domain configuration, and on the texture of the material. This paper reports on Barkhausen measurements and magnetostriction. The pulse‐height distribution of Barkhausen emissions revealed events occurring at a specific amplitude which were stress dependent. The magnetostriction results gave ...


Instrument Matrix Of The Four-Detector Photopolarimeter: Physical Meaning Of Its Rows And Columns And Constraints On Its Elements, R. M.A. Azzam Jan 1990

Instrument Matrix Of The Four-Detector Photopolarimeter: Physical Meaning Of Its Rows And Columns And Constraints On Its Elements, R. M.A. Azzam

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications

The four-detector photopolarimeter (FDP) is an arrangement of four photodetectors for measuring the state of polarization of light. The output current vector I of the FDP is related to the input Stokes vector S by I = AS, where A is the instrument matrix. The rows of A can be viewed as projection operators that determine the output currents of the detectors. This leads to the recognition of four special totally polarized input states, each of which maximizes the output of one detector. The associated four orthogonal states produce minimum signals. Because each detector is absorptive and its output is nonnegative ...


Measurement Of Magnetic Fluctuations By O-X Mode Conversion, L. L. Vahala, G. Vahala, N. Bretz Jan 1990

Measurement Of Magnetic Fluctuations By O-X Mode Conversion, L. L. Vahala, G. Vahala, N. Bretz

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The possibility of measuring magnetic fluctuations in a fusion plasma is considered by examining the O→X mode conversion. Under certain conditions and with good angular resolution, this mode conversion can be attributed to the presence of magnetic fluctuations even though the level of these fluctuations is much lower than that of density fluctuations. Some nonideal effects such as mode polarization mismatch at the plasma edge are also discussed.


Influence Of Copper Doping On The Performance Of Optically Controlled Gaas Switches, St. T. Ko, V. K. Lakdawala, K. H. Schoenbach, M. S. Mazzola Jan 1990

Influence Of Copper Doping On The Performance Of Optically Controlled Gaas Switches, St. T. Ko, V. K. Lakdawala, K. H. Schoenbach, M. S. Mazzola

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The influence of the copper concentration in silicon-doped gallium arsenide on the photoionization and photoquenching of charge carriers was studied both experimentally and theoretically. The studies indicate that the compensation ratio (NCu/NSi) is an important parameter for the GaAs:Si:Cu switch systems with regard to the turn-on and turn-off performance. The optimum copper concentration for the use of GaAs:Si:Cu as an optically controlled closing and opening switch is determined.


Application Of The Results Of Carbon Pellet Modeling To The Problem Of Plasma Penetration, L. L. Vahala, A. G. El Cashlan, G. A. Gerdin, P. B. Parks Jan 1990

Application Of The Results Of Carbon Pellet Modeling To The Problem Of Plasma Penetration, L. L. Vahala, A. G. El Cashlan, G. A. Gerdin, P. B. Parks

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The assumptions of the evaporation model for low-Z pellets interacting with magnetic fusion plasmas developed by Parks are tested. These assumptions are that the vapor density profile in the region adjacent to the pellet surface falls off with radial distance as r, where 5 <α<6, and that the ionization time for the transition between charge states זf (i.e., for r < ~3 sonic radii). The first assumption is tested by solving a two-parameter eigenvalue problem for the evaporation cloud in the region interior to the sonic radius; the results are found to be consistent with the low-Z evaporation model. The second assumption, that זzi «זf, is tested at the sonic radius using the results from atomic physics and the low-Z evaporation model. It is found that indeed זzi «זf for plasmas with parameters close to thermonuclear conditions (e.g. CIT), but not for those of smaller Tokamaks such as ...