Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Formation Of Positronium In E+ + H- Collisions, Jack C. Straton, Richard J. Drachman Dec 1991

Formation Of Positronium In E+ + H- Collisions, Jack C. Straton, Richard J. Drachman

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Cross sections for positronium formation by capture from the negative hydrogen ion are given. Orthogonalization corrections to the Coulomb (first-order) Born approximation (CBA) differential and total cross sections are calculated using approximate H- wave functions of both Löwdin [Phys. Rev. 90, 123 (1953)] and Chandrasekhar [Astrophys. J. 100, 176 (1944)]. The present calculation of the CBA cross sections using the post interaction for Löwdin’s wave function (LCBAPS) disagrees with the calculation of Choudhury, Mukherjee, and Sural (CMS) [Phys. Rev. A 33, 2358 (1986)], whereas our results using the prior interaction agree. Thus, where CMS found an order of magnitude ...


Frequency Shifts Of Molecules At Rough Metal Surfaces, M. H. Hider, P.T. Leung Aug 1991

Frequency Shifts Of Molecules At Rough Metal Surfaces, M. H. Hider, P.T. Leung

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The frequency shifts for dipolar transitions of molecules at rough metallic surfaces are studied in a phenomenological model following the approach of the authors' previous work [Phys. Rev. B 36, 4664 (1987)], with the surface roughness modeled by a shallow grating profile in most cases. The main findings here are as follows: (1) such surface-induced shifts are indeed observable for molecular frequencies away from the surface-plasmon resonance frequency of the metal; (2) the presence of surface roughness can either enhance or suppress the flat-surface-induced shifts, leading to extra morphology-dependent resonances originated from the radiative coupling between the molecular emission and ...


Fock-Tani Hamiltonian For Reactions Involving Two-Electron Atoms, Jack C. Straton Jun 1991

Fock-Tani Hamiltonian For Reactions Involving Two-Electron Atoms, Jack C. Straton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Fock-Tani Hamiltonian is found for scattering processes involving up to two ions and two electrons. Possible bound-state species include one or two electrons bound on an ion fixed at the origin, and a one-electron projectile atom. A diagrammatic technique is illustrated that simplifies the algebra of the transformation. Coulomb- or plane-wave states are automatically generated by the same asymptotic Hamiltonian for all arrangement channels.


Double Excitation Of Helium By Fast Particles Of Charge Z, James H. Mcguire, Jack C. Straton May 1991

Double Excitation Of Helium By Fast Particles Of Charge Z, James H. Mcguire, Jack C. Straton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Results of calculations of double excitation of helium to n=2 states for fast projectiles of charge Z are presented. Nonzero Z3 contributions for single and double excitation occur only when time-ordering contributions from the second-order amplitude are nonzero. For double excitation, electron correlation must also be nonzero to obtain Z3 terms. The time-ordering effects arise from virtual off-energy-shell intermediate states. As with second-order amplitudes for Thomas singularities in electron capture, the energy-nonconserving amplitude is connected to the second-order energy-conserving amplitude by a dispersion relation. Comparison is made with experiment.


First-Order Amplitude For General State-To-State Transitions In Hydrogen By Projectile Impact, Jack C. Straton Feb 1991

First-Order Amplitude For General State-To-State Transitions In Hydrogen By Projectile Impact, Jack C. Straton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The closed analytic form for bound-state transitions due to projectile impact is found in the intermediate representation. The coordinate integral is obtained by evaluating the remaining two integrals in the general multicenter integral derived previously [J.C. Straton, Phys. Rev. A 41, 71 (1990)]. Evaluating the remaining time integral depends upon relating a sum of modified Bessel functions of the second kind KN+1/2(z) to a simple polynomial in 1/z. The results of Van Den Bos and De Heer [Physica 34, 333 (1967)] are shown to be missing a phase factor of (-i)(l′+l)


100 Kv Schottky Electron Gun, J. B. Mcginn, L. W. Swanson, N. A. Martin, M. A. Gesley, M. A. Mccord, R. Viswanathan, F. J. Hohn, A. D. Wilson, R. Nauman, Mark Utlaut Jan 1991

100 Kv Schottky Electron Gun, J. B. Mcginn, L. W. Swanson, N. A. Martin, M. A. Gesley, M. A. Mccord, R. Viswanathan, F. J. Hohn, A. D. Wilson, R. Nauman, Mark Utlaut

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We present a comparison between experimental results and computer calculations on a high current, high resolution single lens electrostatic 100 kV Schottky electron gun. One promising application for such an electron gun is for direct electron‐beam patterning of x‐ray masks. The high energy helps provide precise patterning of the thick resist, maintains vertical resist profiles, and minimizes the proximity effect. The gun was designed to operate from 25 to 100 kV, capable of focus at a distance of 145–245 mm with a magnification of 1.15. The emitter, of apex radius ∼0.6 μm operated at 1800 ...


Microscopic Irreversibility And Gibbs Entropy, John D. Ramshaw Jan 1991

Microscopic Irreversibility And Gibbs Entropy, John D. Ramshaw

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

In a recent paper of the same title [J. Non-Equilib. Thermodyn., 15 (1990), 151], Liboff observed that the fine-grained Gibbs entropy of a canonical Hamiltonian system remains constant in time even for Hamiltonians that are not even in momenta and consequently violate time-reversal invariance (TRI). Here we extend this observation to non-canonical Hamiltonian systems, including systems with singular Poisson tensors and pseudo-Hamiltonian systems that violate the Jacobi identity. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for the Gibbs entropy to be constant in such systems. The concept of TRI is not in general meaningful for such systems, but it is shown ...