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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Towards A Strong Spin–Orbit Coupling Magnetoelectric Transistor, Peter Dowben, Christian Binek, Kai Zhang, Lu Wang, Wai-Ning Mei, Jonathan P. Bird, Uttam Singisetti, Xia Hong, Kang L. Wang, Dmitri Nikonov Jan 2018

Towards A Strong Spin–Orbit Coupling Magnetoelectric Transistor, Peter Dowben, Christian Binek, Kai Zhang, Lu Wang, Wai-Ning Mei, Jonathan P. Bird, Uttam Singisetti, Xia Hong, Kang L. Wang, Dmitri Nikonov

Peter Dowben Publications

Here, we outline magnetoelectric (ME) device concepts based on the voltage control of the interface magnetism of an ME antiferromagnet gate dielectric formed on a very thin semiconductor channel with large spin–orbit coupling (SOC). The emphasis of the ME spin field-effect transistors (ME spin FET) is on an antiferromagnet spin–orbit read logic device and a ME spin-FET multiplexer. Both spin-FET schemes exploit the strong SOC in the semiconducting channel materials but remain dependent on the voltage-induced switching of an ME, so that the switching time is limited only by the switching dynamics of the ME. The induced exchange ...


Comment On “Electronic Structure Of Mo(1−X)Rex Alloys Studied Through Resonant Photoemission Spectroscopy”, Prescott Evans, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2017

Comment On “Electronic Structure Of Mo(1−X)Rex Alloys Studied Through Resonant Photoemission Spectroscopy”, Prescott Evans, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Further analysis of the resonant photoemission data, found within Sundar et al (2016 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 28 315502), show the intensities do not follow the elemental composition in the Mo1−xRex alloy. Similar trends are observed in the published data for Gd1−xNix alloy films. The analysis of the resonant photoemission intensities suggests that Mo in the Mo1−xRex alloy and Gd in the Gd1−xNix alloy have nearest neighbor bonds to Re and Ni respectively. This means the A–B bond is favored over the average ...


Influence Of Steric Hindrance On The Molecular Packing And The Anchoring Of Quinonoid Zwitterions On Gold Surfaces, Minghui Yuan, Iori Tababe, Jean-Marie Bernard- Schaaf, Qin-Yin Shi, Vicki Schlegel, Rachel Schurhammer, Peter A. Dowben, Bernard Doudin, Lucie Routaboul, Pierre Braunstein Jan 2016

Influence Of Steric Hindrance On The Molecular Packing And The Anchoring Of Quinonoid Zwitterions On Gold Surfaces, Minghui Yuan, Iori Tababe, Jean-Marie Bernard- Schaaf, Qin-Yin Shi, Vicki Schlegel, Rachel Schurhammer, Peter A. Dowben, Bernard Doudin, Lucie Routaboul, Pierre Braunstein

Peter Dowben Publications

Driven by the huge potential of engineering the molecular band offset with highly dipolar molecules for improving charge injection into organic electrics, the anchoring of various N-alkyl substituted quinonoid zwitterions of formula C6H2 (···NHR)2 (···O)2 (R = iPr, Cy, CH2CH(Et)CH2CH2CH2CH3,. . .) on gold surfaces is studied. The N–Au interactions result in an orthogonal arrangement of the zwitterions cores with respect to the surface, and stabilize adsorbed compact rows of molecules. IR spectroscopy is used as a straightforward diagnostic tool to validate the presence of ultra-thin ...


Phase Separation In Lufeo3 Films, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Kishan Sinha, Wenbin Wang, Jian Wang, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu Jan 2016

Phase Separation In Lufeo3 Films, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Kishan Sinha, Wenbin Wang, Jian Wang, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu

Peter Dowben Publications

The structural transition at about 1000°C, from the hexagonal to the orthorhombic phase of LuFeO3, has been investigated in thin films of LuFeO3. Separation of the two structural phases of LuFeO3 occurs on a length scale of micrometer, as visualized in real space using X-ray photoemission electron microscopy. The results are consistent with X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy obtained from LuFeO3 thin films undergoing the irreversible structural transition from the hexagonal to the orthorhombic phase of LuFeO3, at elevated temperatures. The sharp phase boundaries between the structural phases are observed to align with ...


Low Trap-State Density And Long Carrier Diffusion In Organolead Trihalide Perovskite Single Crystals, Dong Shi, Valerio Adinolfi, Riccardo Comin, Mingjian Yuan, Erkki Alarousu, Andrei Buin, Yin Chen, Sjoerd Hoogland, Alexander Rothenberger, Khabiboulakh Katsiev, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Xin Zhang, Peter A. Dowben, Omar F. Mohammed, Edward H. Sargent, Osman M. Bakr Jan 2015

Low Trap-State Density And Long Carrier Diffusion In Organolead Trihalide Perovskite Single Crystals, Dong Shi, Valerio Adinolfi, Riccardo Comin, Mingjian Yuan, Erkki Alarousu, Andrei Buin, Yin Chen, Sjoerd Hoogland, Alexander Rothenberger, Khabiboulakh Katsiev, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Xin Zhang, Peter A. Dowben, Omar F. Mohammed, Edward H. Sargent, Osman M. Bakr

Peter Dowben Publications

The fundamental properties and ultimate performance limits of organolead trihalide MAPbX3 (MA = CH3NH3 +; X = Br or I) perovskites remain obscured by extensive disorder in polycrystalline MAPbX3 films. We report an antisolvent vapor-assisted crystallization approach that enables us to create sizable crack-free MAPbX3 single crystals with volumes exceeding 100 cubic millimeters. These large single crystals enabled a detailed characterization of their optical and charge transport characteristics. We observed exceptionally low trap-state densities on the order of 109 to 1010 per cubic centimeter in MAPbX3 single crystals (comparable to the best photovoltaic-quality silicon ...


The Spin State Of A Molecular Adsorbate Driven By The Ferroelectric Substrate Polarization†, Xin Zhang, Tatiana Palamarciuc, Jean-François Létard, Patrick Rosa, Eduardo Vega Lozada, Fernand Torres, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

The Spin State Of A Molecular Adsorbate Driven By The Ferroelectric Substrate Polarization†, Xin Zhang, Tatiana Palamarciuc, Jean-François Létard, Patrick Rosa, Eduardo Vega Lozada, Fernand Torres, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The spin state of [Fe(H2B(pz)2)2(bipy)] thin films is mediated by changes in the electric field at the interface of organic ferroelectric polyvinylidene fluoride with trifluoroethylene (PVDF–TrFE). Signatures of the molecular crossover transition are evident in changes in the unoccupied states and the related shift from diamagnetic to paramagnetic characteristics. This may point the way to the molecular magneto-electric effect on devices.


Sublattice-Induced Symmetry Breaking And Bandgap Formation In Graphene, Ralph A. Skomski, Peter A. Dowben, M Sky Driver, Jeffery A. Kelber Jan 2014

Sublattice-Induced Symmetry Breaking And Bandgap Formation In Graphene, Ralph A. Skomski, Peter A. Dowben, M Sky Driver, Jeffery A. Kelber

Peter Dowben Publications

A reduction of symmetry from C6v to C3v leads to the opening of a band gap in the otherwise gapless semiconductor graphene. Simple models provide a fairly complete picture of this mechanism for opening a band gap and in fact can be discussed in terms of the tight-binding approximation, accurately resolving the wave-vector space to a very high accuracy. This picture is consistent with experiments that yield a band gap due to A and B graphene-site symmetry breaking due to substrate interactions.


Occupied And Unoccupied Electronic Structure Of Na Doped Mos2(0001), Takashi Komesu, Duy Le, Xin Zhang, Quan Ma, Eike F. Schwier, Yohei Kojima, Mintian Zheng, Hideaki Iwasawa, Kenya Shimada, Masaki Taniguchi, Ludwig Bartels, Talat S. Rahman, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

Occupied And Unoccupied Electronic Structure Of Na Doped Mos2(0001), Takashi Komesu, Duy Le, Xin Zhang, Quan Ma, Eike F. Schwier, Yohei Kojima, Mintian Zheng, Hideaki Iwasawa, Kenya Shimada, Masaki Taniguchi, Ludwig Bartels, Talat S. Rahman, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The influence of sodium on the band structure of MoS2(0001) and the comparison of the experimental band dispersion with density functional theory show excellent agreement for the occupied states (angle-resolved photoemission) and qualitative agreement for the unoccupied states (inverse photoemission spectroscopy). Na-adsorption leads to charge transfer to the MoS2 surface causing an effect similar to n-type doping of a semiconductor. The MoS2 occupied valence band structure shifts rigidly to greater binding with little change in the occupied state dispersion. Likewise, the unoccupied states shift downward, approaching the Fermi level, yet the amount of the shift for ...


The Unoccupied Electronic Structure Characterization Of Hydrothermally Grown Tho2 Single Crystals, T D. Kelly, J C. Petrosky, D Turner, J W. Mcclory, J M. Mann, J W. Kolis, Xin Zhang, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

The Unoccupied Electronic Structure Characterization Of Hydrothermally Grown Tho2 Single Crystals, T D. Kelly, J C. Petrosky, D Turner, J W. Mcclory, J M. Mann, J W. Kolis, Xin Zhang, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Single crystals of thorium dioxide ThO2, grown by the hydrothermal growth technique, have been investigated by ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), inverse photoemission spectroscopy (IPES), and L3, M3, M4, and M5 X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). The experimental band gap for large single crystals has been determined to be 6 eV to 7 eV, from UPS and IPES, in line with expectations. The combined UPS and IPES, place the Fermi level near the conduction band minimum, making these crystals n-type, with extensive band tailing, suggesting an optical gap in the region of 4.8 eV ...


Spin Polarization Asymmetry At The Surface Of Chromia, Shi Cao, Xin Zhang, Ning Wu, A T. N'Diaye, G Chen, A K. Schmid, Xumin Chen, W Echtenkamp, Axel Enders, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

Spin Polarization Asymmetry At The Surface Of Chromia, Shi Cao, Xin Zhang, Ning Wu, A T. N'Diaye, G Chen, A K. Schmid, Xumin Chen, W Echtenkamp, Axel Enders, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

We demonstrate boundary spin polarization at the surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal using spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy (SPLEEM), complementing prior spin polarized photoemission, spin polarized inverse photoemission, and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism photoemission electron microscopy measurements. This work shows that placing a Cr2O3 single crystal into a single domain state will result in net Cr2O3 spin polarization at the boundary, even in the presence of a gold overlayer. There are indications that the SPLEEM contrast for the two polarization states may be different, consistent with scanning tunneling microscopy spectroscopy results ...


Increasing The Neel Temperature Of Magnetoelectric Chromia For Voltage-Controlled Spintronics, M Street, W Echtenkamp, Takashi Komesu, Shi Cao, Peter A. Dowben, Christian Binek Jan 2014

Increasing The Neel Temperature Of Magnetoelectric Chromia For Voltage-Controlled Spintronics, M Street, W Echtenkamp, Takashi Komesu, Shi Cao, Peter A. Dowben, Christian Binek

Peter Dowben Publications

Boron doped chromia (Cr2O3) thin films with substitutional doping levels between zero and 3% are grown using pulsed laser deposition in borane background gases. Magnetometry reveals a tunable increase in the Neel temperature of the (0001) textured Cr2BxO3-x thin films at a rate of about 10% with 1% oxygen site substitution preserving a net boundary magnetization. Spin resolved inverse photoemission measured after magnetoelectric annealing in subsequently reversed electric fields evidences voltage-controlled reversal of boundary magnetization and thus magnetoelectricity of Cr2BxO3-x. Conservation of magnetoelectricity far above room temperature ...


Rare Earth Dopant (Nd, Gd, Dy, And Er) Hybridization In Lithium Tetraborate, Tony D. Kelly, James C. Petrosky, John W. Mcclory, Volodymyr T. Adamiv, Yaroslav V. Burak, Bohdan V. Padlyak, Ihor M. Teslyuk, Ning Liu, Lu Wang, Wai-Ning Mei, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

Rare Earth Dopant (Nd, Gd, Dy, And Er) Hybridization In Lithium Tetraborate, Tony D. Kelly, James C. Petrosky, John W. Mcclory, Volodymyr T. Adamiv, Yaroslav V. Burak, Bohdan V. Padlyak, Ihor M. Teslyuk, Ning Liu, Lu Wang, Wai-Ning Mei, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The four dopants (Nd, Gd, Dy, and Er) substitutionally occupy the Li+ sites in lithium tetra borate (Li2B407: RE) glasses as determined by analysis of the extended X-ray absorption fine structure. The dopants are coordinated by 6-8 oxygen at a distance of 2.3 to 2.5 A. depending on the rare earth. The inverse relationship between the RE-O coordination distance and rare earth (RE) atomic number is consistent with the expected lanthanide atomic radial contraction with increased atomic number. Through analysis of the X-ray absorption near edge structure, the rare earth dopants adopt the ...


The Chromium Site In Doped Glassy Lithium Tetraborate, T D. Kelly, E Echeverria, Sumit Beniwal, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Axel Enders, J. C. Petrosky, J W. Mcclory, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2014

The Chromium Site In Doped Glassy Lithium Tetraborate, T D. Kelly, E Echeverria, Sumit Beniwal, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Axel Enders, J. C. Petrosky, J W. Mcclory, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, we find that Cr substitutes primarily in the Liþ site as a dopant in lithium tetraborate Li2B4O7 glasses, in this case 98.4Li2B4O7e1.6Cr2O3 or nominally Li1.98Cr0.025B4O7. This strong preference for a single site is nonetheless accompanied by site distortions and some site disorder, helping explain the optical properties of chromium doped Li2B4O7 glasses. The resulting O coordination shell has a contraction ...


Use Of Zwitterionic Molecules For Forming A Hole Or Electron Transport Layer, Bernard Doudin, Pierre Braunstein, Lucie Routaboul, Guillaume Dalmas, Zhengzheng Zhang, Peter Dowben Aug 2013

Use Of Zwitterionic Molecules For Forming A Hole Or Electron Transport Layer, Bernard Doudin, Pierre Braunstein, Lucie Routaboul, Guillaume Dalmas, Zhengzheng Zhang, Peter Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The invention relates to the use of zwitterionic molecules for forming a hole or electron transport layer. The preferred zwitterionic molecules of the invention are derivatives of p-benzoquinonemonoimines. The invention is useful in the field of electronic devices in particular.


Magnetoelectric Coupling At The Euo/Batio3 Interface, Shi Cao, P Liu, Jinke Tang, Haidong Lu, C W. Bark, Sangjin Ryu, Chang-Beom Eom, Alexei Gruverman, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Magnetoelectric Coupling At The Euo/Batio3 Interface, Shi Cao, P Liu, Jinke Tang, Haidong Lu, C W. Bark, Sangjin Ryu, Chang-Beom Eom, Alexei Gruverman, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Magnetization modulation by ferroelectric polarization switching is reported for the ferromagnetic-ferroelectric EuO/BaTiO3heterostructure. The value of the magnetization critical exponent β is consistent with the expected Heisenberg-like ferromagnetism of EuO and reported Curie temperature. The critical exponent is seen to decrease with increased magnetic coupling. The results are discussed in the context of data obtained earlier for epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/BaTiO3 heterostructures, where magnetization increases and critical exponent b also declines with ferroelectric polarization pointing away from ferromagnetic layer. The observed similarity between two systems illustrates an importance of charge doping ...


The Debye Temperature For Hydrothermally Grown Tho2 Single Crystals, Tony D. Kelly, James C. Petrosky, John W. Mcclory, Timothy Zens, David Turner, J Matthew Mann, Joseph W. Kolis, Juan A. Colon Santana, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

The Debye Temperature For Hydrothermally Grown Tho2 Single Crystals, Tony D. Kelly, James C. Petrosky, John W. Mcclory, Timothy Zens, David Turner, J Matthew Mann, Joseph W. Kolis, Juan A. Colon Santana, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The electronic properties of ThO2 single crystals were studied using x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS results show that the Th 4f core level is in an oxidation state that is consistent with that expected for Th in ThO2. The effective Debye temperature is estimated from the temperature dependent photoemission intensities of the Th 4f core level over the temperature range of 290 to 360 K. A Debye temperature of 468±32 K has been determined.


Exafs And Epr Analysis Of The Local Structure Of Mn-Doped Li2B4O7, T D. Kelly, L Kong, D A. Buchanan, A T. Brant, J. C. Petrosky, J W. Mcclory, V T. Adamiv, Y V. Burak, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Exafs And Epr Analysis Of The Local Structure Of Mn-Doped Li2B4O7, T D. Kelly, L Kong, D A. Buchanan, A T. Brant, J. C. Petrosky, J W. Mcclory, V T. Adamiv, Y V. Burak, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The local structure of Mn-doped Li2B4O7(001) was investigated using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) at the Mn K edge and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The location of the Mn dopant in a lithium tetraborate crystal is consistent with occupation of a site with strong oxygen coordination. The Mn–O bond lengths are similar to those observed with Mn doping of the icosahedral based boron carbide whereMnis in a substitutional dopant in one of the cage sites. From EXAFS, the manganese does not appear to greatly alter the overall tetragonal form of lithium tetraborate ...


Grand Challenges In Condensed Matter Physics: From Knowledge To Innovation, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Grand Challenges In Condensed Matter Physics: From Knowledge To Innovation, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) explores the fundamental properties of matter and their origins resulting from the interactions of a large number of atoms and electrons. The intricate nature of these interactions results in properties and associated phenomena that often hint at a rich vein of underlying physics. Although the perspective is changing constantly with new discoveries, the basic challenges in CMP are to predict and observe new phenomena and elucidate novel properties of materials often pushing at the frontiers of quantum mechanics [1].

CMP is also a field which stimulates technological innovation that revolutionizes modern society. For more than five ...


Adsorption Of Tcnqh-Functionalized Quinonoid Zwitterions On Gold And Graphene: Evidence For Dominant Intermolecular Interactions+, Lingmei Kong, Lucie Routaboul, Pierre Braunstein, Hong-Gi Park, Jaewu Choi, John P. Colon Cordova, E Vega, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Adsorption Of Tcnqh-Functionalized Quinonoid Zwitterions On Gold And Graphene: Evidence For Dominant Intermolecular Interactions+, Lingmei Kong, Lucie Routaboul, Pierre Braunstein, Hong-Gi Park, Jaewu Choi, John P. Colon Cordova, E Vega, Luis G. Rosa, Bernard Doudin, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

We experimentally investigate the electronic structure of the strongly dipolar, quinonoid-type molecule obtained by TCNQH-functionalization (TCNQH = (NC)2CC6H4CH(CN)2) of (6Z)-4-(butylamino)-6-(butyliminio)- 3-oxocyclohexa-1,4-dien-1-olate C6H2(...NHR)2(...O)2 (where R = n-C4H9) to be very similar after deposition from solution on either graphene or gold substrates. These zwitterion adsorbate thin films form structures that are distinct from those formed by related quinonoid molecules previously studied. We argue that adsorbate–adsorbate interactions dominate and lead to a Stranski–Krastanov ‘island growth’ mechanism.


Gamma And X-Ray Sensitivity Of Gd2O3 Heterojunctions, Juan A. Colon Santana, C M. Young, J W. Mcclory, J C. Petrosky, X Wang, P Liu, Jinke Tang, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Keisuke Fukutani, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Gamma And X-Ray Sensitivity Of Gd2O3 Heterojunctions, Juan A. Colon Santana, C M. Young, J W. Mcclory, J C. Petrosky, X Wang, P Liu, Jinke Tang, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Keisuke Fukutani, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

We find that Gd2O3 thin films strongly favor a (-402) texture growth on a variety of substrates and will form heterojunction diodes with silicon, especially when doped with oxygen vacancies. Even in the thin film limit, these heterojunction diodes appear to be sensitive to gamma radiation, likely from the X-rays created by scattering events, adding to the numerous hurdles that must be overcome if Gd based semiconductor devices are to be used for solid state neutron detection applications.


Induced Magneto-Electric Coupling In Ferroelectric/Ferromagnetic Heterostructures, Jeffery Carvell, Ruihua Cheng, Peter A. Dowben, Q Yang Jan 2013

Induced Magneto-Electric Coupling In Ferroelectric/Ferromagnetic Heterostructures, Jeffery Carvell, Ruihua Cheng, Peter A. Dowben, Q Yang

Peter Dowben Publications

Using an external magnetic field, we have demonstrated room temperature control of the electric polarization of a ferroelectric polymer, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), in an artificial multiferroic structure. For ferroelectric PVDF polymer thin films in an iron-PVDF-iron heterostructure, both the ferroelectric coercivity and polarization display a hysteresis dependence on the external magnetic field. We also find that the thickness of the PVDF layer has an effect on the magnetoelectric coupling in our samples. We observe a giant magnetoelectric coupling with values as large as 3700 V/cm Oe to 41700 V/cm Oe.


Adherent Cells Avoid Polarization Gradients On Periodically Poled Litao3 Ferroelectrics, Christof Christophis, Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam, Maximilian Hanke, Kenji Kitamura, Alexei Gruverman, Michael Grunze, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Rosenhahn Jan 2013

Adherent Cells Avoid Polarization Gradients On Periodically Poled Litao3 Ferroelectrics, Christof Christophis, Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam, Maximilian Hanke, Kenji Kitamura, Alexei Gruverman, Michael Grunze, Peter A. Dowben, Axel Rosenhahn

Peter Dowben Publications

The response of fibroblast cells to periodically poled LiTaO3 ferroelectric crystals has been studied. While fibroblast cells do not show morphological differences on the two polarization directions, they show a tendency to avoid the field gradients that occur between polarization domains of the ferroelectric. The response to the field gradients is fully established after one hour, a time at which fibroblasts form their first focal contacts. If suspension cells, with a lower tendency to establish strong surface contacts are used, no influence of the field gradients is observed.


Reversible Mn Segregation At The Polar Surface Of Lithium Tetraborate, Christina Dugan, Robert L. Hengehold, Steve R. Mchale, Juan A. Colon Santana, John W. Mcclory, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2013

Reversible Mn Segregation At The Polar Surface Of Lithium Tetraborate, Christina Dugan, Robert L. Hengehold, Steve R. Mchale, Juan A. Colon Santana, John W. Mcclory, V T. Adamiv, Ya V. Burak, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

We find Mn surface segregation for single crystals of Mn doped Li2B4O7, nominally Li1.95Mn0.05 B4O7(001), but as the temperature increases, evidence of this Mn surface segregation diminishes significantly. At room temperature, the surface photovoltaic charging is significant for this pyroelectric material but is quenched at a temperature well below that seen for the undoped Li2B4O7 samples. The suppression of surface charging in the region of 120°C that accompanies the temperature of Mn dissolution in the bulk of Li2B ...


Changing Molecular Band Offsets In Polymer Blends Of (P3ht/P(Vdf–Trfe)) Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) And Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride With Trifluoroethylene) Due To Ferroelectric Poling, Freddy Wong, Godohaldo Perez, Manuel Bonilla, Juan A. Colon-Santana, Xin Zhang, Pankaj Sharma, Alexei Gruverman, Peter A. Dowben, Luis G. Rosa Jan 2013

Changing Molecular Band Offsets In Polymer Blends Of (P3ht/P(Vdf–Trfe)) Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) And Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride With Trifluoroethylene) Due To Ferroelectric Poling, Freddy Wong, Godohaldo Perez, Manuel Bonilla, Juan A. Colon-Santana, Xin Zhang, Pankaj Sharma, Alexei Gruverman, Peter A. Dowben, Luis G. Rosa

Peter Dowben Publications

Photoelectron emission and inverse photoemission spectroscopy studies of polymer blends of poly(vinylidene fluoride (70%) – trifluoroethylene (30%)) P(VDF–TrFE 70 : 30) and regio-regular poly(3- hexylthiophene) (P3HT) provide evidence of changes in the molecular band offsets as a result of changes in the ferroelectric polarization in P(VDF–TrFE). Investigation of the blends with higher concentrations of the semiconducting P3HT component revealed that the organic semiconductor component of the blend dominates the electronic structure in the vicinity of the chemical potential. Specifically, the states of P3HT at the conduction band minimum and valence band maximum fall within the HOMO ...


Effect Of Gadolinium Doping On The Electronic Band Structure Of Europium Oxide, Juan Colon Santana, Joonhee Michael An, Ning Wu, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Xianjie Wang, Pan Liu, Jinke Tang, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, I. N. Yakovkin, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2012

Effect Of Gadolinium Doping On The Electronic Band Structure Of Europium Oxide, Juan Colon Santana, Joonhee Michael An, Ning Wu, Kirill D. Belashchenko, Xianjie Wang, Pan Liu, Jinke Tang, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, I. N. Yakovkin, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

High quality films of EuO and Eu0.96Gd0.04O were grown on p-type Si(100) via pulsed laser deposition. X-raydiffraction results show that the addition of Gd changes the growth texture from [001] to [111]. Angular-resolved photoemission spectroscopy reveals electron pockets around the X points in Gd-doped EuO, indicating that the band gap in EuO is indirect. Combined photoemission and inverse photoemission measurements showan apparent transition from n-type to p-type behavior, which is likely due to band bending near the polar (111) surface.


Schottky Barrier Formation At The Au To Rare Earth Doped Gan Thin Film Interface, S. R. Mchale, J. W. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, J. Wu, R. Palai, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2011

Schottky Barrier Formation At The Au To Rare Earth Doped Gan Thin Film Interface, S. R. Mchale, J. W. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, J. Wu, R. Palai, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The Schottky barriers formed at the interface between gold and various rare earth doped GaN thin films (RE = Yb, Er, Gd) were investigated in situ using synchrotron photoemission spectroscopy. The resultant Schottky barrier heights were measured as 1.68 ± 0.1 eV (Yb:GaN), 1.64 ± 0.1 eV (Er:GaN), and 1.33 ± 0.1 eV (Gd:GaN). We find compelling evidence that thin layers of gold do not wet and uniformly cover the GaN surface, even with rare earth doping of the GaN. Furthermore, the trend of the Schottky barrier heights follows the trend of the rare earth ...


Electron And Hole Traps In Ag-Doped Lithium Tetraborate (Li2b4o7) Crystals, A. T. Brant, B. E. Kananan, M. K. Murari, J. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, V. T. Adamiv, Ya. V. Burak, Peter A. Dowben, L. E. Halliburton Jan 2011

Electron And Hole Traps In Ag-Doped Lithium Tetraborate (Li2b4o7) Crystals, A. T. Brant, B. E. Kananan, M. K. Murari, J. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, V. T. Adamiv, Ya. V. Burak, Peter A. Dowben, L. E. Halliburton

Peter Dowben Publications

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR), and thermoluminescence (TL) are used to characterize the primary electron and hole trapping centers in a lithium tetraborate (Li2B4O7) crystal doped with Ag+. Three defects, two holelike and one electronlike, are observed after exposure at room temperature to 60 kV x-rays. The as-grown crystal contains both interstitial Ag+ ions and Ag+ ions substituting for Liþ ions. During the irradiation, substitutional Ag+ ions (4d10) trap holes and two distinct Ag2+ centers (4d9) are formed. These Ag2+ EPR spectra consist of doublets (i.e., the ...


Resonant Photoemission Of Rare Earth Doped Gan Thin Films, S. R. Mchale, J. W. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, J. Wu, R. Palai, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2011

Resonant Photoemission Of Rare Earth Doped Gan Thin Films, S. R. Mchale, J. W. Mcclory, J. C. Petrosky, J. Wu, R. Palai, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The 4d → 4f Fano resonances for various rare earth doped GaN thin films (RE = Gd, Er, Yb) were investigated using synchrotron photoemission spectroscopy. The resonant photoemission Fano profiles show that the major Gd and Er rare earth 4f weight is at about 5–6 eV below the valence band maximum, similar to the 4f weights in the valence band of many other rare earth doped semiconductors. For Yb, there is very little resonant enhancement of the valence band of Yb doped GaN, consistent with a largely 4f14 occupancy.


The Electron–Phonon Coupling At The Mo(112) Surface, Ning Wu, Keisuke Fukutani, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2010

The Electron–Phonon Coupling At The Mo(112) Surface, Ning Wu, Keisuke Fukutani, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

We investigated the electron–phonon coupling (EPC), in the vicinity of the Fermi level, for the surface-weighted states of Mo(112) from high resolution angle-resolved photoemission data taken parallel to the surface corrugation (i.e. (111)). The surface-weighted bandwidth may be discussed in terms of electron–electron interactions, electron impurity scattering and electron–phonon coupling and exhibits a mass enhancement factor λ = 0.42, within the Debye model, determined from the experimentally derived self-energy. Gold overlayers suppress the mass enhancement of the Mo(112) surface-weighted band crossing the Fermi level at 0.54 Å-1.


Ab Initio Calculations And Ellipsometry Measurements Of The Optical Properties Of The Layered Semiconductor In4Se3, L. Makinistian, E. A. Albanesi, N. V. Gonzalez Lemus, A. G. Petukhov, D. Schmidt, Eva Schubert, M. Schubert, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, P. Galiy, Peter A. Dowben Jan 2010

Ab Initio Calculations And Ellipsometry Measurements Of The Optical Properties Of The Layered Semiconductor In4Se3, L. Makinistian, E. A. Albanesi, N. V. Gonzalez Lemus, A. G. Petukhov, D. Schmidt, Eva Schubert, M. Schubert, Yaroslav B. Losovyj, P. Galiy, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

In this work, we present a thorough study of the optical properties of the layered orthorhombic compound In4Se3. The dielectric function—real and imaginary parts, the complex refraction index, the reflectivity, the absorption coefficient, and the conductivity of In4Se3 were calculated with the inclusion of the spin-orbit interaction, using an ab initio FP-LAPW method based on DFT. Also, generalized ellipsometry was employed for more precise measurement of the anisotropic dielectric functions for polarization along crystal a, b, and c axes of orthorhombic absorbing In4Se3 single crystals cut approximately parallel to (100 ...