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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Mermin Inequalities For Perfect Correlations In Many-Qutrit Systems, Jay Lawrence Apr 2017

Mermin Inequalities For Perfect Correlations In Many-Qutrit Systems, Jay Lawrence

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The existence of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) contradictions in many-qutrit systems was a long-standing theoretical question until its (affirmative) resolution in 2013. To enable experimental tests, we derive Mermin inequalities from concurrent observable sets identified in those proofs. These employ a weighted sum of observables, called M, in which every term has the chosen GHZ state as an eigenstate with eigenvalue unity. The quantum prediction for M is then just the number of concurrent observables, and this grows asymptotically as 2N/3 as the number of qutrits N→∞. The maximum classical value falls short for every N≥3, so that the quantum ...


Operator Locality In The Quantum Simulation Of Fermionic Models, Vojtěch Havlíček, Matthias Troyer, James D. Whitfield Jan 2017

Operator Locality In The Quantum Simulation Of Fermionic Models, Vojtěch Havlíček, Matthias Troyer, James D. Whitfield

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Simulating fermionic lattice models with qubits requires mapping fermionic degrees of freedom to qubits. The simplest method for this task, the Jordan-Wigner transformation, yields strings of Pauli operators acting on an extensive number of qubits. This overhead can be a hindrance to implementation of qubit-based quantum simulators, especially in the analog context. Here we thus review and analyze alternative fermion-to-qubit mappings, including the two approaches by Bravyi and Kitaev and the Auxiliary Fermion transformation. The Bravyi-Kitaev transform is reformulated in terms of a classical data structure and generalized to achieve a further locality improvement for local fermionic models on a ...


All-Optical Cooling Of Fermi Gases Via Pauli Inhibition Of Spontaneous Emission, Roberto Onofrio Nov 2016

All-Optical Cooling Of Fermi Gases Via Pauli Inhibition Of Spontaneous Emission, Roberto Onofrio

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

A technique is proposed to cool Fermi gases to the regime of quantum degeneracy based on the expected inhibition of spontaneous emission due to the Pauli principle. The reduction of the linewidth for spontaneous emission originates a corresponding reduction of the Doppler temperature, which under specific conditions may give rise to a runaway process through which fermions are progressively cooled. The approach requires a combination of a magneto-optical trap as a cooling system and an optical dipole trap to enhance quantum degeneracy. This results in expected Fermi degeneracy factors T/TF comparable to the lowest values recently achieved, with potential ...


Pattern Phase Transitions Of Self-Propelled Particles: Gases, Crystals, Liquids, And Mills, Zhao Cheng, Zhiyong Chen, Tamás Vicsek, Duxin Chen Oct 2016

Pattern Phase Transitions Of Self-Propelled Particles: Gases, Crystals, Liquids, And Mills, Zhao Cheng, Zhiyong Chen, Tamás Vicsek, Duxin Chen

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

To understand the collective behaviors of biological swarms, flocks, and colonies, we investigated the non-equilibrium dynamic patterns of self-propelled particle systems using statistical mechanics methods and H-stability analysis of Hamiltonian systems. By varying the individual vision range, we observed phase transitions between four phases, i.e., gas, crystal, liquid, and mill-liquid coexistence patterns. In addition, by varying the inter-particle force, we detected three distinct milling sub-phases, i.e., ring, annulus, and disk. Based on the coherent analysis for collective motions, one may predict the stability and adjust the morphology of the phases of self-propelled particles, which has promising potential ...


Local Spin Operators For Fermion Simulations, James D. Whitfield, Vojtěch Havlíček, Matthias Troyer Sep 2016

Local Spin Operators For Fermion Simulations, James D. Whitfield, Vojtěch Havlíček, Matthias Troyer

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Digital quantum simulation of fermionic systems is important in the context of chemistry and physics. Simulating fermionic models on general purpose quantum computers requires imposing a fermionic algebra on qubits. The previously studied Jordan-Wigner and Bravyi-Kitaev transformations are two techniques for accomplishing this task. Here, we reexamine an auxiliary fermion construction which maps fermionic operators to local operators on qubits. The local simulation is performed by relaxing the requirement that the number of qubits should match the number of single-particle states. Instead, auxiliary sites are introduced to enable nonconsecutive fermionic couplings to be simulated with constant low-rank tensor products on ...


Discrimination Between Spin-Dependent Charge Transport And Spin-Dependent Recombination In Π-Conjugated Polymers By Correlated Current And Electroluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance, Marzieh Kavand, Douglas Baird, Kipp Van Schooten, Hans Malissa Aug 2016

Discrimination Between Spin-Dependent Charge Transport And Spin-Dependent Recombination In Π-Conjugated Polymers By Correlated Current And Electroluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance, Marzieh Kavand, Douglas Baird, Kipp Van Schooten, Hans Malissa

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Spin-dependent processes play a crucial role in organic electronic devices. Spin coherence can give rise to spin mixing due to a number of processes such as hyperfine coupling, and leads to a range of magnetic field effects. However, it is not straightforward to differentiate between pure single-carrier spin-dependent transport processes which control the current and therefore the electroluminescence, and spin-dependent electron-hole recombination which determines the electroluminescence yield and in turn modulates the current. We therefore investigate the correlation between the dynamics of spin-dependent electric current and spin-dependent electroluminescence in two derivatives of the conjugated polymer poly(phenylene-vinylene) using simultaneously measured ...


Exact Solution Of Quadratic Fermionic Hamiltonians For Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Abhijeet Alase, Emilio Cobanera, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola Aug 2016

Exact Solution Of Quadratic Fermionic Hamiltonians For Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Abhijeet Alase, Emilio Cobanera, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a procedure for exactly diagonalizing finite-range quadratic fermionic Hamiltonians with arbitrary boundary conditions in one of D dimensions, and periodic in the remaining D−1. The key is a Hamiltonian-dependent separation of the bulk from the boundary. By combining information from the two, we identify a matrix function that fully characterizes the solutions, and may be used to construct an efficiently computable indicator of bulk-boundary correspondence. As an illustration, we show how our approach correctly describes the zero-energy Majorana modes of a time-reversal-invariant s-wave two-band superconductor in a Josephson ring configuration, and predicts that a fractional 4π-periodic Josephson ...


Inflation And The Quantum Measurement Problem, Stephon Alexander, Dhrubo Jyoti, João Magueijo Aug 2016

Inflation And The Quantum Measurement Problem, Stephon Alexander, Dhrubo Jyoti, João Magueijo

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We propose a solution to the quantum measurement problem in inflation. Our model treats Fourier modes of cosmological perturbations as analogous to particles in a weakly interacting Bose gas. We generalize the idea of a macroscopic wave function to cosmological fields, and construct a self-interaction Hamiltonian that focuses that wave function. By appropriately setting the coupling between modes, we obtain the standard adiabatic, scale-invariant power spectrum. Because of central limit theorem, we recover a Gaussian random field, consistent with observations.


A Proposal On Culling & Filtering A Coxeter Group For 4d, N = 1 Spacetime Susy Representations: Revised, D. E. A. Gates, S. James Gates, Kory Stiffler Aug 2016

A Proposal On Culling & Filtering A Coxeter Group For 4d, N = 1 Spacetime Susy Representations: Revised, D. E. A. Gates, S. James Gates, Kory Stiffler

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present an expanded and detailed discussion of the mathematical tools required to cull and filter representations of the Coxeter Group BC 4 into providing bases for the construction of minimal off-shell representations of the 4D, N" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">NN = 1 spacetime supersymmetry algebra.


Dynamical Decoupling Sequences For Multi-Qubit Dephasing Suppression And Long-Time Quantum Memory, Gerardo A. Paz-Silva, Seung-Woo Lee, Todd J. Green, Lorenza Viola Jul 2016

Dynamical Decoupling Sequences For Multi-Qubit Dephasing Suppression And Long-Time Quantum Memory, Gerardo A. Paz-Silva, Seung-Woo Lee, Todd J. Green, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We consider a class of multi-qubit dephasing models that combine classical noise sources and linear coupling to a bosonic environment, and are controlled by arbitrary sequences of dynamical decoupling pulses. Building on a general transfer filter-function framework for open-loop control, we provide an exact representation of the controlled dynamics for arbitrary stationary non-Gaussian classical and quantum noise statistics, with analytical expressions emerging when all dephasing sources are Gaussian. This exact characterization is used to establish two main results. First, we construct multi-qubit sequences that ensure maximum high-order error suppression in both the time and frequency domain and that can be ...


Superadiabatic Control Of Quantum Operations, Jonathan Vandermause, Chandrasekhar Ramanathan May 2016

Superadiabatic Control Of Quantum Operations, Jonathan Vandermause, Chandrasekhar Ramanathan

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Adiabatic pulses are used extensively to enable robust control of quantum operations. We introduce an approach to adiabatic control that uses the superadiabatic quality factor as a performance metric to design robust, high-fidelity pulses. This approach permits the systematic design of quantum control schemes to maximize the adiabaticity of a unitary operation in a particular time interval given the available control resources. The interplay between adiabaticity, fidelity, and robustness of the resulting pulses is examined for the case of single-qubit inversion, and superadiabatic pulses are demonstrated to have improved robustness to control errors. A numerical search strategy is developed to ...


Effective Microscopic Models For Sympathetic Cooling Of Atomic Gases, Roberto Onofrio, Bala Sundaram Sep 2015

Effective Microscopic Models For Sympathetic Cooling Of Atomic Gases, Roberto Onofrio, Bala Sundaram

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Thermalization of a system in the presence of a heat bath has been the subject of many theoretical investigations especially in the framework of solid-state physics. In this setting, the presence of a large bandwidth for the frequency distribution of the harmonic oscillators schematizing the heat bath is crucial, as emphasized in the Caldeira-Leggett model. By contrast, ultracold gases in atomic traps oscillate at well-defined frequencies and therefore seem to lie outside the Caldeira-Leggett paradigm. We introduce interaction Hamiltonians which allow us to adapt the model to an atomic physics framework. The intrinsic nonlinearity of these models differentiates them from ...


Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling Of Three Van Allen Probes Storms In 2012 And 2013, J. Paral, M. K. Hudson, B. T. Kress, M. J. Wiltberger Aug 2015

Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling Of Three Van Allen Probes Storms In 2012 And 2013, J. Paral, M. K. Hudson, B. T. Kress, M. J. Wiltberger

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Coronal mass ejection (CME)-shock compression of the dayside magnetopause has been observed to cause both prompt enhancement of radiation belt electron flux due to inward radial transport of electrons conserving their first adiabatic invariant and prompt losses which at times entirely eliminate the outer zone. Recent numerical studies suggest that enhanced ultra-low frequency (ULF) wave activity is necessary to explain electron losses deeper inside the magnetosphere than magnetopause incursion following CME-shock arrival. A combination of radial transport and magnetopause shadowing can account for losses observed at radial distances into L=4.5, well within the computed magnetopause location. We ...


Higgs Shifts From Electron–Positron Annihilations Near Neutron Stars, Gary A. Wegner, Roberto Onofrio Jul 2015

Higgs Shifts From Electron–Positron Annihilations Near Neutron Stars, Gary A. Wegner, Roberto Onofrio

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We discuss the potential for using neutron stars to determine bounds on the Higgs-Kretschmann coupling by looking at peculiar shifts in gamma-ray spectroscopic features. In particular, we reanalyze multiple lines observed in GRB781119 detected by two gamma-ray spectrometers, and derive an upper bound on the Higgs-Kretschmann coupling that is much more constraining than the one recently obtained from white dwarfs. This calls for targeted analyses of spectra of gamma-ray bursts from more recent observatories, dedicated searches for differential shifts on electron–positron and proton–antiproton annihilation spectra in proximity of compact sources, and signals of electron and proton cyclotron lines ...


Gps Phase Scintillation At High Latitudes During Geomagnetic Storms Of 7–17 March 2012 – Part 1: The North American Sector, P. Prikryl, R. Ghoddousi-Fard, E. G. Thomas, J. M. Ruohoniemi, S. G. Shepherd Jun 2015

Gps Phase Scintillation At High Latitudes During Geomagnetic Storms Of 7–17 March 2012 – Part 1: The North American Sector, P. Prikryl, R. Ghoddousi-Fard, E. G. Thomas, J. M. Ruohoniemi, S. G. Shepherd

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

During the ascending phase of solar cycle 24, a series of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) in the period 7–17 March 2012 caused geomagnetic storms that strongly affected high-latitude ionosphere in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. GPS phase scintillation was observed at northern and southern high latitudes by arrays of GPS ionospheric scintillation and TEC monitors (GISTMs) and geodetic-quality GPS receivers sampling at 1 Hz. Mapped as a function of magnetic latitude and magnetic local time, regions of enhanced scintillation are identified in the context of coupling processes between the solar wind and the magnetosphere–ionosphere system. Large southward ...


Dynamical Generation Of Floquet Majorana Flat Bands In S-Wave Superconductors, A. Poudel, G. Ortiz, L. Viola Apr 2015

Dynamical Generation Of Floquet Majorana Flat Bands In S-Wave Superconductors, A. Poudel, G. Ortiz, L. Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present quantum control techniques to engineer flat bands of symmetry-protected Majorana edge modes in s -wave superconductors. Specifically, we show how periodic control may be employed for designing time-independent effective Hamiltonians, which support Floquet Majorana flat bands, starting from equilibrium conditions that are either topologically trivial or only support individual Majorana pairs. In the first approach, a suitable modulation of the chemical potential simultaneously induces Majorana flat bands and dynamically activates a pre-existing chiral symmetry which is responsible for their protection. In the second approach, the application of effective parity kicks dynamically generates a desired chiral symmetry by suppressing ...


Gravitational-Wave Mediated Preheating, Stephon Alexander, Sam Cormack, Antonino Marcianò, Nicolás Yunes Apr 2015

Gravitational-Wave Mediated Preheating, Stephon Alexander, Sam Cormack, Antonino Marcianò, Nicolás Yunes

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We propose a new preheating mechanism through the coupling of the gravitational field to both the inflaton and matter fields, without direct inflaton–matter couplings. The inflaton transfers power to the matter fields through interactions with gravitational waves, which are exponentially enhanced due to an inflation–graviton coupling. One such coupling is the product of the inflaton to the Pontryagin density, as in dynamical Chern–Simons gravity. The energy scales involved are constrained by requiring that preheating happens fast during matter domination.


Switching Quantum Dynamics For Fast Stabilization, Pierre Scaramuzza, Francesco Ticozzi Mar 2015

Switching Quantum Dynamics For Fast Stabilization, Pierre Scaramuzza, Francesco Ticozzi

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Control strategies for dissipative preparation of target quantum states, both pure and mixed, and subspaces are obtained by switching between a set of available semigroup generators. We show that the class of problems of interest can be recast, from a control-theoretic perspective, into a switched-stabilization problem for linear dynamics. This is attained by a suitable affine transformation of the coherence-vector representation. In particular, we propose and compare stabilizing time-based and state-based switching rules for entangled state preparation, showing that the latter not only ensure faster convergence with respect to nonswitching methods, but can be designed so that they retain robustness ...


Dual-Spacecraft Reconstruction Of A Three-Dimensional Magnetic Flux Rope At The Earth's Magnetopause, H. Hasegawa, B. U. Ö. Sonnerup, S. Eriksson, T. K. M. Nakamura Feb 2015

Dual-Spacecraft Reconstruction Of A Three-Dimensional Magnetic Flux Rope At The Earth's Magnetopause, H. Hasegawa, B. U. Ö. Sonnerup, S. Eriksson, T. K. M. Nakamura

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present the first results of a data analysis method, developed by Sonnerup and Hasegawa (2011), for reconstructing three-dimensional (3-D), magnetohydrostatic structures from data taken as two closely spaced satellites traverse the structures. The method is applied to a magnetic flux transfer event (FTE), which was encountered on 27 June 2007 by at least three (TH-C, TH-D, and TH-E) of the five THEMIS probes near the subsolar magnetopause. The FTE was sandwiched between two oppositely directed reconnection jets under a southward interplanetary magnetic field condition, consistent with its generation by multiple X-line reconnection. The recovered 3-D field indicates that a ...


Maximally Entangled States Of Four Nnonbinary Particles, Mario Gaeta, Andrei Klimov, Jay Lawrence Jan 2015

Maximally Entangled States Of Four Nnonbinary Particles, Mario Gaeta, Andrei Klimov, Jay Lawrence

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Systems of four nonbinary particles, with each particle having d≥3 internal states, exhibit maximally entangled states that are inaccessible to four qubits. This breaks the pattern of two- and three-particle systems, in which the existing graph states are equally accessible to binary and nonbinary systems alike. We compare the entanglement properties of these special states (called P states) with those of the more familiar Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) and cluster states accessible to qubits. The comparison includes familiar entanglement measures, the “steering” of states by projective measurements, and the probability that two such measurements, chosen at random, leave the remaining particles ...


Robust Fast Direct Integral Equation Solver For Quasi-Periodic Scattering Problems With A Large Number Of Layers, Min Hyung Cho, Alex H. Barnett Jan 2015

Robust Fast Direct Integral Equation Solver For Quasi-Periodic Scattering Problems With A Large Number Of Layers, Min Hyung Cho, Alex H. Barnett

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a new boundary integral formulation for time-harmonic wave diffraction from two-dimensional structures with many layers of arbitrary periodic shape, such as multilayer dielectric gratings in TM polarization. Our scheme is robust at all scattering parameters, unlike the conventional quasi-periodic Green’s function method which fails whenever any of the layers approaches a Wood anomaly. We achieve this by a decomposition into near- and far-field contributions. The former uses the free-space Green’s function in a second-kind integral equation on one period of the material interfaces and their immediate left and right neighbors; the latter uses proxy point sources ...


Inductive Measurement Of Optically Hyperpolarized Phosphorous Donor Nuclei In An Isotopically Enriched Silicon-28 Crystal, P. Gumann, O. Patange, C. Ramanathan, H. Haas Dec 2014

Inductive Measurement Of Optically Hyperpolarized Phosphorous Donor Nuclei In An Isotopically Enriched Silicon-28 Crystal, P. Gumann, O. Patange, C. Ramanathan, H. Haas

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We experimentally demonstrate the first inductive readout of optically hyperpolarized phosphorus-31 donor nuclear spins in an isotopically enriched silicon-28 crystal. The concentration of phosphorus donors in the crystal was 1.5×1015  cm−3, 3 orders of magnitude lower than has previously been detected via direct inductive detection. The signal-to-noise ratio measured in a single free induction decay from a 1  cm3 sample (≈1015 spins) was 113. By transferring the sample to an X-band ESR spectrometer, we were able to obtain a lower bound for the nuclear spin polarization at 1.7 K of ∼64%. The 31P-T2 measured with a ...


Iterative Solutions To The Steady-State Density Matrix For Optomechanical Systems, P. D. Nation, J. R. Johansson, M. P. Blencowe, A. J. Rimberg Nov 2014

Iterative Solutions To The Steady-State Density Matrix For Optomechanical Systems, P. D. Nation, J. R. Johansson, M. P. Blencowe, A. J. Rimberg

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a sparse matrix permutation from graph theory that gives stable incomplete Lower- Upper (LU) preconditioners necessary for iterative solutions to the steady state density matrix for quantum optomechanical systems. This reordering is efficient, adding little overhead to the computation, and results in a marked reduction in both memory and runtime requirements compared to other solution methods, with performance gains increasing with system size. Either of these benchmarks can be tuned via the preconditioner accuracy and solution tolerance. This reordering optimizes the condition number of the approximate inverse, and is the only method found to be stable at large ...


Information-Entropic Measure Of Energy-Degenerate Kinks In Two-Field Models, R.A.C. Correa, A. De Souza Dutra, M. Gleiser Oct 2014

Information-Entropic Measure Of Energy-Degenerate Kinks In Two-Field Models, R.A.C. Correa, A. De Souza Dutra, M. Gleiser

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We investigate the existence and properties of kink-like solitons in a class of models with two interacting scalar fields. In particular, we focus on models that display both double and single-kink solutions, treatable analytically using the Bogomol'nyi–Prasad–Sommerfield bound (BPS). Such models are of interest in applications that include Skyrmions and various superstring-motivated theories. Exploring a region of parameter space where the energy for very different spatially-bound configurations is degenerate, we show that a newly-proposed momentum–space entropic measure called Configurational Entropy (CE) can distinguish between such energy-degenerate spatial profiles. This information-theoretic measure of spatial complexity provides a ...


General Transfer-Function Approach To Noise Filtering In Open-Loop Quantum Control, Gerardo A. Paz-Silva, Lorenza Viola Aug 2014

General Transfer-Function Approach To Noise Filtering In Open-Loop Quantum Control, Gerardo A. Paz-Silva, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a general transfer-function approach to noise filtering in open-loop Hamiltonian engineering protocols for open quantum systems. We show how to identify a computationally tractable set of fundamental filter functions, out of which arbitrary transfer filter functions may be assembled up to arbitrary high order in principle. Besides avoiding the infinite recursive hierarchy of filter functions that arises in general control scenarios, this fundamental filter-functions set suffices to characterize the error suppression capabilities of the control protocol in both the time and frequency domain. We prove that the resulting notion of filtering order reveals conceptually distinct, albeit complementary, features ...


Robustness Of Composite Pulses To Time-Dependent Control Noise, Chingiz Kabytayev, Todd J. Green, Kaveh Khodjasteh, Michael J. Biercuk, Lorenza Viola, Kenneth R. Brown Jul 2014

Robustness Of Composite Pulses To Time-Dependent Control Noise, Chingiz Kabytayev, Todd J. Green, Kaveh Khodjasteh, Michael J. Biercuk, Lorenza Viola, Kenneth R. Brown

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We study the performance of composite pulses in the presence of time-varying control noise on a single qubit. These protocols, originally devised only to correct for static, systematic errors, are shown to be robust to time-dependent non-Markovian noise in the control field up to frequencies as high as ∼10% of the Rabi frequency. Our study combines a generalized filter-function approach with asymptotic dc-limit calculations to give a simple analytic framework for error analysis applied to a number of composite-pulse sequences relevant to nuclear magnetic resonance as well as quantum information experiments. Results include examination of recently introduced concatenated composite pulses ...


Fundamental Bounds In Measurements For Estimating Quantum States, Hyang-Tag Lim, Young-Sik Ra, Kang-Hee Hong, Seung-Woo Lee, Yoon-Ho Kim Jul 2014

Fundamental Bounds In Measurements For Estimating Quantum States, Hyang-Tag Lim, Young-Sik Ra, Kang-Hee Hong, Seung-Woo Lee, Yoon-Ho Kim

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Quantum measurement unavoidably disturbs the state of a quantum system if any information about the system is extracted. Recently, the concept of reversing quantum measurement has been introduced and has attracted much attention. Numerous efforts have thus been devoted to understanding the fundamental relation of the amount of information obtained by measurement to either state disturbance or reversibility. Here, we experimentally prove the trade-off relations in quantum measurement with respect to both state disturbance and reversibility. By demonstrating the quantitative bound of the trade-off relations, we realize an optimal measurement for estimating quantum systems with minimum disturbance and maximum reversibility ...


Signatures Of The Valley Kondo Effect In Si/Sige Quantum Dots, Mingyun Yuan, R. Joynt, Zhen Yang, Chunyang Tang, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, M. A. Eriksson, A. J. Rimberg Jul 2014

Signatures Of The Valley Kondo Effect In Si/Sige Quantum Dots, Mingyun Yuan, R. Joynt, Zhen Yang, Chunyang Tang, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, M. A. Eriksson, A. J. Rimberg

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We report measurements consistent with the valley Kondo effect in Si/SiGe quantum dots, evidenced by peaks in the conductance versus source-drain voltage that show strong temperature dependence. The Kondo peaks show unusual behavior in a magnetic field that we interpret as arising from the valley degree of freedom. The interplay of valley and Zeeman splittings is suggested by the presence of side peaks, revealing a zero-field valley splitting between 0.28 to 0.34 meV. A zero-bias conductance peak for nonzero magnetic field, a phenomenon consistent with valley nonconservation in tunneling, is observed in two samples.


Quantum Resources For Purification And Cooling: Fundamental Limits And Opportunities, Francesco Ticozzi, Lorenza Viola Jun 2014

Quantum Resources For Purification And Cooling: Fundamental Limits And Opportunities, Francesco Ticozzi, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Preparing a quantum system in a pure state is ultimately limited by the nature of the system's evolution in the presence of its environment and by the initial state of the environment itself. We show that, when the system and environment are initially uncorrelated and arbitrary joint unitary dynamics is allowed, the system may be purified up to a certain (possibly arbitrarily small) threshold if and only if its environment, either natural or engineered, contains a “virtual subsystem” which has the same dimension and is in a state with the desired purity. Beside providing a unified understanding of quantum ...


A Cavity-Cooper Pair Transistor Scheme For Investigating Quantum Optomechanics In The Ultra-Strong Coupling Regime, A. J. Rimberg, M. P. Blencowe, A. D. Armour, P. D. Nation May 2014

A Cavity-Cooper Pair Transistor Scheme For Investigating Quantum Optomechanics In The Ultra-Strong Coupling Regime, A. J. Rimberg, M. P. Blencowe, A. D. Armour, P. D. Nation

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We propose a scheme involving a Cooper pair transistor (CPT) embedded in a superconducting microwave cavity, where the CPT serves as a charge tunable quantum inductor to facilitate ultra-strong coupling between photons in the cavity and a nano- to meso-scale mechanical resonator. The mechanical resonator is capacitively coupled to the CPT, such that mechanical displacements of the resonator cause a shift in the CPT inductance and hence the cavity's resonant frequency. The amplification provided by the CPT is sufficient for the zero point motion of the mechanical resonator alone to cause a significant change in the cavity resonance. Conversely ...