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Articles 121  135 of 135
FullText Articles in Physics
Quasidegenerate Variational Perturbation Theory And The Calculation Of First‐Order Properties From Variational Perturbation Theory Wave Functions, Robert J. Cave, Ernest R. Davidson
Quasidegenerate Variational Perturbation Theory And The Calculation Of First‐Order Properties From Variational Perturbation Theory Wave Functions, Robert J. Cave, Ernest R. Davidson
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In previous work on the treatment of correlation in molecular systems we have applied a multireference version of second‐order Hylleraas variational perturbation theory. The choice made for the partitioning of H treated the interactions between the correlating functions to infinite order and gave the corrections to the wave function to first order. The method was shown to be accurate in many cases, but became less so when near degeneracies occurred between the reference energy and other eigenvalues of H0. In this article we introduce an effective Hamiltonian method that is analogous to variational perturbation theory, but which is significantly ...
Hylleraas Variational Perturbation Theory: Application To Correlation Problems In Molecular Systems, Robert J. Cave, Ernest R. Davidson
Hylleraas Variational Perturbation Theory: Application To Correlation Problems In Molecular Systems, Robert J. Cave, Ernest R. Davidson
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Hylleraas variational perturbation theory is applied through second order in energy to estimate the correlation energy in several molecular systems. The specific choices for H_{0} and V which are made lead to equations nearly identical to the multireference linearized coupled‐cluster method of Laidig and Bartlett. The results obtained are in virtually exact agreement where comparisons have been made. Results from test calculations are presented for BeH_{2}, CH_{2}, and C_{2}H_{4}. In addition, the utility of perturbation theory for selecting correlating configurations is examined. This procedure is found to be quite accurate while significantly reducing ...
Theoretical Studies Of Electron Transfer In Metal Dimers: Xy+→X+Y, Where X, Y=Be, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd, Robert J. Cave, David V. Baxter, William A. Goddard Iii, John D. Baldeschwieler
Theoretical Studies Of Electron Transfer In Metal Dimers: Xy+→X+Y, Where X, Y=Be, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd, Robert J. Cave, David V. Baxter, William A. Goddard Iii, John D. Baldeschwieler
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The electronic matrix element responsible for electron exchange in a series of metal dimers was calculated using ab initio wave functions. The distance dependence is approximately exponential for a large range of internuclear separations. A localized description, where the two nonorthogonal structures characterizing the electron localized at the left and right sites are each obtained self‐consistently, is found to provide the best description of the electron exchange process. We find that Gaussian basis sets are capable of predicting the expected exponential decay of the electronic interactions even at quite large internuclear distances.
A Semiclassical Model For Orientation Effects In Electron Transfer Reactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen J. Klippenstein, R.A. Marcus
A Semiclassical Model For Orientation Effects In Electron Transfer Reactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen J. Klippenstein, R.A. Marcus
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An approximate solution to the single‐particle Schrödinger equation with an oblate spheroidal potential well of finite depth is presented. The electronic matrix element H_{BA} for thermal electron transfer is calculated using these wave functions, and is compared with values of H_{BA} obtained using the exact solution of the same Schrödinger equation. The present method yields accurate results for H_{BA}, within the oblate spheroidal potential well model, and is useful for examining the orientational effects of the two centers on the rate of electron transfer.
Measuring R And D Productivity, Richard A. Pappas, Donald S. Remer
Measuring R And D Productivity, Richard A. Pappas, Donald S. Remer
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Measuring the productivity of an R&D organization is extremely tricky. Productivity is usually defined as a ratio of an output, like number of cars produced on an assembly line, to an input, like the wages paid the workers. While R&D may have a measurable input, the output is often intangible and difficult to quantify. This is further complicated because the return from an R&D department may not be realized for one or two decades,which means the time lag is much higher than in factory measurements. Furthermore, many researchers believe that this kind of measurement may be ...
Problems Of Channel Correlation And Statistical Bias In PhotonCorrelation Spectroscopy, Richard C. Haskell, Gary L. Pisciotta
Problems Of Channel Correlation And Statistical Bias In PhotonCorrelation Spectroscopy, Richard C. Haskell, Gary L. Pisciotta
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Correlation between channels of the normalized photocountrate correlation function g^{(2)}(τ) becomes significant at high count rates and leads to a number of dataanalysis problems. We derive an expression for channel correlation that is valid for a detector area of arbitrary extent and compare the theoretical predictions with measured values. A dataanalysis procedure is demonstrated that employs the theoretical expression for channel correlation and provides a rigorous test of an assumed fitting function. The procedure facilitates the use of the cumulant method in determining the polydispersity of scatterers. An expression for the statistical bias of g^{(2)}(τ) is ...
Response Of Lithographic Mask Structures To Repetitively Pulsed XRays: Thermal Stress Analysis, A. Ballantyne, H.A. Hyman, Clive L. Dym, R.C. Southworth
Response Of Lithographic Mask Structures To Repetitively Pulsed XRays: Thermal Stress Analysis, A. Ballantyne, H.A. Hyman, Clive L. Dym, R.C. Southworth
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This paper examines the effects of thermal loading and time history upon the thermal stresses developed in lithographic mask structures as would be expected under irradiation by intense soft x rays. The objective of this work was to examine the phenomenology of the interaction and to evaluate the limits placed upon mask dosage. The mechanics of mask failure are examined in terms of single pulse and cumulative, or fatigue, effects. A number of prototypical mask structures are investigated, which show that the application of intense pulsed sources to x‐ray lithography does not reduce the potential utility of the techique ...
Response Of Lithographic Mask Structures To Repetitively Pulsed XRays: Dynamic Response, Clive L. Dym, A. Ballantyne
Response Of Lithographic Mask Structures To Repetitively Pulsed XRays: Dynamic Response, Clive L. Dym, A. Ballantyne
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This paper addresses the issue of the dynamic response of thin lithographic mask structures to thermally induced stress fields. In particular, the impact of repetitively pulsed x‐ray sources are examined: the short duration (1–100 nsec) pulses induce large step changes in mask temperatures, which can, in turn, induce a dynamic response. The impact of conductive cooling of the mask is to reduce the repetitively pulsed problem to a series of isolated nearly identical thermal impulses of duration approximately equal to the cooling time. The importance of self‐weight and prestress is examined, and an analysis of the nonlinear ...
A Model For Orientation Effects In Electron‐Transfer Reactions, Paul Siders, Robert J. Cave, R.A. Marcus
A Model For Orientation Effects In Electron‐Transfer Reactions, Paul Siders, Robert J. Cave, R.A. Marcus
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A method for solving the single‐particle Schrödinger equation with an oblate spheroidal potential of finite depth is presented. The wave functions are then used to calculate the matrix element T_{BA} which appears in theories of nonadiabatic electron transfer. The results illustrate the effects of mutual orientation and separation of the two centers on T_{BA}. Trends in these results are discussed in terms of geometrical and nodal structure effects. Analytical expressions related to T_{BA} for states of spherical wells are presented and used to analyze the nodal structure effects for T_{BA} for the spheroidal wells.
Quadrupole Couplings Of N12 And B12 Implanted In Metal SingleCrystals, Richard C. Haskell, Francis David Corell, Leon Madansky
Quadrupole Couplings Of N12 And B12 Implanted In Metal SingleCrystals, Richard C. Haskell, Francis David Corell, Leon Madansky
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Measurements have been made of the quadrupole couplings of 12N implanted in single crystals of Be and Mg and of 12B implanted in a single crystal of Zn. A comparison of the 12N couplings in Be and Mg suggests that (i) the final stopping sites of the implanted 12N ions are substitutional sites, i.e., the 12N ions occupy metalion lattice positions, and (ii) the 12N ions implanted in Be and Mg have the same charge state and quadrupole shielding factor. A procedure is outlined for deducing Q(12N). The 12B couplings in Zn imply the existence of two inequivalent ...
Study Of Stopping Sites Of B12 Nuclei Implanted In Hexagonal SingleCrystals, Francis David Correll, Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
Study Of Stopping Sites Of B12 Nuclei Implanted In Hexagonal SingleCrystals, Francis David Correll, Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
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A series of experiments to study the stopping sites of 12B nuclei implanted in single crystals of Be and Mg will be discussed. Previous measurements of the quadrupole couplings of 12B in these metals indicated that two different stopping sites existed, one of which produced a negligible quadrupole coupling.
Li8 Magnetic DipoleMoment, Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
Li8 Magnetic DipoleMoment, Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
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Polarized 8Li nuclei recoiling from the reaction 7Li(d, p)8Li were implanted in Au, Pd, and Pt foils, and the Knightshifted values of the 8Li magnetic dipole moment in these metals were measured by a resonant depolarization technique. From measurements of the spinlattice relaxation times of 8Li implanted in Au, Pd, and Pt, the Knight shifts of 8Li in these metals were estimated. A corrected value for the magnetic dipole moment of 8Li was found to be μ(8Li)=(1.653 35±0.000 35)μN. Attempts were also made to measure the quadrupole couplings of 8Li in single ...
Nuclear Quadrupole Coupling Of B12 In A Single Be Crystal, R. L. Williams Jr., Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
Nuclear Quadrupole Coupling Of B12 In A Single Be Crystal, R. L. Williams Jr., Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
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Quadrupole resonance lines of βunstable 12B have been distinctly resolved in a single crystal of Be, and have behaved properly under field reversal and variation of the angle θ between crystal c axis and external magnetic field.
Observation Of Quadrupole Splitting Of B12 In A Single Crystal, R. L. Williams Jr., Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
Observation Of Quadrupole Splitting Of B12 In A Single Crystal, R. L. Williams Jr., Richard C. Haskell, Leon Madansky
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The quadrupole coupling of B12 implanted in Be9 has been observed using a single crystal of Be. One sees a narrow resonance line, the location of which depends in the normal way on the orientation of the crystalline caxis with respect to the external magnetic field direction. The coupling constant is given by e2qQ/h = 54.9(6) kHz. This is consistent with our previous measurement using a Be foil. Using the field gradient at Be9 lattice sites, calculated by Pomerantz and Das, one finds Q(B12) = about 34.6 mb.
Measurement Of Nuclear Magnetic Dipole Moment Of Li8 By Implantation In Metal Foils, Richard C. Haskell, R. L. Williams Jr., Leon Madansky
Measurement Of Nuclear Magnetic Dipole Moment Of Li8 By Implantation In Metal Foils, Richard C. Haskell, R. L. Williams Jr., Leon Madansky
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Polarized 8Li nuclei have been produced through the 7Li(d,p) reaction using the 3.5MeV Van de Graaff accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The observed polarization was a slowlyvarying function of deuteron energy over the range 1.32.9 MeV, reaching a maximum of about +1.6%. The recoiling nuclei were stopped in Au, Pt and Pd foils and the effective dipole moments were measured by a resonant depolarization method. The results were 1.65362(22)µN, 1.65288(20)µN and 1.65270(30)µN respectively. These are consistent with the work of Connor, who found µ(8Li ...