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Condensed Matter Physics

Criticality

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Self-Organized Criticality In Sheared Suspensions, L. Corté, Sharon J. Gerbode, W. Man, D. J. Pine Dec 2009

Self-Organized Criticality In Sheared Suspensions, L. Corté, Sharon J. Gerbode, W. Man, D. J. Pine

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Recent studies reveal that suspensions of neutrally buoyant non-Brownian particles driven by slow periodic shear can undergo a dynamical phase transition between a fluctuating irreversible steady state and an absorbing reversible state. Using a computer model, we show that such systems exhibit self-organized criticality when a finite particle sedimentation velocity vs is introduced. Under periodic shear, these systems evolve, without external intervention, towards the shear-dependent critical concentration ϕc as vs is reduced. This state is characterized by power-law distributions in the lifetime and size of fluctuating clusters. Experiments exhibit similar behavior and, as vs is reduced ...