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All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Condensed Matter Physics

Colloids

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Entropy Driven Crystal Formation On Highly Strained Substrates, John R. Savage, Stefan F. Hopp, Rajesh Ganapathy, Sharon J. Gerbode, Andreas Heuer, Itai Cohen Jun 2013

Entropy Driven Crystal Formation On Highly Strained Substrates, John R. Savage, Stefan F. Hopp, Rajesh Ganapathy, Sharon J. Gerbode, Andreas Heuer, Itai Cohen

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In heteroepitaxy, lattice mismatch between the deposited material and the underlying surface strongly affects nucleation and growth processes. The effect of mismatch is well studied in atoms with growth kinetics typically dominated by bond formation with interaction lengths on the order of one lattice spacing. In contrast, less is understood about how mismatch affects crystallization of larger particles, such as globular proteins and nanoparticles, where interparticle interaction energies are often comparable to thermal fluctuations and are short ranged, extending only a fraction of the particle size. Here, using colloidal experiments and simulations, we find particles with short-range attractive interactions form ...


Dislocations And Vacancies In Two-Dimensional Mixed Crystals Of Spheres And Dimers, Sharon J. Gerbode, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen Oct 2010

Dislocations And Vacancies In Two-Dimensional Mixed Crystals Of Spheres And Dimers, Sharon J. Gerbode, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen

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In colloidal crystals of spheres, dislocation motion is unrestricted. On the other hand, recent studies of relaxation in crystals of colloidal dimer particles have demonstrated that the dislocation dynamics in such crystals are reminiscent of glassy systems. The observed glassy dynamics arise as a result of dislocation cages formed by certain dimer orientations. In the current study, we use experiments and simulations to investigate the transition that arises when a pure sphere crystal is doped with an increasing concentration of dimers. Specifically, we focus on both dislocation caging and vacancy motion. Interestingly, we find that any nonzero fraction of dimers ...


Glassy Dislocation Dynamics In 2d Colloidal Dimer Crystals, Sharon J. Gerbode, Ugmang Agarwal, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Fernando Escobedo, Itai Cohen Aug 2010

Glassy Dislocation Dynamics In 2d Colloidal Dimer Crystals, Sharon J. Gerbode, Ugmang Agarwal, Desmond C. Ong, Chekesha M. Liddell, Fernando Escobedo, Itai Cohen

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Although glassy relaxation is typically associated with disorder, here we report on a new type of glassy dynamics relating to dislocations within 2D crystals of colloidal dimers. Previous studies have demonstrated that dislocation motion in dimer crystals is restricted by certain particle orientations. Here, we drag an optically trapped particle through such dimer crystals, creating dislocations. We find a two-stage relaxation response where initially dislocations glide until encountering particles that cage their motion. Subsequent relaxation occurs logarithmically slowly through a second process where dislocations hop between caged configurations. Finally, in simulations of sheared dimer crystals, the dislocation mean squared displacement ...


Synthesis And Assembly Of Nonspherical Hollow Silica Colloids Under Confinement, Stephanie H. Lee, Sharon J. Gerbode, Bettina S. John, Angie K. Wolfgang, Fernando A. Escobedo, Itai Cohen, Chekesha M. Liddell Sep 2008

Synthesis And Assembly Of Nonspherical Hollow Silica Colloids Under Confinement, Stephanie H. Lee, Sharon J. Gerbode, Bettina S. John, Angie K. Wolfgang, Fernando A. Escobedo, Itai Cohen, Chekesha M. Liddell

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Hard peanut-shaped colloids were synthesized and organized into a degenerate crystal (DC), a phase previously observed only in simulations. In this structure, particle lobes tile a triangular lattice while their orientations uniformly populate the three underlying crystalline directions.


Restricted Dislocation Motion In Crystals Of Colloidal Dimer Particles, Sharon J. Gerbode, Stephanie H. Lee, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen Aug 2008

Restricted Dislocation Motion In Crystals Of Colloidal Dimer Particles, Sharon J. Gerbode, Stephanie H. Lee, Chekesha M. Liddell, Itai Cohen

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Received 2 April 2008; published 1 August 2008; corrected 1 October 2008

At high area fractions, monolayers of colloidal dimer particles form a degenerate crystal (DC) structure in which the particle lobes occupy triangular lattice sites while the particles are oriented randomly along any of the three lattice directions. We report that dislocation glide in DCs is blocked by certain particle orientations. The mean number of lattice constants between such obstacles is Z̅ exp=4.6±0.2 in experimentally observed DC grains and Z̅ sim=6.18±0.01 in simulated monocrystalline DCs. Dislocation propagation beyond these obstacles is ...