Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

University of South Carolina

Lorentz symmetry

2018

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Hadronic Lorentz Violation In Chiral Perturbation Theory Including The Coupling To External Fields, Rasha Kamand, Brett Altschul, Matthias R. Schindler May 2018

Hadronic Lorentz Violation In Chiral Perturbation Theory Including The Coupling To External Fields, Rasha Kamand, Brett Altschul, Matthias R. Schindler

Faculty Publications

If any violation of Lorentz symmetry exists in the hadron sector, its ultimate origins must lie at the quark level. We continue the analysis of how the theories at these two levels are connected, using chiral perturbation theory. Considering a 2-flavor quark theory, with dimension-4 operators that break Lorentz symmetry, we derive a low-energy theory of pions and nucleons that is invariant under local chiral transformations and includes the coupling to external fields. The pure meson and baryon sectors, as well as the couplings between them and the couplings to external electromagnetic and weak gauge fields, contain forms of Lorentz ...


Mode Analysis For Energetics Of A Moving Charge In Lorentz- And Cpt -Violating Electrodynamics, Richard Decosta, Brett Altschul Mar 2018

Mode Analysis For Energetics Of A Moving Charge In Lorentz- And Cpt -Violating Electrodynamics, Richard Decosta, Brett Altschul

Faculty Publications

In isotropic but Lorentz- and CPT -violating electrodynamics, it is known that a charge in uniform motion does not lose any energy to Cerenkov radiation. This presents a puzzle, since the radiation appears to be kinematically allowed for many modes. Studying the Fourier transforms of the most important terms in the modified magnetic field and Poynting vector, we confirm the vanishing of the radiation rate. Moreover, we show that the Fourier transform of the field changes sign between small and large wave numbers. This enables modes with very long wavelengths to carry negative energies, which cancel out the positive energies ...