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University of South Carolina

Lorentz symmetry

2017

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Why Cerenkov Radiation May Not Occur, Even When It Is Allowed By Lorentz-Violating Kinematics, Brett Altschul Oct 2017

Why Cerenkov Radiation May Not Occur, Even When It Is Allowed By Lorentz-Violating Kinematics, Brett Altschul

Faculty Publications

In a Lorentz-violating quantum field theory, the energy-momentum relations for the field quanta are typically modified. This affects the kinematics, and processes that are normally forbidden may become allowed. One reaction that clearly becomes kinematically possible when photons’ phase speeds are less than 1 is vacuum Cerenkov radiation. However, in spite of expectations, and in defiance of phase space estimates, a electromagnetic Chern–Simons theory with a timelike Lorentz violation coefficient does not feature any energy losses through Cerenkov emission. There is an unexpected cancelation, made possible by the existence of unstable long-wavelength modes of the field. The fact that ...