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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi Dec 2006

Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We consider a semiconductor polymer chain coupled to a single electromagnetic mode in a cavity. The excitations of the chain have a mixed exciton-photon character and are described as polaritons. Polaritons are coupled to the lattice by the deformation potential interaction and can propagate in the chain. We find that the presence of optical excitation in the polymer induces strain on the lattice. We use a BCS variational wave function to calculate the chemical potential of the polaritons as a function of their density. We analyze first the case of a short chain with only two unit cells in order ...


Positive Current Correlations Associated With Super-Poissonian Shot Noise, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb Aug 2006

Positive Current Correlations Associated With Super-Poissonian Shot Noise, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

We report on shot noise cross spectrum measurements in a beam splitter configuration. Electrons tunneling through potential barriers are incident on a beam splitter and scattered into two separate channels. Such a partition process introduces correlations between the fluctuations of the two currents. Our work has confirmed that the generally expected negative correlations resulted from sub-Poissonian electron sources. More interestingly, positive cross correlations associated with barriers exhibiting super-Poissonian shot noise have also been observed. We have found that both positive and negative correlations can be related to the noise properties of the electron source.


Self-Assembled Composite Nano-/Micronecklaces With Sio2 Beads In Boron Strings, Hai Ni, Xiaodong Li Jul 2006

Self-Assembled Composite Nano-/Micronecklaces With Sio2 Beads In Boron Strings, Hai Ni, Xiaodong Li

Faculty Publications

Nano-/micronecklaces with SiO2 beads in boron strings were synthesized by simply sublimating the desired powders in a sealed quartz tube at high temperature. The boron strings have a rectangular cross section with width varying from 80to1000nm while the SiO2 beads bear either spindle or spherical shape with a size ranging from 100nmto5μm. The spacing between the SiO2 beads is uniform in each boron string. Both the boron strings and the SiO2 beads are amorphous and free of defects. The supersaturated vapors of silicon and oxygen induced the SiO2 bead formation.


Erratum: “Terahertz Studies Of The Dielectric Response And Second-Order Phonons In A Gase Crystal” [Appl. Phys. Lett.87, 182104 (2005)], B. L. Yu, F. Zeng, V. Kartazayev, R. R. Alfano, K. C. Mandal Apr 2006

Erratum: “Terahertz Studies Of The Dielectric Response And Second-Order Phonons In A Gase Crystal” [Appl. Phys. Lett.87, 182104 (2005)], B. L. Yu, F. Zeng, V. Kartazayev, R. R. Alfano, K. C. Mandal

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


General Classification And Analysis Of Neutron Β-Decay Experiments, Vladimir Gudkov, G. L. Greene, J. R. Calarco Mar 2006

General Classification And Analysis Of Neutron Β-Decay Experiments, Vladimir Gudkov, G. L. Greene, J. R. Calarco

Faculty Publications

A general analysis of the sensitivities of neutron β-decay experiments to manifestations of possible interaction beyond the standard model is carried out. In a consistent fashion, we take into account all known radiative and recoil corrections arising in the standard model. This provides a description of angular correlations in neutron decay in terms of one parameter, which is accurate to the level of ~10-5. Based on this general expression, we present an analysis of the sensitivities to new physics for selected neutron decay experiments. We emphasize that the usual parametrization of experiments in terms of the tree-level coefficients a ...


Full Shot Noise In Mesoscopic Tunnel Barriers, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb Jan 2006

Full Shot Noise In Mesoscopic Tunnel Barriers, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

We report shot noise measurements performed in mesoscopic tunnel barriers fabricated in a GaAs∕AlGaAs heterostructure. Two sets of tunnel barriers of different size are used in the study. All large size samples and some of the small size samples show a nonlinear dependence of shot noise on tunneling current due to localized states inside the barriers. Both suppression and enhancement of shot noise have been observed. Some small size barriers, however, exhibit the shot noise behavior of an ideal tunnel barrier over a wide range of barrier transmission coefficients, tunneling currents, and bias voltages.


Semiclassical Nonadiabatic Dynamics Based On Quantum Trajectories For The O(3P,1D) + H2 System, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov, G. C. Schatz Jan 2006

Semiclassical Nonadiabatic Dynamics Based On Quantum Trajectories For The O(3P,1D) + H2 System, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov, G. C. Schatz

Faculty Publications

The O(P3,D1)+H2→OH+Hreaction is studied using trajectory dynamics within the approximate quantum potential approach. Calculations of the wave-packet reaction probabilities are performed for four coupled electronic states for total angular momentum J=0 using a mixed coordinate/polar representation of the wave function. Semiclassical dynamics is based on a single set of trajectories evolving on an effective potential-energy surface and in the presence of the approximate quantum potential. Population functions associated with each trajectory are computed for each electronic state. The effective surface is a linear combination of the electronic states with the contributions of individual ...