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## Full-Text Articles in Physics

Mohanty And Webb Reply, P. Mohanty, Richard A. Webb

#### Mohanty And Webb Reply, P. Mohanty, Richard A. Webb

*Faculty Publications*

A Reply to the Comment by V. I. Fal'ko et al.

Polarization Of Nuclear Spins From The Conductance Of Quantum Wires, James A. Nesteroff, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Vladimir Privman

#### Polarization Of Nuclear Spins From The Conductance Of Quantum Wires, James A. Nesteroff, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Vladimir Privman

*Faculty Publications*

We devise an approach to measure the polarization of nuclear spins via conductance measurements. Specifically, we study the combined effect of external magnetic field, nuclear spin polarization, and Rashba spin-orbit interaction on the conductance of a quantum wire. Nonequilibrium nuclear spin polarization affects the electron energy spectrum making it time dependent. Changes in the extremal points of the spectrum result in time dependence of the conductance. The conductance oscillation pattern can be used to obtain information about the amplitude of the nuclear spin polarization and extract the characteristic time scales of the nuclear spin subsystem.

Growth And Transport Properties Of Complementary Germanium Nanowire Field Effect Transistors, Andrew B. Greytak, Lincoln J. Lauhon, Mark S. Gudiksen, Charles M. Lieber

#### Growth And Transport Properties Of Complementary Germanium Nanowire Field Effect Transistors, Andrew B. Greytak, Lincoln J. Lauhon, Mark S. Gudiksen, Charles M. Lieber

*Faculty Publications*

*n*- and *p*-type Ge nanowires were synthesized by a multistep process in which axial elongation, via vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) growth, and doping were accomplished in separate chemical vapor deposition steps. Intrinsic, single-crystal, Ge nanowires prepared by Au nanocluster-mediated VLS growth were surface-doped *in situ* using diborane or phosphine, and then radial growth of an epitaxial Ge shell was used to cap the dopant layer. Field-effect transistors prepared from these Ge nanowires exhibited on currents and transconductances up to 850 µA/µm and 4.9 µA/V, respectively, with device yields of >85%.

New Enhanced Tunneling In Nuclear Processes, Boris Ivlev, Vladimir Gudkov

#### New Enhanced Tunneling In Nuclear Processes, Boris Ivlev, Vladimir Gudkov

*Faculty Publications*

The small sub-barrier tunneling probability of nuclear processes can be dramatically enhanced by collision with incident charged particles. Semiclassical methods of theory of complex trajectories have been applied to nuclear tunneling, and conditions for the effects have been obtained. We demonstrate the enhancement of αparticle decay by incident proton with energy of about 0.25 MeV. We show that the general features of this process are common for other sub-barrier nuclear processes and can be applied to nuclear fission.

Effect Of Spin-Orbit Interaction And In-Plane Magnetic Field On The Conductance Of A Quasi-One-Dimensional System, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, James A. Nesteroff, Vladimir Privman

#### Effect Of Spin-Orbit Interaction And In-Plane Magnetic Field On The Conductance Of A Quasi-One-Dimensional System, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, James A. Nesteroff, Vladimir Privman

*Faculty Publications*

We study the effect of spin-orbit interaction and in-plane effective magnetic field on the conductance of a quasi-one-dimensional ballistic electron system. The effective magnetic field includes the externally applied field, as well as the field due to polarized nuclear spins. The interplay of the spin-orbit interaction with effective magnetic field significantly modifies the band structure, producing additional subband extrema and energy gaps, introducing the dependence of the subband energies on the field direction. We generalize the Landauer formula at finite temperatures to incorporate these special features of the dispersion relation. The obtained formula describes the conductance of a ballistic conductor ...

Slow Spin Relaxation In Two-Dimensional Electron Systems With Antidots, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Vladimir Privman

#### Slow Spin Relaxation In Two-Dimensional Electron Systems With Antidots, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Vladimir Privman

*Faculty Publications*

We report a Monte Carlo investigation of the effect of a lattice of antidots on spin relaxation in twodimensional electron systems. The spin relaxation time is calculated as a function of geometrical parameters describing the antidot lattice, namely the antidot radius and the distance between their centers. It is shown that spin polarization relaxation can be efficiently suppressed by the chaotic spatial motion due to the antidot lattice. This phenomenon offers a new approach to spin coherence manipulation in spintronics devices.

Electronic Structure Of Nuclear-Spin-Polarization-Induced Quantum Dots, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr

#### Electronic Structure Of Nuclear-Spin-Polarization-Induced Quantum Dots, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr

*Faculty Publications*

We study a system in which electrons in a two-dimensional electron gas are confined by a nonhomogeneous nuclear-spin polarization. The system consists of a heterostructure that has nonzero nuclei spins. We show that in this system electrons can be confined into a dot region through a local nuclear-spin polarization. The nuclear-spin-polarization-induced quantum dot has interesting properties indicating that electron energy levels are time dependent because of the nuclear-spin relaxation and diffusion processes. Electron confining potential is a solution of diffusion equation with relaxation. Experimental investigations of the time dependence of electron energy levels will result in more information about nuclear-spin ...

Energy Conserving Approximations To The Quantum Potential: Dynamics With Linearized Quantum Force, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov

#### Energy Conserving Approximations To The Quantum Potential: Dynamics With Linearized Quantum Force, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov

*Faculty Publications*

Solution of the Schrödinger equation within the de Broglie–Bohm formulation is based on propagation of trajectories in the presence of a nonlocal quantum potential. We present a new strategy for defining approximate quantum potentials within a restricted trial function by performing the optimal fit to the log-derivatives of the wave function density. This procedure results in the energy-conserving dynamics for a closed system. For one particular form of the trial function leading to the linear quantum force, the optimization problem is solved analytically in terms of the first and second moments of the weighted trajectory distribution. This approach gives ...

Modified Quantum Trajectory Dynamics Using A Mixed Wave Function Representation, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov

#### Modified Quantum Trajectory Dynamics Using A Mixed Wave Function Representation, Sophya V. Garashchuk, V. A. Rassolov

*Faculty Publications*

Dynamics of quantum trajectories provides an efficient framework for description of various quantum effects in large systems, but it is unstable near the wave function density nodes where the quantum potential becomes singular. A mixed coordinate space/polar representation of the wave function is used to circumvent this problem. The resulting modified trajectory dynamics associated with the polar representation is nonsingular and smooth. The interference structure and the nodes of the wave function density are described, in principle, exactly in the coordinate representation. The approximate version of this approach is consistent with the semiclassical linearized quantum force method [S. Garashchuk ...

Bohmian Dynamics On Subspaces Using Linearized Quantum Force, V. A. Rassolov, Sophya V. Garashchuk

#### Bohmian Dynamics On Subspaces Using Linearized Quantum Force, V. A. Rassolov, Sophya V. Garashchuk

*Faculty Publications*

In the de Broglie–Bohm formulation of quantum mechanics the time-dependent Schrödinger equation is solved in terms of quantum trajectories evolving under the influence of quantum and classical potentials. For a practical implementation that scales favorably with system size and is accurate for semiclassical systems, we use approximate quantum potentials. Recently, we have shown that optimization of the nonclassical component of the momentum operator in terms of fitting functions leads to the energy-conserving approximate quantum potential. In particular, linear fitting functions give the exact time evolution of a Gaussian wave packet in a locally quadratic potential and can describe the ...

Geminal Model Chemistry Ii. Perturbative Corrections, V. A. Rassolov, F. Xu, Sophya V. Garashchuk

#### Geminal Model Chemistry Ii. Perturbative Corrections, V. A. Rassolov, F. Xu, Sophya V. Garashchuk

*Faculty Publications*

We introduce and investigate a chemical model based on perturbative corrections to the product of singlet-type strongly orthogonal geminals wave function. Two specific points are addressed (i) Overall chemical accuracy of such a model with perturbative corrections at a leading order; (ii) Quality of strong orthogonality approximation of geminals in diverse chemical systems. We use the Epstein–Nesbet form of perturbation theory and show that its known shortcomings disappear when it is used with the reference Hamiltonian based on strongly orthogonal geminals. Application of this model to various chemical systems reveals that strongly orthogonal geminals are well suited for chemical ...