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Series

University of South Carolina

1985

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Temperature Dependence Of The Normal-Metal Aharonov-Bohm Effect, S. Washburn, C. P. Umbach, R. B. Laibowitz, Richard A. Webb Oct 1985

Temperature Dependence Of The Normal-Metal Aharonov-Bohm Effect, S. Washburn, C. P. Umbach, R. B. Laibowitz, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

The amplitude of h/e periodic oscillations in the magnetoresistance of very small normal-metal (Au) rings, as well as the harmonic h/2e, have been studied as a function of temperature. The amplitudes depend on the temperature T roughly as T-1/2, as expected from the averaging of conduction channels in the absence of inelastic scattering, but may not be entirely consistent with this model. At the lowest T, the size of the fluctuations in the conductance is about ΔG∼e2/h, as predicted recently.


Observation Of H/E Aharonov-Bohm Oscillations In Normal-Metal Rings, Richard A. Webb, S. Washburn, C. P. Umbach, R. B. Laibowitz Jun 1985

Observation Of H/E Aharonov-Bohm Oscillations In Normal-Metal Rings, Richard A. Webb, S. Washburn, C. P. Umbach, R. B. Laibowitz

Faculty Publications

Magnetoresistance oscillations periodic with respect to the flux h/e have been observed in submicron-diameter Au rings, along with weaker h/2e oscillations. The h/e oscillations persist to very large magnetic fields. The background structure in the magnetoresistance was not symmetric about zero field. The temperature dependence of both the amplitude of the oscillations and the background are consistent with the recent theory by Stone.


Effects Of Dissipation And Temperature On Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling, S. Washburn, Richard A. Webb, R. F. Voss, S. M. Faris Jun 1985

Effects Of Dissipation And Temperature On Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling, S. Washburn, Richard A. Webb, R. F. Voss, S. M. Faris

Faculty Publications

Measurements of the tunneling rate Γ out of the zero-voltage state for several Nb edge junctions with differing shunt capacitances are described. At zero temperature, increasing the shunt capacitance lowers Γ in agreement with dissipative calculations of the macroscopic-quantum-tunneling rate. As temperature increases, ln[Γ(T)/Γ(0)]∝T2 as recently predicted.


Origin Of The Peaked Structure In The Conductance Of One-Dimensional Silicon Accumulation Layers, Richard A. Webb, A. Hartstein, J. J. Wainer, A. B. Fowler Apr 1985

Origin Of The Peaked Structure In The Conductance Of One-Dimensional Silicon Accumulation Layers, Richard A. Webb, A. Hartstein, J. J. Wainer, A. B. Fowler

Faculty Publications

We have made extensive studies of the temperature, gate voltage, and electric field dependences of the conductance peaks in small silicon inversion layers in order to distinguish between resonant-tunneling models and a hopping model. We find that many of the peaks are consistent only with a hopping model, whereas some could be consistent with an early resonant-tunneling model. None of our structure is consistent with resonant tunneling if the recent formulation of Stone and Lee is correct.


New Shubnikov-De Haas Effects In A Two-Dimensional Electron-Hole System, S. Washburn, Richard A. Webb, E. E. Mendez, L. L. Chang, L. Esaki Jan 1985

New Shubnikov-De Haas Effects In A Two-Dimensional Electron-Hole System, S. Washburn, Richard A. Webb, E. E. Mendez, L. L. Chang, L. Esaki

Faculty Publications

We report the temperature dependence of the Shubnikov–de Haas oscillations from a two-dimensional electron-hole system in GaSb-InAs-GaSb quantum wells at very low temperatures. The samples are double heterostructures containing separate electron and hole layers. The oscillations arising from the electron layer behave regularly with temperature. Additional oscillations, characterized by strong temperature dependence, and relatively large peak widths are believed to arise from the presence of hole layers.