Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Measurement Of Single- And Double-Spin Asymmetries In Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction With A Longitudinally Polarized Target, H. Avakian, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Dec 2010

Measurement Of Single- And Double-Spin Asymmetries In Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction With A Longitudinally Polarized Target, H. Avakian, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of double-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of pions in deep-inelastic scattering off the longitudinally polarized proton. Data have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 5.7 GeV with the CLAS detector at the Jefferson Lab (JLab). Modulations of single spin asymmetries over the azimuthal angle between lepton scattering and hadron production planes φ have been measured over a wide kinematic range in Bjorken x and virtual photon squared four-momentum Q2. A significant nonzero sin2φ single spin asymmetry was observed for the first time indicating strong spin-orbit ...


Tensor Correlations Measured In 3He(E,E',Pp)N, H. Baghdasaryan, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Nov 2010

Tensor Correlations Measured In 3He(E,E',Pp)N, H. Baghdasaryan, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We have measured the 3He(e, e', pp)n reaction at an incident energy of 4.7 GeV over a wide kinematic range. We identified spectator correlated pp and pn nucleon pairs by using kinematic cuts and measured their relative and total momentum distributions. This is the first measurement of the ratio of pp to pn pairs as a function of pair total momentum ptot. For pair relative momenta between 0.3 and 0:5 GeV / c, the ratio is very small at low ptot and rises to approximately 0.5 at large ptot. This shows ...


Impact Of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Mathematics And Biology On The Development Of A New Course Integrating Five Stem Disciplines, Lester Caudill, April L. Hill, Kathy Hoke, Ovidiu Z. Lipan Oct 2010

Impact Of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Mathematics And Biology On The Development Of A New Course Integrating Five Stem Disciplines, Lester Caudill, April L. Hill, Kathy Hoke, Ovidiu Z. Lipan

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was not only good science but also good science that motivated and informed course development. Here, we describe four recent undergraduate research projects involving students and faculty in biology, physics, mathematics, and computer science and how each contributed in significant ways to the conception and implementation of our new Integrated Quantitative Science course, a ...


Impact Of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Mathematics And Biology On The Development Of A New Course Integrating Five Stem Disciplines, Lester Caudill, April L. Hill, Kathy Hoke, Ovidiu Z. Lipan Oct 2010

Impact Of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Mathematics And Biology On The Development Of A New Course Integrating Five Stem Disciplines, Lester Caudill, April L. Hill, Kathy Hoke, Ovidiu Z. Lipan

Biology Faculty Publications

Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was not only good science but also good science that motivated and informed course development. Here, we describe four recent undergraduate research projects involving students and faculty in biology, physics, mathematics, and computer science and how each contributed in significant ways to the conception and implementation of our new Integrated Quantitative Science course, a ...


Absorption Of The Ω And Φ Mesons In Nuclei, M. Wood, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Aug 2010

Absorption Of The Ω And Φ Mesons In Nuclei, M. Wood, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

Because of their long lifetimes, the ω and φ mesons are the ideal candidates for the study of possible modifications of the in-medium meson-nucleon interaction through their absorption inside the nucleus. During the E01-112 experiment at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, the mesons were photoproduced from 2H, C, Ti, Fe, and Pb targets. This Letter reports the first measurement of the ratio of nuclear transparencies for the e+e- channel. The ratios indicate larger in-medium widths compared with what have been reported in other reaction channels. The absorption of the ω meson is stronger than that reported by ...


Differential Cross Sections And Recoil Polarizations For The Reaction Γp→K+Σ0, B. Dey, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Aug 2010

Differential Cross Sections And Recoil Polarizations For The Reaction Γp→K+Σ0, B. Dey, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

High-statistics measurements of differential cross sections and recoil polarizations for the reaction γp → K+Σ0 have been obtained using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. We cover center-of-mass energies (√s) from 1.69 to 2.84 GeV, with an extensive coverage in the K+ production angle. Independent measurements were made using the K+(γ) and K+p(π, γ ) final-state topologies, and were found to exhibit good agreement. Our differential cross sections show good agreement with earlier CLAS, SAPHIR, and LEPS results, while offering better statistical precision and a 300-MeV increase in √s coverage. Above √s ≈ 2.5 ...


Differential Cross Sections And Recoil Polarizations For The Reaction ΓpK+Σ0, B. Dey, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Aug 2010

Differential Cross Sections And Recoil Polarizations For The Reaction Γp→K+Σ0, B. Dey, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

High-statistics measurements of differential cross sections and recoil polarizations for the reaction γpK+Σ0 have been obtained using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. We cover center-of-mass energies ( √s) from 1.69 to 2.84 GeV, with an extensive coverage in the K+ production angle. Independent measurements were made using the K+(γ) and K+p(π, γ) final-state topologies, and were found to exhibit good agreement. Our differential cross sections show good agreement with earlier CLAS, SAPHIR, and LEPS results, while offering better statistical precision and a 300-MeV increase in √s coverage. Above √s ≈ 2.5 ...


The Mechanical Stress–Strain Properties Of Single Electrospun Collagen Type I Nanofibers, Christine C. Helms, Corentin Coulais, Martin Guthold Aug 2010

The Mechanical Stress–Strain Properties Of Single Electrospun Collagen Type I Nanofibers, Christine C. Helms, Corentin Coulais, Martin Guthold

Physics Faculty Publications

Knowledge of the mechanical properties of electrospun fibers is important for their successful application in tissue engineering, material composites, filtration and drug delivery. In particular, electrospun collagen has great potential for biomedical applications due to its biocompatibility and promotion of cell growth and adhesion. Using a combined atomic force microscopy (AFM)/optical microscopy technique, the single fiber mechanical properties of dry, electrospun collagen type I were determined. The fibers were electrospun from a 80 mg ml−1 collagen solution in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluro-2-propanol and collected on a striated surface suitable for lateral force manipulation by AFM. The ...


Particle-Γ Spectroscopy Of The (P,D-Γ)155Gd Reaction: Neutron Single-Quasiparticle States At N=91, J. M. Allmond, C. W. Beausang, J. O. Rasmussen, T. J. Ross, M. S. Basunia, L. A. Bernstein, D. L. Bleuel, W. Brooks, N. Brown, J. T. Burke, B. Darakchieva, K. Dudziak, K. E. Evans, P. Fallon, H. B. Jeppesen, J. Leblanc, S. R. Lesher, M. A. Mcmahan, D. A. Meyer, L. Phair, N. D. Scielzo, S. R. Stroberg, M. Wiedeking Jun 2010

Particle-Γ Spectroscopy Of The (P,D-Γ)155Gd Reaction: Neutron Single-Quasiparticle States At N=91, J. M. Allmond, C. W. Beausang, J. O. Rasmussen, T. J. Ross, M. S. Basunia, L. A. Bernstein, D. L. Bleuel, W. Brooks, N. Brown, J. T. Burke, B. Darakchieva, K. Dudziak, K. E. Evans, P. Fallon, H. B. Jeppesen, J. Leblanc, S. R. Lesher, M. A. Mcmahan, D. A. Meyer, L. Phair, N. D. Scielzo, S. R. Stroberg, M. Wiedeking

Physics Faculty Publications

A segmented Si telescope and HPGe array is used to study the 156Gd(p,d-γ)155Gd direct reaction by d-γ and d-γ-γ coincidence measurements using 25-MeV protons. The present investigation is the first time that this N = 91 nucleus and the N = 90 region—which is known for a rapid change from vibrational to rotational character, several low-lying 0+ states in the even-even nuclei, and large Coriolis (ΔΩ = 1) plus ΔN = 2 mixing in the even-odd nuclei—have been studied by particle-γ coincidence following a direct reaction with light ions. Gamma-ray energies and branches, excitation energies, angular distributions ...


The Mechanical Properties Of Single Fibrin Fibers, W. Liu, Christine C. Helms, E. A. Sparks, Martin Guthold May 2010

The Mechanical Properties Of Single Fibrin Fibers, W. Liu, Christine C. Helms, E. A. Sparks, Martin Guthold

Physics Faculty Publications

Background:

Blood clots perform the mechanical task of stemming the flow of blood.

Objectives:

To advance understanding and realistic modeling of blood clot behavior we determined the mechanical properties of the major structural component of blood clots, fibrin fibers.

Methods:

We used a combined atomic force microscopy (AFM)/fluorescence microscopy technique to determine key mechanical properties of single crosslinked and uncrosslinked fibrin fibers.

Results and conclusions:

Overall, full crosslinking renders fibers less extensible, stiffer, and less elastic than their uncrosslinked counterparts. All fibers showed stress relaxation behavior (time-dependent weakening) with a fast and a slow relaxation time, 2 and 52 ...


Strength And Failure Of Fibrin Fiber Branch Points, Christine C. Helms, E. A. Sparks, C. Der Laughian, Martin Guthold May 2010

Strength And Failure Of Fibrin Fiber Branch Points, Christine C. Helms, E. A. Sparks, C. Der Laughian, Martin Guthold

Physics Faculty Publications

Blood clots form rapidly in the event of vascular injury, to prevent blood loss. They may also form in undesired places, causing heart attacks, strokes, and other diseases. Blood clots can rupture, and fragments of the clotmay lodge in distal blood vessels, causing, for example, ischemic strokes or embolisms. Thus, there has been great interest in understanding the mechanical behavior and failure mechanisms of blood clots and their constituents. To develop a mechanically realistic model of a blood clot, knowledge of the mechanical properties of its constituents is required. The major structural component providing mechanical strength to the clot is ...


Measurement Of Γ-Emission Branching Ratios For 154,156,158Gd Compound Nuclei: Tests Of Surrogate Nuclear Reaction Approximations For (N,Γ) Cross Sections, N. D. Scielzo Mar 2010

Measurement Of Γ-Emission Branching Ratios For 154,156,158Gd Compound Nuclei: Tests Of Surrogate Nuclear Reaction Approximations For (N,Γ) Cross Sections, N. D. Scielzo

Physics Faculty Publications

The surrogate nuclear reaction method can be used to determine neutron-induced reaction cross sections from measured decay properties of a compound nucleus created using a different reaction and calculated formation cross sections. The reliability of (n,γ) cross sections determined using the Weisskopf-Ewing and ratio approximations are explored for the 155, 157Gd(n,γ) reactions. Enriched gadolinium targets were bombarded with 22-MeV protons and γ rays were detected in coincidence with scattered protons using the Silicon Telescope Array for Reaction Studies/Livermore-Berkeley Array for Collaborative Experiments (STARS/LiBerACE) silicon and germanium detector arrays. The γ-emission probabilities for the 154 ...


Differential Cross Section And Recoil Polarization Measurements For The ΓpK+Λ Reaction Using Clas At Jefferson Lab, M. E. Mccracken, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Feb 2010

Differential Cross Section And Recoil Polarization Measurements For The Γp→K+Λ Reaction Using Clas At Jefferson Lab, M. E. Mccracken, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the differential cross section and 'B; recoil polarization for the γpK+Λ reaction made using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These measurements cover the center-of-mass energy range from 1.62 to 2.84 GeV and a wide range of center-of-mass K+ production angles. Independent analyses were performed using the K+ and K+p (missing π) final-state topologies; results from these analyses were found to exhibit good agreement. These differential-cross-section measurements show excellent agreement with previous CLAS and LEPS results and offer increased precision and a 300-MeV increase in energy coverage. The recoil polarization ...


Fission Fragment Isomers Populated Via 6Li+232Th., J. J. Ressler, J. A. Caggiano, C. J. Francy, P. N. Peplowski, J. M. Allmond, C. W. Beausang, L. A. Bernstein, D. L. Bleuel, J. T. Burke, P. Fallon, A. A. Hecht, D. V. Jordan, S. R. Lesher, M. A. Mcmahan, T. S. Palmer, L. Phair, N. D. Scielzo, P. G. Swearingen, G. A. Warren, M. Wiedeking Jan 2010

Fission Fragment Isomers Populated Via 6Li+232Th., J. J. Ressler, J. A. Caggiano, C. J. Francy, P. N. Peplowski, J. M. Allmond, C. W. Beausang, L. A. Bernstein, D. L. Bleuel, J. T. Burke, P. Fallon, A. A. Hecht, D. V. Jordan, S. R. Lesher, M. A. Mcmahan, T. S. Palmer, L. Phair, N. D. Scielzo, P. G. Swearingen, G. A. Warren, M. Wiedeking

Physics Faculty Publications

Short-lived isomers in fission fragments following bombardment of 45-MeV 6Li on 232Th were examined. Isomers in the A ~ 95,122, and 132 mass regions were observed. New isomeric decays were observed in 121In [T1/2=17(2) μs], 123In (T1/2≳100 μs), and 125Sb [T1/2=25(4) μs]. These isomers are suggested to arise from ν(h11/2d3/2)7and ν(h11/2s1/2)5 neutron core excitations coupling with the valence proton.