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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Finite-Strain Scale-Free Phase-Field Approach To Multivariant Martensitic Phase Transformations With Stress-Dependent Effective Thresholds, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas Nov 2020

Finite-Strain Scale-Free Phase-Field Approach To Multivariant Martensitic Phase Transformations With Stress-Dependent Effective Thresholds, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A scale-free phase-field model for martensitic phase transformations (PTs) at finite strains is developed as an essential generalization of small-strain models in Levitas et al. (2004) and Idesman et al. (2005). The theory includes finite elastic and transformational strains and rotations as well as anisotropic and different elastic properties of phases. The gradient energy term is excluded, and the model is applicable for any scale greater than 100 nm. The model tracks finite-width interfaces between austenite and the mixture of martensitic variants only; volume fractions of martensitic variants are the internal variables rather than order parameters. The concept of the ...


Issues And Proposed Solutions To Team Based Assessment In University Physics Labs, Manqoba Q. Hlatshwayo Oct 2020

Issues And Proposed Solutions To Team Based Assessment In University Physics Labs, Manqoba Q. Hlatshwayo

STEM Instructional Graduate Teaching Assistant Posters

Many education experts considers peer-to-peer education as the most effective way for students to learn (Peersdom, 2014). Western Michigan University (WMU) physics laboratories embraces this philosophy and has designed the assessment to be based on the team report. The assumption is that every team member contributed (not necessarily equally) to the work submitted by the team hence every team member should receive the same grade. This is a ubiquitous assessment philosophy in education, and some forms of additional individual assessment in team projects are strongly discouraged (David Boud et al, 1999).

There is no doubt on the effectiveness of peer-to-peer ...


Improving Lab Experience For Students In Phys2080, Khushi Bhatt Oct 2020

Improving Lab Experience For Students In Phys2080, Khushi Bhatt

STEM Instructional Graduate Teaching Assistant Posters

University Physics II (PHYS 2080) deals with providing hands-on experience with the experiments of electricity and magnetism. It aids students to develop computational thinking in physics through analysis of experimental and theoretical data using python programming language.

In Fall-2019, I taught the newly designed PHYS2080 class for the first time as per the requirements. During Spring-2020, I implemented some subtle changes using the skills that I gained through various teaching training. These changes are described in Methodology section. Data clearly shows improvement that was observed without lowering the expectations or changing the curriculum of the class.


A Fully Quantum Calculation Of Broadening And Shifting Coefficients Of The D1 And D2 Spectral Lines Of Alkali-Metal Atoms Colliding With Noble-Gas Atoms, Robert D. Loper, David E. Weeks Oct 2020

A Fully Quantum Calculation Of Broadening And Shifting Coefficients Of The D1 And D2 Spectral Lines Of Alkali-Metal Atoms Colliding With Noble-Gas Atoms, Robert D. Loper, David E. Weeks

Faculty Publications

We use the Baranger model to compute collisional broadening and shift rates for the D1 and D2 spectral lines of M + Ng, where M = K, Rb, Cs and Ng = He, Ne, Ar. Scattering matrix elements are calculated using the channel packet method, and non-adiabatic wavepacket dynamics are determined using the split-operator method together with a unitary transformation between adiabatic and diabatic representations. Scattering phase shift differences are weighted thermally and are integrated over temperatures ranging from 100 K to 800 K. We find that predicted broadening rates compare well with experiment, but shift rates are predicted poorly by ...


Using Saoimage Ds9 & Hubble Space Telescope Data To Identify Globular Clusters In Ic 219, Emily Spicer, Alice Jacques, Benne Holwerda Oct 2020

Using Saoimage Ds9 & Hubble Space Telescope Data To Identify Globular Clusters In Ic 219, Emily Spicer, Alice Jacques, Benne Holwerda

Undergraduate Research Events

Globular clusters are tightly bound spherical clusters of stars located within the halo of elliptical and spiral galaxies. They are among the oldest stars found in a galaxy, and their presence and abundance in a galaxy’s halo offer insight on the age, composition, and formation of the galaxy.1 I used a Hubble Space Telescope (HST) image and SAOImage DS9, a powerful imaging tool used to analyze astronomical data, to identify the size and locate the position of globular cluster (GC) candidates in IC 219.


Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal Sep 2020

Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We investigate here the changes in the electronic structure at the transition metal sites of the RE-TM5 structure (RE = Rare Earth, TM = Transition Metal) while doping the interstitial sites with nitrogen. LaCo5 compound is taken as the baseline compound owing to its critically needed intrinsic magnetic properties such as magneto-crystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of ≈5 meV/fu [1] due to the contributions from the cobalt network. In addition, because of the lack of 4f electrons in lanthanum, complications originating from the treatment of the 4f localized electrons are absent in this compound; making it an ideal reference material to all ...


Quantum Backaction Cancellation In The Audio Band, Jonathan Cripe, Torrey Cullen, Yanbei Chen, Paula Heu, David Follman, Garrett D. Cole, Thomas Corbitt Sep 2020

Quantum Backaction Cancellation In The Audio Band, Jonathan Cripe, Torrey Cullen, Yanbei Chen, Paula Heu, David Follman, Garrett D. Cole, Thomas Corbitt

Faculty Publications

We report on the cancellation of quantum backaction noise in an optomechanical cavity. We perform measurements of the displacement of the microresonator, one in reflection of the cavity and one in transmission of the cavity. We show that measuring the amplitude quadrature of the light transmitted by the optomechanical cavity allows us to cancel the backaction noise between 2 and 50 kHz as a consequence of the strong optical spring present in the detuned cavity. This cancellation yields a more sensitive measurement of the microresonator's position with a 2 dB increase in sensitivity. To confirm that the backaction is ...


Optical Study Of Pks B1322-110, The Intra-Hour Variable Radio Source, Juan P. Madrid, Artem V. Tuntsov, Mischa Schirmer, Mark A. Walker, Carlos J. Donzelli, Keith W. Bannister, Hayley E. Bignall, Jamie Stevens, Cormac Reynolds, Simon Johnston Sep 2020

Optical Study Of Pks B1322-110, The Intra-Hour Variable Radio Source, Juan P. Madrid, Artem V. Tuntsov, Mischa Schirmer, Mark A. Walker, Carlos J. Donzelli, Keith W. Bannister, Hayley E. Bignall, Jamie Stevens, Cormac Reynolds, Simon Johnston

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Observations with the Australia Telescope Compact Array revealed intra-hour variations in the radio source PKS B1322-110 (Bignall et al. 2019). As part of an optical follow-up, we obtained Gemini Hα and Hα continuum (HαC) images of the PKS B1322-110 field. A robust 19 σ detection of PKS B1322- 110 in the Hα−HαC image prompted us to obtain the first optical spectrum of PKS B1322-110. With the Gemini spectrum we determine that PKS B1322-110 is a flat-spectrum radio quasar at a redshift of z = 3.007 ± 0.002. The apparent flux detected in the Hα filter is likely to originate ...


Viable Materials With A Giant Magnetocaloric Effect, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Vladimir I. Zverev Sep 2020

Viable Materials With A Giant Magnetocaloric Effect, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Vladimir I. Zverev

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

This review of the current state of magnetocalorics is focused on materials exhibiting a giant magnetocaloric response near room temperature. To be economically viable for industrial applications and mass production, materials should have desired useful properties at a reasonable cost and should be safe for humans and the environment during manufacturing, handling, operational use, and after disposal. The discovery of novel materials is followed by a gradual improvement of properties by compositional adjustment and thermal or mechanical treatment. Consequently, with time, good materials become inferior to the best. There are several known classes of inexpensive materials with a giant magnetocaloric ...


26 Results Of Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations In B-Poly Basis, Muhammad I. Bhatti, Emilio Hinojosa Sep 2020

26 Results Of Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations In B-Poly Basis, Muhammad I. Bhatti, Emilio Hinojosa

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

A two-variable process to estimate results of Hyperbolic Partial Differentiation (HPD) equations in a B-Polynomial (B-Poly) bases is established. In the proposed process, a linear product of variable coefficients and B-Polys is manipulated to express the predicted solution of the HPD equation. The variable coefficients of the linear mixture in the results are concluded using Galerkin technique. The HPD equation is converted into a matrix which when inverted provided the unknown coefficients in the linear mixture of the solution. The anticipated solution is constructed from the variable coefficients and B-Poly basis set as a product with initial conditions implemented. Both ...


Sensitivity And Performance Of The Advanced Ligo Detectors In The Third Observing Run, A. Buikema, C. Cahillane, G. L. Mansell, C. D. Blair, R. Abbott, C. Adamsn, R. Adhikari, K. E. Ramirez Sep 2020

Sensitivity And Performance Of The Advanced Ligo Detectors In The Third Observing Run, A. Buikema, C. Cahillane, G. L. Mansell, C. D. Blair, R. Abbott, C. Adamsn, R. Adhikari, K. E. Ramirez

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

On April 1st, 2019, the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (aLIGO), joined by the Advanced Virgo detector, began the third observing run, a year-long dedicated search for gravitational radiation. The LIGO detectors have achieved a higher duty cycle and greater sensitivity to gravitational waves than ever before, with LIGO Hanford achieving angle-averaged sensitivity to binary neutron star coalescences to a distance of 111 Mpc, and LIGO Livingston to 134 Mpc with duty factors of 74.6% and 77.0% respectively. The improvement in sensitivity and stability is a result of several upgrades to the detectors, including doubled intracavity power, the ...


High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides Sep 2020

High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

Paradoxically a very broad diffraction background, named the Bell-Shaped-Component (BSC), has been established as a feature of graphene growth. Although the BSC has been present in the earlier literature it has been ignored. Recent diffraction studies as a function of electron energy have shown that the BSC is not related to scattering interference. The BSC is a very strong effect, but its origin is still unclear. Here, additional experiments are carried out as a function of temperature while monitoring changes in the intensity of different spots over the range that single-layer-graphene (SLG) grows. Quantitative fitting of the profiles shows that ...


Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen Sep 2020

Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen

Arts & Sciences Articles

A beam-normal single-spin asymmetry generated in the scattering of transversely polarized electrons from unpolarized nucleons is an observable related to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange process. We report a 2% precision measurement of the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering with a mean scattering angle of theta_lab = 7.9 degrees and a mean energy of 1.149 GeV. The asymmetry result is B_n = -5.194 +- 0.067 (stat) +- 0.082 (syst) ppm. This is the most precise measurement of this quantity available to date and therefore provides a stringent test of two-photon exchange models at far-forward scattering ...


Properties And Astrophysical Implications Of The 150 M ⊙ Binary Black Hole Merger Gw190521, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, A. Aich, G. Bissenbayeva, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, S. Mukherjee, V. Quetschke, Malik Rakhmanov, K. E. Ramirez, P. K. Roy, W. H. Wang, A. K. Zadrozny Sep 2020

Properties And Astrophysical Implications Of The 150 M ⊙ Binary Black Hole Merger Gw190521, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, A. Aich, G. Bissenbayeva, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, S. Mukherjee, V. Quetschke, Malik Rakhmanov, K. E. Ramirez, P. K. Roy, W. H. Wang, A. K. Zadrozny

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The gravitational-wave signal GW190521 is consistent with a binary black hole (BBH) merger source at redshift 0.8 with unusually high component masses, M ⊙ and M ⊙, compared to previously reported events, and shows mild evidence for spin-induced orbital precession. The primary falls in the mass gap predicted by (pulsational) pair-instability supernova theory, in the approximate range 65–120 M ⊙. The probability that at least one of the black holes in GW190521 is in that range is 99.0%. The final mass of the merger ( M ⊙) classifies it as an intermediate-mass black hole. Under the assumption of a quasi-circular BBH coalescence ...


Gw190521: A Binary Black Hole Merger With A Total Mass Of 150 M⊙, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, A. Aich, G. Bissenbayeva, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, Malik Rakhmanov, K. E. Ramirez, P. K. Roy, W. H. Wang, A. K. Zadrozny Sep 2020

Gw190521: A Binary Black Hole Merger With A Total Mass Of 150 M⊙, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, A. Aich, G. Bissenbayeva, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, Malik Rakhmanov, K. E. Ramirez, P. K. Roy, W. H. Wang, A. K. Zadrozny

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

On May 21, 2019 at 03:02:29 UTC Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observed a short duration gravitational-wave signal, GW190521, with a three-detector network signal-to-noise ratio of 14.7, and an estimated false-alarm rate of 1 in 4900 yr using a search sensitive to generic transients. If GW190521 is from a quasicircular binary inspiral, then the detected signal is consistent with the merger of two black holes with masses of 85+21−14  M⊙ and 66+17−18  M⊙ (90% credible intervals). We infer that the primary black hole mass lies within the gap produced by (pulsational) pair-instability supernova ...


Electromagnetic Reciprocity In The Presence Of Topological Insulators, Huai-Yi Xie, P. T. Leung Sep 2020

Electromagnetic Reciprocity In The Presence Of Topological Insulators, Huai-Yi Xie, P. T. Leung

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Electromagnetic reciprocity is studied in the presence of topological insulators (TI) with application of axion electrodynamics for harmonic electromagnetic fields. The corresponding generalized Lorentz and Feld-Tai type lemmas are derived in terms of the axion coupling parameter, and their correlation to the conditional symmetry in source-observer coordinates for the various Green dyadics is established subjected to different types of boundary conditions. Possible application of the results to the probing of the topological magneto-electric effects from TI is discussed.


New Techniques For Holography From Supergravity, Oscar Varela Aug 2020

New Techniques For Holography From Supergravity, Oscar Varela

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip Aug 2020

Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Open-source electromagnetic design software, Elmer FEM, was interfaced with data analytics toolkit, Dakota. Furthermore, the coupled software was validated against a benchmark test. The interface developed provides a unified open-source computational framework for electromagnetics and data analytics. Its key features include uncertainty quantification, surrogate modelling and parameter studies. This framework enables a richer understanding of model predictions to better design electric machines in a time sensitive manner.


Modifications To Gravitational Wave Equation From Canonical Quantum Gravity, Andrea Dapor, Klaus Liegener Aug 2020

Modifications To Gravitational Wave Equation From Canonical Quantum Gravity, Andrea Dapor, Klaus Liegener

Faculty Publications

It is expected that the quantum nature of spacetime leaves its imprint in all semiclassical gravitational systems, at least in certain regimes, including gravitational waves. In this paper we investigate such imprints on gravitational waves within a specific framework: space is assumed to be discrete (in the form of a regular cubic lattice), and this discrete geometry is quantised following Dirac's canonical quantisation scheme. The semiclassical behavior is then extracted by promoting the expectation value of the Hamiltonian operator on a semiclassical state to an effective Hamiltonian. Considering a family of semiclassical states representing small tensor perturbations to Minkowski ...


H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David Aug 2020

H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An error laden note (Am. J. Phys., 34, 984,(1966)) concerning the ladder operator solution to the hydrogen atom electronic energy levels is corrected.


A Hybrid Achromatic Metalens, Fatih Balli, Mansoor A. Sultan, Sarah K. Lami, J. Todd Hastings Aug 2020

A Hybrid Achromatic Metalens, Fatih Balli, Mansoor A. Sultan, Sarah K. Lami, J. Todd Hastings

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Metalenses, ultra-thin optical elements that focus light using subwavelength structures, have been the subject of a number of recent investigations. Compared to their refractive counterparts, metalenses offer reduced size and weight, and new functionality such as polarization control. However, metalenses that correct chromatic aberration also suffer from markedly reduced focusing efficiency. Here we introduce a Hybrid Achromatic Metalens (HAML) that overcomes this trade-off and offers improved focusing efficiency over a broad wavelength range from 1000-1800 nm. HAMLs can be designed by combining recursive ray-tracing and simulated phase libraries rather than computationally intensive global search algorithms. Moreover, HAMLs can be fabricated ...


Fifth-Degree Elastic Energy For Predictive Continuum Stress–Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Silicon, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang Aug 2020

Fifth-Degree Elastic Energy For Predictive Continuum Stress–Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Silicon, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Materials under complex loading develop large strains and often phase transformation via an elastic instability, as observed in both simple and complex systems. Here, we represent a material (exemplified for Si I) under large Lagrangian strains within a continuum description by a 5th-order elastic energy found by minimizing error relative to density functional theory (DFT) results. The Cauchy stress—Lagrangian strain curves for arbitrary complex loadings are in excellent correspondence with DFT results, including the elastic instability driving the Si I → II phase transformation (PT) and the shear instabilities. PT conditions for Si I → II under action of cubic axial ...


Hodographic Analysis Of Na Lidar Data To Measure Atmospheric Gravity Wave Parameters, Jeffrey Ormsby Aug 2020

Hodographic Analysis Of Na Lidar Data To Measure Atmospheric Gravity Wave Parameters, Jeffrey Ormsby

Physics Capstone Projects

The Utah State University Sodium lidar observatory, hosted in Science and Engineering Research building at Logan campus, measures the winds and temperature near the boundary of eddy diffusion dominated upper atmosphere between 80 and 110-km, where various atmospheric internal waves, especially atmospheric gravity waves (buoyancy waves), play important roles in the dynamics and chemistry. In this study, using a hodographic algorithm, the lidar data were analyzed to extract critical parameters of these gravity waves detected in this region, such as horizontal propagating phase velocity and wavelength. Results were compared with the independent Advanced Atmospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM) observations, co-located at ...


Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue Aug 2020

Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue

SURF Posters and Papers

Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions by lowering the energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Plasmonic materials have localized surface plasmon resonances, oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle, that generate energetically intense electric fields which rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize atoms strongly bound to the catalysts through occupation of antibonding orbitals. Tuning the antibonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy by electrons is achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another ...


Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight Aug 2020

Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this dissertation, optical Hall effect (OHE) measurements are used to determine the free charge carrier properties of important two-dimensional materials and monoclinic oxides. Two-dimensional material systems have proven useful in high-frequency electronic devices due to their unique properties, such as high mobility, which arise from their two-dimensional nature. Monoclinic oxides exhibit many desirable characteristics, for example low-crystal symmetry which could lead to anisotropic carrier properties. Here, single-crystal monoclinic gallium oxide, an AlInN/GaN-based high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) structure, and epitaxial graphene are studied as examples. To characterize these material systems, the OHE measurement technique is employed. The OHE is a ...


Diffuse Spectra Model Of Photoluminescence In Carbon Quantum Dots, S. E. Kumekov, N. K. Saitova, Karen S. Martirosyan Aug 2020

Diffuse Spectra Model Of Photoluminescence In Carbon Quantum Dots, S. E. Kumekov, N. K. Saitova, Karen S. Martirosyan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The attractive aspect of excitation related to fluorescence nature in carbon quantum dots (CQD) has guided to several assumptions correlated with clusters size distribution, shapes as well as presence of different emissive states. In this study, a dimer–excimer model of photoluminescence (PL) in CQD describing discrete multiple electronic states for the excitation-dependent emission is described. The functional dependence of the characteristic width of the diffuse spectra of PL on the size of a quantum dots are calculated. The effective width of PL spectrum can be tuned from 0.1 to 1 eV.


A New Look At The Quantum Liouville Theorem, P. T. Leung, G. I. Ni Aug 2020

A New Look At The Quantum Liouville Theorem, P. T. Leung, G. I. Ni

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We clarify certain confusions in the literature of the density operator in quantum mechanics, and demonstrate that the quantum Liouville theorem has the same form in both the Schrodinger and the Heisenberg pictures. Our starting point is to treat the density operator as an observable which has its specific time dependence in each of the two pictures. It is further shown that such a formulation will provide the exact correspondence between classical and quantum statistical mechanics with the Liouville theorem being interpreted as a conservation law, which is derivable from the equation of motion only in the quantum case.


Adaptive Spline Fitting With Particle Swarm Optimization, Soumya Mohanty, Ethan Fahnestock Aug 2020

Adaptive Spline Fitting With Particle Swarm Optimization, Soumya Mohanty, Ethan Fahnestock

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

In fitting data with a spline, finding the optimal placement of knots can significantly improve the quality of the fit. However, the challenging high-dimensional and non-convex optimization problem associated with completely free knot placement has been a major roadblock in using this approach. We present a method that uses particle swarm optimization (PSO) combined with model selection to address this challenge. The problem of overfitting due to knot clustering that accompanies free knot placement is mitigated in this method by explicit regularization, resulting in a significantly improved performance on highly noisy data. The principal design choices available in the method ...


Design, Monitoring And Management Approaches For The Root-Zone In Microgravity, Scott B. Jones Jul 2020

Design, Monitoring And Management Approaches For The Root-Zone In Microgravity, Scott B. Jones

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Reshaping Of Truncated Pd Nanocubes: Energetic And Kinetic Analysis Integrating Transmission Electron Microscopy With Atomistic-Level And Coarse-Grained Modeling, King C. Lai, Minda Chen, Benjamin Williams, Yong Han, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Wenyu Huang, James W. Evans Jul 2020

Reshaping Of Truncated Pd Nanocubes: Energetic And Kinetic Analysis Integrating Transmission Electron Microscopy With Atomistic-Level And Coarse-Grained Modeling, King C. Lai, Minda Chen, Benjamin Williams, Yong Han, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Wenyu Huang, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Stability against reshaping of metallic fcc nanocrystals synthesized with tailored far-from-equilibrium shapes is key to maintaining optimal properties for applications such as catalysis. Yet Arrhenius analysis of experimental reshaping kinetics, and appropriate theory and simulation, is lacking. Thus, we use TEM to monitor the reshaping of Pd nanocubes of ∼25 nm side length between 410 °C (over ∼4.5 h) and 440 °C (over ∼0.25 h), extracting a high effective energy barrier of Eeff ≈ 4.6 eV. We also provide an analytic determination of the energy variation along the optimal pathway for reshaping that involves transfer of atoms across ...