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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019) Sep 2019

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019)

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Anthony Starace, George Holmes University Professor of physics, died Sept. 5 from complications related to pancreatitis. He was 74.

Starace was born July 24, 1945, in the Queens borough of New York City. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School and earned his bachelor’s degree from Columbia University in 1966 before moving west to the University of Chicago, where he earned his doctorate under adviser Ugo Fano in 1971. It was in Chicago that he met Katherine Fritz of Beatrice, Nebraska, his wife of 51 years.

Following a postdoctoral appointment at Imperial College London, Starace moved to Lincoln as an ...


Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang Jun 2019

Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang

Bioelectrics Publications

Nanosecond pulsed helium plasma jets impinging on water produce hydroxyl radicals both in gas- and liquid-phase. In this study, the effects of pulse width on a repetitively pulsed plasma jet in contact with water are evaluated via OH(A-X) emission and OHaq production in water for various pulse widths ranging from 200 to 5000 ns. The maximal energy efficiency of OH(A-X) emission is obtained for pulse widths of 600-800 ns whereas the maximal efficiency of OHaq production is at 200 ns. Temporally-resolved emission spectroscopy shows that more than 40% of OH(A-X) emission is produced during the ...


Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan May 2019

Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We show images produced by an electron beam deflector, a quadrupole lens and a einzel lens fabricated from conducting and non-conducting plastic using a 3D printer. Despite the difficulties associated with the use of plastics in vacuum, such as outgassing, poor conductivity, and print defects, the devices were used successfully in vacuum to steer, stretch and focus electron beams to millimeter diameters. Simulations indicate that much smaller focus spot sizes might be possible for such 3D-printed plastic electron lenses taking into account some possible surface defects. This work was motivated by our need to place electron optical components in difficult-to-access ...


Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace May 2019

Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic expression for a polychromatic phasor representing an arbitrarily short elegant Laguerre-Gauss (eLG) laser pulse of any spot size and LG mode is presented in the time domain as a nonrecursive, closed-form perturbative expansion valid to any order of perturbative correction. This phasor enables the calculation of the complex electromagnetic fields for such beams without requiring the evaluation of any Fourier integrals. It is thus straightforward to implement in analytical or numerical applications involving eLG pulses.


Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace May 2019

Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic description of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is proposed in the adiabatic (low-frequency) limit for an initial s state and a laser field having an arbitrary wave form. The approach is based on the two-state time-dependent effective range theory and is extended to the case of neutral atoms and positively charged ions by introducing ad hoc the Coulomb corrections for HHG. The resulting closed analytical form for the HHG amplitude is discussed in terms of real classical trajectories. The accuracy of the results of our analytic model is demonstrated by comparison with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation ...


Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy To Characterize Targets For Mtw Laser At Lle, Gunnar M. Brown, Matthew G. Klein, Anthony C. Cooper, Charles G. Freeman, Stephen J. Padalino, C. R. Stillman, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster Apr 2019

Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy To Characterize Targets For Mtw Laser At Lle, Gunnar M. Brown, Matthew G. Klein, Anthony C. Cooper, Charles G. Freeman, Stephen J. Padalino, C. R. Stillman, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster

Papers, Posters, and Recordings

Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) is a useful technique for determining elemental composition and thickness of a target. In RBS, light ion beams from an accelerator are incident on the target to be studied. A surface barrier detector is used to study the energy spectrum of the scattered ions. The energy of the scattered ions depends on the elements in the target, and the width of each peak is related to the elemental layer thickness. The computer program SIMNRA is used to analyze the scattered ion spectra. RBS experiments have been performed using the 1.7 MV Pelletron accelerator at SUNY ...


Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley Apr 2019

Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The equation of state (EOS) of materials at warm dense conditions poses significant challenges to both theory and experiment. We report a combined computational, modeling, and experimental investigation leveraging new theoretical and experimental capabilities to investigate warm-dense boron nitride (BN). The simulation methodologies include path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC), several density functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics methods [plane-wave pseudopotential, Fermi operator expansion (FOE), and spectral quadrature (SQ)], activity expansion (actex), and all-electron Green's function Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (mecca), and compute the pressure and internal energy of BN over a broad range of densities and temperatures. Our experiments were conducted at the ...


Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace Mar 2019

Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Owing to increasing applications of time-resolved coherent x-ray scattering for the investigation of molecular reaction dynamics, we develop a theoretical model for time-dependent x-ray diffraction from molecular and/or electronic motion in molecules. Our model shows that the violation of centrosymmetry (VOC) is a general phenomenon in time-resolved diffraction patterns. We employ our theoretical model to illustrate the VOC in time-resolved coherent x-ray diffraction from two oriented diatomic molecules undergoing rovibrational motion: lithium hydride (LiD) and hydrogen (HD). Our simulations show asymmetric x-ray diffraction images that reflect the directions of the molecular motions.


Photon Radiation In Hot Nuclear Matter By Means Of Chiral Anomalies, Kirill Tuchin Jan 2019

Photon Radiation In Hot Nuclear Matter By Means Of Chiral Anomalies, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

A new mechanism of photon emission in the quark-gluon plasma is proposed. Photon dispersion relation in the presence of the CP-odd topological regions generated by the chiral anomaly acquires an imaginary mass. It allows photon radiation through the decay q→qγ and annihilation qq¯→γ processes closely related to the chiral Cherenkov radiation. Unlike previous proposals this mechanism does not require an external magnetic field. The differential photon emission rate per unit volume is computed and shown to be comparable to the rate of photon emission in conventional processes.


Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration Jan 2019

Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX collaboration presents first measurements of low-momentum (0.41\,GeV/c) direct-photon yield dNdirγ/dη is a smooth function of dNch/dη and can be well described as proportional to (dNch/dη)α with α≈1.25. This scaling behavior holds for a wide range of beam energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider, for centrality selected samples, as well as for different, A+A collision systems. At a given beam energy the scaling also holds for high pT (>5\,GeV/c) but when results from different collision energies are compared, an additional sNN ...


2d Ion Temperature Maps From Twins Ena Data: Idl Scripts, Amy Keesee, Earl Scime, Anna Zaniewski, Roxanne Katus Jan 2019

2d Ion Temperature Maps From Twins Ena Data: Idl Scripts, Amy Keesee, Earl Scime, Anna Zaniewski, Roxanne Katus

Physics Scholarship

Energetic neutral atom (ENA) flux from the NASA TWINS mission (and previously the MENA instrument on the NASA IMAGE mission) is projected along the line of sight to the equatorial plane in GSM coordinates. A Maxwellian fit is used to calculate the ion temperature in each equatorial plane bin, creating 2D maps of ion temperatures. The files are IDL .pro scripts that can be read using a text editor. IDL software is required to run. The primary script is twins_master.pro. The scripts call other scripts that were developed by the TWINS mission team as well as publicly available IDL ...


Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, D. Grzonka, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, F. Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian Jan 2019

Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, D. Grzonka, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, F. Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian

Physics Faculty Publications

A quite simple procedure for the generation of a polarized antiproton beam could be worked out if antiprotons are produced with some polarization. In order to investigate this possibility measurements of the polarization of produced antiprotons have been started at a CERN/PS test beam. The polarization will be determined from the asymmetry of the elastic antiproton scattering at a liquid hydrogen target in the CNI region for which the analyzing power is well known. The data are under analysis and an additional measurement is done in 2018. Details on the experiment and the ongoing data analysis will be given.


Drift Chamber Calibration And Particle Identification In The P-349 Experiment, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, D. Grzonka, Florian Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian, D. Lersch, S. Malbrunot-Ettenauer, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, P. Moskal, P. Nadel-Turonski, W. Oelert, J. Ritman, T. Sefzick, V. Tadevosyan, E. Widmann, M. Wolke, S. Zhamkochyan, M. Zieliński, A. Zink, J. Zmeskal Jan 2019

Drift Chamber Calibration And Particle Identification In The P-349 Experiment, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, D. Grzonka, Florian Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian, D. Lersch, S. Malbrunot-Ettenauer, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, P. Moskal, P. Nadel-Turonski, W. Oelert, J. Ritman, T. Sefzick, V. Tadevosyan, E. Widmann, M. Wolke, S. Zhamkochyan, M. Zieliński, A. Zink, J. Zmeskal

Physics Faculty Publications

The goal of the P-349 experiment is to test whether 3.5 GeV/c antiprotons produced in high-energy proton-proton collisions are polarized in view of the preparation of a polarized antiproton beam. In this article, we present the details of the ongoing analysis focused on the drift chambers calibration and particle identification with DIRC.


Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, B. Zhao, A. Kim, K. Joo, I . Bedlinskiy, W. Kim, V. Kubarovsky, M. Ungaro, G. Gavalian, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Clas Collaboration Jan 2019

Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, B. Zhao, A. Kim, K. Joo, I . Bedlinskiy, W. Kim, V. Kubarovsky, M. Ungaro, G. Gavalian, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

The beam spin asymmetry of the exclusive pseudoscalar channel ep→e′p′η was measured for the first time in the deep-inelastic regime (W > 2 GeV/c2 and Q2 > 1 GeV2 /c2) using a longitudinally polarized 5.78 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. The data were accumulated in 144 four-dimensional bins of Q2, xB, −t and ϕ over a wide kinematic range, where ϕ is the azimuthal angle between the lepton and hadron scattering planes, The measured azimuthal dependence with large amplitudes of the sin ϕ moments ...


Exploring The Structure Of The Bound Proton With Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, M. Hattawy, N.A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, S. Bültmann, B. Torayev, G. Gavalian, F. Hauenstein, S. E. Kuhn, M. Khachatryan, M. Mayer, J. Poudel, Y. Prok, L. B. Weinstein, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Clas Collaboration Jan 2019

Exploring The Structure Of The Bound Proton With Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, M. Hattawy, N.A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, S. Bültmann, B. Torayev, G. Gavalian, F. Hauenstein, S. E. Kuhn, M. Khachatryan, M. Mayer, J. Poudel, Y. Prok, L. B. Weinstein, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

In the past two decades, deeply virtual Compton scattering of electrons has been successfully used to advance our knowledge of the partonic structure of the free proton and investigate correlations between the transverse position and the longitudinal momentum of quarks inside the nucleon. Meanwhile, the structure of bound nucleons in nuclei has been studied in inclusive deep-inelastic lepton scattering experiments off nuclear targets, showing a significant difference in longitudinal momentum distribution of quarks inside the bound nucleon, known as the EMC effect. In this Letter, we report the first beam spin asymmetry (BSA) measurement of exclusive deeply virtual Compton scattering ...


Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, L. B. Madsen, S. X. Hu, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2018

Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, L. B. Madsen, S. X. Hu, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We study electron momentum vortices in single-photon double ionization of H2 by time-delayed, counterrotating, elliptically polarized attosecond pulses propagating along either parallel or perpendicular to the molecular axis R. For kˆ | R, kinematical vortices occur similar to those found for He. For R, we find dynamical vortex structures originating from an ellipticity-dependent interplay of 1+u and 1+u continuum amplitudes. We propose a complete experiment to determine the magnitudes and relative phase of these amplitudes by varying pulse ellipticities and time delays.


Determination Of The Magnetic Field Dependence Of The Surface Resistance Of Superconductors From Cavity Tests, J. R. Delayen, H. Park, S. Su. De Silva, G. Ciovati, Z. Li Dec 2018

Determination Of The Magnetic Field Dependence Of The Surface Resistance Of Superconductors From Cavity Tests, J. R. Delayen, H. Park, S. Su. De Silva, G. Ciovati, Z. Li

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a general method to derive the magnetic field dependence of the surface resistance of superconductors from the Q-curves obtained during the cryogenic tests of cavities. The results are applied to coaxial half-wave cavities, TM-like “elliptical” accelerating cavities, and cavities of more complicated geometries.


Transition Radiation As A Probe Of The Chiral Anomaly, Xu-Guang Huang, Kirill Tuchin Nov 2018

Transition Radiation As A Probe Of The Chiral Anomaly, Xu-Guang Huang, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

A fast charged particle crossing the boundary between chiral matter and vacuum radiates transition radiation. Its most remarkable features—the resonant behavior at a certain emission angle and the circular polarization of the spectrum—depend on the parameters of the chiral anomaly in a particular material or matter. Chiral transition radiation can be used to investigate the chiral anomaly in such diverse media as the quark-gluon plasma, Weyl semimetals, and axionic dark matter.


Perturbative Representation Of Ultrashort Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Fields, Andrew Vikartofsky, Anthony F. Starace, Liang-Wen Pi Oct 2018

Perturbative Representation Of Ultrashort Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Fields, Andrew Vikartofsky, Anthony F. Starace, Liang-Wen Pi

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytical method for calculating the electromagnetic fields of a nonparaxial elegant Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) vortex beam is presented for arbitrary pulse duration, spot size, and LG mode. This perturbative approach provides a numerically tractable model for the calculation of arbitrarily high radial and azimuthal LG modes in the nonparaxial regime, without requiring integral representations of the fields. A key feature of this perturbative model is its use of a Poisson-like frequency spectrum, which allows for the proper description of pulses of arbitrarily short duration. This model is thus appropriate for simulating laser-matter interactions, including those involving short laser pulses.


Finite-Size Effects In Metasurface Lasers Based On Resonant Dark States, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis Aug 2018

Finite-Size Effects In Metasurface Lasers Based On Resonant Dark States, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The quest for subwavelength coherent light sources has recently led to the exploration of dark-mode based surface lasers, which allow for independent adjustment of the lasing state and its coherent radiation output. To understand how this unique design performs in real experiments, we need to consider systems of finite size and quantify finite-size effects not present in the infinite dark-mode surface laser model. Here we find that, depending on the size of the system, distinct and even counterintuitive behavior of the lasing state is possible, determined by a balanced competition between multiple loss channels, including dissipation, intentional out-coupling of coherent ...


A Review Of Equation-Of-State Models For Inertial Confinement Fusion Materials, J. A. Gaffney, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey Smirnov, Et Al. Aug 2018

A Review Of Equation-Of-State Models For Inertial Confinement Fusion Materials, J. A. Gaffney, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey Smirnov, Et Al.

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Material equation-of-state (EOS) models, generally providing the pressure and internal energy for a given density and temperature, are required to close the equations of hydrodynamics. As a result they are an essential piece of physics used to simulate inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions. Historically, EOS models based on different physical/chemical pictures of matter have been developed for ICF relevant materials such as the deuterium (D2) or deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel, as well as candidate ablator materials such as polystyrene (CH), glow-discharge polymer (GDP), beryllium (Be), carbon (C), and boron carbide (B4C). The accuracy of these EOS models can directly affect ...


High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen Aug 2018

High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen

Physics Faculty Publications

The Old Dominion University Compact Light Source (ODU CLS) design concept is presented-a compact Inverse Compton Light Source (ICLS) with flux and brilliance orders of magnitude beyond conventional laboratory-scale sources and greater than other compact ICLS designs. This concept utilizes the physics of inverse Compton scattering of an extremely low emittance electron beam by a laser pulse of rms length of approximately two-thirds of a picosecond (2/3 ps). The accelerator is composed of a superconducting radio frequency (SRF) reentrant gun followed by four double-spoke SRF cavities. After the linac are three quadrupole magnets to focus the electron beam to ...


Compton Scattering From The Deuteron Above Pion-Production Threshold, B. Strandberg, J. R. M. Annand, W. Briscoe, J. Brudvik, F. Cividini, L. Clark, E. J. Downie, K. England, G. Feldman, K. G. Fissum, D. I. Glazier, K. Hamilton, K. Hansen, L. Isaksson, R. Al Jebali, Michael A. Kovash, S. Lipschutz, M. Lundin, M. Meshkian, D. G. Middleton, L. S. Myers, D. O'Donnell, G. O'Rielly, B. Oussena, M. F. Preston, B. Schröder, B. Seitz, I. Strakovsky, M. Taragin Jul 2018

Compton Scattering From The Deuteron Above Pion-Production Threshold, B. Strandberg, J. R. M. Annand, W. Briscoe, J. Brudvik, F. Cividini, L. Clark, E. J. Downie, K. England, G. Feldman, K. G. Fissum, D. I. Glazier, K. Hamilton, K. Hansen, L. Isaksson, R. Al Jebali, Michael A. Kovash, S. Lipschutz, M. Lundin, M. Meshkian, D. G. Middleton, L. S. Myers, D. O'Donnell, G. O'Rielly, B. Oussena, M. F. Preston, B. Schröder, B. Seitz, I. Strakovsky, M. Taragin

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The electromagnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon are fundamental nucleon-structure observables that characterize its response to external electromagnetic fields. The neutron polarizabilities can be accessed from Compton-scattering data on light nuclear targets. Recent measurements of the differential cross section for Compton scattering on the deuteron below the pion-production threshold have decreased the uncertainties in the neutron polarizabilities, yet the proton polarizabilities remain known substantially more accurately. As the sensitivity of the cross section to the polarizabilities increases with incident photon energy, measurements above the pion threshold may offer a way for an improved determination of the neutron polarizabilities. In this Rapid ...


Laser-Induced Recoverable Surface Patterning On Ni50ti50 Shape Memory Alloys, Saidjafarzoda Ilhom Jul 2018

Laser-Induced Recoverable Surface Patterning On Ni50ti50 Shape Memory Alloys, Saidjafarzoda Ilhom

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a unique class of smart materials exhibiting extraordinary properties with a wide range of applications in engineering, biomedical, and aerospace technologies. In this study, an advanced, efficient, low-cost, and highly scalable laser-assisted imprinting method with low environmental impact to create thermally controllable surface patterns is reported. Two different imprinting methods were carried out mainly on Ni50Ti50 (at. %) SMAs by using a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm wavelength and 10 Hz frequency. First, laser pulses at selected fluences were directly focused on the NiTi surface, which generated pressure pulses of up to ...


Control Of Harmonic Generation By The Time Delay Between Two-Color, Bicircular Few-Cycle Mid-Ir Laser Pulses, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, N. V. Vvedenskii, A. A. Silaev, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace Jun 2018

Control Of Harmonic Generation By The Time Delay Between Two-Color, Bicircular Few-Cycle Mid-Ir Laser Pulses, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, N. V. Vvedenskii, A. A. Silaev, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We study control of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) driven by time-delayed, few-cycle ω and 2ω counterrotating mid-IR pulses. Our numerical and analytical study shows that the time delay between the two-color pulses allows control of the harmonic positions, both those allowed by angular momentum conservation and those seemingly forbidden by it. Moreover, the helicity of any particular harmonic is tunable from left to right circular without changing the driving pulse helicity. The highest HHG yield occurs for a time delay comparable to the fundamental period T = 2π/ω.


Production Of Photoionized Plasmas In The Laboratory With X-Ray Line Radiation, S. White, R. Irwin, J. R. Warwick, G. F. Gribakin, G. Sarri, F. P. Keenan, D. Riley, S. J. Rose, E. G. Hill, Gary J. Ferland, B. Han, F. Wang, G. Zhao Jun 2018

Production Of Photoionized Plasmas In The Laboratory With X-Ray Line Radiation, S. White, R. Irwin, J. R. Warwick, G. F. Gribakin, G. Sarri, F. P. Keenan, D. Riley, S. J. Rose, E. G. Hill, Gary J. Ferland, B. Han, F. Wang, G. Zhao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

In this paper we report the experimental implementation of a theoretically proposed technique for creating a photoionized plasma in the laboratory using x-ray line radiation. Using a Sn laser plasma to irradiate an Ar gas target, the photoionization parameter, ξ = 4πF/Ne, reached values of order 50erg cm s−1, where F is the radiation flux in erg cm−2 s−1. The significance of this is that this technique allows us to mimic effective spectral radiation temperatures in excess of 1 keV. We show that our plasma starts to be collisionally dominated before the peak of the ...


Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By Association And Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage Of Isoprene, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang May 2018

Spectroscopy And Formation Of Lanthanum-Hydrocarbon Radicals Formed By Association And Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage Of Isoprene, Wenjin Cao, Dilkrushi Hewage, Dong-Sheng Yang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

La atom reaction with isoprene is carried out in a laser-vaporization molecular beam source. The reaction yields an adduct as the major product and C—C cleaved and dehydrogenated species as the minor ones. La(C5H8), La(C2H2), and La(C3H4) are characterized with mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical computations. The MATI spectra of all three species exhibit a strong origin band and several weak vibronic bands corresponding to La-ligand stretch and ligand-based bend excitations. La(C5H8) is a five-membered metallacycle, whereas La(C2 ...


Enhancing High-Order Harmonic Generation By Sculpting Waveforms With Chirp, Dian Peng, M. V. Frolov, Liang-Wen Pi, Anthony F. Starace May 2018

Enhancing High-Order Harmonic Generation By Sculpting Waveforms With Chirp, Dian Peng, M. V. Frolov, Liang-Wen Pi, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We present a theoretical analysis showing how chirp can be used to sculpt two-color driving laser field waveforms in order to enhance high-order harmonic generation (HHG) and/or extend HHG cutoff energies. Specifically, we consider driving laser field waveforms composed of two ultrashort pulses having different carrier frequencies in each of which a linear chirp is introduced. Two pairs of carrier frequencies of the component pulses are considered: (ω, 2ω) and (ω, 3ω). Our results show how changing the signs of the chirps in each of the two component pulses leads to drastic changes in the HHG spectra. Our theoretical ...


Optimization Of Magnetic Chicane For Maximum Electron Beam Compression, Nathan W. Ray, Vida-Michelle Nixon, Matthias Fuchs Apr 2018

Optimization Of Magnetic Chicane For Maximum Electron Beam Compression, Nathan W. Ray, Vida-Michelle Nixon, Matthias Fuchs

UCARE Research Products

Research concerned with optimizing a negatively chirped, relativistic, short electron beam using General Particle Tracer (GPT). The GPT simulations have the ability to include realistic beam effects such as space charge, fringe fields and emittance. A series of electron beam energy spreads were simulated through several different iterations of dipole magnets and, utilizing GPT's optimization ability, the most consistent set of parameters was selected and displayed on the poster. With our presented iteration of parameters we noted a 89.5% compression of the electron beam along the propagating axis.


Electron Parallel Closures For The 3 + 1 Fluid Model, Jeong-Young Ji, Ilon Joseph Mar 2018

Electron Parallel Closures For The 3 + 1 Fluid Model, Jeong-Young Ji, Ilon Joseph

All Physics Faculty Publications

Linear closures are obtained for arbitrary collisionality for the 3 þ 1 fluid model which includes the evolution of density, flow velocity, and pressure both parallel and perpendicular to a preferred direction, usually a magnetic field. A large set of 6400 moment equations is solved to provide closures that are accurate in the collisional regime and well into the collisionless regime. The closures in the collisionless limit are determined by solving the kinetic equation with a model collision operator. Simple fits for the kernel functions that define the closures are obtained for arbitrary collisionality in wave number space. The results ...