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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Interplay Of Conventional With Inverse Electrocaloric Response In (Pb,Nb) (Zr,Sn,Ti)O3 Antiferroelectric Materials, Nikola Novak, Florian Weyland, Satyanarayan Patel, Hanzheng Guo, Xiaoli Tan, Jürgen Rödel, Jurij Koruza Mar 2018

Interplay Of Conventional With Inverse Electrocaloric Response In (Pb,Nb) (Zr,Sn,Ti)O3 Antiferroelectric Materials, Nikola Novak, Florian Weyland, Satyanarayan Patel, Hanzheng Guo, Xiaoli Tan, Jürgen Rödel, Jurij Koruza

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The electrocaloric effect in ferroics is considered a powerful solid-state cooling technology. Its potential is enhanced by correlation to the inverse electrocaloric effect and leads into mechanisms of decreasing or increasing dipolar entropy under applied electric field. Nevertheless, the mechanism underlying the increase of the dipolar entropy with applied electric field remains unclear and controversial. This study investigates the electrocaloric response of the antiferroelectric Pb0.99Nb0.02[(Zr0.58Sn0.43)0.92 Ti0.08]0.98O3 in which the critical electric field is low enough to induce the ferroelectric phase over a broad temperature range. Utilizing temperature- and electric-field-dependent dielectric ...


A Computational Study Of Diffusion In A Glass-Forming Metallic Liquid, T. Wang, F. Zhang, L. Yang, X. W. Fang, S. H. Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Ralph E. Napolitano Jun 2015

A Computational Study Of Diffusion In A Glass-Forming Metallic Liquid, T. Wang, F. Zhang, L. Yang, X. W. Fang, S. H. Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Ralph E. Napolitano

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Liquid phase diffusion plays a critical role in phase transformations (e.g. glass transformation and devitrification) observed in marginal glass forming systems such as Al-Sm. Controlling transformation pathways in such cases requires a comprehensive description of diffusivity, including the associated composition and temperature dependencies. In the computational study reported here, we examine atomic diffusion in Al-Sm liquids using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) and determine the diffusivities of Al and Sm for selected alloy compositions. Non-Arrhenius diffusion behavior is observed in the undercooled liquids with an enhanced local structural ordering. Through assessment of our AIMD result, we construct a general ...


Composition-Dependent Stability Of The Medium-Range Order Responsible For Metallic Glass Formation, Feng Zhang, Min Ji, Xiao-Wei Fang, Yang Sun, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Matthew J. Kramer, Ralph E. Napolitano, Kai-Ming Ho Dec 2014

Composition-Dependent Stability Of The Medium-Range Order Responsible For Metallic Glass Formation, Feng Zhang, Min Ji, Xiao-Wei Fang, Yang Sun, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Matthew J. Kramer, Ralph E. Napolitano, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The competition between the characteristic medium-range order corresponding to amorphous alloys and that in ordered crystalline phases is central to phase selection and morphology evolution under various processing conditions. We examine the stability of a model glass system, Cu–Zr, by comparing the energetics of various medium-range structural motifs over a wide range of compositions using first-principles calculations. We focus specifically on motifs that represent possible building blocks for competing glassy and crystalline phases, and we employ a genetic algorithm to efficiently identify the energetically favored decorations of each motif for specific compositions. Our results show that a Bergman-type motif ...


Quantitative Vibrational Dynamics Of The Metal Site In A Tin Porphyrin: An Ir, Nrvs, And Dft Study, Bogdan M. Leu, Marek Z. Zgierski, Christian Michael Bischoff, Ming Li, Michael Y. Hu, Jiyoung Zhao, Steve W. Martin, Esen Ercan Alp, W. Robert Scheidt Sep 2013

Quantitative Vibrational Dynamics Of The Metal Site In A Tin Porphyrin: An Ir, Nrvs, And Dft Study, Bogdan M. Leu, Marek Z. Zgierski, Christian Michael Bischoff, Ming Li, Michael Y. Hu, Jiyoung Zhao, Steve W. Martin, Esen Ercan Alp, W. Robert Scheidt

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We used a newer, synchrotron-based, spectroscopic technique (nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy, NRVS) in combination with a more traditional one (infrared absorption, IR) to obtain a complete, quantitative picture of the metal center vibrational dynamics in a six-coordinated tin porphyrin. From the NRVS 119Sn site-selectivity and the sensitivity of the IR signal to 112Sn/119Sn isotope substitution, we identified the frequency of the antisymmetric stretching of the axial bonds (290 cm–1) and all the other vibrations involving Sn. Experimentally authenticated density functional theory (DFT) calculations aid the data interpretation by providing detailed normal mode descriptions for each observed vibration. These ...


Spatially Resolved Distribution Function And The Medium-Range Order In Metallic Liquid And Glass, X. W. Fang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, S. G. Hao, Matthew J. Kramer, Yongxin Yao, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Z. J. Ding, Ralph E. Napolitano, Kai-Ming Ho Dec 2011

Spatially Resolved Distribution Function And The Medium-Range Order In Metallic Liquid And Glass, X. W. Fang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, S. G. Hao, Matthew J. Kramer, Yongxin Yao, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Z. J. Ding, Ralph E. Napolitano, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The structural description of disordered systems has been a longstanding challenge in physical science. We propose an atomic cluster alignment method to reveal the development of three-dimensional topological ordering in a metallic liquid as it undercools to form a glass. By analyzing molecular dynamic (MD) simulation trajectories of a Cu64.5Zr35.5 alloy, we show that medium-range order (MRO) develops in the liquid as it approaches the glass transition. Specifically, around Cu sites, we observe “Bergman triacontahedron” packing (icosahedron, dodecahedron and icosahedron) that extends out to the fourth shell, forming an interpenetrating backbone network in the glass. The discovery of ...


Electrical Transport In Amorphous Semiconducting Almgb14 Films, Y. Tian, G. Li, Joseph Shinar, N. L. Wang, Bruce A. Cook, James W. Anderegg, Alan P. Constant, Alan Mark Russell, J. E. Snyder Aug 2004

Electrical Transport In Amorphous Semiconducting Almgb14 Films, Y. Tian, G. Li, Joseph Shinar, N. L. Wang, Bruce A. Cook, James W. Anderegg, Alan P. Constant, Alan Mark Russell, J. E. Snyder

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The electrical transport properties of semiconducting AlMgB14films deposited at room temperature and 573K are reported in this letter. The as-deposited films are amorphous, and they exhibit high n-type electrical conductivity, which is believed to stem from the conduction electrons donated by Al, Mg, and/or Fe impurities in these films. The film deposited at 573K is less conductive than the room-temperature-deposited film. This is attributed to the nature of donor or trap states in the band gap related to the different deposition temperatures.


Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick Apr 1996

Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The current study was undertaken to explore the possibility of detecting hydrogen cavitation in magnetic materials through magnetic propertymeasurements. It is known that dissolved hydrogen in a material causes microvoids. These voids may affect the structure‐sensitive magnetic properties such as coercivity and remanence. In this study, hydrogen was introduced into nickel and iron by two processes, namely thermal charging and cathodic charging. The effect on the magnetic properties was measured. In addition, the variation of the magnetic properties with porosity was studied.


The Resistivity And Microstructure Of Heavily Drawn Cu‐Nb Alloys, J. D. Verhoeven, H. L. Downing, L. Scott Chumbley, E. D. Gibson Jan 1989

The Resistivity And Microstructure Of Heavily Drawn Cu‐Nb Alloys, J. D. Verhoeven, H. L. Downing, L. Scott Chumbley, E. D. Gibson

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

A combined resistivitytransmission electron microscopy(TEM) study has been done on heavily drawn Cu‐20 vol % Nb alloys (so‐called i n s i t u alloys). The results show that electron scattering at Cu‐Nb interfaces makes the major contribution to resistivity in heavily drawn wire. The dislocation contribution is small and constant at deformation strains greater than around 4, apparently as a result of dynamic recovery/recrystallization of the Cu matrix which occurs during room‐temperature drawing. Results of this study and other recent TEM dislocation studies indicate that the dislocation density in heavily drawn Cu‐20 vol ...


An Electron Channeling Study Of Polycrystalline Yba2cu3o X, J. D. Verhoeven, E. D. Gibson, L. Scott Chumbley, R. William Mccallum, H. H. Baker Jul 1988

An Electron Channeling Study Of Polycrystalline Yba2cu3o X, J. D. Verhoeven, E. D. Gibson, L. Scott Chumbley, R. William Mccallum, H. H. Baker

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

An electron channeling study has been done on large grained YBa2Cu3O x samples. Selected area channeling patterns (SACP) were used to examine several dozen grains on electropolished surfaces and it was demonstrated that (a) the twin planes observed in polarized optical light microscopy lie parallel to {110} crystal planes, and (b) the long flat sides of high aspect ratio grains are formed by basal planes, and the shorter sides are formed by either (010), (100), or {110} planes. A majority of the large grains examined were found to contain subgrains, misaligned by 0.5°–1° and ...


Possible Twin-Boundary Effect Upon The Properties Of High-Tc Superconductors, M. M. Fang, Vladimir G. Kogan, Douglas K. Finnemore, J. R. Clem, L. Scott Chumbley, D. K. Farrell Feb 1988

Possible Twin-Boundary Effect Upon The Properties Of High-Tc Superconductors, M. M. Fang, Vladimir G. Kogan, Douglas K. Finnemore, J. R. Clem, L. Scott Chumbley, D. K. Farrell

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We have studied the field at which superconductivity nucleates in grain-aligned samples of Y1Ba2Cu3O7-δ very close to the transition temperature Tc. For the field parallel to the c axis and for temperatures within 2 K of Tc, the nucleation field is found to vary as (1-T/Tc)1/2. The data suggest that superconductivity localized near twin boundaries may exist at temperatures close to Tc. .AE