Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

Fluid Dynamics

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 237

Full-Text Articles in Physics

A Quadrature-Based Moment Method For Polydisperse Bubbly Flows, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Bo Kong, Alberto Passalacqua, Rodney O. Fox Jun 2019

A Quadrature-Based Moment Method For Polydisperse Bubbly Flows, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Bo Kong, Alberto Passalacqua, Rodney O. Fox

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

A computational algorithm for polydisperse bubbly flow is developed by combining quadrature-based moment methods (QBMM) with an existing two-fluid solver for gas–liquid flows. Care is taken to ensure that the two-fluid model equations are hyperbolic by generalizing the kinetic model for the bubble phase proposed by Bieseuvel and Gorissen (1990). The kinetic formulation for the bubble phase includes the full suite of interphase momentum exchange terms for bubbly flow, as well as ad hoc bubble–bubble interaction terms to model the transition from isolated bubbles to regions of pure air at very high bubble-phase volume fractions. A robust numerical ...


Quantification Of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound, Joseph Pathoulas Apr 2019

Quantification Of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound, Joseph Pathoulas

All College Thesis Program, 2016-present

The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of manipulating ultrasound scanner settings on time-intensity curve parameters in a tube perfusion phantom system using contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging. Imaging was performed using a Philips LOGIQ E9 ultrasound scanner equipped with a C1-6VN transducer and utilized two different microbubble contrast agents: Definity and Lumason. The ultrasound scanner settings manipulated included: gain, dynamic range, and frequency. Additionally, relative microbubble concentration, microbubble type, and perfusion flow rate were manipulated. Four time-intensity curve parameters (time to peak, area under curve, gradient, peak intensity) were measured from linearized pixel data. Time to peak was ...


The Water Entry Of A Sphere In A Jet, Nathan B. Speirs, Jesse Belden, Zhao Pan, Sean Holekamp, George Badlissi, Matthew Jones, Tadd T. Truscott Mar 2019

The Water Entry Of A Sphere In A Jet, Nathan B. Speirs, Jesse Belden, Zhao Pan, Sean Holekamp, George Badlissi, Matthew Jones, Tadd T. Truscott

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The forces on an object impacting the water are extreme in the early moments of water entry and can cause structural damage to biological and man-made bodies alike. These early-time forces arise primarily from added mass, peaking when the submergence is much less than one body length. We experimentally investigate a means of reducing impact forces on a rigid sphere by placing the sphere inside a jet of water so that the jet strikes the quiescent water surface prior to entry of the sphere into the pool. The water jet accelerates the pool liquid and forms a cavity into which ...


High Throughput, Automated Prediction Of Focusing Patterns For Inertial Microfluidics, Aditya Kommajosula, Jeong-Ah Kim, Wonhee Lee, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Jan 2019

High Throughput, Automated Prediction Of Focusing Patterns For Inertial Microfluidics, Aditya Kommajosula, Jeong-Ah Kim, Wonhee Lee, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Visual inspections for identifying focusing points in inertial microfluidic flows are prone to misinterpreting stable locations and focusing shifts in the case of non-trivial focusing patterns. We develop and deploy an approach for automating the calculation of focusing patterns for a general channel geometry, and thereby reduce the dependence on empirical/visual procedures to confirm the presence of stable locations. We utilize concepts from interpolation theory (to represent continuous force-fields using discrete points), and stability theory to identify "basins of attraction" and quantitatively identify stable equilibrium points. Our computational experiments reveal that predicting equilibrium points accurately requires upto ×10-20 times ...


Water Entry Of Spheres At Various Contact Angles, Nathan B. Speirs, Mohammad M. Mansoor, Jesse Belden, Tadd T. Truscott Jan 2019

Water Entry Of Spheres At Various Contact Angles, Nathan B. Speirs, Mohammad M. Mansoor, Jesse Belden, Tadd T. Truscott

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

It is well known that the water entry of a sphere causes cavity formation above a critical impact velocity as a function of the solid-liquid contact angle (Duez et al. 2007). Using a rough sphere with a contact angle of 120, Aristoff & Bush (2009) showed that there are four different cavity shapes dependent on the Bond and Weber numbers (i.e., quasi-static, shallow, deep and surface). We experimentally alter the Bond number, Weber number and contact angle of smooth spheres and find two key additions to the literature: 1) Cavity shape also depends on the contact angle; 2) the absence of a splash crown at low Weber number results in cavity formation below the predicted critical velocity. In addition, we find an alternate scaling for the Bond and Weber numbers that predicts cavity shapes for various impacting bodies (e.g., spheres, multi-droplet streams and jets) on the same regime diagram, thus, merging the often separated ...


Temporal And Spatial Scaling Of Dissipation Under Non-Breaking Surface Waves, Mingming Shao, Brian K. Haus, Darek Bogucki, Mohammad Barzegar Jan 2019

Temporal And Spatial Scaling Of Dissipation Under Non-Breaking Surface Waves, Mingming Shao, Brian K. Haus, Darek Bogucki, Mohammad Barzegar

Supplementary Data and Tools

This dataset is associated to the NSF OCE/Physical Oceanography funded project “Laboratory Investigation of Turbulence Generation by Surface Waves”. There are three papers in preparation that will refer to data contained within this archive. The overarching goal of this project was to address a significant knowledge gap regarding the turbulent dissipation of non-breaking surface waves. To accomplish this, a comprehensive study in the SUrge-STructure-Atmosphere-INteraction (SUSTAIN) wind-wave laboratory at the University of Miami was conducted. A combination of established measurement approaches (Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Vertical Microstructure Profiler (VMP)) and new technologies (Optical Turbulence Sensor (OTS)) have been used ...


Shape-Design For Stabilizing Micro-Particles In Inertial Microfluidic Flows, Aditya Kommajosula, Daniel Stoecklein, Dino Di Carlo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Jan 2019

Shape-Design For Stabilizing Micro-Particles In Inertial Microfluidic Flows, Aditya Kommajosula, Daniel Stoecklein, Dino Di Carlo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Design of microparticles which stabilize at the centerline of a channel flow when part of a dilute suspension is examined numerically for moderate Reynolds numbers (10≤Re≤80). Stability metrics for particles with arbitrary shapes are formulated based on linear-stability theory. Particle shape is parametrized by a compact, Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS)-based representation. Shape-design is posed as an optimization problem and solved using adaptive Bayesian optimization. We focus on designing particles for maximal stability at the channel-centerline robust to perturbations. Our results indicate that centerline-focusing particles are families of characteristic "fish"/"bottle"/"dumbbell"-like shapes, exhibiting fore-aft asymmetry. A ...


Surface Waves Over Currents And Uneven Bottom, Alan C. Compelli, Rossen Ivanov, Calin I. Martin, Michail D. Todorov Jan 2019

Surface Waves Over Currents And Uneven Bottom, Alan C. Compelli, Rossen Ivanov, Calin I. Martin, Michail D. Todorov

Articles

The propagation of surface water waves interacting with a current and an uneven bottom is studied. Such a situation is typical for ocean waves where the winds generate currents in the top layer of the ocean. The role of the bottom topography is taken into account since it also influences the local wave and current patterns. Specific scaling of the variables is selected which leads to approximations of Boussinesq and KdV types. The arising KdV equation with variable coefficients, dependent on the bottom topography, is studied numerically when the initial condition is in the form of the one soliton solution ...


Entry Of A Sphere Into A Water-Surfactant Mixture And The Effect Of A Bubble Layer, Nathan Speirs, Mohammad Mansoor, Randy Hurd, Saberul Sharker, W. G. Robinson, B. J. Williams, Tadd T. Truscott Oct 2018

Entry Of A Sphere Into A Water-Surfactant Mixture And The Effect Of A Bubble Layer, Nathan Speirs, Mohammad Mansoor, Randy Hurd, Saberul Sharker, W. G. Robinson, B. J. Williams, Tadd T. Truscott

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A rigid sphere entering a liquid bath does not always produce an entrained air cavity. Previous experimental work shows that cavity formation, or the lack thereof, is governed by fluid properties, wetting properties of the sphere, and impact velocity. In this study, wetting steel spheres are dropped into a water-surfactant mixture with and without passing through a bubble layer first. Surprisingly, in the case of a water-surfactant mixture without a bubble layer, the critical velocity for cavity formation becomes radius dependent. This occurs due to dynamic surface tension effects, with the local surface tension in the splash increasing during surface ...


Fluted Films, Nathan B. Speirs, Mohammad M. Mansoor, Jesse Belden, Randy C. Hurd, Zhao Pan, Tadd T. Truscott Oct 2018

Fluted Films, Nathan B. Speirs, Mohammad M. Mansoor, Jesse Belden, Randy C. Hurd, Zhao Pan, Tadd T. Truscott

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

This paper is associated with a poster winner of a 2017 APS/DFD Milton van Dyke Award for work presented at the DFD Gallery of Fluid Motion. The original poster is available from the Gallery of Fluid Motion, https://doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2017.GFM.P0030


Interface Model Of Pem Fuel Cell Membrane Steady-Dtate Behavior, Russell L. Edwards, Ayodeji Demuren Oct 2018

Interface Model Of Pem Fuel Cell Membrane Steady-Dtate Behavior, Russell L. Edwards, Ayodeji Demuren

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Modeling works which simulate the proton-exchange membrane fuel cell with the computational fluid dynamics approach involve the simultaneous solution of multiple, interconnected physics equations for fluid flows, heat transport, electrochemical reactions, and both protonic and electronic conduction. Modeling efforts vary by how they treat the physics within and adjacent to the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA). Certain approaches treat the MEA not as part of the computational domain, but rather an interface connecting the anode and cathode computational domains. These approaches may lack the ability to consistently model catalyst layer losses and MEA ohmic resistance. This work presents an upgraded interface formulation ...


Reversible Motion In A Contact Line, Audrey Profeta, Esmeralda Orozco, Juan A. Ortiz Salazar, Dani Medina, Nathan C. Keim Sep 2018

Reversible Motion In A Contact Line, Audrey Profeta, Esmeralda Orozco, Juan A. Ortiz Salazar, Dani Medina, Nathan C. Keim

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

When a body of liquid sits on a surface, an irregular border between the wet and dry regions of the surface exists, called the contact line. Driving this contact line back and forth repeatedly can change its shape.We use a syringe pump to cyclically infuse and withdraw a predetermined volume of water, and take photos of the contact line after each cycle. Comparing these images to each other determines if the contact line is returning to the same shape. We find that below a critical value of infused volume, after many cycles the contact line reaches a steady state ...


Effect Of Samarium Doping On The Nucleation Of Fcc-Aluminum In Undercooled Liquids, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Zhuo Ye, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho Sep 2018

Effect Of Samarium Doping On The Nucleation Of Fcc-Aluminum In Undercooled Liquids, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Zhuo Ye, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The effect of Sm doping on the fcc-Al nucleation was investigated in Al-Sm liquids with low Sm concentrations (xSm) with molecular dynamics simulations. The nucleation in the moderately undercooled liquid is achieved by the recently developed persistent-embryo method. Systematically computing the nucleation rate with different xSm (xSm = 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 5%) at 700 K, we found Sm dopant reduces the nucleation rate by up to 25 orders of magnitudes with only 5% doping concentration. This effect is mostly associated with the increase in the free energy barrier with minor contribution from suppression of the attachment to the nucleus caused ...


Drainage, Rebound And Oscillation Of A Meniscus In A Tube, Jeremy Marston, Garrett Toyofuku, Chao Li, Tadd T. Truscott, Jamal Uddin Aug 2018

Drainage, Rebound And Oscillation Of A Meniscus In A Tube, Jeremy Marston, Garrett Toyofuku, Chao Li, Tadd T. Truscott, Jamal Uddin

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper, the drainage and subsequent rebound of a liquid column in a cylindrical tube is examined experimentally and theoretically. When liquid is drawn up into a capillary and then released under gravity, inertia allows the meniscus to overshoot the equilibrium capillary rise height. The meniscus then rebounds up the tube, again overshooting the equilibrium height and undergoes oscillation. By varying both the immersion depth and radius of the tube, one can observe rich dynamical behavior, with the most dramatic being the formation of a fast liquid jet, barely visible to the naked eye but easily captured with high-speed ...


Computer Design Of Microfluidic Mixers For Protein/Rna Folding Studies, Venkatesh Inguva, Sagar V. Kathuria, Osman Bilsel, Blair James Perot Jun 2018

Computer Design Of Microfluidic Mixers For Protein/Rna Folding Studies, Venkatesh Inguva, Sagar V. Kathuria, Osman Bilsel, Blair James Perot

Open Access Articles

Kinetic studies of biological macromolecules increasingly use microfluidic mixers to initiate and monitor reaction progress. A motivation for using microfluidic mixers is to reduce sample consumption and decrease mixing time to microseconds. Some applications, such as small-angle x-ray scattering, also require large ( > 10 micron) sampling areas to ensure high signal-to-noise ratios and to minimize parasitic scattering. Chaotic to marginally turbulent mixers are well suited for these applications because this class of mixers provides a good middle ground between existing laminar and turbulent mixers. In this study, we model various chaotic to marginally turbulent mixing concepts such as flow turning, flow ...


Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Forward Spatter Of Blood From A Gunshot, P. M. Comiskey, A. L. Yarin, Daniel Attinger Jun 2018

Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Forward Spatter Of Blood From A Gunshot, P. M. Comiskey, A. L. Yarin, Daniel Attinger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A theoretical model predicting forward blood spatter patterns resulting from a round nose bullet gunshot wound is proposed. The chaotic disintegration of a blood layer located ahead and aside of the bullet is considered in the framework of percolation theory. The size distribution of blood drops is determined, which allows for the prediction of a blood spatter cloud being ejected from the rear side of the target where the bullet exits. Then, droplet trajectories are numerically predicted accounting for gravity and air drag, which is affected by the collective aerodynamic interaction of drops through air. The model predicts the number ...


A Comparative Study Of Sm Networks In Al-10 At.%Sm Glass And Associated Crystalline Phases, Xiaobao Lv, Zhuo Ye, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Zijing Lin, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho Apr 2018

A Comparative Study Of Sm Networks In Al-10 At.%Sm Glass And Associated Crystalline Phases, Xiaobao Lv, Zhuo Ye, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Zijing Lin, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The Al–Sm system is selected as a model system to study the transition process from liquid and amorphous to crystalline states. In recent work, we have shown that, in addition to long-range translational periodicity, crystal structures display well-defined short-range local atomic packing motifs that transcends liquid, amorphous and crystalline states. In this paper, we investigate the longer range spatial packing of these short-range motifs by studying the interconnections of Sm–Sm networks in different amorphous and crystalline samples obtained from molecular dynamics simulations. In our analysis, we concentrate on Sm–Sm distances in the range ~5.0–7.2 ...


A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, Sean P. Burns, Sean C. Swenson, William R. Wieder, David M. Lawrence, Gordon B. Bonan, John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken Apr 2018

A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, Sean P. Burns, Sean C. Swenson, William R. Wieder, David M. Lawrence, Gordon B. Bonan, John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Precipitation changes the physiological characteristics of an ecosystem. Because land-surface models are often used to project changes in the hydrological cycle, modeling the effect of precipitation on the latent heat flux E is an important aspect of land-surface models. Here we contrast conditionally sampled diel composites of the eddy-covariance fluxes from the Niwot Ridge Subalpine Forest AmeriFlux tower with the Community Land Model (CLM, version 4.5). With respect to measured E during the warm season: for the day following above-average precipitation, E was enhanced at midday by ≈40 W m−2 (relative to dry conditions), and nocturnal E increased ...


The Role Of Surface Vorticity During Unsteady Separation, Matthew Scott Melius, Karen Mulleners, Raul Bayoan Cal Apr 2018

The Role Of Surface Vorticity During Unsteady Separation, Matthew Scott Melius, Karen Mulleners, Raul Bayoan Cal

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Unsteady flow separation in rotationally augmented flow fields plays a significant role in a variety of fundamental flows. Through the use of time-resolved particle image velocimetry, vorticity accumulation and vortex shedding during unsteady separation over a three-dimensional airfoil are examined. The results of the study describe the critical role of surface vorticity accumulation during unsteady separation and reattachment. Through evaluation of the unsteady characteristics of the shear layer, it is demonstrated that the buildup and shedding of surface vorticity directly influence the dynamic changes of the separation point location. The quantitative characterization of surface vorticity and shear layer stability enables ...


An Asymptotic Analysis For Generation Of Unsteady Surface Waves On Deep Water By Turbulence, Shahrdad Sajjadi Mar 2018

An Asymptotic Analysis For Generation Of Unsteady Surface Waves On Deep Water By Turbulence, Shahrdad Sajjadi

Publications

The detailed mathematical study of the recent paper by Sajjadi, Hunt and Drullion (2014) is presented. The mathematical developement considered by them, for unsteady growing monochromatic waves is also extended to Stokes waves. The present contribution also demonstrates agreement with the pioneering work of Belcher and Hunt (1993) which is valid in the limit of the complex part of the wave phase speed ci ↓ 0. It is further shown that the energy-transfer parameter and the surface shear stress for a Stokes wave reverts to a monochromatic wave when the second harmonic is excluded. Furthermore, the present theory can be ...


Experimental Examination Of Vorticity Stripping From A Wing-Tip Vortex In Free-Stream Turbulence, Hari C. Ghimire, Sean C. C. Bailey Mar 2018

Experimental Examination Of Vorticity Stripping From A Wing-Tip Vortex In Free-Stream Turbulence, Hari C. Ghimire, Sean C. C. Bailey

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Time-resolved stereoscopic particle image velocimetry measurements were conducted of a wing-tip vortex decaying in free-stream turbulence. The objective of the research was to experimentally investigate the mechanism causing the increased rate of decay of the vortex in the presence of turbulence. It was observed that the circulation of the vortex core experienced periods of rapid loss and recovery when immersed in free-stream turbulence. These events were not observed when the vortex was in a laminar free stream. A connection was made between these events and distortion of the vortex, coinciding with stripping of core fluid from the vortex core. Specifically ...


Electroosmotic Flow Of Viscoelastic Fluid In A Nanoslit, Lanju Mei, Hongna Zhang, Hongxia Meng, Shizhi Qian Mar 2018

Electroosmotic Flow Of Viscoelastic Fluid In A Nanoslit, Lanju Mei, Hongna Zhang, Hongxia Meng, Shizhi Qian

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The electroosmotic flow (EOF) of viscoelastic fluid in a long nanoslit is numerically studied to investigate the rheological property effect of Linear Phan-Thien-Tanner (LPTT) fluid on the fully developed EOF. The non-linear Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations governing the electric potential and the ionic concentration distribution within the channel are adopted to take into account the effect of the electrical double layer (EDL), including the EDL overlap. When the EDL is not overlapped, the velocity profiles for both Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids are plug-like and increase sharply near the charged wall. The velocity profile resembles that of pressure-driven flow when the EDL is ...


Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2018: Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein Mar 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2018: Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions on the difference in air pressure at the crest and trough of ocean waves because of the Bernoulli effect and the difference in weight between a 100-page printed document and 100 blank pages.


Fermi Questions, Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein Mar 2018

Fermi Questions, Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions on the difference in air pressure at the crest and trough of ocean waves because of the Bernoulli effect and the difference in weight between a 100-page printed document and 100 blank pages.


An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox Feb 2018

An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) for the solution of population balance equations (PBE) is implemented in the open-source computational fluid dynamic (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM as part of the OpenQBMM project. The moment inversion procedure was designed (Nguyen et al., 2016) to maximize the number of conserved moments in the transported moment set. The algorithm is implemented in a general structure to allow the addition of other kernel density functions defined on R+, and arbitrary kernels to describe physical phenomena involved in the evolution of the number density function. The implementation is verified with a set of zero-dimensional cases ...


Comparison Between The Water Activation Effects By Pulsed And Sinusoidal Helium Plasma Jets, Han Xu, Dingxin Liu, Wenjie Xia, Chen Chen, Weitao Wang, Zhijie Liu, Xiaohua Wang, Michael G. Kong Jan 2018

Comparison Between The Water Activation Effects By Pulsed And Sinusoidal Helium Plasma Jets, Han Xu, Dingxin Liu, Wenjie Xia, Chen Chen, Weitao Wang, Zhijie Liu, Xiaohua Wang, Michael G. Kong

Bioelectrics Publications

Comparisons between pulsed and sinusoidal plasma jets have been extensively reported for the discharge characteristics and gaseous reactive species, but rarely for the aqueous reactive species in water solutions treated by the two types of plasma jets. This motivates us to compare the concentrations of aqueous reactive species induced by a pulsed and a sinusoidal plasma jet, since it is widely reported that these aqueous reactive species play a crucial role in various plasma biomedical applications. Experimental results show that the aqueous H2O2, OH/O2, and O2/ONOO induced by the pulsed plasma jet have ...


Production And Correlation Of Reactive Oxygen And Nitrogen Species In Gas- And Liquid-Phase Generated By Helium Plasma Jets Under Different Pulse Widths, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Dehui Xu, Wenjie Xia, Qingjie Cui, Bingchuan Wang, Michael G. Kong Jan 2018

Production And Correlation Of Reactive Oxygen And Nitrogen Species In Gas- And Liquid-Phase Generated By Helium Plasma Jets Under Different Pulse Widths, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Dehui Xu, Wenjie Xia, Qingjie Cui, Bingchuan Wang, Michael G. Kong

Bioelectrics Publications

In this paper, we present the effects of the pulse width (PW) on the plasma jet's discharge characteristics, particularly focusing on the production and correlation of the reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) in gas- and liquid-phase. It is found that the length of plasma jet plume first increases before the PW of 10 μs, then gradually decreases and finally almost remains unchanged beyond 150 μs. The plasma bullet disappears after the falling edge of the voltage pulse at low PW, while it terminates far ahead of the falling edge of voltage pulse at high PW. This ...


Analyzing The Spectral Energy Cascade In Turbulent Channel Flow, João Rodrigo Andrade, Ramon Silva Martins, Gilmar Mompean, Laurent Thais, Thomas B. Gatski Jan 2018

Analyzing The Spectral Energy Cascade In Turbulent Channel Flow, João Rodrigo Andrade, Ramon Silva Martins, Gilmar Mompean, Laurent Thais, Thomas B. Gatski

CCPO Publications

An analysis of the spectral turbulent kinetic energy budget in a fully developed turbulent plane channel flow is performed. Direct numerical simulation data are evaluated at friction Reynolds numbers Reτ of 180 and 1000. The analysis is focused on the influence of the Reynolds number on the spectral cascade of energy and the corresponding energy cascade in physical space in the presence of inhomogeneity and anisotropy. The turbulent kinetic energy distribution is compared for both Reynolds numbers, and the relevant characteristics of the energy transfer process in a wall-bounded turbulent flow are described. Differences in energy cascade are noted ...


Dynamic Control Of Particle Separation In Deterministic Lateral Displacement Separator With Viscoelastic Fluids, Yuke Li, Hongna Zhang, Yongyao Li, Xiaobin Li, Jian Wu, Shizhi Qian, Fengchen Li Jan 2018

Dynamic Control Of Particle Separation In Deterministic Lateral Displacement Separator With Viscoelastic Fluids, Yuke Li, Hongna Zhang, Yongyao Li, Xiaobin Li, Jian Wu, Shizhi Qian, Fengchen Li

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

We proposed an innovative method to achieve dynamic control of particle separation by employing viscoelastic fluids in deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) arrays. The effects of shear-thinning and elasticity of working fluids on the critical separation size in DLD arrays are investigated. It is observed that each effect can lead to the variation of the critical separation size by approximately 40%. Since the elasticity strength of the fluid is related to the shear rate, the dynamic control can for the first time be easily realized through tuning the flow rate in microchannels.


Charts Based On Big Data From Fluid Dynamics Simulations Provide A Simple Tool To Estimate How Far From Its Source A Specific Blood Stain Can Be Found, Daniel Attinger Jan 2018

Charts Based On Big Data From Fluid Dynamics Simulations Provide A Simple Tool To Estimate How Far From Its Source A Specific Blood Stain Can Be Found, Daniel Attinger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The bloodstain pattern analyst sometimes has to judge if a given stain could originate from a specific location. A wide range of values of the maximum distance that a blood drop can travel have been reported from experiments, ranging from less than one meter to more than 10 meter. Here we formulate the problem in a fluid dynamics and big data framework. The fluid dynamics is solved with Newton’s classical equation of motion coupled with well‐established models for the gravity and drag forces that bend the trajectories of drops. The parameters screened are the drop size, initial velocity ...