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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Complex Oscillatory Decrease With Size In Diffusivity Of {100}-Epitaxially Supported 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans Oct 2019

Complex Oscillatory Decrease With Size In Diffusivity Of {100}-Epitaxially Supported 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Diffusion and coalescence of supported 3D metal nanoclusters (NCs) leads to Smoluchowski Ripening (SR), a key pathway for catalyst degradation. Variation of the NC diffusion coefficient, DN, with size N (in atoms) controls SR kinetics. Traditionally, a form DN ∼ N−β was assumed consistent with mean-field analysis. However, KMC simulation of a stochastic model for diffusion of {100}-epitaxially supported fcc NCs mediated by surface diffusion reveals instead a complex oscillatory decrease of DN with N. Barriers for surface diffusion of metal atoms across and between facets, along step edges, etc., in this model are selected to accurately capture behavior ...


Investigating Ions’ Effects On The Fluorescent Protein Dendra2, Benjamin Waterman Aug 2019

Investigating Ions’ Effects On The Fluorescent Protein Dendra2, Benjamin Waterman

Honors College

While superresolution microscopy has opened the doors to insights into biological phenomena we couldn’t have dreamed of in the last century, its methodology is naturally limited. We aim to push the envelope of its capabilities by testing the effect that Ca2+ and H+ ions have on the fluorescent protein Dendra2. Utilizing a newly designed perfusion chamber, we flow separate solutions containing Ca2+ and H+ ions into a cellular environment, in which the cells in question have been tagged with Dendra2. Utilizing the superresolution technique known as Spectral Fluorescence Photoactivation Localization Microscopy, we are able to obtain information about the ...


Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield Jul 2019

Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The response of superconductors to controlled introduction of point-like disorder is an important tool to probe their microscopic electronic collective behavior. In the case of iron-based superconductors, magnetic fluctuations presumably play an important role in inducing high-temperature superconductivity. In some cases, these two seemingly incompatible orders coexist microscopically. Therefore, understanding how this unique coexistence state is affected by disorder can provide important information about the microscopic mechanisms involved. In one of the most studied pnictide family, hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 (BaK122), this coexistence occurs over a wide range of doping levels, 0.16 ≲ x ≲ 0.25. We used ...


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan Jun 2019

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee Jun 2019

Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Therefore, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study reports that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 µm in diameter and 6 µm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced ...


Connection Between Mott Physics And Crystal Structure In A Series Of Transition Metal Binary Compounds, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladan Stevanović, Vladimir Dobrosavljević Mar 2019

Connection Between Mott Physics And Crystal Structure In A Series Of Transition Metal Binary Compounds, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladan Stevanović, Vladimir Dobrosavljević

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The choice that a solid system “makes” when adopting a crystal structure (stable or metastable) is ultimately governed by the interactions between electrons forming chemical bonds. Here we analyze six prototypical binary transition metal compounds and shed light on the connection between Mott physics and the behavior of the energy as a function of the spatial arrangement of the atoms in these systems. Remarkably, we find that the main qualitative features of this complex behavior in the Mott phase of these systems can be traced back to the fact that the strong d-electron correlations influence substantially the charge transfer ...


Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho Feb 2019

Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The effect of dopants on the metallic glass forming ability is usually considered based on the analysis of changes in the liquid structure or thermodynamics. What is missing in such considerations is an analysis of how a dopant changes the properties of the crystal phases which can form instead of the glass. In order to illuminate this aspect we performed molecular dynamics simulations to study the effects of Mg and Sm dopants on the crystal nucleation in Al. The simulation data were found to be consistent with the experimental observations that addition of Mg to Al does not lead to ...


Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang Feb 2019

Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Ultrafast laser-induced transparency is demonstrated using femtosecond (fs) pump-probe experiments in the organic P3HT:PCBM (donor:acceptor) blend structure. For above band gap pumping, ultrafast transient signals strongly depend on the probe photon energy. Most intriguingly, for below band gap pumping at 0.95 eV, or 1.3 µm at a telecom wavelength, a huge transmission increase up to 30% only during the laser pulse ∼100 fs is observed as a pump-driven, quasi-instantaneous suppression of absorption for the high photon-energy energy probe beam. We attribute the observed laser-driven transparency to dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect, at least one order of magnitude stronger ...


Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan Feb 2019

Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

(Bi 1/2Na 1/2)TiO 3-based solid solutions, one of the major systems of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, exhibit a low thermal depolarization temperature ( T d~100°C). It was reported that by incorporating 30 mol% ZnO particles to form a ceramic composite of (Bi 1/2Na 1/2) 0.94Ba 0.06TiO 3/ZnO, the depolarization process can be shifted up to ~250 °C. In the present work, a variety of advanced transmission electron microscopy techniques, including in situ heating, annular bright-field, high-angle annular dark-field, geometric phase analysis, energy-dispersive spectrum and electron energy-loss spectroscopy, are employed to investigate the ...


Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis Jan 2019

Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Plasmonic metamaterials and metasurfaces offer new opportunities in developing high performance terahertz emitters and detectors beyond the limitations of conventional nonlinear materials. However, simple meta-atoms for second-order nonlinear applications encounter fundamental trade-offs in the necessary symmetry breaking and local-field enhancement due to radiation damping that is inherent to the operating resonant mode and cannot be controlled separately. Here we present a novel concept that eliminates this restriction obstructing the improvement of terahertz generation efficiency in nonlinear metasurfaces based on metallic nanoresonators. This is achieved by combining a resonant dark-state metasurface, which locally drives nonlinear nanoresonators in the near field, with ...


Quantifying The Concentration And Penetration Depth Of Long-Lived Rons In Plasma Activated Water By Uv Absorption Spectroscopy, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Tongtong He, Li Guo, Dehui Xu, Michael G. Kong Jan 2019

Quantifying The Concentration And Penetration Depth Of Long-Lived Rons In Plasma Activated Water By Uv Absorption Spectroscopy, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Tongtong He, Li Guo, Dehui Xu, Michael G. Kong

Bioelectrics Publications

Reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species (RONS) are believed to play a key role in biomedical applications, which means that RONS must reach the target tissue to produce a therapeutic effect. Existing methods (electron spin spectrometry and microplate reading) to determine the RONS concentration are not suitable for experimental real-time measurements because they require adding an indicating reagent to the plasma-treated medium, which may alter the chemical composition of the medium. In this paper, we propose a method to measure the long-lived RONS concentration in plasma-activated water (PAW) by using UV absorption spectroscopy. Based on an analysis and fit of ...


Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji Jan 2019

Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tungsten oxide is a versatile material with different applications. It has many polymorphs with varying performance in energy storage application. We report simple and facile way to synthesize four phases of tungsten oxide from same precursor materials only by changing the pH and temperature values. Monoclinic, hexagonal, orthorhombic and tetragonal phase obtained, were analyzed and tested for supercapacitor application. The electrochemical analysis of four phases indicates that the hexagonal phase is best-suited electrode material for supercapacitor. The hexagonal phase exhibits higher specific capacitance (377.5 Fg-1 at 2 mVs-1), higher surface capacitive contribution (75%), better stability and rate ...


Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu Jan 2019

Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Neutron powder diffraction has been used to investigate the spin structure of the hard-magnetic alloy Fe3+xCo3−xTi2 (x = 0, 2, 3). The materials are produced by rapid quenching from the melt, they possess a hexagonal crystal structure, and they are nanocrystalline with crystallite sizes D of the order of 40 nm. Projections of the magnetic moment onto both the crystalline c axis and the basal plane were observed. The corresponding misalignment angle exhibits a nonlinear decrease with x, which we explain as a micromagnetic effect caused by Fe-Co site disorder. The underlying physics is ...


Nonvolatile Voltage Controlled Molecular Spin State Switching, G. Hao, A. Mosey, X. Jiang, A. J. Yost, K. R. Sapkota, G. T. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, A. T. N'Diaye, R. Cheng, X. Xu, P. A. Dowben Jan 2019

Nonvolatile Voltage Controlled Molecular Spin State Switching, G. Hao, A. Mosey, X. Jiang, A. J. Yost, K. R. Sapkota, G. T. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, A. T. N'Diaye, R. Cheng, X. Xu, P. A. Dowben

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Voltage-controlled room temperature isothermal reversible spin crossover switching of [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] thin films is demonstrated. This isothermal switching is evident in thin film bilayer structures where the molecular spin crossover film is adjacent to a molecular ferroelectric. The adjacent molecular ferroelectric, either polyvinylidene fluoride hexafluoropropylene or croconic acid (C5H2O5), appears to lock the spin crossover [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] molecular complex largely in the low or high spin state depending on the direction of ferroelectric polarization. In both a planar two terminal diode structure and ...


Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer Jan 2019

Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Thin films of Co2TiSi on MgO are investigated experimentally and theoretically. The films were produced by magnetron sputtering on MgO(001) and have a thickness of about 100 nm. As bulk Co2TiSi, they crystallize in the normal cubic Heusler (L21) structure, but the films are slightly distorted (c/a = 1.0014) and contain some antisite disorder. The films exhibit a robust perpendicular anisotropy of 0.5 MJ m3. This result is surprising for several reasons. First, surface and interface anisotropies are too small to explain perpendicular anisotropy in such rather thick films. Second, Co ...


Lattice Instability During Solid-Solid Structural Transformations Under A General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I → Si Ii With Metallization, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson Oct 2018

Lattice Instability During Solid-Solid Structural Transformations Under A General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I → Si Ii With Metallization, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson

Aerospace Engineering Publications

The density functional theory was employed to study the stress-strain behavior and elastic instabilities during the solid-solid phase transformation (PT) when subjected to a general stress tensor, as exemplified for semiconducting Si I and metallic Si II, where metallization precedes the PT, so stressed Si I can be a metal. The hydrostatic PT occurs at 76 GPa, while under uniaxial loading it is 11 GPa (3.7 GPa mean pressure), 21 times lower. The Si I → Si II PT is described by a critical value of the phase-field’s modified transformation work, and the PT criterion has only two parameters ...


Magnetic And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Transition Metal Doped Mos2 Nanocrystals, L. M. Martinez, J. A. Delgado, C. L. Saiz, A. Cosio, Y. Wu, D. Villagran, Kinjal Gandha, C. Karthik, I. C. Nlebedim, S. R. Singamaneni Oct 2018

Magnetic And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Transition Metal Doped Mos2 Nanocrystals, L. M. Martinez, J. A. Delgado, C. L. Saiz, A. Cosio, Y. Wu, D. Villagran, Kinjal Gandha, C. Karthik, I. C. Nlebedim, S. R. Singamaneni

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In this paper, the magnetic and electrocatalytic properties of hydrothermally grown transition metal doped (10% of Co, Ni, Fe, and Mn) 2H-MoS2 nanocrystals (NCs) with a particle size 25–30 nm are reported. The pristine 2H-MoS2 NCs showed a mixture of canted anti-ferromagnetic and ferromagnetic behavior. While Co, Ni, and Fe doped MoS2 NCs revealed room temperature ferromagnetism, Mn doped MoS2 NCs showed room temperature paramagnetism, predominantly. The ground state of all the materials is found to be canted-antiferromagnetic phase. To study electrocatalytic performance for hydrogen evolution reaction, polarization curves were measured for undoped and the doped MoS2 NCs. At ...


Reverse-Engineering Of Graphene On Metal Surfaces: A Case Study Of Embedded Ruthenium, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Ka Man Yu, Dapeng Jing, Nathaniel Anderson, David Vaknin, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Michael S. Altman, Patricia A. Thiel Oct 2018

Reverse-Engineering Of Graphene On Metal Surfaces: A Case Study Of Embedded Ruthenium, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Ka Man Yu, Dapeng Jing, Nathaniel Anderson, David Vaknin, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Michael S. Altman, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy, we show that Ru forms metallic nanoislands on graphite, covered by a graphene monolayer. These islands are air-stable, contain 2–4 layers of Ru, and have diameters on the order of 10 nm. To produce these nanoislands two conditions must be met during synthesis. The graphite surface must be ion-bombarded, and subsequently held at an elevated temperature (1000–1180 K) during Ru deposition. A coincidence lattice forms between the graphene overlayer and the Ru island top. Its characteristics—coincidence lattice constant, corrugation amplitude, and variation of carbon lattice appearance ...


Magnetoelectric Memory Cells With Domain-Wall-Mediated Switching, Kirill Belashchenko, Oleg Tchernyshyov, Alexey Kovalev, Dmitri Nikonov Oct 2018

Magnetoelectric Memory Cells With Domain-Wall-Mediated Switching, Kirill Belashchenko, Oleg Tchernyshyov, Alexey Kovalev, Dmitri Nikonov

Kirill Belashchenko Publications

A magnetoelectric memory cell with domain - wall - mediated switching is implemented using a split gate architecture . The split gate architecture allows a domain wall to be trapped within a magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic ( MEAF ) active layer . An extension of this architecture applies to multiple gate linear arrays that can offer advantages in memory density , programmability , and logic functionality . Applying a small anisotropic in - plane shear strain to the MEAF can block domain wall precession to improve reliability and speed of switching


Impact Ignition And Combustion Of Micron-Scale Aluminum Particles Pre-Stressed With Different Quenching Rates, Kevin J. Hill, Nobumichi Tamura, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya Sep 2018

Impact Ignition And Combustion Of Micron-Scale Aluminum Particles Pre-Stressed With Different Quenching Rates, Kevin J. Hill, Nobumichi Tamura, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Pre-stressing aluminum (Al) particles by annealing and quenching alters dilatational strain and is linked to increased particle reactivity. The quenching rate associated with pre-stressing is a key parameter affecting the final stress state within the Al particle, with faster quenching rates theoretically favoring a higher, more desirable stress state. Micron scale Al particles are annealed to 573 K, then quenched at different rates (i.e., 200 and 900 K/min), mixed with bismuth oxide (Bi2O3), and the Al + Bi2O3 mixtures are examined under low-velocity, drop-weight impact conditions. Both quenching rates showed increased impact ignition sensitivity (i.e., between 83% and ...


All-Solid-State Asymmetric Supercapacitor Based On Porous Cobalt Selenide Thin Films, Xincheng Zhang, Jiangfeng Gong, Kaixiao Zhang, Weihua Zhu, Jing-Chang Li, Qingping Ding Sep 2018

All-Solid-State Asymmetric Supercapacitor Based On Porous Cobalt Selenide Thin Films, Xincheng Zhang, Jiangfeng Gong, Kaixiao Zhang, Weihua Zhu, Jing-Chang Li, Qingping Ding

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

As a significant semiconductor material, cobalt selenide has enormous potential and extensive application prospects in the field of solar cells, photocatalysis and supercapacitor. In this paper, porous CoSe thin films were successfully fabricated on stainless-steel sheet using a facile, effective electrodeposition technique. Electrochemical tests reveal that the specific capacitance reaches as high as 510 F g−1 at the current density of 1 A g−1 with the capacitance retention of 91% over 5000 cycles. An asymmetric all-solid-state supercapacitor is fabricated using CoSe thin film as the positive electrode and activate carbon as the negative electrode. The combined solid device ...


Structures And Magnetic Properties Of Iron Silicide From Adaptive Genetic Algorithm And First-Principles Calculations, Zejin Yang, Shunqing Wu, Xin Zhao, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Shu Yu, Tongqi Wen, Ling Tang, Fuxiang Li, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang Aug 2018

Structures And Magnetic Properties Of Iron Silicide From Adaptive Genetic Algorithm And First-Principles Calculations, Zejin Yang, Shunqing Wu, Xin Zhao, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Shu Yu, Tongqi Wen, Ling Tang, Fuxiang Li, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We performed a systematic search for low-energy structures of binary iron silicide over a wide range of compositions using the crystal structure prediction method based on adaptive genetic algorithm. 36 structures with formation energies within 50 meV/atom (11 of them are within 20 meV) above the convex hull formed by experimentally known stable structures are predicted. Magnetic properties of these low-energy structures are investigated. Some of these structures can be promising candidates for rare-earth-free permanent magnet.


Large T1 Contrast Enhancement Using Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles In Ultra-Low Field Mri, Xiaolu Yin, Stephen E. Russek, Gary Zabow, Fan Sun, Jeotikatan Mohapatra, Kathryn E. Keenan, Michael A. Boss, Hao Zeng, J. Ping Liu, Alexandrea Viert, Sy-Hwang Liou, John Moreland Aug 2018

Large T1 Contrast Enhancement Using Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles In Ultra-Low Field Mri, Xiaolu Yin, Stephen E. Russek, Gary Zabow, Fan Sun, Jeotikatan Mohapatra, Kathryn E. Keenan, Michael A. Boss, Hao Zeng, J. Ping Liu, Alexandrea Viert, Sy-Hwang Liou, John Moreland

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are widely investigated and utilized as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast and therapy agents due to their large magnetic moments. Local field inhomogeneities caused by these high magnetic moments are used to generate T2 contrast in clinical high-field MRI, resulting in signal loss (darker contrast). Here we present strong T1 contrast enhancement (brighter contrast) from SPIONs (diameters from 11 nm to 22 nm) as observed in the ultra-low field (ULF) MRI at 0.13 mT. We have achieved a high longitudinal relaxivity for 18 nm SPION solutions, r1 = 615 s−1 mM−1, which ...


Current Progress And Future Challenges In Rare-Earth-Free Permanent Magnets, Jun Cui, Matthew J. Kramer, Lin Zhou, Fei Liu, Alexander Gabay, George Hadjipanayis, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, David Sellmyer Jul 2018

Current Progress And Future Challenges In Rare-Earth-Free Permanent Magnets, Jun Cui, Matthew J. Kramer, Lin Zhou, Fei Liu, Alexander Gabay, George Hadjipanayis, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, David Sellmyer

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Permanent magnets (PM) are critical components for electric motors and power generators. Key properties of permanent magnets, especially coercivity and remanent magnetization, are strongly dependent on microstructure. Understanding metallurgical processing, phase stability and microstructural changes are essential for designing and improving permanent magnets. The widely used PM for the traction motor in electric vehicles and for the power generator in wind turbines contain rare earth elements Nd and Dy due to their high maximum energy product. Dy is used to sustain NdFeB's coercivity at higher temperature. Due to the high supply risk of rare earth elements (REE) such as ...


Phase Modulation Of (1t-2h)-Mose2/Tic-C Shell/Core Arrays Via Nitrogen Doping For Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, Shengjue Deng, Fan Yang, Qinghua Zhang, Yu Zhong, Yinxiang Zeng, Shiwei Lin, Xiuli Wang, Xihong Lu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Lin Gu, Xinhui Xia, Jiangping Tu Jul 2018

Phase Modulation Of (1t-2h)-Mose2/Tic-C Shell/Core Arrays Via Nitrogen Doping For Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, Shengjue Deng, Fan Yang, Qinghua Zhang, Yu Zhong, Yinxiang Zeng, Shiwei Lin, Xiuli Wang, Xihong Lu, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Lin Gu, Xinhui Xia, Jiangping Tu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Tailoring molybdenum selenide electrocatalysts with tunable phase and morphology is of great importance for advancement of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In this work, phase‐ and morphology‐modulated N‐doped MoSe2/TiC‐C shell/core arrays through a facile hydrothermal and postannealing treatment strategy are reported. Highly conductive TiC‐C nanorod arrays serve as the backbone for MoSe2 nanosheets to form high‐quality MoSe2/TiC‐C shell/core arrays. Impressively, continuous phase modulation of MoSe2 is realized on the MoSe2/TiC‐C arrays. Except for the pure 1T‐MoSe2 and 2H‐MoSe2, mixed (1T‐2H)‐MoSe2 nanosheets are achieved in the ...


Laser-Induced Recoverable Surface Patterning On Ni50ti50 Shape Memory Alloys, Saidjafarzoda Ilhom Jul 2018

Laser-Induced Recoverable Surface Patterning On Ni50ti50 Shape Memory Alloys, Saidjafarzoda Ilhom

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a unique class of smart materials exhibiting extraordinary properties with a wide range of applications in engineering, biomedical, and aerospace technologies. In this study, an advanced, efficient, low-cost, and highly scalable laser-assisted imprinting method with low environmental impact to create thermally controllable surface patterns is reported. Two different imprinting methods were carried out mainly on Ni50Ti50 (at. %) SMAs by using a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm wavelength and 10 Hz frequency. First, laser pulses at selected fluences were directly focused on the NiTi surface, which generated pressure pulses of up to ...


Two-Dimensional Crystallization Of Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Jack J. Lawrence, Wei Bu, Honghu Zhang, David Vaknin Jun 2018

Two-Dimensional Crystallization Of Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Jack J. Lawrence, Wei Bu, Honghu Zhang, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Surface-sensitive X-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering reveal the structure of polymer-capped-gold nanoparticles (AuNPs that are grafted with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide); PNIPAM–AuNPs) as they self-assemble and crystallize at the aqueous suspension/vapor interface. Citrate-stabilized AuNPs (5 and 10 nm in nominal diameter) are ligand-exchanged by 6 kDa PNIPAM-thiol to form corona brushes around the AuNPs that are highly stable and dispersed in aqueous suspensions. Surprisingly, no clear evidence of thermosensitive effect on surface enrichment or self-assembly of the PNIPAM–AuNPs is observed in the 10–35 °C temperature range. However, addition of simple salts (in this case ...


Spin Momentum–Locked Surface States In Metamaterials Without Topological Transition, Liang Peng, Yuntian Chen, Yihao Yang, Zhiyu Wang, Faxin Yu, Gaofeng Wang, Nian‐Hai Shen, Baile Zhang, Costas M. Soukoulis, Hongsheng Chen Jun 2018

Spin Momentum–Locked Surface States In Metamaterials Without Topological Transition, Liang Peng, Yuntian Chen, Yihao Yang, Zhiyu Wang, Faxin Yu, Gaofeng Wang, Nian‐Hai Shen, Baile Zhang, Costas M. Soukoulis, Hongsheng Chen

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The photonic analogy of the quantum spin Hall Effect, that is, a photonic topological insulator (PTI), is of great relevance to science and technology in optics based on the promise of scattering‐free surface states. The challenges in realizing such scattering‐free surface states in PTIs and other types of symmetry‐protected topological phases are the result of the exact symmetry needed for creating a pair of time reversal pseudo‐spin states or special boundary conditions, wherein the exact symmetry imposes strict requirements on materials or boundary conditions. Here, it is experimentally demonstrated that scattering‐free edge states can be ...


First-Principles Study Of Electronic Structure And Fermi Surface In Semimetallic Yas, Przemyslaw Swatek Jun 2018

First-Principles Study Of Electronic Structure And Fermi Surface In Semimetallic Yas, Przemyslaw Swatek

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In the course of searching for new systems, which exhibit nonsaturating and extremely large positive magnetoresistance, electronic structure, Fermi surface, and de Haas-van Alphen characteristics of the semimetallic YAs compound were studied using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented-plane wave (FP-LAPW) approach in the framework of the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). In the scalar-relativistic calculation, the cubic symmetry splits fivefold degenerate Y-d orbital into low-energy threefold-degenerate t(2g) and twofold degenerate doublet e(1g) states at Gamma point around the Fermi energy. One of them, together with the threefold degenerate t(1u) character of As-p orbital, render the YAs semimetal with ...


Controlling Optical Polarization Conversion With Ge2sb2te5-Based Phase-Change Dielectric Metamaterials, Wei Zhu, Ruisheng Yang, Yuancheng Fan, Quanhong Fu, Hongjing Wu, Peng Zhang, Nian-Hai Shen, Fuli Zhang May 2018

Controlling Optical Polarization Conversion With Ge2sb2te5-Based Phase-Change Dielectric Metamaterials, Wei Zhu, Ruisheng Yang, Yuancheng Fan, Quanhong Fu, Hongjing Wu, Peng Zhang, Nian-Hai Shen, Fuli Zhang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Recent progress in the metamaterial-based polarization manipulation of light highlights the promise of novel polarization-dependent optical components and systems. To overcome the limited frequency bandwidth of metamaterials resulting from their resonant nature, it is desirable to incorporate tunability into metamaterial-based polarization manipulations. Here, we propose a dielectric metamaterial for controlling linear polarization conversion using the phase-change characteristic of Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST), whose refractive index changes significantly when transforming from the amorphous phase to the crystalline phase under external stimuli. The polarization conversion phenomena are systematically studied using different arrangements of GST in this metamaterial. The performance of linear polarization conversion and ...