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Condensed Matter Physics

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 61

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Evolution Of Magnetism In The Single-Crystal Honeycomb Iridates (Na1−XLiX)2Iro3, Gang Cao, Tongfei Qi, L. Li, Jsaminka Terzic, Vincent Shian Cao, Shujuan Yuan, M. Tovar, Ganpathy Murthy, Ribhu K. Kaul Dec 2013

Evolution Of Magnetism In The Single-Crystal Honeycomb Iridates (Na1−XLiX)2Iro3, Gang Cao, Tongfei Qi, L. Li, Jsaminka Terzic, Vincent Shian Cao, Shujuan Yuan, M. Tovar, Ganpathy Murthy, Ribhu K. Kaul

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the successful synthesis of single crystals of the layered iridate (Na1−xLix)2IrO3, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9, and a thorough study of its structural, magnetic, thermal, and transport properties. This compound allows a controlled interpolation between Na2IrO3 and Li2IrO3, while maintaining the quantum magnetism of the honeycomb Ir4+ planes. The measured phase diagram demonstrates a suppression of the Néel temperature TN at an intermediate x, indicating that the magnetic orders in Na2IrO3 and Li2IrO3 are distinct. X-ray data show ...


Polarization-Coupled Transport Behavior In Ultrathin Ferroelectric Heterostructures, Haidong Lu Dec 2013

Polarization-Coupled Transport Behavior In Ultrathin Ferroelectric Heterostructures, Haidong Lu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Ferroelectric polarization-coupled resistive switching behavior in ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs), the tunneling electroresistance (TER) effect, is a recently predicted new phenomenon, which attracts interest due to potential application in the next generation non-volatile ferroelectric random access memories (FeRAMs). In this dissertation, we demonstrate the TER effect in FTJ devices by means of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques. We have investigated several device configurations for enhancement of polarization stability and for demonstration of the resistive switching behavior: (i) using the SPM probe as a top electrode; (ii) using heterostructures with engineered interfacial atomic terminations; (iii) using metal electrodes; (iv) adding an ...


Magnetic Anisotropy And Exchange In (001) Textured Fept-Based Nanostructures, Tom George Dec 2013

Magnetic Anisotropy And Exchange In (001) Textured Fept-Based Nanostructures, Tom George

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Hard-magnetic L10 phase FePt has been demonstrated as a promising candidate for future nanomagnetic applications, especially magnetic recording at areal densities approaching 10 Tb/in2. Realization of FePt’s potential in recording media requires control of grain size and intergranular exchange interactions in films with high degrees of L10 order and (001) crystalline texture, including high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Furthermore, a write-assist mechanism must be employed to overcome the high coercivity of L10 FePt nanograins. The research described in this dissertation examines potential solutions to the aforementioned problems. Specifically, a nonepitaxial method of fabricating highly (001 ...


Electrical Resistivity Study Of Cezn11: Magnetic Field And Pressure Phase Diagram Up To 5 Gpa, Valentin Taufour, Halyna Hodovanets, Stella K. Kim, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield Nov 2013

Electrical Resistivity Study Of Cezn11: Magnetic Field And Pressure Phase Diagram Up To 5 Gpa, Valentin Taufour, Halyna Hodovanets, Stella K. Kim, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Publications

Thorough resistivity measurements on single crystals of CeZn11 under pressure p and magnetic field H are presented. At ambient pressure, CeZn11 orders antiferromagnetically at TN=2 K. The pressure dependence of the resistivity reveals an increase of the Kondo effect. We determine the pressure evolution of the magnetic exchange interaction between conduction and localized 4f electrons. It qualitatively reproduces the pressure evolution of the magnetic ordering temperature TO1 (with TO1=TN at ambient pressure). In addition to TO1, a new anomaly TO2appears under pressure. Both anomalies are found to increase with applied pressure up to 4.9 GPa, indicating that ...


Low-Energy Planar Magnetic Defects In Bafe2as2: Nanotwins, Twins, Antiphase, And Domain Boundaries, Suffian N. Khan, Aftab Alam, Duane D. Johnson Nov 2013

Low-Energy Planar Magnetic Defects In Bafe2as2: Nanotwins, Twins, Antiphase, And Domain Boundaries, Suffian N. Khan, Aftab Alam, Duane D. Johnson

Ames Laboratory Publications

In BaFe2As2, structural and magnetic planar defects begin to proliferate below the structural phase transition, affecting descriptions of magnetism and superconductivity. We study, using density-functional theory, the stability and magnetic properties of competing antiphase and domain boundaries, twins and isolated nanotwins (twin nuclei), and spin excitations proposed and/or observed. These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22–210 m Jm−2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundaries—making a uniform-moment picture inappropriate for long-range magnetic order in real samples. Nanotwins explain features in measured pair distribution functions so should ...


Magnetic Structures And Interplay Between Rare-Earth Ce And Fe Magnetism In Single-Crystal Cefeaso, Qiang Zhang, Wei Tan, Haifeng Li, Jong-Woo Kim, Jiaqiang Yan, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso, Jerel L. Zarestky, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Robert J. Mcqueeney, David Vaknin Nov 2013

Magnetic Structures And Interplay Between Rare-Earth Ce And Fe Magnetism In Single-Crystal Cefeaso, Qiang Zhang, Wei Tan, Haifeng Li, Jong-Woo Kim, Jiaqiang Yan, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso, Jerel L. Zarestky, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Robert J. Mcqueeney, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Publications

Neutron and synchrotron resonant x-ray magnetic scattering (RXMS) complemented by heat capacity and resistivity measurements reveal the evolution of the magnetic structures of Fe and Ce sublattices in a CeFeAsO single crystal. The RXMS of magnetic reflections at the Ce L-II edge shows a magnetic transition that is specific to the Ce antiferromagnetic long-range ordering at T-Ce approximate to 4 K with short-range Ce ordering above T-Ce, whereas neutron diffraction measurements of a few magnetic reflections indicate a transition at T* approximate to 12 K with an unusual order parameter. Detailed order-parameter measurements on several magnetic reflections by neutrons show ...


Interface States In Cofe2o4 Spin-Filter Tunnel Junctions, Pavel V. Lukashev, John D. Burton, Alexander Smogunov, Julian P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Oct 2013

Interface States In Cofe2o4 Spin-Filter Tunnel Junctions, Pavel V. Lukashev, John D. Burton, Alexander Smogunov, Julian P. Velev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Spin-filter tunneling is a promising way to generate highly spin-polarized current, a key component for spintronics applications. In this paper we explore the tunneling conductance across the spin-filter material CoFe2O4 interfaced with Au electrodes, a geometry which provides nearly perfect lattice matching at the CoFe2O4/Au(001) interface. Using density functional theory calculations we demonstrate that interface states play a decisive role in controlling the transport spin polarization in this tunnel junction. For a realistic CoFe2O4 barrier thickness, we predict a tunneling spin polarization of about −60%. We show that this ...


Polarization-Controlled Ohmic To Schottky Transition At A Metal/Ferroelectric Interface, Xiaohui Liu, Yong Wang, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Oct 2013

Polarization-Controlled Ohmic To Schottky Transition At A Metal/Ferroelectric Interface, Xiaohui Liu, Yong Wang, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Ferroelectric polar displacements have recently been observed in conducting electron-doped BaTiO3 (n-BTO). The coexistence of a ferroelectric phase and conductivity opens the door to new functionalities that may provide a unique route for novel device applications. Using first-principles methods and electrostatic modeling, we explore the effect that the switchable polarization of n-BTO has on the electronic properties of the SrRuO3/n-BTO (001) interface. Ferroelectric polarization controls the accumulation or depletion of electron charge at the interface, and the associated bending of the n-BTO conduction band determines the transport regime across the interface. The interface exhibits ...


Imaging Molecular Structures With Atomic Force Microscopy, Unurbat Erdenemunkh, Tyler Flanagan Oct 2013

Imaging Molecular Structures With Atomic Force Microscopy, Unurbat Erdenemunkh, Tyler Flanagan

Student Works

As part of the LEEP project we repaired the Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and wrote a user manual on using AFM. Then we scanned Self Assembly of Copolymer Films collaboration with Prof. Sergio Granados –Focil and Copper Oxide Nanocubes with Professor Prof.Luis Smith.


Characterization Of Polylactic Acid Films For Food Packaging As Affected By Dielectric Barrier Discharge Atmospheric Plasma, Shashi Pankaj, Luke O'Neill, N. Misra, Paula Bourke Oct 2013

Characterization Of Polylactic Acid Films For Food Packaging As Affected By Dielectric Barrier Discharge Atmospheric Plasma, Shashi Pankaj, Luke O'Neill, N. Misra, Paula Bourke

Articles

Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) air plasma is a novel technique for in-package decontamination of food, but it has not been yet applied to the packaging material. Characterization of commercial polylactic acid (PLA) films was done after in-package DBD plasma treatment at different voltage and treatment time to evaluate its suitability as food packaging material. DBD plasma increased the roughness of PLA film mainly at the site in contact with high voltage electrode at both the voltage levels of 70 and 80 kV. DBD plasma treatments did not induce any change in the glass transition temperature, but significant increase in the ...


Wave Function For Time-Dependent Harmonically Confined Electrons In A Time-Dependent Electric Field, Yu-Qi Li, Xiao-Yin Pan, Viraht Sahni Sep 2013

Wave Function For Time-Dependent Harmonically Confined Electrons In A Time-Dependent Electric Field, Yu-Qi Li, Xiao-Yin Pan, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

The many-body wave function of a system of interacting particles confined by a time-dependent harmonic potential and perturbed by a time-dependent spatially homogeneous electric field is derived via the Feynman path-integral method. The wave function is comprised of a phase factor times the solution to the unperturbed time-dependent Schrödinger equation with the latter being translated by a time-dependent value that satisfies the classical driven equation of motion. The wave function reduces to that of the Harmonic Potential Theorem wave function for the case of the time-independent harmonic confining potential.


Suppression Of Ferromagnetism In The Lavxcr1−Xge3 System, Xiao Lin, Valentin Taufour, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield Sep 2013

Suppression Of Ferromagnetism In The Lavxcr1−Xge3 System, Xiao Lin, Valentin Taufour, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Publications

We report the synthesis of hexagonal LaVxCr1−xGe3 (x=0–0.21, 1.00) single crystals and present a systematic study of this series by measurements of temperature- and field-dependent magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, resistivity, and specific heat. Ferromagnetism has been observed for x=0–0.21. The Curie temperature declines monotonically as the V concentration increases. Single-crystalline samples could only be grown for x values up to 0.21 for which the transition temperature was suppressed down to 36 K. Although we could not fully suppress TC via V substitution, for x=0.16, we performed magnetization measurements under pressure ...


Thermal Expansion Of Cafe2as2: Effect Of Cobalt Doping And Postgrowth Thermal Treatment, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Sheng Ran, Paul C. Canfield Aug 2013

Thermal Expansion Of Cafe2as2: Effect Of Cobalt Doping And Postgrowth Thermal Treatment, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Sheng Ran, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Publications

We report thermal expansion measurements on Ca(Fe1−xCox)2As2 single crystals with different thermal treatment, with samples chosen to represent four different ground states observed in this family. For all samples, thermal expansion is anisotropic with different signs of the in-plane and c-axis thermal expansion coefficients in the high temperature, tetragonal phase. The features in thermal expansion associated with the phase transitions are of opposite signs as well, pointing to a different response of transition temperatures to the in-plane and the c-axis stress. These features, and consequently the inferred pressure derivatives, are very large, clearly and substantially exceeding those ...


Polarization Discontinuity Induced Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At Zno/Zn(Mg)O Interfaces: A First-Principles Study, Jesuan Betancourt, J. J. Saavedra-Arias, John D. Burton, Yasuyuki Ishikawa, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Julian P. Velev Aug 2013

Polarization Discontinuity Induced Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At Zno/Zn(Mg)O Interfaces: A First-Principles Study, Jesuan Betancourt, J. J. Saavedra-Arias, John D. Burton, Yasuyuki Ishikawa, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Julian P. Velev

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The discovery of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in wurtzite ZnO/Zn(Mg)O heterostructures is promising for applications due to the high mobility of the carriers. In this paper, we study the formation and properties of the 2DEG at ZnO/Zn(Mg)O interfaces using first-principles calculations based on hybrid density functional theory. The 2DEG arises from the polarization discontinuity at the interface between the two materials. The uncompensated bound charge at the interface gives rise to an electric field in the bulk of ZnO which confines free carriers close to the interface. We find that the type ...


Use Of Zwitterionic Molecules For Forming A Hole Or Electron Transport Layer, Bernard Doudin, Pierre Braunstein, Lucie Routaboul, Guillaume Dalmas, Zhengzheng Zhang, Peter Dowben Aug 2013

Use Of Zwitterionic Molecules For Forming A Hole Or Electron Transport Layer, Bernard Doudin, Pierre Braunstein, Lucie Routaboul, Guillaume Dalmas, Zhengzheng Zhang, Peter Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The invention relates to the use of zwitterionic molecules for forming a hole or electron transport layer. The preferred zwitterionic molecules of the invention are derivatives of p-benzoquinonemonoimines. The invention is useful in the field of electronic devices in particular.


Ferroelectric And Dielectric Properties Of Electroactive Oligomers And Nanocomposites, Kristin Leigh Kraemer Aug 2013

Ferroelectric And Dielectric Properties Of Electroactive Oligomers And Nanocomposites, Kristin Leigh Kraemer

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and its copolymers have been well established as ferroelectric polymers. The dielectric and ferroelectric properties for vinylidene fluoride (VDF) oligomer thin films were investigated. By synthesizing oligomers instead of long polymer chains, films with higher crystalinity can be formed and the locations of oligomers can be controlled for applications such as molecular electronics.

Evidence of ferroelectricity was observed in oligomer thin films evaporated onto room temperature substrates and by Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition. Voltage and frequency dependence of the capacitance was measured. Oligomers functionalized with phosphonic acid formed self-assembled monolayers (SAM) on aluminum and mica substrates. Film thickness ...


Magnetic Interactions In Low-Dimensional Iron Nanostructures, Rui Zhang Jul 2013

Magnetic Interactions In Low-Dimensional Iron Nanostructures, Rui Zhang

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Three systems involving low-dimensional magnetic nanostructures, namely the Kondo Effect in Isolated Cu(Fe) Clusters, Magnetization Reversal in Transition-Metal/Fe:SiO2 Thin Films, and Anisotropy and Micromagnetism of Fe/CrPt Bilayers, have been investigated to understand the magnetic interactions in iron nanostructures.

Kondo Effect in Isolated Cu(Fe) Clusters —Iron impurities were added into copper clusters embedded in an insulating matrix to ensure that the Kondo effect is strictly confined by the size of the cluster. The Kondo temperature of our naoscale system is 0.7 K, which is greatly suppressed from its bulk value of 29 K and ...


Anomalous And Spin Hall Effects In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling, A. V. Vedyayev, M. S. Titova, N. V. Ryzhanova, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jul 2013

Anomalous And Spin Hall Effects In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling, A. V. Vedyayev, M. S. Titova, N. V. Ryzhanova, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Anomalous and spin Hall effects are investigated theoretically for a magnetic tunnel junction where the applied voltage produces a Rashba spin-orbit coupling within the tunneling barrier layer. The ferromagnetic electrodes are the source of the spin-polarized current. The tunneling electrons experience a spin-orbit coupling inside the barrier due to the applied electrical field. Charge and spin Hall currents are calculated as functions of the position inside the barrier and the angle between the magnetizations of the electrodes. We find that both charge and spin Hall currents are located inside the barrier near the interfaces. The dependence of the currents on ...


Tuning The JEff = 1/2 Insulating State Via Electron Doping And Pressure In The Double-Layered Iridate Sr3Ir2O7, L. Li, P. P. Kong, Tongfei Qi, C. Q. Jin, Shujuan Yuan, Lance E. Delong, P. Schlottmann, Gang Cao Jun 2013

Tuning The JEff = 1/2 Insulating State Via Electron Doping And Pressure In The Double-Layered Iridate Sr3Ir2O7, L. Li, P. P. Kong, Tongfei Qi, C. Q. Jin, Shujuan Yuan, Lance E. Delong, P. Schlottmann, Gang Cao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Sr3Ir2O7 exhibits a novel Jeff = 1/2 insulating state that features a splitting between Jeff = 1/2 and 3/2 bands due to spin-orbit interaction. We report a metal-insulator transition in Sr3Ir2O7 via either dilute electron doping (La3+ for Sr2+) or application of high pressure up to 35 GPa. Our study of single-crystal Sr3Ir2O7 and (Sr1−xLax)3Ir2O7 reveals that application of high hydrostatic pressure P leads to a drastic reduction in the electrical resistivity by as much as ...


Entropy Driven Crystal Formation On Highly Strained Substrates, John R. Savage, Stefan F. Hopp, Rajesh Ganapathy, Sharon J. Gerbode, Andreas Heuer, Itai Cohen Jun 2013

Entropy Driven Crystal Formation On Highly Strained Substrates, John R. Savage, Stefan F. Hopp, Rajesh Ganapathy, Sharon J. Gerbode, Andreas Heuer, Itai Cohen

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

In heteroepitaxy, lattice mismatch between the deposited material and the underlying surface strongly affects nucleation and growth processes. The effect of mismatch is well studied in atoms with growth kinetics typically dominated by bond formation with interaction lengths on the order of one lattice spacing. In contrast, less is understood about how mismatch affects crystallization of larger particles, such as globular proteins and nanoparticles, where interparticle interaction energies are often comparable to thermal fluctuations and are short ranged, extending only a fraction of the particle size. Here, using colloidal experiments and simulations, we find particles with short-range attractive interactions form ...


Low Resistivity Contact To Iron-Pnictide Superconductors, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, Ni Ni, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield May 2013

Low Resistivity Contact To Iron-Pnictide Superconductors, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, Ni Ni, Sergey L. Bud'ko, Paul C. Canfield

Iowa State University Patents

Method of making a low resistivity electrical connection between an electrical conductor and an iron pnictide superconductor involves connecting the electrical conductor and superconductor using a tin or tin-based material therebetween, such as using a tin or tin-based solder. The superconductor can be based on doped AFe2As2, where A can be Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu or combinations thereof for purposes of illustration only.


Mechanical And Electrical Properties Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized By Chemical Vapor Deposition, Yuehai Yang May 2013

Mechanical And Electrical Properties Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized By Chemical Vapor Deposition, Yuehai Yang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Despite the tremendous application potentials of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) proposed by researchers in the last two decades, efficient experimental techniques and methods are still in need for controllable production of CNTs in large scale, and for conclusive characterizations of their properties in order to apply CNTs in high accuracy engineering. In this dissertation, horizontally well-aligned high quality single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been successfully synthesized on St-cut quartz substrate by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Effective radial moduli (Eradial) of these straight SWCNTs have been measured by using well-calibrated tapping mode and contact mode atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was ...


Texture And Grain Morphology Dependencies Of Saturation Magnetostriction In Rolled Polycrystalline Fe83ga17, R. A. Kellogg, A. B. Flatau, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso May 2013

Texture And Grain Morphology Dependencies Of Saturation Magnetostriction In Rolled Polycrystalline Fe83ga17, R. A. Kellogg, A. B. Flatau, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Textured polycrystalline Fe-Ga alloys exhibit magnetostrictive strains of 100 ppm or greater and may function as a mechanically robust actuator/sensing material. Current efforts seek to combine the 300+ ppm magnetostrictive strain performance of [100] oriented single crystals with the mechanical properties of polycrystalline forms. One approach to combining these properties is to control the crystallographic texture through deformation processing such as rolling. To determine the relationship between saturation magnetostriction, degree of texturing, and grain morphology we compare the results of three-dimensional finite element simulations with the analytical solution for a random polycrystal and the experimental responses of rolled polycrystalline ...


Electron Transport In Quantum Dot Chains: Dimensionality Effects And Hopping Conductance, V. P. Kunets, Mariama Rebello Sousa Dias, T. Rembert, M. E. Ware, Y. I. Mazur, V. Lopez-Richard, H. A. Mantooth, G. E. Marques, G. J. Salamo May 2013

Electron Transport In Quantum Dot Chains: Dimensionality Effects And Hopping Conductance, V. P. Kunets, Mariama Rebello Sousa Dias, T. Rembert, M. E. Ware, Y. I. Mazur, V. Lopez-Richard, H. A. Mantooth, G. E. Marques, G. J. Salamo

Physics Faculty Publications

Detailed experimental and theoretical studies of lateral electron transport in a system of quantum dot chains demonstrate the complicated character of the conductance within the chain structure due to the interaction of conduction channels with different dimensionalities. The one-dimensional character of states in the wetting layer results in an anisotropic mobility, while the presence of the zero-dimensional states of the quantum dots leads to enhanced hopping conductance, which affects the low-temperature mobility and demonstrates an anisotropy in the conductance. These phenomena were probed by considering a one-dimensional model of hopping along with band filling effects. Differences between the model and ...


Spin Switching And Magnetization Reversal In Single-Crystal Ndfeo3, Shujuan Yuan, W. Ren, F. Hong, Y. B. Wang, J. C. Zhang, L. Bellaiche, Gang Cao May 2013

Spin Switching And Magnetization Reversal In Single-Crystal Ndfeo3, Shujuan Yuan, W. Ren, F. Hong, Y. B. Wang, J. C. Zhang, L. Bellaiche, Gang Cao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report an experimental and computational study of single-crystal NdFeO3, which features two inequivalent magnetic sublattices, namely, Fe and Nd sublattices that are coupled in an antiparallel fashion. This paper reveals that a strong interaction between 3d and 4f electrons of the two sublattices along with a spin-lattice coupling drives an extremely interesting magnetic state that is highly sensitive to the orientation and history of weak magnetic field. The following phenomena are particularly remarkable: (1) sharply contrasting magnetization M(T) along the a and c axes; (2) a first-order spin switching along the a axis below 29 ...


Multiband S -Wave Topological Superconductors: Role Of Dimensionality And Magnetic Field Response, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola May 2013

Multiband S -Wave Topological Superconductors: Role Of Dimensionality And Magnetic Field Response, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We further investigate a class of time-reversal-invariant two-band s-wave topological superconductors introduced earlier [Deng, Viola, and Ortiz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 036803 (2012)]. Provided that a sign reversal between the two superconducting pairing gaps is realized, the topological phase diagram can be determined exactly (within mean field) in one and two dimensions as well as in three dimensions upon restricting to the excitation spectrum of time-reversal-invariant momentum modes. We show how, in the presence of time-reversal symmetry, Z2 invariants that distinguish between trivial and nontrivial quantum phases can be constructed by considering only one of the Kramers’ sectors in which ...


Rapid Diffusion Of Electrons In Gamnas, Christopher P. Weber, Eric A. Kittlaus, Kassandra B. Mattia, Christopher J. Waight, J. Hagmann, X. Liu, M. Dobrowolska, J. K. Furdyna May 2013

Rapid Diffusion Of Electrons In Gamnas, Christopher P. Weber, Eric A. Kittlaus, Kassandra B. Mattia, Christopher J. Waight, J. Hagmann, X. Liu, M. Dobrowolska, J. K. Furdyna

Physics

We report ultrafast transient‐grating measurements, above and below the Curie temperature, of the dilute ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As containing 6% Mn. At 80 K (15 K), we observe that photoexcited electrons in the conduction band have a lifetime of 8 ps (5 ps) and diffuse at about 70 cm2/s (60 cm2/s). Such rapid diffusion requires either an electronic mobility exceeding 7700 cm2/V s or a conduction‐band effective mass less than half the GaAs value. Our data suggest that neither the scattering rate nor the effective mass of the (Ga,Mn)As ...


Two-Dimensional Magnetic Interactions In Lafeaso, Mehmet Ramazanoglu, J. Lamsal, Gregory S. Tucker, J.-Q. Yan, S. Calder, T. Guidi, T. Perring, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso, Andreas Kreyssig, Robert J. Mcqueeney Apr 2013

Two-Dimensional Magnetic Interactions In Lafeaso, Mehmet Ramazanoglu, J. Lamsal, Gregory S. Tucker, J.-Q. Yan, S. Calder, T. Guidi, T. Perring, R. William Mccallum, Thomas A. Lograsso, Andreas Kreyssig, Robert J. Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Publications

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements demonstrate that the magnetic interactions in antiferromagnetic LaFeAsO are two dimensional. Spin-wave velocities within the Fe layer and the magnitude of the spin gap are similar to the AFe2As2 based materials. However, the ratio of interlayer and intralayer exchange is found to be less than ∼10−4 in LaFeAsO, very similar to the cuprates, and ∼100 times smaller than that found in AFe2As2 compounds. The results suggest that the effective dimensionality of the magnetic system is highly variable in the parent compounds of the iron arsenides and weak three-dimensional interactions ...


Magnetic And Crystal Structures Of Sr2Iro4: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Feng Ye, Songxue Chi, Bryan C. Chakoumakos, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Tongfei Qi, Gang Cao Apr 2013

Magnetic And Crystal Structures Of Sr2Iro4: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Feng Ye, Songxue Chi, Bryan C. Chakoumakos, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Tongfei Qi, Gang Cao

Center for Advanced Materials Faculty Publications

We report a single-crystal neutron diffraction study of the layered Sr2IrO4. This work unambiguously determines the magnetic structure of the system and reveals that the spin orientation rigidly tracks the staggered rotation of the IrO6 octahedra in Sr2IrO4. The long-range antiferromagnetic order has a canted spin configuration with an ordered moment of 0.208(3) μB/Ir site within the basal plane; a detailed examination of the spin canting yields 0.202(3) and 0.049(2) μB/site for the a axis and the b axis, respectively. It is intriguing ...


Upper Critical Field Of High-Quality Single Crystals Of Kfe2as2, Yong Liu, Makariy A. Tanatar, Vladimir G. Kogan, Hyunsoo Kim, Thomas A. Lograsso, Ruslan Prozorov Apr 2013

Upper Critical Field Of High-Quality Single Crystals Of Kfe2as2, Yong Liu, Makariy A. Tanatar, Vladimir G. Kogan, Hyunsoo Kim, Thomas A. Lograsso, Ruslan Prozorov

Ames Laboratory Publications

Measurements of temperature-dependent in-plane resistivity ρ(T) were used to determine the upper critical field and its anisotropy in high-quality single crystals of the stoichiometric iron arsenide superconductor KFe2As2. The crystals were characterized by the residual resistivity ratio ρ(300 K)/ρ(0) up to 3000 and the resistive transition midpoint temperature Tc=3.8 K, significantly higher than in previous studies on the same material. We find increased Hc2(T) for both directions of the magnetic field, which scale with the increased Tc. This unusual linear Hc2(Tc) scaling is not ...