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Full-Text Articles in Physics

High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides Sep 2020

High Layer Uniformity Of 2-D Materials Surprisingly From Broad Features In Surface Electron Diffraction, Shen Chen, Michael Horn Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Adam Kaminski, Benjamin Schrunk, Thanassis Speliotis, Edward Henry Conrad, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

Paradoxically a very broad diffraction background, named the Bell-Shaped-Component (BSC), has been established as a feature of graphene growth. Although the BSC has been present in the earlier literature it has been ignored. Recent diffraction studies as a function of electron energy have shown that the BSC is not related to scattering interference. The BSC is a very strong effect, but its origin is still unclear. Here, additional experiments are carried out as a function of temperature while monitoring changes in the intensity of different spots over the range that single-layer-graphene (SLG) grows. Quantitative fitting of the profiles shows that ...


H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David Aug 2020

H-Atom Ladder Operator Revisited, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An error laden note (Am. J. Phys., 34, 984,(1966)) concerning the ladder operator solution to the hydrogen atom electronic energy levels is corrected.


Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue Aug 2020

Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue

SURF Posters and Papers

Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions by lowering the energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Plasmonic materials have localized surface plasmon resonances, oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle, that generate energetically intense electric fields which rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize atoms strongly bound to the catalysts through occupation of antibonding orbitals. Tuning the antibonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy by electrons is achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another ...


Reshaping Of Truncated Pd Nanocubes: Energetic And Kinetic Analysis Integrating Transmission Electron Microscopy With Atomistic-Level And Coarse-Grained Modeling, King C. Lai, Minda Chen, Benjamin Williams, Yong Han, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Wenyu Huang, James W. Evans Jul 2020

Reshaping Of Truncated Pd Nanocubes: Energetic And Kinetic Analysis Integrating Transmission Electron Microscopy With Atomistic-Level And Coarse-Grained Modeling, King C. Lai, Minda Chen, Benjamin Williams, Yong Han, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Wenyu Huang, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Stability against reshaping of metallic fcc nanocrystals synthesized with tailored far-from-equilibrium shapes is key to maintaining optimal properties for applications such as catalysis. Yet Arrhenius analysis of experimental reshaping kinetics, and appropriate theory and simulation, is lacking. Thus, we use TEM to monitor the reshaping of Pd nanocubes of ∼25 nm side length between 410 °C (over ∼4.5 h) and 440 °C (over ∼0.25 h), extracting a high effective energy barrier of Eeff ≈ 4.6 eV. We also provide an analytic determination of the energy variation along the optimal pathway for reshaping that involves transfer of atoms across ...


Search For Encapsulation Of Platinum, Silver, And Gold At The Surface Of Graphite, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel Jul 2020

Search For Encapsulation Of Platinum, Silver, And Gold At The Surface Of Graphite, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we show that Pt clusters can be encapsulated beneath the surface of graphite, whereas Ag and Au cannot. This is in complete agreement with independent predictions from density functional theory, which show that surface intercalation of single metal atoms is favorable for Pt, but unfavorable for Ag and Au. This supports the validity of using single-metal-atom energetics for predicting encapsulation of metal nanoparticles at the graphite surface. We also demonstrate that the optimal temperature for encapsulation scales with the cohesive energy of the metal.


Unprecedented Generation Of 3d Heterostructures By Mechanochemical Disassembly And Re-Ordering Of Incommensurate Metal Chalcogenides, Oleksandr Dolotko, Ihor Hlova, Arjun K. Pathak, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Brett W. Boote, Jingzhe Li, Emily A. Smith, Scott L. Carnahan, Aaron J. Rossini, Lin Zhou, Ely M. Eastman, Viktor P. Balema Jun 2020

Unprecedented Generation Of 3d Heterostructures By Mechanochemical Disassembly And Re-Ordering Of Incommensurate Metal Chalcogenides, Oleksandr Dolotko, Ihor Hlova, Arjun K. Pathak, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Brett W. Boote, Jingzhe Li, Emily A. Smith, Scott L. Carnahan, Aaron J. Rossini, Lin Zhou, Ely M. Eastman, Viktor P. Balema

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Three-dimensional heterostructures are usually created either by assembling two-dimensional building blocks into hierarchical architectures or using stepwise chemical processes that sequentially deposit individual monolayers. Both approaches suffer from a number of issues, including lack of suitable precursors, limited reproducibility, and poor scalability of the preparation protocols. Therefore, development of alternative methods that enable preparation of heterostructured materials is desired. We create heterostructures with incommensurate arrangements of well-defined building blocks using a synthetic approach that comprises mechanical disassembly and simultaneous reordering of layered transition-metal dichalcogenides, MX2, and non-layered monochalcogenides, REX, where M = Ta, Nb, RE = Sm, La, and X = S, Se ...


Structure Of Chalcogen Overlayers On Au(111): Density Functional Theory And Lattice-Gas Modeling, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Peter Spurgeon, Patricia A. Thiel Jun 2020

Structure Of Chalcogen Overlayers On Au(111): Density Functional Theory And Lattice-Gas Modeling, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Peter Spurgeon, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Ordering of different chalcogens, S, Se, and Te, on Au(111) exhibit broad similarities but also some distinct features, which must reflect subtle differences in relative values of the long-range pair and many-body lateral interactions between adatoms. We develop lattice-gas (LG) models within a cluster expansion framework, which includes about 50 interaction parameters. These LG models are developed based on density functional theory (DFT) analysis of the energetics of key adlayer configurations in combination with the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation of the LG models to identify statistically relevant adlayer motifs, i.e., model development is based entirely on theoretical considerations ...


Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel May 2020

Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We use a variety of experimental techniques to characterize Cu clusters on bulk MoS2 formed via physical vapor deposition of Cu in ultrahigh vacuum, at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 900 K. We find that large facetted clusters grow at elevated temperatures, using high Cu exposures. The cluster size distribution is bimodal, and under some conditions, large clusters are surrounded by a denuded zone. We propose that defect-mediated nucleation, and coarsening during deposition, are both operative in this system. At 780 K, a surprising type of facetted cluster emerges, and at 900 K this type predominates: pyramidal clusters with ...


Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn E. Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue May 2020

Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn E. Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions through the lowering of energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Localized surface plasmon resonances are oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle that generate energetically intense electric fields and rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize strongly bound oxygen atoms through occupation of accessible anti-bonding orbitals. Tuning the anti-bonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy will be achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another transition metal, such ...


Richardsite, Zn2cugas4, A New Gallium-Essential Member Of The Stannite Group From The Gem Mines Near Merelani, Tanzania, Luca Bindi, John A. Jaszczak May 2020

Richardsite, Zn2cugas4, A New Gallium-Essential Member Of The Stannite Group From The Gem Mines Near Merelani, Tanzania, Luca Bindi, John A. Jaszczak

Michigan Tech Publications

The new mineral richardsite occurs as overgrowths of small (50–400 μm) dark gray, disphenoidal crystals with no evident twinning, but epitaxically oriented on wurtzite–sphalerite crystals from the gem mines near Merelani, Lelatema Mountains, Simanjiro District, Manyara Region, Tanzania. Associated minerals also include graphite, diopside, and Ge,Ga-rich wurtzite. It is brittle, dark gray in color, and has a metallic luster. It appears dark bluish gray in reflected plane-polarized light, and is moderately bireflectant. It is distinctly anisotropic with violet to light-blue rotation tints with crossed polarizers. Reflectance percentages for Rmin and Rmax in air at the respective wavelengths ...


Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson Apr 2020

Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson

Incite: The Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Introduction, Dr. Roger A. Byrne, Dean

From the Editor, Dr. Larissa "Kat" Tracy

From the Designers, Rachel English, Rachel Hanson

Immortality in the Mortal World: Otherworldly Intervention in "Lanval" and "The Wife of Bath's Tale" by Haleigh James

Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Moroccan Olive Oils by HPLC by Hannah Meyls

Art by Hope Irvin

The Effects of Cell Phone Use on Gameplay Enjoyment and Frustration by Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, and Austin J. Funk

Care, No Matter What: Planned Parenthood's Use of Organizational Rhetoric to Expand its Reputation by Karyn Keane

Analysis of Petroleum Products ...


Monitoring And Identifying The Rhodamine 6g-Hydroxide Ion Reaction Using In-Situ, Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Ryan Lamb Apr 2020

Monitoring And Identifying The Rhodamine 6g-Hydroxide Ion Reaction Using In-Situ, Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Ryan Lamb

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

An effective method for monitoring chemical reactions is necessary to better understand their mechanisms and kinetics. Effective reaction monitoring requires a spectroscopy technique with fast data acquisition, high sensitivity, structure-to-spectrum correlation, and low solvent interference. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) provides these features, which makes it a valuable tool for monitoring reactions. To obtain the Raman enhancement, metallic nanostructures typically made of silver or gold are aggregated using a salt. The nanoparticles aggregates must then be stabilized using a surfactant to use this method in situ due to eventual nanoparticle precipitation. In this study, gold nanoparticles stabilized with sodium dodecyl sulfate ...


Fundamentals Of Au(111) Surface Dynamics: Coarsening Of 2d Au Islands, Peter M. Spurgeon, King C. Lai, Yong Han, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Feb 2020

Fundamentals Of Au(111) Surface Dynamics: Coarsening Of 2d Au Islands, Peter M. Spurgeon, King C. Lai, Yong Han, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Au(111) surfaces play a central role in many applications, yet studies of fundamental aspects of their dynamics are limited. Thus, using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) at 300 K, we analyze the coarsening of first-layer 2D Au islands directly on the Au(111) substrate, and also of second-layer 2D Au islands. Specifically, we monitor the decay of Au first-layer islands with areas of about 100-500 nm^2 in the vicinity of larger islands or extended step edges over a period of approximately 40 hours - the relevant time scale for this process. Experimentally observed behavior is captured by analytic theory for ...


Shapes Of Fe Nanocrystals Encapsulated At The Graphite Surface, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Scott E. Julien, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Dapeng Jing, Kai-Tak Wan, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Feb 2020

Shapes Of Fe Nanocrystals Encapsulated At The Graphite Surface, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Scott E. Julien, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Dapeng Jing, Kai-Tak Wan, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We describe and analyze in detail the shapes of Fe islands encapsulated under the top graphene layers in graphite. Shapes are interrogated using scanning tunneling microscopy. The main outputs of the shape analysis are the slope of the graphene membrane around the perimeter of the island, and the aspect ratio of the central metal cluster. Modeling primarily uses a continuum elasticity (CE) model. As input to the CE model, we use density functional theory to calculate the surface energy of Fe, and the adhesion energies between Fe and graphene or graphite. We use the shaft-loaded blister test (SLBT) model to ...


Adsorption, Intercalation, Diffusion, And Adhesion Of Cu At The 2h−Mos2 (0001) Surface From First-Principles Calculations, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Feb 2020

Adsorption, Intercalation, Diffusion, And Adhesion Of Cu At The 2h−Mos2 (0001) Surface From First-Principles Calculations, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Study of the adsorption of a transition metal on the surface of a layered material and the possible subsequent intercalation into that layered material is of fundamental interest and potential technological importance. In the present work, we choose the transition metal Cu as the adsorbate or intercalant and 2H-MoS2 as the layered material. Energetics are calculated characterizing four of the most basic surface and interfacial phenomena: adsorption, intercalation, diffusion, and adhesion. Using first-principles density functional theory (DFT), we find that intercalating a Cu atom into the van der Waals (vdW) gap below the MoS2 (0001) surface is 0.665 eV ...


Author Correction: Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabriel B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta Jan 2020

Author Correction: Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabriel B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nanoscale Colocalization Of Fluorogenic Probes Reveals The Role Of Oxygen Vacancies In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Tungsten Oxide Nanowires, Meikun Shen, Tianben Ding, Steven T. Hartman, Fudong Wang, Christina Krucylak, Zheyu Wang, Che Tan, Bo Yin, Rohan Mishra, Matthew D. Lew, Bryce Sadtler Jan 2020

Nanoscale Colocalization Of Fluorogenic Probes Reveals The Role Of Oxygen Vacancies In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Tungsten Oxide Nanowires, Meikun Shen, Tianben Ding, Steven T. Hartman, Fudong Wang, Christina Krucylak, Zheyu Wang, Che Tan, Bo Yin, Rohan Mishra, Matthew D. Lew, Bryce Sadtler

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Defect engineering is a strategy that has been widely used to design active semiconductor photocatalysts. However, understanding the role of defects, such as oxygen vacancies, in controlling photocatalytic activity remains a challenge. Here, we report the use of chemically triggered fluorogenic probes to study the spatial distribution of active regions in individual tungsten oxide nanowires using super-resolution fluorescence microscopy. The nanowires show significant heterogeneity along their lengths for the photocatalytic generation of hydroxyl radicals. Through quantitative, coordinate-based colocalization of multiple probe molecules activated by the same nanowires, we demonstrate that the nanoscale regions most active for the photocatalytic generation of ...


Development Of A Novel Highly-Sensitive Brucellosis Sensor Based On Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy, Amal Kasry, Ihab Adly, Asharf Sayour, Hossam Sayour Jan 2020

Development Of A Novel Highly-Sensitive Brucellosis Sensor Based On Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy, Amal Kasry, Ihab Adly, Asharf Sayour, Hossam Sayour

Nanotechnology Research Centre

Brucellosis is considered a significant health threat, it is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Brucella, which can spread from animals to humans causing severe diseases. Through this project, we aim to develop a very highly sensitive biosensor to detect Brucella early before spreading. This sensor is based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique, which is used to analyze kinetics of interaction between biomolecules. It can detect down to picomolar concentrations of some proteins.


Novel Integrated Nano-Sensors For Analysis Of Chemical Compounds In Natural Gas Applications, Taylor Robinson Jan 2020

Novel Integrated Nano-Sensors For Analysis Of Chemical Compounds In Natural Gas Applications, Taylor Robinson

Mahurin Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Semiconductor sensors have been important environmental gas detectors since the 1990s, and are commonly used to detect hydrogen, oxygen, alcohol vapor, and even harmful gases such as carbon monoxide. A gas chromatography approach is a well-proven and compact separation technique to identify and quantify multiple compounds in a complex background such as a true natural gas environment. Real time field monitoring implementing classical GC and standard sensors (FID, PID, etc.) have a lot of limitations due to its bulky size, heavy weight, and high maintenance. In this study, we developed a portable instrument through the utilization of novel solid-state sensors ...


Spectroscopic Study On Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Biofilm In The Presence Of The Aptamer-Dna Scaffolded Silver Nanoclusters, Bidisha Sengupta, Prakash Adhikari, Esther Mallet, Ronald Havner, Prabhakar Pradhan Jan 2020

Spectroscopic Study On Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Biofilm In The Presence Of The Aptamer-Dna Scaffolded Silver Nanoclusters, Bidisha Sengupta, Prakash Adhikari, Esther Mallet, Ronald Havner, Prabhakar Pradhan

Faculty Publications

We report the effectiveness of silver nanocluster (Ag-NC) against the biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA). Two DNA aptamers specific for PA and part of their sequences were chosen as templates for growing the Ag-NC. While circular dichroism (CD) studies determined the presence of secondary structures, UV/Vis absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopic studies confirmed the formation of the fluorescent Ag-NC on the DNA templates. Furthermore, mesoscopic physics-based partial wave spectroscopy (PWS) was used to analyze the backscattered light signal that can detect the degree of nanoscale mass density/refractive index fluctuations to identify the biofilm formation, comparatively among the different aptamers ...


Computationally‐Driven Discovery Of A Family Of Layered Linib Polymorphs, Gvozdetskyi Volodymyr, Gourab Bhaskar, Maria Batuk, Xin Zhao, Renhai Wang, Scott L. Carnahan, Michael P. Hanrahan, Raquel A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Aaron J. Rossini, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Joke Hadermann, Julia V. Zaikina Oct 2019

Computationally‐Driven Discovery Of A Family Of Layered Linib Polymorphs, Gvozdetskyi Volodymyr, Gourab Bhaskar, Maria Batuk, Xin Zhao, Renhai Wang, Scott L. Carnahan, Michael P. Hanrahan, Raquel A. Ribeiro, Paul C. Canfield, Aaron J. Rossini, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Joke Hadermann, Julia V. Zaikina

Chemistry Publications

Two novel lithium nickel boride polymorphs RT‐LiNiB and HT‐LiNiB with layered crystal structures are reported. This family of compounds was theoretically predicted by using the adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) and subsequently synthesized via a hydride route with LiH precursor as a lithium source. Being unique among the known ternary transition metal borides, the LiNiB structures feature Li layers alternating with nearly planar [NiB] layers, composed of Ni hexagonal rings centered by B‐B pairs. A comprehensive study using a combination of single crystal/synchrotron powder X‐ray diffraction data, solid‐state 7Li and 11B NMR, scanning transmission electron ...


Diffraction Paradox: An Unusually Broad Diffraction Background Marks High Quality Graphene, Shen Chen, Michael Horn-Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Michael C. Tringides Oct 2019

Diffraction Paradox: An Unusually Broad Diffraction Background Marks High Quality Graphene, Shen Chen, Michael Horn-Von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

The realization of the unusual properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials requires the formation of large domains of single-layer thickness, extending over the mesoscale. It is found that the formation of uniform graphene on SiC, contrary to textbook diffraction, is signaled by a strong bell-shaped component (BSC) around the (00) and G(10) spots (but not around the substrate spots). The BCS is also seen on graphene grown on metals, because a single uniform graphene layer can be also grown with large lateral size. It is only seen by electron diffraction but not with x-ray or He scattering. Although the origin ...


Atomically Intimate Contact Between Solid Electrolytes And Electrodes For Li Batteries, Fuzhen Li, Jingxuan Li, Feng Zhu, Ting Liu, Ben Xu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Matthew J. Kramer, Cheng Ma, Lin Zhou, Ce-Wen Nan Oct 2019

Atomically Intimate Contact Between Solid Electrolytes And Electrodes For Li Batteries, Fuzhen Li, Jingxuan Li, Feng Zhu, Ting Liu, Ben Xu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Matthew J. Kramer, Cheng Ma, Lin Zhou, Ce-Wen Nan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Solid electrolytes, as a promising replacement for the flammable liquid electrolyte in conventional Li-ion batteries, may greatly alleviate the safety issues and improve the energy density. However, mainstream electrodes are also solid. If solid electrolytes were employed, creating intimate electrode-electrolyte contact similar to that between solid and liquid would be quite difficult. Here we discovered that, by forming epitaxial interfaces, such a seamless solid-solid contact can happen between two widely studied systems: the Li-rich layered electrode and perovskite solid electrolyte. Atomic-resolution electron microscopy unambiguously demonstrated that the former can be epitaxially embedded into the latter. The solid-solid composite electrode formed ...


9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Sep 2019

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabreil B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta Sep 2019

Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabreil B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Expanded low-carbon baseload power production through the use of nuclear fission can be enabled by recycling long-lived actinide isotopes within the nuclear fuel cycle. This approach provides the benefits of (a) more completely utilizing the energy potential of mined uranium, (b) reducing the footprint of nuclear geological repositories, and (c) reducing the time required for the radiotoxicity of the disposed waste to decrease to the level of uranium ore from one hundred thousand years to a few hundred years. A key step in achieving this goal is the separation of long-lived isotopes of americium (Am) and curium (Cm) for recycle ...


Extensive Soot Compaction By Cloud Processing From Laboratory And Field Observations, Janarjan Bhandari, Swarup China, Kamal Kant Chandrakar, Greg Kinney, Will Cantrell, Raymond Shaw, Lynn Mazzoleni, Giulia Girotto, Noopur Sharma, Kyle Gorkowski, Stefania Gilardoni, Stefano Decesari, Maria Cristina Facchini, Nicola Zanca, Giulia Pavese, Francesco Esposito, Manvendra K Dubey, Allison C Aiken, Rajan K Chakrabarty, Hans Moosmüller, Timothy B Onasch, Rahul A Zaveri, Barbara V Scarnato, Paulo Fialho, Claudio Mazzoleni Aug 2019

Extensive Soot Compaction By Cloud Processing From Laboratory And Field Observations, Janarjan Bhandari, Swarup China, Kamal Kant Chandrakar, Greg Kinney, Will Cantrell, Raymond Shaw, Lynn Mazzoleni, Giulia Girotto, Noopur Sharma, Kyle Gorkowski, Stefania Gilardoni, Stefano Decesari, Maria Cristina Facchini, Nicola Zanca, Giulia Pavese, Francesco Esposito, Manvendra K Dubey, Allison C Aiken, Rajan K Chakrabarty, Hans Moosmüller, Timothy B Onasch, Rahul A Zaveri, Barbara V Scarnato, Paulo Fialho, Claudio Mazzoleni

Michigan Tech Publications

Soot particles form during combustion of carbonaceous materials and impact climate and air quality. When freshly emitted, they are typically fractal-like aggregates. After atmospheric aging, they can act as cloud condensation nuclei, and water condensation or evaporation restructure them to more compact aggregates, affecting their optical, aerodynamic, and surface properties. Here we survey the morphology of ambient soot particles from various locations and different environmental and aging conditions. We used electron microscopy and show extensive soot compaction after cloud processing. We further performed laboratory experiments to simulate atmospheric cloud processing under controlled conditions. We find that soot particles sampled after ...


Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Aug 2019

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong Aug 2019

Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

During the last 30 years, microelectronic devices have been continuously designed and developed with smaller size and yet more functionalities. Today, hundreds of millions of transistors and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor cells can be designed and integrated on a single microchip through 3D packaging and chip stacking technology. A large amount of heat will be generated in a limited space during the operation of microchips. Moreover, there is a high possibility of hot spots due to non-uniform integrated circuit design patterns as some core parts of a microchip work harder than other memory parts. This issue becomes acute as stacked microchips get ...


Stereodynamical Control Of A Quantum Scattering Resonance In Cold Molecular Collisions, Pablo G. Jambrina, James F.E. Croft, Hua Guo, Mark Brouard, Balakrishnan Naduvalath, F. Javier Aoiz Jul 2019

Stereodynamical Control Of A Quantum Scattering Resonance In Cold Molecular Collisions, Pablo G. Jambrina, James F.E. Croft, Hua Guo, Mark Brouard, Balakrishnan Naduvalath, F. Javier Aoiz

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Cold collisions of light molecules are often dominated by a single partial wave resonance. For the rotational quenching of HD (v=1, j=2) by collisions with ground state para-H2, the process is dominated by a single L=2 partial wave resonance centered around 0.1 K. Here, we show that this resonance can be switched on or off simply by appropriate alignment of the HD rotational angular momentum relative to the initial velocity vector, thereby enabling complete control of the collision outcome.


Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab Jul 2019

Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab

Faculty Publications & Research

A student activity is reported that analyzes “medical evidence” with experimental and computational methods. The lesson demonstrates benefits of solving practical problems with integrated tools.