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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Computational Analysis Of Poliovirus Structural Dynamics Using A Coarse-Grained Model, Maneesh Koneru May 2018

Computational Analysis Of Poliovirus Structural Dynamics Using A Coarse-Grained Model, Maneesh Koneru

University Scholar Projects

Though eradicated in most of the world, poliovirus remains a common model virus for a family of mammalian viruses known as Picornaviruses. Despite the development of a vaccination, little is understood about the infection process, particularly the mechanism of cell entry. Experimental studies have attempted to elucidate the dynamics of this process and have proposed pathways focused on VP4, the smallest of the four peptides which makes up the viral capsid, and its interaction with the pentameric interfaces of the five fold axes. This study utilizes coarse-grained molecular dynamics to supplement these proposed mechanisms with simplified simulations which reduce the ...


Structural Flexibility And Oxygen Diffusion Pathways In Monomeric Fluorescent Proteins, Chola K. Regmi Mar 2014

Structural Flexibility And Oxygen Diffusion Pathways In Monomeric Fluorescent Proteins, Chola K. Regmi

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Fluorescent proteins are valuable tools as biochemical markers for studying cellular processes. Red fluorescent proteins (RFPs) are highly desirable for in vivo applications because they absorb and emit light in the red region of the spectrum where cellular autofluorescence is low. The naturally occurring fluorescent proteins with emission peaks in this region of the spectrum occur in dimeric or tetrameric forms. The development of mutant monomeric variants of RFPs has resulted in several novel FPs known as mFruits. Though oxygen is required for maturation of the chromophore, it is known that photobleaching of FPs is oxygen sensitive, and oxygen-free conditions ...


Electric Field-Driven Water Dipoles: Nanoscale Architecture Of Electroporation, Mayya Tokman, Jane Hyojin Lee, Zachary A. Levine, Ming-Chak Ho, Michael E. Colvin, P. Thomas Vernier Apr 2013

Electric Field-Driven Water Dipoles: Nanoscale Architecture Of Electroporation, Mayya Tokman, Jane Hyojin Lee, Zachary A. Levine, Ming-Chak Ho, Michael E. Colvin, P. Thomas Vernier

Bioelectrics Publications

Electroporation is the formation of permeabilizing structures in the cell membrane under the influence of an externally imposed electric field. The resulting increased permeability of the membrane enables a wide range of biological applications, including the delivery of normally excluded substances into cells. While electroporation is used extensively in biology, biotechnology, and medicine, its molecular mechanism is not well understood. This lack of knowledge limits the ability to control and fine-tune the process. In this article we propose a novel molecular mechanism for the electroporation of a lipid bilayer based on energetics analysis. Using molecular dynamics simulations we demonstrate that ...


Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Sep 2009

Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a combined theoretical and experimental study of molecular field effects on molecular core levels. Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering is observed experimentally after resonant K-shell excitation of CF3Cl and HCl. We explain the linear dichroism observed in spin-orbit level intensities as due to molecular field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange, and interpret this behavior in terms of population differences in the 2px,y,z inner-shell orbitals. We investigate theoretically the different factors that can affect the electronic populations and the dynamical R dependence of the spin-orbit ratio. Finally, the results obtained are used to interpret the ...


The Spectroscopy And Molecular Dynamics Of The High Frequency Ν1 6 Intermolecular Vibrations In Hcn‐‐‐Hf And Dcn‐‐‐Df, B. A. Wofford, M. W. Jackson, Shannon Lieb, J. W. Bevan Jan 1988

The Spectroscopy And Molecular Dynamics Of The High Frequency Ν1 6 Intermolecular Vibrations In Hcn‐‐‐Hf And Dcn‐‐‐Df, B. A. Wofford, M. W. Jackson, Shannon Lieb, J. W. Bevan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Gas phase rovibrational analysis of the high frequency intermolecular hydrogen bonded bending overtone 2ν0 60=1132.4783(2) cm 1] in HCN‐‐‐HF and its corresponding perdeuterated fundamental ν1 60=409.1660(2) cm 1] are reported. Evaluated rovibrational parameters provide the basis for quantitative modeling of the molecular dynamics associated with this vibration. A quantum mechanical calculation permits determination of the quadratic and quartic force constants K 6 6=537(17) and K 6 6 6 6=4.98(12) cm 1 which in turn are used to estimate the pertinent cubic band ...


Molecular Dynamics In Hydrogen‐Bonded Interactions: A Preliminary Experimentally Determined Harmonic Stretching Force Field For Hcn‐‐‐Hf, B. A. Wofford, Shannon Lieb, J. W. Bevan Jan 1987

Molecular Dynamics In Hydrogen‐Bonded Interactions: A Preliminary Experimentally Determined Harmonic Stretching Force Field For Hcn‐‐‐Hf, B. A. Wofford, Shannon Lieb, J. W. Bevan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Observation of the 2ν1 overtone band in the hydrogen‐bonded complex HCN‐‐‐HF permits evaluation of the anharmonicity constant X 1 1=−116.9(1) cm 1 and determination of the anharmonicity corrected fundamental frequency ω1. This information, and available data from previous rovibrational analyses in the common and perdeuterated isotopic species of HCN‐‐‐HF, offer an opportunity for calculation of an approximate stretching harmonic force field. With the assumptions f 1 2=f 2 4=0.0, the remaining force constants (in mdyn/Å) are evaluated as: f 1 1=8.600(20), f 2 2=6 ...