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Biological and Chemical Physics

Electronic excitation

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Jahn-Teller Coupling And Fragmentation After Core-Shell Excitation Ini Cf4 Investigated By Partial-Ion-Yield Spectroscopy, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle Oct 2010

Jahn-Teller Coupling And Fragmentation After Core-Shell Excitation Ini Cf4 Investigated By Partial-Ion-Yield Spectroscopy, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We investigate fragmentation processes induced by core-level photoexcitation in CF4 at both the carbon and fluorine K edges by means of partial-ion-yield spectroscopy. The molecule CF4 is a textbook example of systems in which Jahn-Teller coupling strongly manifests itself in the photoabsorption spectrum. Spectral features related to Jahn-Teller and quasi-Jahn-Teller splitting are observed, and important differences in the fragmentation pathways are revealed depending on the symmetries of the core-excited states. We interpret these experimental observations on the grounds of symmetry lowering from the Td to the C3v point group as well as preferential orientation with respect ...


Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Sep 2009

Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a combined theoretical and experimental study of molecular field effects on molecular core levels. Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering is observed experimentally after resonant K-shell excitation of CF3Cl and HCl. We explain the linear dichroism observed in spin-orbit level intensities as due to molecular field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange, and interpret this behavior in terms of population differences in the 2px,y,z inner-shell orbitals. We investigate theoretically the different factors that can affect the electronic populations and the dynamical R dependence of the spin-orbit ratio. Finally, the results obtained are used to interpret the ...


Photofragmentation Of Sif4 Upon Si 2p And F 1s Core Excitation: Cation And Anion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2008

Photofragmentation Of Sif4 Upon Si 2p And F 1s Core Excitation: Cation And Anion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have studied the fragmentation dynamics of core-excited SiF4 by means of soft-x-ray photoexcitation and partial positive and negative ion yield measurements around the Si L2,3-shell and F K-shell ionization thresholds. All detectable ionic fragments are reported and we observe significant differences between the various partial ion yields near the Si 2p threshold. The differences are similar to our previous results from CH3Cl showing more extended fragmentation in correspondence to transitions to Rydberg states. At variance with smaller systems, we observe negative ion production in the shape resonance region. This can be ...


Femtosecond Nuclear Motion Of Hcl Probed By Resonant X-Ray Raman Scattering In The Cl 1s Region, Marc Simon, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Richard Taieb, I. Minkov, Faris Gel'mukhanov, P. Salek, H. Agren, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, A. C. Hudson, Dennis W. Lindle Feb 2006

Femtosecond Nuclear Motion Of Hcl Probed By Resonant X-Ray Raman Scattering In The Cl 1s Region, Marc Simon, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Richard Taieb, I. Minkov, Faris Gel'mukhanov, P. Salek, H. Agren, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, A. C. Hudson, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Femtosecond dynamics are observed by resonant x-ray Raman scattering (RXS) after excitation along the dissociative Cl 1s→6ơ* resonance of gas-phase HCl. The short core-hole lifetime results in a complete breakdown of the common nondispersive behavior of soft-x-ray transitions between parallel potentials. We evidence a general phenomenon of RXS in the hard-x-ray region: a complete quenching of vibrational broadening. This opens up a unique opportunity for superhigh resolution x-ray spectroscopy beyond vibrational and lifetime limitations.


Anion And Cation-Yield Spectroscopy Of Core-Excited Sf6, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, M. M. Sant'anna, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2005

Anion And Cation-Yield Spectroscopy Of Core-Excited Sf6, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, M. M. Sant'anna, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report an extensive study on total and partial-ion-yield spectroscopy around both the S 2p and F 1s thresholds in SF6. All positive and negative single-ion channels have been measured. Below the F 1s threshold we detect a large variation in relative intensity of the resonant structures according to the specific channel monitored, indicating selective fragmentation. Above threshold, at variance with previous cases described by us, we detect high-intensity structures related to shape resonances not only in the cation channels but also for the anions. We discuss the applicability and limits of a model we have ...


Photofragmentation Dynamics Of Core-Excited Water By Anion-Yield Spectroscopy, Wayne C. Stolte, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, Dennis W. Lindle Aug 2003

Photofragmentation Dynamics Of Core-Excited Water By Anion-Yield Spectroscopy, Wayne C. Stolte, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Partial-anion and- cation yields from H2O are presented for photon energies near the oxygen K edge. The O- yield exhibits a feature above threshold attributed to doubly excited states, in contrast to the H- and cation yields, which are nearly featureless above threshold. Additionally, the lack of the OH- fragment indicates radiative decay and provides a negligible amount of anion formation.


Fragmentation Processes Following Core Excitation In Acetylene And Ethylene By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall, S-W Yu, D. Bull, K. Lantz, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle Nov 2002

Fragmentation Processes Following Core Excitation In Acetylene And Ethylene By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall, S-W Yu, D. Bull, K. Lantz, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Partial ion yield spectroscopy provides a very detailed picture of fragmentation processes following core excitation in isolated molecules. We exploit this potential in the analysis of decay processes following C1s→π and C1s→Rydberg excitations in ethylene and acetylene. We show that the relative intensity of spectral features related to the excitation to empty molecular orbitals or to Rydberg states is a function of the time variation of the fragmentation process. Namely, we see an intensity increase in the Rydberg states compared to the molecular orbitals as the fragmentation process becomes more extensive, a result attributable to the diffuse nature ...


Neutral Dissociation Of Hydrogen Following Photoexcitation Of Hcl At The Chlorine K Edge, D. L. Hansen, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, K. T. Leung, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield Apr 1998

Neutral Dissociation Of Hydrogen Following Photoexcitation Of Hcl At The Chlorine K Edge, D. L. Hansen, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, K. T. Leung, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Time-of-flight mass spectroscopy was used to study the relaxation dynamics of HCl following photoexcitation in the vicinity of the Cl K edge (~2.8 keV) using monochromatic synchrotron radiation. At the lowest resonant excitation to the 6ơ* antibonding orbital, almost half of the excited molecules decay by emission of a neutral H atom, mostly in coincidence with a highly charged Cln1 ion. The present work demonstrates that neutral-atom emission can be a significant decay channel for excited states with very short lifetimes (1 fs). [S1050-2947(98)03604-X]


Argon-Photoion–Auger-Electron Coincidence Measurements Following K-Shell Excitation By Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, C. Biedermann, N. Keller, L. Liljeby, C.-S. O, R. T. Short, Ivan A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle Aug 1990

Argon-Photoion–Auger-Electron Coincidence Measurements Following K-Shell Excitation By Synchrotron Radiation, Jon C. Levin, C. Biedermann, N. Keller, L. Liljeby, C.-S. O, R. T. Short, Ivan A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Argon photoion spectra have been obtained for the first time in coincidence with K-LL and K-LM Auger electrons, as a function of photon energy. The simplified charge distributions which result exhibit a much more pronounced photon-energy dependence than do the more complicated noncoincident spectra. In the near-K-threshold region, Rydberg shakeoff of np levels, populated by resonant excitation of K electrons, occurs with significant probability, as do double-Auger processes and recapture of the K photoelectron through postcollision interaction.