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Full-Text Articles in Physics

An Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Ã2A"Π–X~2A' Band System Of The Jet-Cooled Hbbr/Dbbr Free Radical, Mohammed Gharaibeh, Dennis J. Clouthier, Riccardo Tarroni Jun 2016

An Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Ã2A"Π–X~2A' Band System Of The Jet-Cooled Hbbr/Dbbr Free Radical, Mohammed Gharaibeh, Dennis J. Clouthier, Riccardo Tarroni

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The electronic spectra of the HBBr and DBBr free radicals have been studied in depth. These species were prepared in a pulsed electric discharge jet using a precursor mixture of BBr3 vapor and H2 or D2 in high pressure argon. Transitions to the electronic excited state of the jet-cooled radicals were probed with laser-induced fluorescence and the ground state energy levels were measured from the single vibronic level emission spectra. HBBr has an extensive band system in the red which involves a linear-bent transition between the two Renner-Teller components of what would be a 2Π state ...


Erratum: The Structure Of Alkali Halide Dimers: A Critical Test Of Ionic Models And New Ab Initio Results, T. Törring, S. Biermann, J. Hoeft, Richard J. Mawhorter, Robert J. Cave, C. Szemenyei Feb 2006

Erratum: The Structure Of Alkali Halide Dimers: A Critical Test Of Ionic Models And New Ab Initio Results, T. Törring, S. Biermann, J. Hoeft, Richard J. Mawhorter, Robert J. Cave, C. Szemenyei

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

It has come to our attention that some of the ab initio results presented are incorrect due to errors in the Cs and C1 basis sets, and a small error in the binding energy of Rb2F2. The corrected results are presented below for the species that were affected, modifying the results in Table III of the original paper. Only those values which are different from the results of the original Table III are included. Note that some of these results are used for comparison with the ionic models in later tables. In addition, some HF data quoted in Tables V ...


An Ab Initio Study Of The Mono- And Difluorides Of Krypton, Gerald J. Hoffman, Laura A. Swafford '97, Robert J. Cave Dec 1998

An Ab Initio Study Of The Mono- And Difluorides Of Krypton, Gerald J. Hoffman, Laura A. Swafford '97, Robert J. Cave

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Results from ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T) level of theory are presented for krypton monofluoride (KrF), krypton monofluoride cation (KrF+), linear, ground-state krypton difluoride (KrF2), the triplet state of krypton difluoride, and the krypton–fluorine van der Waals complex (Kr–F2). These are the first calculations demonstrating that KrF is a bound molecule, in agreement with experimental observation. When corrected for basis-set superposition error, the calculated potential displays quantitative agreement with the attractive wall of the experimentally measured potential curve. Results are also presented for KrF+ and linear KrF2 which yield accurate values for their dissociation energies. The ...


Π-Systems As Lithium/Hydrogen Bond Acceptors: Some Theoretical Observations, Salai Cheettu Ammal, P. Venuvanalingam Jan 1998

Π-Systems As Lithium/Hydrogen Bond Acceptors: Some Theoretical Observations, Salai Cheettu Ammal, P. Venuvanalingam

Faculty Publications

Ab initio calculations at the Hartree–Fock and correlated levels and density functional theory calculations have been performed with 6-31++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p)basis sets on LiF and HF complexes of benzene, ethylene, and acetylene. Complex binding energies have been corrected for basis set superposition error, and zero point energy corrections have been done on Hartree–Fock binding energies. Computed results indicate that the complexes exist in different conformations and among them those with π-lithium and π-hydrogen bonds are the most stable. π-lithium bonds are stronger than π-hydrogen bonds. The computed binding energies and geometry ...


Calculation Of Electronic Coupling Matrix Elements For Ground And Excited State Electron Transfer Reactions: Comparison Of The Generalized Mulliken–Hush And Block Diagonalization Methods, Robert J. Cave, Marshall D. Newton Jun 1997

Calculation Of Electronic Coupling Matrix Elements For Ground And Excited State Electron Transfer Reactions: Comparison Of The Generalized Mulliken–Hush And Block Diagonalization Methods, Robert J. Cave, Marshall D. Newton

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Two independent methods are presented for the nonperturbative calculation of the electronic coupling matrix element (Hab) for electron transfer reactions using ab initio electronic structure theory. The first is based on the generalized Mulliken–Hush (GMH) model, a multistate generalization of the Mulliken Hush formalism for the electronic coupling. The second is based on the block diagonalization (BD) approach of Cederbaum, Domcke, and co-workers. Detailed quantitative comparisons of the two methods are carried out based on results for (a) several states of the system Zn2OH2+ and (b) the low-lying states of the benzene–Cl atom complex and its contact ion ...


Lithium Bonding Interaction In H2Cy⋯Lif (Y=O,S) Complexes: A Theoretical Probe, Salai Cheettu Ammal, P. Venuvanalingam, S. Pal Jan 1997

Lithium Bonding Interaction In H2Cy⋯Lif (Y=O,S) Complexes: A Theoretical Probe, Salai Cheettu Ammal, P. Venuvanalingam, S. Pal

Faculty Publications

Ab initio calculations at 6-31++G(d,p) level have been done on H2CY⋯LiF (Y=O,S) complexes choosing ten possible orientations in each complex. The effect of correlation on complex binding energies has been studied via single point MP2 (full) calculations done on 6-31++G(d,p) geometry. Binding energies have been corrected for basis set superposition error. Frequency calculations confirm that H2CO⋯LiF and H2CS⋯LiF complexes have three and two stable forms, respectively. The most stable form in each complex has been found to have a strong lithium bonding interaction and a secondary hydrogen bondinginteraction. NBO ...


The Structure Of Alkali Halide Dimers: A Critical Test Of Ionic Models And New Ab Initio Results, T. Törring, S. Biermann, J. Hoeft, Richard J. Mawhorter, Robert J. Cave, C. Szemenyei May 1996

The Structure Of Alkali Halide Dimers: A Critical Test Of Ionic Models And New Ab Initio Results, T. Törring, S. Biermann, J. Hoeft, Richard J. Mawhorter, Robert J. Cave, C. Szemenyei

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

In semiempirical ionic models a number of adjustable parameters have to be fitted to experimental data of either monomer molecules or crystals. This leads to strong correlations between these constants and prevents a unique test and a clear physical interpretation of the fit parameters. Moreover, it is not clear whether these constants remain unchanged when the model is applied to dimers or larger clusters. It is shown that these correlations can be substantially reduced when reliable information about dimers is available from experiments or ab initio calculations. Starting with Dunham coefficients of the monomer potential determined from microwave measurements, we ...


A Theoretical Investigation Of The Geometries, Vibrational Frequencies, And Binding Energies Of Several Mixed Alkali Halide Dimers, Robert J. Cave, Ian Ono '94 Dec 1993

A Theoretical Investigation Of The Geometries, Vibrational Frequencies, And Binding Energies Of Several Mixed Alkali Halide Dimers, Robert J. Cave, Ian Ono '94

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Results are presented from ab initio calculations on several mixed alkali halide dimers made up of Li, Na, F, and Cl. All of the dimers are investigated at the restricted Hartree–Fock level to provide ab initio estimates of geometries, vibrational frequencies, and binding energies. The dimer LiNaF2 is then treated using a variety of basis sets at the Hartree–Fock level, as well as at correlated levels (second‐order Møller–Plesset and coupled‐cluster singles and doubles) to examine the sensitivity of the calculations to use of higher levels of theory. The results are then compared to the experimental ...


A Theoretical Investigation Of The Ground And Low‐Lying Excited States Of Butadiene Radical Cation, Robert J. Cave, Michael G. Perrott '90 Mar 1992

A Theoretical Investigation Of The Ground And Low‐Lying Excited States Of Butadiene Radical Cation, Robert J. Cave, Michael G. Perrott '90

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Results are presented from ab initio calculations on the ground and several low‐lying excited states of the butadiene radical cation. In particular, we have calculated geometries for the ground and several excited states at the multiconfiguration self‐consistent field level and characterized the planar stationary points. The vertical ionization potentials from the neutral molecule ground state and vertical excitation energies at the computed equilibrium geometry of the cation were also examined. A variety of methods were tested for the calculation of ionization potentials and excitation energies, including multiconfiguration self‐consistent field, multireference singles and doubles configuration interaction (with and ...


Size‐Inconsistency Effects In Molecular Properties For States With Valence‐Rydberg Mixing: The Low‐Lying Π→Π∗ States Of Ethylene And Butadiene, Robert J. Cave Feb 1990

Size‐Inconsistency Effects In Molecular Properties For States With Valence‐Rydberg Mixing: The Low‐Lying Π→Π∗ States Of Ethylene And Butadiene, Robert J. Cave

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Ab initio results for the low‐lying 1B1u states of ethylene are used to discuss size‐inconsistency effects on calculated molecular properties for states where valence‐Rydberg mixing is important. Results for the expectation value of x2, x being the coordinate perpendicular to the plane of the molecule, are presented from quasidegenerate variational perturbation theory and multireference configuration‐interaction calculations. These results are compared with values from previous studies. It is argued that size inconsistency in configuration‐interaction studies can have a significant effect on estimated molecular properties. Calculations on several low‐lying states of butadiene are also reported where ...


Theoretical Studies Of Electron Transfer In Metal Dimers: Xy+→X+Y, Where X, Y=Be, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd, Robert J. Cave, David V. Baxter, William A. Goddard Iii, John D. Baldeschwieler Jul 1987

Theoretical Studies Of Electron Transfer In Metal Dimers: Xy+→X+Y, Where X, Y=Be, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd, Robert J. Cave, David V. Baxter, William A. Goddard Iii, John D. Baldeschwieler

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

The electronic matrix element responsible for electron exchange in a series of metal dimers was calculated using ab initio wave functions. The distance dependence is approximately exponential for a large range of internuclear separations. A localized description, where the two nonorthogonal structures characterizing the electron localized at the left and right sites are each obtained self‐consistently, is found to provide the best description of the electron exchange process. We find that Gaussian basis sets are capable of predicting the expected exponential decay of the electronic interactions even at quite large internuclear distances.