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Series

Biological and Chemical Physics

University of Richmond

2013

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Mechanisms Of Hemolysis-Associated Platelet Activation, Christine C. Helms, M. Marvel, W. Zhao, M. Stahle, R. Vest, G. J. Kato, J. S. Lee, G. Christ, M. T. Gladwin, R. R. Hantgan, D. B. Kim-Shapiro Dec 2013

Mechanisms Of Hemolysis-Associated Platelet Activation, Christine C. Helms, M. Marvel, W. Zhao, M. Stahle, R. Vest, G. J. Kato, J. S. Lee, G. Christ, M. T. Gladwin, R. R. Hantgan, D. B. Kim-Shapiro

Physics Faculty Publications

Background

Intravascular hemolysis occurs after blood transfusion, in hemolytic anemias, and in other conditions, and is associated with hypercoagulable states. Hemolysis has been shown to potently activate platelets in vitro and in vivo, and several mechanisms have been suggested to account for this, including: (i) direct activation by hemoglobin (Hb); (ii) increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS); (iii) scavenging of nitric oxide (NO) by released Hb; and (iv) release of intraerythrocytic ADP.

Objective

To elucidate the mechanism of hemolysis-mediated platelet activation.

Methods

We used flow cytometry to detect PAC-1 binding to activated platelets for in vitro experiments, and a Siemens ...


Hemoglobin-Mediated Nitric Oxide Signaling, Christine C. Helms, D. B. Kim-Shapiro Aug 2013

Hemoglobin-Mediated Nitric Oxide Signaling, Christine C. Helms, D. B. Kim-Shapiro

Physics Faculty Publications

The rate that hemoglobin reacts with nitric oxide (NO) is limited by how fast NO can diffuse into the heme pocket. The reaction is as fast as any ligand/protein reaction can be and the result, when hemoglobin is in its oxygenated form, is formation of nitrate in what is known as the dioxygenation reaction. As nitrate, at the concentrations made through the deoxygenation reaction, is biologically inert, the only role hemoglobin was once thought to play in NO signaling was to inhibit it. However, there are now several mechanisms that have been discovered by which hemoglobin may preserve, control ...