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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Magnetic Borophenes From An Evolutionary Search, Meng-Hong Zhu, Xiao-Ji Weng, Guoying Gao, Shuai Dong, Ling-Fang Lin, Wei-Hua Wang, Qiang Zhu, Artem R. Oganov, Xiao Dong, Yongjun Tian, Xiang-Feng Zhou, Hui-Tian Wang May 2019

Magnetic Borophenes From An Evolutionary Search, Meng-Hong Zhu, Xiao-Ji Weng, Guoying Gao, Shuai Dong, Ling-Fang Lin, Wei-Hua Wang, Qiang Zhu, Artem R. Oganov, Xiao Dong, Yongjun Tian, Xiang-Feng Zhou, Hui-Tian Wang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

A computational methodology based on ab initio evolutionary algorithms and spin-polarized density functional theory was developed to predict two-dimensional magnetic materials. Its application to a model system borophene reveals an unexpected rich magnetism and polymorphism. A metastable borophene with nonzero thickness is an antiferromagnetic semiconductor from first-principles calculations, and can be further tuned into a half-metal by finite electron doping. In this borophene, the buckling and coupling among three atomic layers are not only responsible for magnetism, but also result in an out-of-plane negative Poisson's ratio under uniaxial tension, making it the first elemental material possessing auxetic and magnetic ...


Fluorine Chemistry At Extreme Conditions: Possible Synthesis Of Hgf4, Michael G. Pravica, Sarah Schyck, Blake Harris, Petrika Cifligu, Eunja Kim, Brant Billinghurst Feb 2019

Fluorine Chemistry At Extreme Conditions: Possible Synthesis Of Hgf4, Michael G. Pravica, Sarah Schyck, Blake Harris, Petrika Cifligu, Eunja Kim, Brant Billinghurst

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

By irradiating a pressurized mixture of a fluorine-bearing compound (XeF2XeF2) and HgF2HgF2 with synchrotron hard x-rays ... (See full text for complete abstract)


A First-Principles Computational Study Of Structural And Elastic Properties Of Zno, Jeevake Attapattu, Changfeng Chen Jan 2014

A First-Principles Computational Study Of Structural And Elastic Properties Of Zno, Jeevake Attapattu, Changfeng Chen

McNair Poster Presentations

The purpose of this study is to determine structural and mechanical properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) using first-principles computational methods. ZnO is a semiconductor widely used in many electronic and optical applications. ZnO is also economically and environmentally desirable – first, both the constituent elements are abundant on Earth and therefore inexpensive for large-scale applications; second, it is non- toxic. The most significant contribution of this study is the simulations of the high-pressure phases. These high-pressure simulations are important because the rock salt phase of ZnO obtained at high pressure can be recovered at ambient pressure, and this new structural phase ...


Angular And Dynamical Properties In Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering: Case Study Of Chlorine-Containing Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Jul 2012

Angular And Dynamical Properties In Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering: Case Study Of Chlorine-Containing Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) has been shown to be a probe of molecular-field effects on the electronic structure of isolated molecules. In this experimental analysis we explain the linear dichroism observed in Cl 2p polarized RIXS following Cl 1s excitation of a series of chlorofluoromethanes (CF3Cl, CF2Cl2, CFCl3, and CCl4) as due to molecular-field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange. We present an approach to extract directly the 2p inner-shell electronic state populations from the experimental measurements. Using the angular properties of the measured KV emission we also are able to determine the value of the polarization anisotropy parameter βp ...


K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin Mar 2012

K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Absolute K-shell photoionization cross sections for atomic nitrogen have been obtained from both experiment and state-of-the-art theoretical techniques. Because of the difficulty of creating a target of neutral atomic nitrogen, no high-resolution K-edge spectroscopy measurements have been reported for this important atom. Interplay between theory and experiment enabled identification and characterization of the strong 1s → np resonance features throughout the threshold region. An experimental value of 409.64 ± 0.02 eV was determined for the K-shell binding energy.


Thomson-Resonant Interference Effects In Elastic X-Ray Scattering Near The Cl K Edge Of Hcl, Stephane Carniato, P. Selles, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, L. El Khoury, T. Marin, Faris Gel'mukhanov, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Jan 2012

Thomson-Resonant Interference Effects In Elastic X-Ray Scattering Near The Cl K Edge Of Hcl, Stephane Carniato, P. Selles, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, L. El Khoury, T. Marin, Faris Gel'mukhanov, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We experimentally observed interference effects in elastic x-ray scattering from gas-phase HCl in the vicinity of the Cl K edge. Comparison to theory identifies these effects as interference effects between non-resonant elastic Thomson scattering and resonant Raman scattering. The results indicate the non-resonant Thomson and resonant Raman contributions are of comparable strength. The measurements also exhibit strong polarization dependence, allowing an easy identification of the resonant and non-resonant contributions.


A New Method To Derive Electronegativity From Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Jan 2012

A New Method To Derive Electronegativity From Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Electronegativity is a well-known property of atoms and substituent groups. Because there is no direct way to measure it, establishing a useful scale for electronegativity often entails correlating it to another chemical parameter; a wide variety of methods have been proposed over the past 80 years to do just that. This work reports a new approach that connects electronegativity to a spectroscopic parameter derived from resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. The new method is demonstrated using a series of chlorine-containing compounds, focusing on the Cl 2p−1LUMO1 electronic states reached after Cl 1s→LUMO core excitation and subsequent KL radiative decay ...


Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering Of Methyl Chloride At The Chlorine K Edge, L. El Khoury, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Stephane Carniato, Wayne C. Stolte, T. Marin, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Jan 2012

Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering Of Methyl Chloride At The Chlorine K Edge, L. El Khoury, Loic Journel, Renaud Guillemin, Stephane Carniato, Wayne C. Stolte, T. Marin, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study of isolated CH3Cl molecules using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS). The high-resolution spectra allow extraction of information about nuclear dynamics in the core-excited molecule. Polarization-resolved RIXS spectra exhibit linear dichroism in the spin-orbit intensities, a result interpreted as due to chemical environment and singlet-triplet exchange in the molecular core levels. From analysis of the polarization-resolved data, Cl 2px, y and 2pz electronic populations can be determined.


Jahn-Teller Coupling And Fragmentation After Core-Shell Excitation Ini Cf4 Investigated By Partial-Ion-Yield Spectroscopy, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle Oct 2010

Jahn-Teller Coupling And Fragmentation After Core-Shell Excitation Ini Cf4 Investigated By Partial-Ion-Yield Spectroscopy, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We investigate fragmentation processes induced by core-level photoexcitation in CF4 at both the carbon and fluorine K edges by means of partial-ion-yield spectroscopy. The molecule CF4 is a textbook example of systems in which Jahn-Teller coupling strongly manifests itself in the photoabsorption spectrum. Spectral features related to Jahn-Teller and quasi-Jahn-Teller splitting are observed, and important differences in the fragmentation pathways are revealed depending on the symmetries of the core-excited states. We interpret these experimental observations on the grounds of symmetry lowering from the Td to the C3v point group as well as preferential orientation with respect ...


Sulfur K-Edge Photo-Fragmentation Of Ethylene Sulfide, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall Jan 2010

Sulfur K-Edge Photo-Fragmentation Of Ethylene Sulfide, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have investigated the photofragmentation properties of the three-membered ring heterocyclic molecule ethylene sulfide or thiirane, C2H4S, by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Positive ions have been collected as a function of photon energy around the S K ionization threshold. Branching ratios were derived for all detected ions, which are informative of the decay dynamics and photofragmentation patterns of the core-excited species. We present a new assignment of the spectral features around the S K-edge.


Fragmentation Properties Of Three-Membered Ring Heterocyclic Molecules By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy: C2h4o And C2h4s, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Dumitriu, S-W Yu, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle Nov 2009

Fragmentation Properties Of Three-Membered Ring Heterocyclic Molecules By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy: C2h4o And C2h4s, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Dumitriu, S-W Yu, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We investigated the photofragmentation properties of two three-membered ring heterocyclic molecules, C2H4O and C2H4S, by total and partial ion yield spectroscopy. Positive and negative ions have been collected as a function of photon energy around the C 1s and O 1s ionization thresholds in C2H4O, and around the S 2p and C 1s thresholds in C2H4S. We underline similarities and differences between these two analogous systems. We present a new assignment of the spectral features around the C K-edge and the sulfur L2 ...


Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Sep 2009

Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of Molecular Field Effects By Polarization-Resolved Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, Stephane Carniato, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a combined theoretical and experimental study of molecular field effects on molecular core levels. Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering is observed experimentally after resonant K-shell excitation of CF3Cl and HCl. We explain the linear dichroism observed in spin-orbit level intensities as due to molecular field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange, and interpret this behavior in terms of population differences in the 2px,y,z inner-shell orbitals. We investigate theoretically the different factors that can affect the electronic populations and the dynamical R dependence of the spin-orbit ratio. Finally, the results obtained are used to interpret the ...


Partial Ion Yield Sspectroscopy Around The Cl 2p And C 1s Ionization Thresholds In Cf3cl, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2009

Partial Ion Yield Sspectroscopy Around The Cl 2p And C 1s Ionization Thresholds In Cf3cl, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present a partial ion yield experiment on freon 13, CF3Cl, excited in the vicinity of the C 1s and Cl 2p ionization thresholds. We have collected a large amount of cationic fragments and a few anionic fragments at both edges. We have observed a strong intensity dependence of Rydberg transitions with ion fragment size for the CFnCl+ and CFn+/F+ (n=0–3) series at both the Cl 2p and C 1s ionization edges. Selectivity in the fragmentation processes involving the C–Cl and C–F bonds are highlighted by the intensities of the ...


Yttrium And Hydrogen Superstructure And Correlation Of Lattice Expansion And Proton Conductivity In The Bazr0.9y0.1o2.95 Proton Conductor, A. Braun, A. Ovalle, V. Pomjakushin, A. Cervellino, S. Erat, Wayne C. Stolte, T. Graule Jan 2009

Yttrium And Hydrogen Superstructure And Correlation Of Lattice Expansion And Proton Conductivity In The Bazr0.9y0.1o2.95 Proton Conductor, A. Braun, A. Ovalle, V. Pomjakushin, A. Cervellino, S. Erat, Wayne C. Stolte, T. Graule

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Bragg reflections in Y-resonant x-ray diffractograms of BaZr0.9Y0.1O2.95 (BZY10) reveal that Y is organized in a superstructure. Comparison with neutron diffraction superstructure reflections in protonated/deuterated BZY10 suggests that both superstructures are linked, and that protons move in the landscape imposed by the Y. The thermal lattice expansion decreases abruptly for protonated BZY10 at T≥648±20 K, coinciding with the onset of lateral proton diffusion and suggesting a correlation of structural changes and proton conductivity. The chemical shift in the Y L1-shell x-ray absorption spectra reveals a reduction from ...


Linear Dichroism In Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering To Molecular Spin-Orbit States, Renaud Guillemin, Stephane Carniato, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon Sep 2008

Linear Dichroism In Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering To Molecular Spin-Orbit States, Renaud Guillemin, Stephane Carniato, Wayne C. Stolte, Loic Journel, Richard Taieb, Dennis W. Lindle, Marc Simon

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is shown to be a new probe of molecular-field effects on the electronic structure of isolated molecules. A combined experimental and theoretical analysis explains the linear dichroism observed in Cl 2p RIXS following Cl 1s excitation in HCl and CF3Cl as due to molecular-field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange, indicating polarized-RIXS provides a direct probe of spin-orbit-state populations applicable to any molecule.


Stability And Equation Of State Of A Nanocrystalline Ga-Ge Mullite In A Vitroceramic Composite: A Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Cedric Gobin, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann, Gino Mariotto Apr 2008

Stability And Equation Of State Of A Nanocrystalline Ga-Ge Mullite In A Vitroceramic Composite: A Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Cedric Gobin, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann, Gino Mariotto

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and diamond anvil cell techniques were used to characterize the phase transformations and to evaluate the structural stability at elevated pressures of a developed nanocrystalline composite. The optically transparent material was built of a germanium oxide-based amorphous host matrix with homogeneously dispersed 13±3 nm Ga-Ge mullite-type nanocrystals, which had a structure similar to the conventional Al2O3-SiO2 mullite. The equation of state of the nanocrystals and the overall structural integrity of the nanocomposite were investigated in quasihydrostatic conditions on compression to 36 GPa and on the following decompression to ambient conditions. The ...


Equation Of State Of Gallium Oxide To 70 Gpa: Comparison Of Quasihydrostatic And Nonhydrostatic Compression, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann Mar 2008

Equation Of State Of Gallium Oxide To 70 Gpa: Comparison Of Quasihydrostatic And Nonhydrostatic Compression, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and diamond-anvil cell techniques were used to characterize pressure induced structural modifications in gallium oxide. Gallium oxide was studied on compression up to 70 GPa and on the following decompression. The effect of the pressure-transmitting medium on the structural transformations was investigated in two sets of compression and decompression runs, one with nitrogen as a quasihydrostatic pressure-transmitting medium and the other in nonhydrostatic pressure conditions. The x-ray diffraction data showed gradual phase transition from a low-density, monoclinic β-Ga2O3 to a high-density, rhombohedral α-Ga2O3. With the use of nitrogen as a pressure ...


Photofragmentation Of Sif4 Upon Si 2p And F 1s Core Excitation: Cation And Anion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2008

Photofragmentation Of Sif4 Upon Si 2p And F 1s Core Excitation: Cation And Anion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have studied the fragmentation dynamics of core-excited SiF4 by means of soft-x-ray photoexcitation and partial positive and negative ion yield measurements around the Si L2,3-shell and F K-shell ionization thresholds. All detectable ionic fragments are reported and we observe significant differences between the various partial ion yields near the Si 2p threshold. The differences are similar to our previous results from CH3Cl showing more extended fragmentation in correspondence to transitions to Rydberg states. At variance with smaller systems, we observe negative ion production in the shape resonance region. This can be ...


Fragmentation Of Methyl Chloride Studied By Partial Positive And Negative Ion Yield Spectroscopy, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, S-W Yu, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle Feb 2007

Fragmentation Of Methyl Chloride Studied By Partial Positive And Negative Ion Yield Spectroscopy, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, S-W Yu, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The authors present partial-ion-yield experiments on the methyl chloride molecule excited in the vicinity of the Cl2p and C1s inner shells. A large number of fragments, cations produced by dissociation or recombination processes, as well as anionic species, have been detected. Although the spectra exhibit different intensity distributions depending on the core-excited atom, general observations include strong site-selective fragmentation along the C–Cl bond axis and a strong intensity dependence of transitions involving Rydberg series on fragment size.


Design And Performance Of A Curved-Crystal X-Ray Emission Spectrometer, A. C. Hudson, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle, Renaud Guillemin Jan 2007

Design And Performance Of A Curved-Crystal X-Ray Emission Spectrometer, A. C. Hudson, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle, Renaud Guillemin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A curved-crystal x-ray emission spectrometer has been designed and built to measure 2–5 keV x-ray fluorescence resulting from a core-level excitation of gas phase species. The spectrometer can rotate 180°, allowing detection of emitted x rays with variable polarization angles, and is capable of collecting spectra over a wide energy range (20 eV wide with 0.5 eV resolution at the Cl K edge) simultaneously. In addition, the entire experimental chamber can be rotated about the incident-radiation axis by nearly 360° while maintaining vacuum, permitting measurements of angular distributions of emitted x rays.


Femtosecond Nuclear Motion Of Hcl Probed By Resonant X-Ray Raman Scattering In The Cl 1s Region, Marc Simon, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Richard Taieb, I. Minkov, Faris Gel'mukhanov, P. Salek, H. Agren, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, A. C. Hudson, Dennis W. Lindle Feb 2006

Femtosecond Nuclear Motion Of Hcl Probed By Resonant X-Ray Raman Scattering In The Cl 1s Region, Marc Simon, Loic Journel, Stephane Carniato, Richard Taieb, I. Minkov, Faris Gel'mukhanov, P. Salek, H. Agren, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, A. C. Hudson, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Femtosecond dynamics are observed by resonant x-ray Raman scattering (RXS) after excitation along the dissociative Cl 1s→6ơ* resonance of gas-phase HCl. The short core-hole lifetime results in a complete breakdown of the common nondispersive behavior of soft-x-ray transitions between parallel potentials. We evidence a general phenomenon of RXS in the hard-x-ray region: a complete quenching of vibrational broadening. This opens up a unique opportunity for superhigh resolution x-ray spectroscopy beyond vibrational and lifetime limitations.


Anion And Cation-Yield Spectroscopy Of Core-Excited Sf6, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, M. M. Sant'anna, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2005

Anion And Cation-Yield Spectroscopy Of Core-Excited Sf6, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Renaud Guillemin, A. Wolska, M. M. Sant'anna, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report an extensive study on total and partial-ion-yield spectroscopy around both the S 2p and F 1s thresholds in SF6. All positive and negative single-ion channels have been measured. Below the F 1s threshold we detect a large variation in relative intensity of the resonant structures according to the specific channel monitored, indicating selective fragmentation. Above threshold, at variance with previous cases described by us, we detect high-intensity structures related to shape resonances not only in the cation channels but also for the anions. We discuss the applicability and limits of a model we have ...


Fragmentation Dynamics Of H2s Following S 2p Photoexcitation, Renaud Guillemin, S-W Yu, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2005

Fragmentation Dynamics Of H2s Following S 2p Photoexcitation, Renaud Guillemin, S-W Yu, Wayne C. Stolte, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The fragmentation dynamics of core-excited H2S has been studied by means of partial anion and cation yield measurements around the S L2,3-subshell ionization thresholds. All detectable ionic fragments are reported, and significant differences between partial ion yields are observed. Possible dissociation pathways are discussed by comparison to previous studies of electron spectra.


Near-Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Study Of Ion-Beam-Induced Phase Transformation In Gd2(Ti1-Yzry)2o7, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, S. Thevuthasan, V. Shutthanandan, E. M. Adams, W. J. Weber, B. D. Begg, D. K. Shuh, Dennis W. Lindle, Eric M. Gullikson, Rupert C. Perera Jan 2005

Near-Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Study Of Ion-Beam-Induced Phase Transformation In Gd2(Ti1-Yzry)2o7, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, S. Thevuthasan, V. Shutthanandan, E. M. Adams, W. J. Weber, B. D. Begg, D. K. Shuh, Dennis W. Lindle, Eric M. Gullikson, Rupert C. Perera

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The structural and electronic properties of Gd2(Ti1−yZry)2O7 (y=0–1) pyrochlores following a 2.0-MeV Au2+ ion-beam irradiation (~5.0 X 1014 Au2+/cm2) have been investigated by Ti 2p and O 1s near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). The irradiation of Gd2(Ti1−yZry)2O7 leads to the phase transformation from the ordered pyrochlore structure (Fd3m) to the defect fluorite structure (Fm3m) regardless of Zr concentration. Irradiated Gd2(Ti1−y ...


Probing Cation Antisite Disorder In Gd2ti2o7 Pyrochlore By Site-Specific Nexafs And Xps, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, S. Thevuthasan, Mark H. Engelhard, W. J. Weber, D. K. Shuh, N. M. Hamdan, B. S. Mun, E. M. Adams, D. E. Mccready, V. Shutthanandan, Dennis W. Lindle, G. Balakrishnan, R. C. Ewing Sep 2004

Probing Cation Antisite Disorder In Gd2ti2o7 Pyrochlore By Site-Specific Nexafs And Xps, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, S. Thevuthasan, Mark H. Engelhard, W. J. Weber, D. K. Shuh, N. M. Hamdan, B. S. Mun, E. M. Adams, D. E. Mccready, V. Shutthanandan, Dennis W. Lindle, G. Balakrishnan, R. C. Ewing

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Disorder in Gd2Ti2O7 is investigated by near-edge x-ray-absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). NEXAFS shows Ti4+ ions occupy octahedral sites with a tetragonal distortion induced by vacant oxygen sites. O 1s XPS spectra obtained with a charge neutralization system from Gd2Ti2O7(100) and the Gd2Ti2O7 pyrochlore used by Chen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 105901 (2002)], both yielded a single peak, unlike the previous result on the latter that found two peaks. The current results give no evidence for ...


Spectroscopic And Microscopic Investigation Of The Corrosion Of 316/316l Stainless Steel By Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (Lbe) At Elevated Temperatures: Importance Of Surface Preparation, Allen L. Johnson, Denise Parsons, Julia Manzerova, Dale L. Perry, Daniel Koury, Brian D. Hosterman, John Farley Jul 2004

Spectroscopic And Microscopic Investigation Of The Corrosion Of 316/316l Stainless Steel By Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (Lbe) At Elevated Temperatures: Importance Of Surface Preparation, Allen L. Johnson, Denise Parsons, Julia Manzerova, Dale L. Perry, Daniel Koury, Brian D. Hosterman, John Farley

Transmutation Sciences Materials (TRP)

The corrosion of steel by lead–bismuth eutectic (LBE) is an important issue in proposed nuclear transmutation schemes. Russian scientists at the IPPE exposed steel samples to oxygen-controlled LBE at temperatures up to 823 K and exposure times up to 3000 h. We have characterized these post-exposure steel samples and unexposed controls, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Previous researchers have investigated the corrosion by LBE of steel of varying composition. In the present work, we compared two samples having the same composition (standard nuclear grade 316/316L) but different surface preparation ...


Performance Characteristics Of Beamline 6.3.1 From 200 Ev To 2000 Ev At The Advanced Light Source, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, J. H. Underwood, C. D. Kemp, Eric M. Gullikson, Dennis W. Lindle, David K. Shuh, Rupert C. Perera Jan 2004

Performance Characteristics Of Beamline 6.3.1 From 200 Ev To 2000 Ev At The Advanced Light Source, Ponnusamy Nachimuthu, J. H. Underwood, C. D. Kemp, Eric M. Gullikson, Dennis W. Lindle, David K. Shuh, Rupert C. Perera

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Bend magnet beamline 6.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source operates from 200 eV to 2000 eV, primarily used for x-ray absorption fine structure investigations. The beamline optics consist of a compact, entrance-slitless, Hettrick-Underwood type variable-line-spacing plane-grating monochromator and refocusing mirrors to provide a 25 μm × 500 μm spot at the focal point in the reflectometer end station. Wavelength is scanned by the simple rotation of the grating and illuminates a fixed exit slit. The LabView based beamline control and data acquisition computer code has been implemented to provide a convenient interface to the user. The dedicated end station ...


Photofragmentation Dynamics Of Core-Excited Water By Anion-Yield Spectroscopy, Wayne C. Stolte, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, Dennis W. Lindle Aug 2003

Photofragmentation Dynamics Of Core-Excited Water By Anion-Yield Spectroscopy, Wayne C. Stolte, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Partial-anion and- cation yields from H2O are presented for photon energies near the oxygen K edge. The O- yield exhibits a feature above threshold attributed to doubly excited states, in contrast to the H- and cation yields, which are nearly featureless above threshold. Additionally, the lack of the OH- fragment indicates radiative decay and provides a negligible amount of anion formation.


Fragmentation Processes Following Core Excitation In Acetylene And Ethylene By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall, S-W Yu, D. Bull, K. Lantz, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle Nov 2002

Fragmentation Processes Following Core Excitation In Acetylene And Ethylene By Partial Ion Yield Spectroscopy, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall, S-W Yu, D. Bull, K. Lantz, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Partial ion yield spectroscopy provides a very detailed picture of fragmentation processes following core excitation in isolated molecules. We exploit this potential in the analysis of decay processes following C1s→π and C1s→Rydberg excitations in ethylene and acetylene. We show that the relative intensity of spectral features related to the excitation to empty molecular orbitals or to Rydberg states is a function of the time variation of the fragmentation process. Namely, we see an intensity increase in the Rydberg states compared to the molecular orbitals as the fragmentation process becomes more extensive, a result attributable to the diffuse nature ...


Holographic Analysis Of Diffraction Structure Factors, S. Marchesini, N. Mannella, C. S. Fadley, M. A. Van Hove, J. J. Bucher, D. K. Shuh, L. Fabris, M. J. Press, M. W. West, Wayne C. Stolte, Z. Hussain Sep 2002

Holographic Analysis Of Diffraction Structure Factors, S. Marchesini, N. Mannella, C. S. Fadley, M. A. Van Hove, J. J. Bucher, D. K. Shuh, L. Fabris, M. J. Press, M. W. West, Wayne C. Stolte, Z. Hussain

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We combine the theory of inside-source/inside-detector x-ray fluorescence holography and Kossel lines/x ray standing waves in kinematic approximation to directly obtain the phases of the diffraction structure factors. The influence of Kossel lines and standing waves on holography is also discussed. We obtain partial phase determination from experimental data obtaining the sign of the real part of the structure factor for several reciprocal lattice vectors of a vanadium crystal.