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Articles 1 - 30 of 245

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


A Companion To The Introduction To Modern Dynamics, David D. Nolte Dec 2018

A Companion To The Introduction To Modern Dynamics, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

A Jr/Sr Mechanics/Dynamics textbook from Oxford University Press, updating how we teach undergraduate physics majors with increased relevance for physics careers in changing times.

Additional materials, class notes and examples to go with the textbook Introduction to Modern Dynamics: Chaos, Networks, Space and Time (Oxford University Press, 2019).

The best parts of physics are the last topics that our students ever see.  These are the exciting new frontiers of nonlinear and complex systems that are at the forefront of university research and are the basis of many of our high-tech businesses.  Topics such as traffic on the World ...


Power-Law Scaling Of Extreme Dynamics Near Higher-Order Exceptional Points, Q. Zhong, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, M. Khajavikhan, K. G. Makris, Ramy El-Ganainy Apr 2018

Power-Law Scaling Of Extreme Dynamics Near Higher-Order Exceptional Points, Q. Zhong, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, M. Khajavikhan, K. G. Makris, Ramy El-Ganainy

Ramy El-Ganainy

We investigate the extreme dynamics of non-Hermitian systems near higher-order exceptional points in photonic networks constructed using the bosonic algebra method. We show that strong power oscillations for certain initial conditions can occur as a result of the peculiar eigenspace geometry and its dimensionality collapse near these singularities. By using complementary numerical and analytical approaches, we show that, in the parity-time (PT) phase near exceptional points, the logarithm of the maximum optical power amplification scales linearly with the order of the exceptional point. We focus in our discussion on photonic systems, but we note that our results apply to other ...


Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner Aug 2017

Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

Morphological instability of a planar surface ([111], [011], or [001]) of an ultra-thin metal film is studied in a parameter space formed by three major effects (the quantum size effect, the surface energy anisotropy and the surface stress) that influence a film dewetting. The analysis is based on the extended Mullins equation, where the effects are cast as functions of the film thickness. The formulation of the quantum size effect (Z. Zhang et al., PRL 80, 5381 (1998)) includes the oscillation of the surface energy with thickness caused by electrons confinement. By systematically comparing the effects, their contributions into the ...


Modified Error In Constitutive Equations (Mece) Approach For Ultrasound Elastography Jan 2017

Modified Error In Constitutive Equations (Mece) Approach For Ultrasound Elastography

Susanta Ghosh

No abstract provided.


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Foundations Of Wave Phenomena, Charles G. Torre Dec 2016

Foundations Of Wave Phenomena, Charles G. Torre

Charles G. Torre

This is an undergraduate text on the mathematical foundations of wave phenomena. Version 8.2.


Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, Mikhail Khenner Jun 2016

Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

A basic kinetic model that incorporates a coupled dynamics of the carbon atoms and dimers on
a copper surface is used to compute growth of a single-layer graphene island. The speed of the
island's edge advancement on Cu[111] and Cu[100] surfaces is computed as a function of the growth
temperature and pressure. Spatially resolved concentration pro les of the atoms and dimers are
determined, and the contributions provided by these species to the growth speed are discussed.
Island growth in the conditions of a thermal cycling is studied.


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2015

Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2015

Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Step Growth And Meandering In A Precursor-Mediated Epitaxy With Anisotropic Attachment Kinetics And Terrace Diffusion, Mikhail Khenner Dec 2014

Step Growth And Meandering In A Precursor-Mediated Epitaxy With Anisotropic Attachment Kinetics And Terrace Diffusion, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

Step meandering instability in a Burton-Cabrera-Frank (BCF)-type model for the growth of an isolated, atomically high step on a crystal surface is analyzed. It is assumed that the growth is sustained by the molecular precursors deposition on a terrace and their decomposition into atomic constituents; both processes are explicitly modeled. A strongly nonlinear evolution PDE for the shape of the step is derived in the long-wave limit and without assuming smallness of the amplitude; this equation may be transformed into a convective Cahn-Hilliard-type PDE for the step slope. Meandering is studied as a function of the precursors diffusivity and ...


Electromigration-Driven Evolution Of The Surface Morphology And Composition For A Bi-Component Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner, Mahdi Bandegi Dec 2014

Electromigration-Driven Evolution Of The Surface Morphology And Composition For A Bi-Component Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner, Mahdi Bandegi

Mikhail Khenner

A two PDEs-based model is developed for studies of a morphological and compositional evolution of a thermodynamically stable alloy surface in a strong electric field, assuming different and anisotropic diffusional mobilities of the two atomic components. The linear stability analysis of a planar surface and the computations of morphology coarsening are performed. It is shown that the conditions for instability and the characteristic wavelength and growth rate differ from their counterparts in a single-component film. Computational parametric analyses reveal the sensitivity of the scaling exponents to the electric field strength and to the magnitude of anisotropies difference.


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2014

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Some Mathematical Problems In Numerical Relativity, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton, B´Ela Szilagyi, Jeffrey Winicour Jun 2014

Some Mathematical Problems In Numerical Relativity, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton, B´Ela Szilagyi, Jeffrey Winicour

Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

The main goal of numerical relativity is the long time simulation of highly nonlinear spacetimes that cannot be treated by perturbation theory. This involves analytic, computational and physical issues. At present, the major impasses to achieving global simulations of physical usefulness are of an analytic/ computational nature. We present here some examples of how analytic insight can lend useful guidance for the improvement of numerical approaches.


Perihelion Precession In General Relativity, Charles G. Torre Apr 2014

Perihelion Precession In General Relativity, Charles G. Torre

Charles G. Torre

This is a Maple worksheet providing a relatively quick and informal sketch of a demonstration that general relativistic corrections to the bound Kepler orbits introduce a perihelion precession. Any decent textbook will derive this result. My analysis aligns with that found in the old text "Introduction to General Relativity", by Adler, Bazin and Schiffer. The plan of the analysis is as follows. * Model the planetary orbits as geodesics in the (exterior) Schwarzschild spacetime. * Compute the geodesic equations. * Simplify them using symmetries and first integrals. * Isolate the differential equation expressing the radial coordinate as a function of orbital angle - the "equation ...


Solving The Instantaneous Response Paradox Of Entangled Particles Using The Time Of Events Theory, Sadeem Abbas Fadhil Feb 2014

Solving The Instantaneous Response Paradox Of Entangled Particles Using The Time Of Events Theory, Sadeem Abbas Fadhil

Sadeem Abbas Fadhil

In the present study, a new theory that relates the special theory of relativity with quantum mechanics is formulated and then used to explain the remote instantaneous response of entangled particles without the assumptions of nonlocality or hidden variables. The basic assumptions of the present theory stands on the foundation of two space-times, namely, the static and dynamic space-times, in which the latter contains space points that move at the speed of light. The remote instantaneous interaction of the entangled particles is due to the closeness of these particles to each other in the dynamic space-time in spite of remoteness ...


Sixteen Years Of Collaborative Learning Through Active Sense-Making In Physics (Clasp) At Uc Davis, Wendell Potter, David Webb, Cassandra Paul, Emily West, Mark Bowen, Brenda Weiss, Lawrence Coleman, Charles De Leone Jan 2014

Sixteen Years Of Collaborative Learning Through Active Sense-Making In Physics (Clasp) At Uc Davis, Wendell Potter, David Webb, Cassandra Paul, Emily West, Mark Bowen, Brenda Weiss, Lawrence Coleman, Charles De Leone

Cassandra Paul

This paper describes our large reformed introductory physics course at UC Davis, which bioscience students have been taking since 1996. The central feature of this course is a focus on sense-making by the students during the five hours per week discussion/labs in which the students take part in activities emphasizing peer-peer discussions, argumentation, and presentations of ideas. The course differs in many fundamental ways from traditionally taught introductory physics courses. After discussing the unique features of CLASP and its implementation at UC Davis, various student outcome measures are presented showing increased performance by students who took the CLASP course ...


A New Class Of Scalable Parallel Pseudorandom Number Generators Based On Pohlig-Hellman Exponentiation Ciphers, Paul Beale Jan 2014

A New Class Of Scalable Parallel Pseudorandom Number Generators Based On Pohlig-Hellman Exponentiation Ciphers, Paul Beale

Paul Beale

Parallel supercomputer-based Monte Carlo applications depend on pseudorandom number generators that produce independent pseudorandom streams across many separate processes. We propose a new scalable class of parallel pseudorandom number generators based on Pohlig--Hellman exponentiation ciphers. The method generates uniformly distributed floating point pseudorandom streams by encrypting simple sequences of integer \textit{messages} into \textit{ciphertexts} by exponentiation modulo prime numbers. The advantages of the method are: the method is trivially parallelizable by parameterization with each pseudorandom number generator derived from an independent prime modulus, the method is fully scalable on massively parallel computing clusters due to the large number of ...


Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Mechaniczno-Energetycznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Mechaniczno-Energetycznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Chemicznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Chemicznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Mechanika Płynów Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Mechanika Płynów Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Low Mach Number Fluctuating Hydrodynamics Of Diffusively Mixing Fluids, Aleksandar Donev, Andy J. Nonaka, Yifei Sun, Thomas Fai, Alejandro Garcia, John B. Bell Dec 2013

Low Mach Number Fluctuating Hydrodynamics Of Diffusively Mixing Fluids, Aleksandar Donev, Andy J. Nonaka, Yifei Sun, Thomas Fai, Alejandro Garcia, John B. Bell

Alejandro Garcia

We formulate low Mach number fluctuating hydrodynamic equations appropriate for modeling diffusive mixing in isothermal mixtures of fluids with different density and transport coefficients. These equations eliminate the fast isentropic fluctuations in pressure associated with the propagation of sound waves by replacing the equation of state with a local thermodynamic constraint. We demonstrate that the low Mach number model preserves the spatio-temporal spectrum of the slower diffusive fluctuations. We develop a strictly conservative finite-volume spatial discretization of the low Mach number fluctuating equations in both two and three dimensions. We construct several explicit Runge-Kutta temporal integrators that strictly maintain the ...


Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Ii_Phy998_Spring_2014, Serge Y. Kalmykov Dec 2013

Syllabus_Lecture_Notes_Collective_Phenomena_In_Laser_Plasmas_Ii_Phy998_Spring_2014, Serge Y. Kalmykov

Serge Youri Kalmykov

High-power laser radiation beams interacting with a rarefied, fully ionized plasmas are essentially unstable. This fact is mainly due to the excitation of various modes of plasma oscillations, most important of which are electron Langmuir waves and ion acoustic waves. The stimulated scattering processes destroy and deplete the pulse in the as it propagates. On the other hand, at the moderate level of instability, spectral properties of the scattered light may serve as optical diagnostics of the pulse propagation dynamics. Knowing the dynamics of the stimulated scattering processes is thus essential for such applications as inertial confinement fusion and laser-plasma ...


Maxwell’S Equations On Cantor Sets: A Local Fractional Approach, Yang Xiaojun Nov 2013

Maxwell’S Equations On Cantor Sets: A Local Fractional Approach, Yang Xiaojun

Xiao-Jun Yang

Maxwell’s equations on Cantor sets are derived from the local fractional vector calculus. It is shown that Maxwell’s equations on Cantor sets in a fractal bounded domain give efficiency and accuracy for describing the fractal electric and magnetic fields. Local fractional differential forms of Maxwell’s equations on Cantor sets in the Cantorian and Cantor-type cylindrical coordinates are obtained. Maxwell’s equations on Cantor set with local fractional operators are the first step towards a unified theory of Maxwell’s equations for the dynamics of cold dark matter.


Approximation Solutions For Local Fractional Schrödinger Equation In The One-Dimensional Cantorian System, Xiao-Jun Yang Aug 2013

Approximation Solutions For Local Fractional Schrödinger Equation In The One-Dimensional Cantorian System, Xiao-Jun Yang

Xiao-Jun Yang

The local fractional Schr¨odinger equations in the one-dimensional Cantorian systemare investigated.The approximations solutions are obtained by using the local fractional series expansion method. The obtained solutions show that the present method is an efficient and simple tool for solving the linear partial differentiable equations within the local fractional derivative.


Helmholtz And Diffusion Equations Associated With Local Fractional Derivative Operators Involving The Cantorian And Cantor-Type Cylindrical Coordinates, Yang Xiaojun Jul 2013

Helmholtz And Diffusion Equations Associated With Local Fractional Derivative Operators Involving The Cantorian And Cantor-Type Cylindrical Coordinates, Yang Xiaojun

Xiao-Jun Yang

The main object of this paper is to investigate the Helmholtz and diffusion equations on the Cantor sets involving local fractional derivative operators. The Cantor-type cylindrical-coordinate method is applied to handle the corresponding local fractional differential equations. Two illustrative examples for the Helmholtz and diffusion equations on the Cantor sets are shown by making use of the Cantorian and Cantor-type cylindrical coordinates.