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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Density Of Zeros On The Lee-Yang Circle Obtained From Magnetization Data Of A Two-Dimensional Ising Ferromagnet, Christian Binek Dec 1998

Density Of Zeros On The Lee-Yang Circle Obtained From Magnetization Data Of A Two-Dimensional Ising Ferromagnet, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In order to provide experimental access to the statistical theory of Lee and Yang [Phys. Rev. 87, 410 (1952)] the density function g(θ) of zeros on the Lee-Yang circle has been determined for the first time by analyzing isothermal magnetization data m(H) of the Ising ferromagnet FeCl2 in axial magnetic fields H at temperatures 34≤T≤99 K. The validity of our approach is demonstrated by the perfect agreement of magnetic specific heat data as calculated from g(θ) and m(H) via Maxwell's relation. Moreover, the correct in-plane exchange constant of FeCl2 emerges from ...


Polydispersivity Of Non-Critical Field-Induced Fluctuations In Febr2, Christian Binek May 1998

Polydispersivity Of Non-Critical Field-Induced Fluctuations In Febr2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The field and temperature dependence of the complex low-frequency susceptibility of the metamagnet FeBr2 exhibits large anomalies in the vicinity of the second-order phase boundary Hc(T). The low-frequency losses reflect polydispersive dynamics with a broad distribution of relaxation times peaking at τ ≈ 0.2 s. The dispersion, χ versus ƒ, is well described within Chamberlin's model of dynamically coupled domains. The heterogeneous glass-like response gives rise to the intuitive picture of a magnetic fluid of high viscosity.


Field-Induced Transverse Spin Ordering In Febr2, O. Petracie, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann, U. Neuhausen, H. Lueken May 1998

Field-Induced Transverse Spin Ordering In Febr2, O. Petracie, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann, U. Neuhausen, H. Lueken

Christian Binek Publications

Weak first-order phase transitions from axial to oblique spin ordering in FeBr2 are evidenced by superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry in axial fields H1(T) above the multicritical point, Hm=2.4 MA/m, Tm=4.6 K, and below the antiferro-to-paramagnetic phase line, Hc (T), in agreement with recent specific-heat data [H. Aruga Katori, K. Katsumata, and M. Katori, Phys. Rev. B 54, R9620 (1996)]. The ordering of the in-plane moments is probably due to nondiagonal coupling to the longitudinal ones, both of which increase discontinuously at H1 (T) only under an additional symmetry-breaking ...


Crossover From Pure Ising To Random-Exchange Dominated Behavior Of The Two-Dimensional Antiferromagnet Rb2Co1-XMgXF4, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann, David P. Belanger Apr 1998

Crossover From Pure Ising To Random-Exchange Dominated Behavior Of The Two-Dimensional Antiferromagnet Rb2Co1-XMgXF4, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann, David P. Belanger

Christian Binek Publications

The temperature dependence of the uniform susceptibility χ of diluted two-dimensional Ising antiferromagnets Rb2Co1-xMgxF4, 0<~xN(x), but also in relation to the “local” phase transition temperatures TN′ throughout the Griffiths regime, TN(x)<~TN′<~TN(0), a satisfactory quantitative description of χ vs T is deduced for any x above the percolation threshold. ©1998 The American Physical Society


Kinetics Of Random-Field Induced Domains In The Two-Dimensional Ising Antiferromagnet Rb2co0.85mg0.15f4, Christian Binek Jan 1998

Kinetics Of Random-Field Induced Domains In The Two-Dimensional Ising Antiferromagnet Rb2co0.85mg0.15f4, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The previous kinetics of the two-dimensional diluted Ising antiferromagnet Rb2Co0.85Mg0.15F4 is studied via the temporal relaxation of the field-induced magnetization after field cooling (FC) and zero-field cooling (ZFC), respectively, to T < TN = 75.2K. After FC different non-exponential decay laws indicate a crossover from domain reorientation to wall rearrangement at decreasing T. After ZFC rapidly saturating magnetization of naturally grown domain walls precedes the slow random-field-controlled disordering process.


Metamagnetic Domains And Dynamic Fluctuations In Febr2, O. Petracic, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman Apr 1997

Metamagnetic Domains And Dynamic Fluctuations In Febr2, O. Petracic, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman

Christian Binek Publications

The mixed phase and the regime of non-critical fluctuations of the magnetic phase diagram of FeBr2 is investigated by SQUID susceptometry and light diffraction techniques. The experiments seem to evidence instability of the tricritical point as conjectured recently. The observation of stripe domains and light diffraction below and above Tm = 4.6 K and the virtual continuation of the phase transition line to above Tm are in agreement with the occurrence of a critical endpoint at Tm and of a bicritical endpoint at T > Tm. ©1997 American Institute of Physics.


Neutron Scattering Study Of Transverse Magnetism, Christian Binek, T. Kato, Wolfgang Kleemann, O. Petracic, D. Bertrand, F. Bourdarot, P. Burlet, H. Aruga Katori, K. Katsumata, K. Prokes, S. Welzel Dec 1996

Neutron Scattering Study Of Transverse Magnetism, Christian Binek, T. Kato, Wolfgang Kleemann, O. Petracic, D. Bertrand, F. Bourdarot, P. Burlet, H. Aruga Katori, K. Katsumata, K. Prokes, S. Welzel

Christian Binek Publications

In order to clarify the nature of the additional phase transition at H1 (T) < Hc (T) of the layered antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator FeBr2 as found by Aruga Katori et al. (1996) we measured the intensity of different Bragg-peaks in different scattering geometries. Transverse AF ordering is observed in both AF phases, AFI and AFII. Its order parameter exhibits a peak at T1 = T (H1) in temperature scans and does not vanish in zero field. Possible origins of the step-like increase of the transverse ferromagnetic ordering induced by a weak in-plane field component when entering AFI ...


Magnetic Neutron-Scattering Investigation Of The Field-Induced Griffiths Phase In Fecl2, Christian Binek, D. Bertrand, L.P. Regnault, Wolfgang Kleemann Oct 1996

Magnetic Neutron-Scattering Investigation Of The Field-Induced Griffiths Phase In Fecl2, Christian Binek, D. Bertrand, L.P. Regnault, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Quasielastic neutron scattering has been utilized to investigate the Griffiths phase induced by an axial magnetic field in FeCl2 at temperatures Tc(H)⩽T⩽TN, where Tc(H) is the transition temperature in an external magnetic field H. We present the temperature dependence of the integrated neutron-scattering intensity at fixed scattering vectors for various magnetic fields. On cooling below TN the antiferromagnetic short-range fluctuations decrease due to an increase of the volume fraction which is already antiferromagnetically ordered. A weighted average of the local contributions to the antiferromagnetic susceptibility quantitatively describes the scattering cross section.


Local Magnetic Properties Of Antiferromagnetic Febr2, J. Pelloth, R.A. Brand, S. Takele, M.M. Pereira De Azevedo, Wolfman Kleemann, Christian Binek, J. Kushauer, D. Bertrand Dec 1995

Local Magnetic Properties Of Antiferromagnetic Febr2, J. Pelloth, R.A. Brand, S. Takele, M.M. Pereira De Azevedo, Wolfman Kleemann, Christian Binek, J. Kushauer, D. Bertrand

Christian Binek Publications

The antiferromagnet FeBr2 has been studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy in external fields both in the metamagnetic region below the multicritical temperature TMCP and in the second-order transition region above. The local magnetization shows that the metamagnetic transition occurs by spin flips, as in simple models. However, in the second-order transition region, the local magnetization of the sublattice oriented antiparallel to the external field varies continuously but remains parallel to the c axis. This can only be understood if the external magnetic field induces strong transversal spin precession of the moments on the antiparallel sublattice. This shows that the ...


Magnetic-Field-Induced Griffiths Phase Versus Random-Field Criticality And Domain Wall Susceptibility Of Fe0.47zn0.53f2, Christian Binek, S. Kuttler, Wolfgang Kleemann Sep 1995

Magnetic-Field-Induced Griffiths Phase Versus Random-Field Criticality And Domain Wall Susceptibility Of Fe0.47zn0.53f2, Christian Binek, S. Kuttler, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

The well-known peak of the parallel ac susceptibility arising below TN in Fe0.47Zn0.53F2 splits into a narrow critical peak at Tc (H) and a broad field-induced Griffiths phase shoulder peaking at Tp>Tc(H) in magnetic fields H≳1.6 MA /m. Random-field (RF) criticality with α̃≈0 and subsequent rounding due to RF trapping of thermal fluctuations are observed upon zero-field cooling as T→Tc-(H). The frozen domain state obtained after rapid field cooling reveals excess susceptibility Δχw′∝H2.6, owing to rough walls with thermally ...


Evidence Of Dilution-Induced Griffiths Instabilities In K2Cu1-XZnXF4 And Fe1-XZnXF2, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman May 1995

Evidence Of Dilution-Induced Griffiths Instabilities In K2Cu1-XZnXF4 And Fe1-XZnXF2, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleeman

Christian Binek Publications

Weak quasistatic singularities are evidenced within the Griffiths regime of temperatures Tc(x)≤T≤Tc(x=0) in the diluted antiferromagnet Fe1-xZnxF2, x=0.53, and in the diluted ferromagnet K2Cu1-xZnxF4, x=0.2, by measurements of the magnetic susceptibility, χ’ vs T, in zero external field. Significant deviations from classical (γ=1, for Fe0.47Zn0.53F2) and nonclassical (γ≳1, for K2Cu0.8Zn0.2F4) Curie-Weiss-type behavior, χ’∝[T-Tc(x)] -Y, are found ...


Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann Nov 1994

Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Rh(20 Å)/57Fe(tFe) multilayers with Fe thicknesses tFe of 2, 5, 10, and 15 Å prepared by alternate evaporation in UHV have been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy, and SQUID magnetometry. First- and second-order superstructure Bragg peaks (but no higher-order peaks) in small-angle XRD patterns suggest some compositional modulation. Mössbauer spectra taken at 4.2 K are characterized by a distribution P(Bhf) of hyperfine fields Bhf. Peaks observed in the P(Bhf) curves near 17 and 35 T are assigned to an fcc-RhFe interface alloy (~7–24 at. % Fe ...


Blocking Of Logarithmic Temporal Relaxation Of Magnetic Remanence By Piezomagnetically Induced Domains In Fe1-XZnXF2, J. Kushauer, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann May 1994

Blocking Of Logarithmic Temporal Relaxation Of Magnetic Remanence By Piezomagnetically Induced Domains In Fe1-XZnXF2, J. Kushauer, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Faraday rotation and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry were used to investigate the relaxation of the weak-field induced remanence, µ, of the random-field Ising model system Fe1-xZnxF2. The stretched logarithmic decay law, as predicted by Nattermann and Vilfan for the case of compact domains with fractal surfaces, was confirmed for freezing fields of 3≤B≤5 T. Virtually constant remanence, µ, was found at low fields, 0.0002≤B≤1.5 T. This ferrimagnetic moment is due to the piezomagnetic effect acting on random-stress induced immobile domains. Chemical etching, which removes surface stress originating from ...


Domainlike Antiferromagnetic Correlations Of Paramagnetic Fecl2: A Field-Induced Griffiths Phase?, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann Feb 1994

Domainlike Antiferromagnetic Correlations Of Paramagnetic Fecl2: A Field-Induced Griffiths Phase?, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Domainlike antiferromagnetic correlations are detected by SQUID measurements of the low-frequency susceptibility in the metamagnet FeCl2 when exposed to an axial magnetic field H at temperatures Tc (H)≤T≤TN. A distinct change of curvature of χ’’ vs T appearing at TN is explained in terms of fluctuating distributions of demagnetizing fields and, hence, transition temperatures. The field-induced dynamic domain phase—an analog of the Griffiths phase predicted for a ferromagnet with dilution x within Tc(x)≤T≤Tc(0)—is confirmed by elastic light scattering experiments.


Random-Field Critical And Spin-Flop Behavior Of The Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet Fe0.9mg0.1br2 In Axial Magnetic Fields, Christian Binek Feb 1994

Random-Field Critical And Spin-Flop Behavior Of The Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet Fe0.9mg0.1br2 In Axial Magnetic Fields, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Faraday optical measurements on the dilute hexagonal antiferromagnet Fe0.85Mg0.15Br2 in an external axial field reveal a spin-flop phase line ending at a multicritical point (Tm=8.1 K, Hm=1050 kA m-1) and crossover from random-exchange to random-field Ising criticality with an exponent Phi =1.40+or-0.04 in the vicinity of TN=11.1 K. Cusp-like behaviour of the specific heat at TN is discussed in view of recent Monte Carlo results.


Light Diffraction By Field-Induced Non-Periodic Magnetic Domain Structures In Fecl2, Christian Binek May 1993

Light Diffraction By Field-Induced Non-Periodic Magnetic Domain Structures In Fecl2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The magnetic-field-induced mixed phase of the meta magnet FeCl2 gives rise to reduced transmittivity of circularly polarized light. Within the framework of the diffraction theory of thin random magnetic phase gratings and the assumption of field-dependent refractive indices of the antiferromagnetic domains the field dependence of the transmission is perfectly modeled.


The Effect Of Diamagnetic Dilution On The Spin-Phonon Interaction And Scattering Cross Section In Fe1-Xznxf2, Christian Binek Jan 1992

The Effect Of Diamagnetic Dilution On The Spin-Phonon Interaction And Scattering Cross Section In Fe1-Xznxf2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The temperature dependences of the first moments of phonon Raman scattering lines are studied for Fe1-xZnxF2. The diamagnetic dilution diminishes the spin-phonon coupling strength of phonons with both A1g and Eg symmetry in proportion to the decrease in the ordering temperature TN. Moreover, the Eg mode shows an asymmetrical lineshape for Zn concentrations x>0.3. It is explained by an unresolved superposition of two modes, one of which is ascribed to perturbed ZnF2 with broken translational symmetry.