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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek May 2019

Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-control of exchange biases through active selection of distinct domain states of the magnetoelectric and antiferromagnetic pinning layer is demonstrated for Cr2O3/CoPd heterostructures. Progress and obstacles towards an isothermal switching of exchange bias are discussed. An alternative approach avoiding exchange bias for voltage-controlled memory exploits boundary magnetization at the surface of Cr2O3 as voltage-controlled state variable. We demonstrate readout and switching of boundary magnetization in ultra-thin Cr2O3/Pt Hall bar devices where reversal of boundary magnetization is achieved via magnetoelectric annealing with simultaneously applied ±0.5 V and 400 mT electric and magnetic fields.


Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird May 2019

Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird

Christian Binek Publications

We study temperature dependent (200 – 400 K) dielectric current leakage in high-quality, epitaxial chromia films, synthesized on various conductive substrates (Pd, Pt and V2O3). We find that trap-assisted space-charge limited conduction is the dominant source of electrical leakage in the films, and that the density and distribution of charge traps within them is strongly dependent upon the choice of the underlying substrate. Pd-based chromia is found to exhibit leakage consistent with the presence of deep, discrete traps, a characteristic that is related to the known properties of twinning defects in the material. The Pt- and V2O3-based films, in contrast, show ...


Electromagnon Excitation In Cupric Oxide Measured By Fabry-Pérot Enhanced Terahertz Mueller Matrix Ellipsometry, Sean Knight, Dharmalingam Prabhakaran, Christian Binek, Mathias Schubert Feb 2019

Electromagnon Excitation In Cupric Oxide Measured By Fabry-Pérot Enhanced Terahertz Mueller Matrix Ellipsometry, Sean Knight, Dharmalingam Prabhakaran, Christian Binek, Mathias Schubert

Christian Binek Publications

Here we present the use of Fabry-Pérot enhanced terahertz (THz) Mueller matrix ellipsometry to measure an electromagnon excitation in monoclinic cupric oxide (CuO). As a magnetically induced ferroelectric multiferroic, CuO exhibits coupling between electric and magnetic order. This gives rise to special quasiparticle excitations at THz frequencies called electromagnons. In order to measure the electromagnons in CuO, we exploit single-crystal CuO as a THz Fabry-Pérot cavity to resonantly enhance the excitation’s signature. This enhancement technique enables the complex index of refraction to be extracted. We observe a peak in the absorption coefficient near 0.705 THz and 215 K ...


Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek Apr 2018

Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In an attempt to optimize leakage characteristics of α-Cr2O3 thin films, its dielectric properties were investigated at local and macroscopic scale. The films were grown on Pd(111), Pt(111), and V2O3 (0001), supported on Al2O3 substrate. The local conductivity was measured by conductive atomic force microscopy mapping of Cr2O3 surfaces, which revealed the nature of defects that formed conducting paths with the bottom Pd or Pt layer. A strong correlation was found between these electrical defects and the grain boundaries revealed in the corresponding topographic scans ...


Tuning The Effective Anisotropy In A Voltage-Susceptible Exchange-Bias Heterosystem, Will Echtenkamp, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek Mar 2017

Tuning The Effective Anisotropy In A Voltage-Susceptible Exchange-Bias Heterosystem, Will Echtenkamp, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage- and temperature-tuned ferromagnetic hysteresis is investigated by a superconducting quantum-interference device and Kerr magnetometry in a thin-film heterostructure of a perpendicular anisotropic Co/Pd ferromagnet exchange coupled to the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3. An abrupt disappearance of exchange bias with a simultaneous more than twofold increase in coercivity is observed and interpreted as a competition between the effective anisotropy of Cr2O3 and the exchange-coupling energy between boundary magnetization and the adjacent ferromagnet. The effective anisotropy energy is given by the intrinsic anisotropy energy density multiplied by the effective volume separated from the bulk through ...


Dispersion Of Electric-Field-Induced Faraday Effect In Magnetoelectric Cr2o3, J. Wang, Christian Binek Mar 2016

Dispersion Of Electric-Field-Induced Faraday Effect In Magnetoelectric Cr2o3, J. Wang, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The frequency dependence of the electric-field-induced magneto-optical Faraday effect is investigated in the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet chromia. Two electrically induced Faraday signals superimpose in proportion to the linear magnetoelectric susceptibility α and the antiferromagnetic order parameter η. The relative strength of these contributions is determined by the frequency of the probing light and can be tuned between extreme characteristics following the temperature dependence of α or η. The frequency dependence is analyzed in terms of electric dipole transitions of perturbed Cr3+ crystal-field states. The results allow us to measure voltage-controlled selection, isothermal switching, and temperature dependence of η in a ...


Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben Jun 2010

Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-controlled spin electronics is crucial for continued progress in information technology. It aims at reduced power consumption, increased integration density and enhanced functionality where non-volatile memory is combined with highspeed logical processing. Promising spintronic device concepts use the electric control of interface and surface magnetization. From the combination of magnetometry, spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy, symmetry arguments and first-principles calculations, we show that the (0001) surface of magnetoelectric Cr2O3 has a roughness-insensitive, electrically switchable magnetization. Using a ferromagnetic Pd/Co multilayer deposited on the (0001) surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal, we achieve reversible, room-temperature isothermal switching of the exchange-bias field between ...