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Chemical Physics Publications

Polymer

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Surface Wrinkling In Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Aditya Agrawal, Paul Luchette, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Sibani Lisa Biswal, Walter G. Chapman, Rafael Verduzco Jan 2012

Surface Wrinkling In Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Aditya Agrawal, Paul Luchette, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Sibani Lisa Biswal, Walter G. Chapman, Rafael Verduzco

Chemical Physics Publications

Structured surfaces give rise to novel and potentially useful properties such as controllable wettability and structural colour. Here, we demonstrate structured surfaces via reversible surface wrinkling in liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs). A thin polymer film deposited on top of a shape-responsive LCE exhibits a reversible, periodic surface wrinkling pattern in response to temperature changes. The orientation of the wrinkles depends on the orientation of the nematic director and the temperature at which the bilayer is prepared, and the wrinkles can be re-oriented in a single sample by heating or cooling the sample above or below the preparation temperature. We show ...


Three-Dimensional Imaging Of Dielectric Patterns In Electrohydrodynamic Convection Of A Nematic Liquid Crystal, N. Gheorghiu, Ivan I. Smalyukh, Oleg Lavrentovich, Jim T. Gleeson Oct 2006

Three-Dimensional Imaging Of Dielectric Patterns In Electrohydrodynamic Convection Of A Nematic Liquid Crystal, N. Gheorghiu, Ivan I. Smalyukh, Oleg Lavrentovich, Jim T. Gleeson

Chemical Physics Publications

The transition from surface to bulk normal dielectric rolls in a nematic liquid crystal is imaged by fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy. The three-dimensional director structure and the liquid flow are scanned in both the layer plane and the transverse plane. Two systems of small-scale convective flow are formed, one at each electrode. Strong anchoring makes director oscillations difficult and charges accumulate by the Carr-Helfrich mechanism. The middle region is a structureless convection where the director oscillates with the frequency of the applied voltage. The small-scale flow eventually fills the cell from one electrode to the other as one system of ...


Photoinduced Three-Dimensional Orientational Order In Side Chain Liquid Crystalline Azopolymers, O. V. Yaroshchuk, K. D. Kiselev, Yu. Zakrevskyy, T. Bidna, J. Kelly, Liang-Chy Chien, J. Lindau Jul 2003

Photoinduced Three-Dimensional Orientational Order In Side Chain Liquid Crystalline Azopolymers, O. V. Yaroshchuk, K. D. Kiselev, Yu. Zakrevskyy, T. Bidna, J. Kelly, Liang-Chy Chien, J. Lindau

Chemical Physics Publications

We apply experimental technique based on the combination of methods dealing with principal refractive indices and absorption coefficients to study the photoinduced three-dimensional (3D) orientational order in the films of liquid crystalline (LC) azopolymers. The technique is used to identify 3D orientational configurations of trans azobenzene chromophores and to characterize the degree of ordering in terms of order parameters. We study two types of LC azopolymers which form structures with preferred in-plane and out-of-plane alignment of azochromophores, respectively. Using irradiation with the polarized light of two different wavelengths, we find that the kinetics of photoinduced anisotropy can be dominated by ...


Dielectric Relaxation Behavior Of A Liquid Crystal Showing An Unusual Type Of Antiferroelectric-Ferroelectric-Antiferroelectric Phase Sequence, S. K. Kundu, B. K. Chaudhuri, A. Seed, Antal Jakli Apr 2003

Dielectric Relaxation Behavior Of A Liquid Crystal Showing An Unusual Type Of Antiferroelectric-Ferroelectric-Antiferroelectric Phase Sequence, S. K. Kundu, B. K. Chaudhuri, A. Seed, Antal Jakli

Chemical Physics Publications

The temperature and frequency dependent dielectric relaxation behavior of a liquid crystalline (S)-(+)-1-methylheptyl 4-[2-(4-alkoxyphenyl) thiophene-5-carbonylthiooxy] benzoate system is reported. Interesting successive antiferroelectric-ferroelectric-antiferroelectric (AF-FE-AF) phase transitions are observed in this system resembling the successive phase transitions observed in crystalline Rochelle salt. The smectic-C*(SmC*) to AF1 phase transition (around 103.0 °C) is first order in nature, predicted from the use of Orihara and Ishibashi theory. It is also found that a contribution of the ferroelectric SmC* phase ordering penetrates even in the antiferroelectric AF1 (SmCA*) and AF2 (SmCA*) phases very ...


Effect Of Director Distortions On Morphologies Of Phase Separation In Liquid Crystals, D. Voloschenko, Oleg P. Pishnyak, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich Jun 2002

Effect Of Director Distortions On Morphologies Of Phase Separation In Liquid Crystals, D. Voloschenko, Oleg P. Pishnyak, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich

Chemical Physics Publications

We study phase separation from a nematic liquid crystal with spatially nonuniform director gradients. Particles of a phase-separated component, which is either an isotropic fluid (silicone oil) or a nonmesogenic photopolymer, accumulate in the regions with the strongest director distortions, thus reducing the overall energy of the system.


Tilted Photoalignment Of A Nematic Liquid Crystal Induced By A Magnetic Field, Denis Andrienko, Yuri Kurioz, Yuri Reznikov, Charles Rosenblatt, Rolfe Petschek, Oleg Lavrentovich, Darius Subacius Jan 1998

Tilted Photoalignment Of A Nematic Liquid Crystal Induced By A Magnetic Field, Denis Andrienko, Yuri Kurioz, Yuri Reznikov, Charles Rosenblatt, Rolfe Petschek, Oleg Lavrentovich, Darius Subacius

Chemical Physics Publications

Nematic liquid crystal cells with polyvinyl cinnamate coated substrates were subjected to ultraviolet light. When this was done in the presence of an oblique magnetic field the photoalignment was found to be temporally and thermally robust, with a large pretilt angle and weak polar anchoring. Moreover, two easy axes with equal and opposite pretilt angle were obtained, such that a magnetic field could switch the director from one easy axis to the other. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics.