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Chemical Physics Publications

Polarization

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Flexoelectricity Of A Calamitic Liquid Crystal Elastomer Swollen With A Bent-Core Liquid Crystal, Martin Chambers, Rafael Verduzco, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli Sep 2009

Flexoelectricity Of A Calamitic Liquid Crystal Elastomer Swollen With A Bent-Core Liquid Crystal, Martin Chambers, Rafael Verduzco, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli

Chemical Physics Publications

We have measured the electric current induced by mechanical distortion of a calamitic liquid crystal elastomer (LCE) swollen with a low molecular weight bent-core nematic (BCN) liquid crystal, and have determined, for the first time, the bend flexoelectric coefficient e(3) of such a BCN-LCE composite. In one method, we utilise air-pressure to induce a mechanical bend deformation and flexoelectric polarization in a BCN-LCE film, and then measure the polarization current as a function of time. An alternative technique uses a rotary-motor driven scotch yoke to periodically flex the BCN-LCE; in this case, the magnitude and phase of the induced ...


Light-Induced Changes Of Optical And Electrical Properties In Bent-Core Azo Compounds, Antal Jakli, V. Prasad, D.S.S. Rao, Guangxun Liao, I. Janossy Feb 2005

Light-Induced Changes Of Optical And Electrical Properties In Bent-Core Azo Compounds, Antal Jakli, V. Prasad, D.S.S. Rao, Guangxun Liao, I. Janossy

Chemical Physics Publications

We have studied the optical and electrical properties of two bent-core substances with an azo linkage in their cores. Pump-probe laser studies, direct textural observations, and spectrophotometric recordings show an initial decrease of light transmission, which at larger light intensities (similar to 1 mW/mm(2)) is followed by a bleaching. Simultaneously the electrical properties (electric conductivity, antiferroelectric polarization, switching threshold, and switching time) decreased monotonically with increasing light intensities. The monotonic decrease of electrical properties indicates that the darkening and bleaching have the same origin, namely, the photochemical isomerization of the azo linkage from the trans to the cis ...


Dielectric Relaxation Behavior Of A Liquid Crystal Showing An Unusual Type Of Antiferroelectric-Ferroelectric-Antiferroelectric Phase Sequence, S. K. Kundu, B. K. Chaudhuri, A. Seed, Antal Jakli Apr 2003

Dielectric Relaxation Behavior Of A Liquid Crystal Showing An Unusual Type Of Antiferroelectric-Ferroelectric-Antiferroelectric Phase Sequence, S. K. Kundu, B. K. Chaudhuri, A. Seed, Antal Jakli

Chemical Physics Publications

The temperature and frequency dependent dielectric relaxation behavior of a liquid crystalline (S)-(+)-1-methylheptyl 4-[2-(4-alkoxyphenyl) thiophene-5-carbonylthiooxy] benzoate system is reported. Interesting successive antiferroelectric-ferroelectric-antiferroelectric (AF-FE-AF) phase transitions are observed in this system resembling the successive phase transitions observed in crystalline Rochelle salt. The smectic-C*(SmC*) to AF1 phase transition (around 103.0 °C) is first order in nature, predicted from the use of Orihara and Ishibashi theory. It is also found that a contribution of the ferroelectric SmC* phase ordering penetrates even in the antiferroelectric AF1 (SmCA*) and AF2 (SmCA*) phases very ...


Evidence For Triclinic Symmetry In Smectic Liquid Crystals Of Bent-Shape Molecules, Antal Jakli, D. Kruerke, Hans Sawade, G. Heppke Jun 2001

Evidence For Triclinic Symmetry In Smectic Liquid Crystals Of Bent-Shape Molecules, Antal Jakli, D. Kruerke, Hans Sawade, G. Heppke

Chemical Physics Publications

The first experimental evidence for triclinic symmetry of bulk smectic liquid-crystal samples of achiral banana-shaped molecules is presented. This phase corresponds to the so-called Sm-C-G phase consisting of biaxial molecules and characterized by two tilt directions with respect to the layer normal: tilt of the molecular plane (clinic) and tilt of the molecular kink direction (leaning). Each smectic layer has a polarization component normal to the smectic layers (C-1 symmetry). The observations suggest that the phase tentatively labeled as B-7 is identical with the Sm-C-G phase.


Optical Studies Of The Liquid Crystal B2 Phase Formed By Banana-Shaped Molecules, D. A. Olson, M. Veum, A. Cady, M. V. D'Agostino, P. M. Johnson, H. T. Nguyen, Liang-Chy Chien, C. C. Huang Apr 2001

Optical Studies Of The Liquid Crystal B2 Phase Formed By Banana-Shaped Molecules, D. A. Olson, M. Veum, A. Cady, M. V. D'Agostino, P. M. Johnson, H. T. Nguyen, Liang-Chy Chien, C. C. Huang

Chemical Physics Publications

Null-transmission ellipsometry and depolarized light microscopy have been performed on free-standing films of three achiral banana-shaped compounds in the B2 phase. Our results support a two-layer unit cell previously proposed to explain the observed antiferroelectricity in thin films and bulk samples. We have studied thicker films than previously reported and have found no deviations in the film structure from the earlier findings. Moreover, we can determine the layer spacing, the molecular tilt from the layer normal, and the three principal indices of refraction in the molecular reference frame.