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Chemical Physics Publications

Isotropic-phase

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Large Flow Birefringence Of Nematogenic Bent-Core Liquid Crystals, C. Bailey, Katalin Fodor-Csorba, Rafael Verduzco, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli Dec 2009

Large Flow Birefringence Of Nematogenic Bent-Core Liquid Crystals, C. Bailey, Katalin Fodor-Csorba, Rafael Verduzco, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli

Chemical Physics Publications

We have found that bent-core liquid crystalline materials show exceptionally large intrinsic flow birefringence in their isotropic liquid phase. This effect is more than 100 times larger than typical values measured for low molecular weight liquid crystals. The specific flow birefringence (i.e., normalized by the flow viscosity) is an order of magnitude larger than in both side-chain polymeric as well as low molecular weight liquid crystals. We propose that this large enhancement for bent-core compounds may be attributed to nanoscale smecticlike clusters that persist above the nematic-isotropic transition temperature, and shear align under shear flow; however, this mechanism has ...


Observation Of A Possible Tetrahedratic Phase In A Bent-Core Liquid Crystal, D. B. Wiant, K. Neupane, S. Sharma, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli, N. Pradhan, G. Iannacchione Jun 2008

Observation Of A Possible Tetrahedratic Phase In A Bent-Core Liquid Crystal, D. B. Wiant, K. Neupane, S. Sharma, Jim T. Gleeson, Samuel N. Sprunt, Antal Jakli, N. Pradhan, G. Iannacchione

Chemical Physics Publications

An experimental study of the heat capacity, mass density, magnetic-field-induced optical birefringence, linewidth and intensity of scattered light, and the viscosities associated with nematic order parameter fluctuations and fluid flow has been performed on an achiral bent-core liquid crystal above its clearing point temperature. The measurements reveal a transition between two optically isotropic phases that is consistent with recent theoretical predictions of a "tetrahedratic" form of orientational order.


Ordering And Self-Diffusion In The 1st Molecular Layer At A Liquid-Crystal Polymer Interface, G. P. Crawford, Deng-Ke Yang, S. Zumer, D. Finotello, J. William Doane Aug 1990

Ordering And Self-Diffusion In The 1st Molecular Layer At A Liquid-Crystal Polymer Interface, G. P. Crawford, Deng-Ke Yang, S. Zumer, D. Finotello, J. William Doane

Chemical Physics Publications

H-2 NMR of a liquid crystal confined to submicron cylindrical cavities, in a 17-K interval above the nematic-isotropic transition, reveals a weakly orientationally ordered molecular layer at the cavity wall governed by local interactions. The order (S0 = 0.02) is temperature independent so that a partial wetting is realized with no prewetting transition expected. A molecular exchange rate between the surface layer and the bulk is measured to be approximately 10(3) s-1. The coherence length measuring the order penetrating further into the cavity is described by alpha = 0.4 and xi-0 = 0.6 nm.