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Chemical Physics Publications

Dynamics

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Surface Wrinkling In Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Aditya Agrawal, Paul Luchette, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Sibani Lisa Biswal, Walter G. Chapman, Rafael Verduzco Jan 2012

Surface Wrinkling In Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Aditya Agrawal, Paul Luchette, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Sibani Lisa Biswal, Walter G. Chapman, Rafael Verduzco

Chemical Physics Publications

Structured surfaces give rise to novel and potentially useful properties such as controllable wettability and structural colour. Here, we demonstrate structured surfaces via reversible surface wrinkling in liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs). A thin polymer film deposited on top of a shape-responsive LCE exhibits a reversible, periodic surface wrinkling pattern in response to temperature changes. The orientation of the wrinkles depends on the orientation of the nematic director and the temperature at which the bilayer is prepared, and the wrinkles can be re-oriented in a single sample by heating or cooling the sample above or below the preparation temperature. We show ...


One Order Parameter Tensor Mean Field Theory For Biaxial Liquid Crystals, Xiaoyu Zheng, Peter Palffy-Muhoray Mar 2011

One Order Parameter Tensor Mean Field Theory For Biaxial Liquid Crystals, Xiaoyu Zheng, Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Chemical Physics Publications

In this paper, we present a simple one tensor mean field model of biaxial nematic liquid crystals. The salient feature of our approach is that material parameters appear explicitly in the order parameter tensor. We construct the free energy from a mean field potential based on anisotropic dispersion interactions, identify the order parameter tensor and its elements, and obtain self-consistent equations, which are then solved numerically. The results are illustrated in a 3D ternary phase diagram. The phase behavior can be simply related to molecular parameters. The results may be useful for designing molecules that show a thermotropic biaxial phase.


Effect Of Trans-Cis Photoisomerization On Phase Equilibria And Phase Transition Of Liquid-Crystalline Azobenzene Chromophore And Its Blends With Reactive Mesogenic Diacrylate, Namil Kim, Quan Li, Thein Kyu Mar 2011

Effect Of Trans-Cis Photoisomerization On Phase Equilibria And Phase Transition Of Liquid-Crystalline Azobenzene Chromophore And Its Blends With Reactive Mesogenic Diacrylate, Namil Kim, Quan Li, Thein Kyu

Chemical Physics Publications

Photoisomerization-induced phase transition of neat liquid-crystalline azobenzene chromophore (LCAC) and its effect on phase diagrams of its mixtures with reactive mesogenic diacrylate monomer (RM257) have been investigated experimentally and theoretically. Upon irradiation with ultraviolet light, the nematic phase of LCAC transformed to isotropic, while the crystal phase showed corrugated textures on the surface (i.e., ripples). The phase-transition temperatures and corresponding morphologies of the blends have been investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry and optical microscopy. A theoretical phase diagram of a binary nematic and crystalline system was constructed by self-consistently solving the combined free energies of Flory-Huggins, Maier-Saupe ...


Domain Size In The Presence Of Random Fields, E. Weinan, Peter Palffy-Muhoray Jan 1998

Domain Size In The Presence Of Random Fields, E. Weinan, Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Chemical Physics Publications

We consider the size of domains formed in ordered systems in the presence of quenched random fields. We argue that below the critical dimension, the, domain size shows a nonmonotonic dependence on the correlation length of the random field. If the random field is slowly varying in space, the order parameter follows the field, and the domain size is comparable to the correlation length. If the field is rapidly varying, the domain size becomes larger than the correlation length, and diverges as the correlation length of the random field goes to zero.


Pretransitional Nematic Ordering In Liquid Crystals With Dispersed Polymer Networks, Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, Deng-Ke Yang, J. William Doane Feb 1997

Pretransitional Nematic Ordering In Liquid Crystals With Dispersed Polymer Networks, Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, Deng-Ke Yang, J. William Doane

Chemical Physics Publications

The birefringence induced by partially ordered polymer networks dispersed in an isotropic phase of liquid crystals is studied. Polymer networks were formed by the polymerization of 1-4 % mixtures of prepolymer in the nematic phase of liquid crystals. The partial nematic (paranematic) ordering is analyzed in terms of the Landau-de Gennes approach using a simple model of an array of thin fibrils, which can, on a large scale, form bundles of polymer-rich material. The comparison of the theory and birefringence data clearly shows that the main building bloc of the network is a few nanometers thick fibril. The average thickness of ...