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Utah State University

Equator

Selected Works

2003

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Equatorial Counterelectrojetsduring Substorms, T. Kikuchi, K. Hashimoto, T. I. Kitamura, H. Tachihara, Bela G. Fejer Nov 2003

Equatorial Counterelectrojetsduring Substorms, T. Kikuchi, K. Hashimoto, T. I. Kitamura, H. Tachihara, Bela G. Fejer

Bela G. Fejer

[1] Equatorial counterelectrojet (CEJ) events are analyzed in association with changes in the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), polar cap potential (PCP), and electric field measured in the equatorial ionosphere. In one event on 16 July 1995, the equatorial CEJ was observed at the afternoon dip equator during the recovery phase of the substorm when the IMF turned northward. Rapid decreases in the PCP and in the auroral electrojet occurred simultaneously with the equatorial CEJ, suggesting instantaneous equatorward penetration of the rapid decrease in the electric field associated with the region 1 field-aligned currents (R1 FACs) under the condition of a ...


Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Evolution Ofequatorial Ionospheric Spread-F Bubbles, M. J. Keskinen, S. L. Ossakow, Bela G. Fejer Aug 2003

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Evolution Ofequatorial Ionospheric Spread-F Bubbles, M. J. Keskinen, S. L. Ossakow, Bela G. Fejer

Bela G. Fejer

[1] Using numerical simulation techniques, we present the first study of the three-dimensional nonlinear evolution of an equatorial spread-F bubble. The background ionosphere used to initialize the bubble evolution is computed using a time-dependent first-principles equatorial plasma fountain model together with a prereversal enhancement vertical drift model. We find that finite parallel conductivity effects slow down both the linear and nonlinear bubble evolution compared to the two-dimensional evolution. In addition we find that bubble-like structures with extremely sharp density gradients can be generated off the equator at equatorial anomaly latitudes in agreement with recent observations.