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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Multi-Instrumented Observations Of The Equatorial F-Region During June Solstice: Large-Scale Wave Structures And Spread-F, Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Dustin A. Hickey, Weijia Zhan, Carlos R. Martinis, Bela G. Fejer, Marco A. Milla, Juan F. Arratia Mar 2018

Multi-Instrumented Observations Of The Equatorial F-Region During June Solstice: Large-Scale Wave Structures And Spread-F, Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Dustin A. Hickey, Weijia Zhan, Carlos R. Martinis, Bela G. Fejer, Marco A. Milla, Juan F. Arratia

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Typical equatorial spread-F events are often said to occur during post-sunset, equinox conditions in most longitude sectors. Recent studies, however, have found an unexpected high occurrence of ionospheric F-region irregularities during June solstice, when conditions are believed to be unfavorable for the development of plasma instabilities responsible for equatorial spread-F (ESF). This study reports new results of a multi-instrumented investigation with the objective to better specify the occurrence of these atypical June solstice ESF in the American sector and better understand the conditions prior to their development. We present the first observations of June solstice ESF events ...


Global Nightly Oh And O2 Mesospheric Airglow: Examining A Decade Of Measurements Using The Nasa Saber Satellite Sensor, Jonathan Price, Jordan C. Rozum, Gene Ware, Doran Baker Jan 2014

Global Nightly Oh And O2 Mesospheric Airglow: Examining A Decade Of Measurements Using The Nasa Saber Satellite Sensor, Jonathan Price, Jordan C. Rozum, Gene Ware, Doran Baker

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The SABER instrument aboard the TIMED satellite is a multichannel radiometer and has been continuously measuring the altitude distribution of infrared airglow intensity in the mesosphere on a global basis since 2002. While the majority of these altitude distributions are Gaussian-like, a significant portion exhibit two or more local maxima, suggesting multiple airglow layers. To better understand the cause of this phenomenon, the global and temporal distributions of infrared OH andO2 scans resulting in multiple peak altitude profiles are being examined.


Characteristics Of Short-Period Wavelike Features Near 87 Km Altitude From Airglow And Lidar Observations Over Maui, J. H. Hecht, A. Z. Liu, R. L. Walterscheid, S. J. Franke, R. J. Rudy, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet Aug 2007

Characteristics Of Short-Period Wavelike Features Near 87 Km Altitude From Airglow And Lidar Observations Over Maui, J. H. Hecht, A. Z. Liu, R. L. Walterscheid, S. J. Franke, R. J. Rudy, Michael J. Taylor, Pierre-Dominique Pautet

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Small-scale (less than 15 km horizontal wavelength) wavelike structures known as ripples are a common occurrence in OH airglow images. Recent case studies attribute their origin to the presence of either convective or dynamical instabilities. However, little is known about their frequency of occurrence and period. The Maui-MALT Observatory, located at Mt. Haleakala, is instrumented with a Na wind/temperature lidar, which allows the determination of whether the atmosphere is dynamically or convectively unstable, and a fast OH airglow camera which takes images every 3 s with a sensitivity high enough to see the ripples. This study reports on 2 ...


Observations Of Atmosphericgravity Waves Using Airglow All-Sky Ccd Imager At Cachoeira Paulista (23° S, 45° W), A. F. Medeiros, H. Takahashi, P. P. Batista, D. Gobbi, Michael J. Taylor Jan 2004

Observations Of Atmosphericgravity Waves Using Airglow All-Sky Ccd Imager At Cachoeira Paulista (23° S, 45° W), A. F. Medeiros, H. Takahashi, P. P. Batista, D. Gobbi, Michael J. Taylor

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No abstract provided.


Ionospheric Assimilation Techniques For Argos Low-Resolution Airglow And Aurora Spectrograph (Loraas) Tomographically Reconstructed Equatorial Electron Density Profiles, Jan Josef Sojka, J. V. Eccles, Robert W. Schunk, S. Mcdonald, S. Thonnard, K. Dymond, R. P. Mccoy Jan 2004

Ionospheric Assimilation Techniques For Argos Low-Resolution Airglow And Aurora Spectrograph (Loraas) Tomographically Reconstructed Equatorial Electron Density Profiles, Jan Josef Sojka, J. V. Eccles, Robert W. Schunk, S. Mcdonald, S. Thonnard, K. Dymond, R. P. Mccoy

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The LORAAS instrument aboard the ARGOS satellite observes line-of-sight ultraviolet limb intensities from ionosphere and thermosphere airglow. This study uses tomographically reconstructed electron density profiles (EDPs) from the nightside emissions. The ionospheric reconstruction is performed using a two-dimensional O+ 1356Å radiative recombination forward model and discrete inverse theory. The forward model assumes a Chapman layer for the vertical electron density distribution from which h m F 2, N m F 2, and topside scale height are derived for every 90 s limb scan, which is equivalent to 5° resolution in latitude. Since ARGOS is in a near Sun-synchronous orbit, these ...


An Investigation Of Gravity Wave Activity In The Low-Latitude Mesosphere: Propagation Direction And Wind Filtering, A. F. Medeiros, Michael J. Taylor, H. Takahashi, P. P. Batista, D. Gobbi Jul 2003

An Investigation Of Gravity Wave Activity In The Low-Latitude Mesosphere: Propagation Direction And Wind Filtering, A. F. Medeiros, Michael J. Taylor, H. Takahashi, P. P. Batista, D. Gobbi

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An all-sky charge-coupled device imager capable of measuring wave structure in the OH, O2, and O I (557.7 nm) airglow emissions was operated at Cachoeira Paulista, Brazil (23S, 45W), for 2 years in collaboration with Utah State University, Logan. The dominant quasi-monochromatic gravity wave components investigated over a 1 year period (September 1998 to October 1999) have been extracted, and their seasonal variations have been measured. A total of 283 wave events were measured, exhibiting horizontal wavelengths from 5 to 60 km, observed periods from 5 to 35 min, and horizontal phase speeds of up to 80 m s1 ...


A Multi-Diagnostic Investigation Of Mesospheric Bore Phenomenon, S. M. Smith, Michael J. Taylor, G. R. Swenson, C. Y. She, W. Hocking, J. Baumgardner, M. Mendillo Feb 2003

A Multi-Diagnostic Investigation Of Mesospheric Bore Phenomenon, S. M. Smith, Michael J. Taylor, G. R. Swenson, C. Y. She, W. Hocking, J. Baumgardner, M. Mendillo

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Imaging measurements of a bright wave event in the nighttime mesosphere were made on 14 November 1999 at two sites separated by over 500 km in the southwestern United States. The event was characterized by a sharp onset of a series of extensive wavefronts that propagated across the entire sky. The waves were easily visible to the naked eye, and the entire event was observed for at least 5 1 2 hours. The event was observed using three wide-angle imaging systems located at the Boston University field station at McDonald Observatory (MDO), Fort Davis, Texas, and the Starfire Optical Range ...


Optical Remote Sensing Of The Thermosphere With Heater Induced Artificial Airglow (Hiaa), P. A. Bernhardt, M. Wong, J. D. Huba, Bela G. Fejer, L. S. Wagner, J. A. Goldstein, C. A. Selcher, V. L. Frolov, E. N. Sergeev May 2000

Optical Remote Sensing Of The Thermosphere With Heater Induced Artificial Airglow (Hiaa), P. A. Bernhardt, M. Wong, J. D. Huba, Bela G. Fejer, L. S. Wagner, J. A. Goldstein, C. A. Selcher, V. L. Frolov, E. N. Sergeev

Bela G. Fejer

Optical emissions excited by high-power radio waves in the ionosphere can be used to measure a wide variety of parameters in the thermosphere. Powerful high-frequency (HF) radio waves produce energetic electrons in the region where the waves reflect in the F region. These hot or suprathermal electrons collide with atomic oxygen atoms to produce localized regions of metastable O(1D) and O(1S) atoms. These metastables subsequently radiate 630.0 and 557.7 nm, respectively, to produce clouds of HF pumped artificial airglow (HPAA). The shapes of the HPAA clouds are determined by the structure of large-scale (≈10 km) plasma ...


Application Of Tomographic Inversion In Studying Airglow In The Mesopause Region, T. Nygren, Michael J. Taylor, M. S. Lehtinen, M. Markkanen Apr 1998

Application Of Tomographic Inversion In Studying Airglow In The Mesopause Region, T. Nygren, Michael J. Taylor, M. S. Lehtinen, M. Markkanen

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It is pointed out that observations of periodic nightglow structures give excellent information on atmospheric gravity waves in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The periods, the horizontal wavelengths and the phase speeds of the waves can be determined from airglow images and, using several cameras, the approximate altitude of the luminous layer can also be determined by triangulation. In this paper the possibility of applying tomographic methods for reconstructing the airglow structures is investigated using numerical simulations. A ground-based chain of cameras is assumed, two-dimensional airglow models in the vertical plane above the chain are constructed, and simulated data are ...


Dynamic And Chemical Aspects Of The Mesospheric Na ‘Wall’ Event On 9 October 1993 During The Aloha Campaign, G. R. Swenson, J. Qian, J. M.C. Plane, P. J. Espy, Michael J. Taylor, D. N. Turnbull, R. P. Lowe Apr 1998

Dynamic And Chemical Aspects Of The Mesospheric Na ‘Wall’ Event On 9 October 1993 During The Aloha Campaign, G. R. Swenson, J. Qian, J. M.C. Plane, P. J. Espy, Michael J. Taylor, D. N. Turnbull, R. P. Lowe

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On October 9, 1993, observations were made from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Electra aircraft during a flight from Maui, Hawaii, toward a low-pressure system NW of the island, a flight of 7 hours in total. The leading edge (wall) of a bright airglow layer was observed 900 km NW of Maui at 0815 UT, which was traveling at 75 m s−1 toward the SE, reaching Haleakala, Maui, about 3.25 hours later [see Swenson and Espy, 1995]. An intriguing feature associated with the event was the large increase in the mesospheric Na column density at the wall ...


Observational Limits For Lidar, Radar And Airglow Imager Measurements Of Gravity Wave Parameters, C. S. Gardner, Michael J. Taylor Mar 1998

Observational Limits For Lidar, Radar And Airglow Imager Measurements Of Gravity Wave Parameters, C. S. Gardner, Michael J. Taylor

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By examining the observational limits and biases for lidar, radar, and airglow imager measurements of middle atmosphere gravity waves, we provide plausible explanations for the characteristics of the monochromatic wave parameters that have been reported during the past decade. The systematic dependencies of vertical and horizontal wavelength on wave period, reported in many lidar and some radar studies, are associated with diffusive damping. The prominent waves with the largest amplitudes, most often observed by lidars and radars, are those with vertical phase speeds near the diffusive damping limit. The narrow range of horizontal phase velocities of the waves seen by ...


Two-Dimensional Spectral Analysis Of Mesospheric Airglow Image Data, F. J. Garcia, Michael J. Taylor, M. C. Kelley Oct 1997

Two-Dimensional Spectral Analysis Of Mesospheric Airglow Image Data, F. J. Garcia, Michael J. Taylor, M. C. Kelley

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A technique to analyze short-period (<1 hour) gravity wave structure in all-sky images of the airglow emissions is described. The technique involves spatial calibration, star removal, geographic projection, regridding, and flat fielding of the data prior to the determination of the horizontal wave parameters (wavelength, velocity, and period), by use of standard two-dimensional Fourier analysis techniques. The method was developed to exploit the information that is now available with wide-field solid state imaging systems. This technique permits interactive and quantitative investigations of large, complex data sets. Such studies are important for investigating gravity wave characteristics, their interaction with the airglow emissions, and their geographic and seasonal variability. We study one event of this type here and present possible evidence of a nonlinear wave–wave interaction in the upper atmosphere.


Combined Airglow And Incoherent Scatter Observations As A Technique For Studying Neutral Atmospheric Variations, L L. Cogger, Vincent B. Wickwar, H C. Carlson Jan 1974

Combined Airglow And Incoherent Scatter Observations As A Technique For Studying Neutral Atmospheric Variations, L L. Cogger, Vincent B. Wickwar, H C. Carlson

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Night airglow 6300 Å intensities and electron density altitude profiles observed at Arecibo have been combined with dissociative recombination theory to obtain information about the nighttime variation of F-region N2 and O2 densities. The application of this technique is illustrated using data from two nights in March 1971. The gross nighttime variation shows reasonable similarity to the Jacchia [1970] model, and also follows the time variation of the measured exospheric temperature. However, on both nights there is evidence of a postmidnight enhancement of the O2/N2 density ratio associated with a rapid decrease in the ...